2008年6月17日火曜日

イラン、北朝鮮 小型核兵器の設計図入手か

スイス当局が「核の闇市場」に関する捜査で押収したコンピューターに、
小型核兵器の設計図が含まれていた。
設計図がイランや北朝鮮などに渡った恐れもあるという。この小型核は爆発力
は高くないが、イランや北朝鮮が持つ中距離弾道ミサイルにも搭載できるという。
核の闇市場を通じては、核兵器の設計図がリビアに提供されたことが知られて
いるが、見つかった設計図は、リビアに提供されたものよりも「はるかに厄介」
と指摘とのこと。

テロ国家指定解除反対で流れた情報のようだが、日本に届くミサイルに搭載
可能とさらに脅迫を繰り返すのだろう。

「殺すぞ」と朝鮮総連に脅迫されました 蓮池薫さんが告白 ...北朝鮮問題


---核兵器設計図、密輸組織からイランや北朝鮮へ流出か---
2008.06.16 Web posted at: 16:33 JST Updated - AP
http://www.cnn.co.jp/world/CNN200806160013.html

ワシントン(AP) 15日付の米紙ワシントンポストは、パキスタンの核科学者アブドゥル・カディール・カーン博士が率いる国際密輸組織を通し、小型核兵器の設計図がイランや朝鮮民主主義人民共和国(北朝鮮)へ流出していた恐れがあると伝えた。

元国連査察官のデービッド・オルブライト氏がまとめ、今週中に発表される予定の報告書を、同紙が入手した。

それによると、流出したとみられるのは、イランなどで使われる弾道ミサイルに搭載できる高度な小型核弾頭の設計図。06年にスイス人実業家のコンピューターから発見された。データは最近、国際原子力機関(IAEA)の指示で破壊されたが、「これよりずっと前に、世界でも危険な国々へ売り渡されていた可能性がある」という。

カーン博士は04年、リビアやイラン、北朝鮮へ核技術を流し、爆弾部品などを売却していたことを認め、「核の闇市場」の中心人物となっていたことが明らかになった。駐米パキスタン大使館の報道官は、「カーン博士の核拡散疑惑については十分に調べ、IAEAにも報告済み。すでに終わったことだ」との立場を示している。


---北朝鮮への核設計図の流出懸念 米大統領補佐官
2008.6.16 11:28
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/080616/amr0806161128004-n1.htm

 ブッシュ米大統領の欧州歴訪に同行しているハドリー大統領補佐官(国家安全保障問題担当)は15日、パキスタンのカーン博士が構築した「核の闇市場」を通じ小型核兵器の設計図が取引された可能性があるとの米紙報道について「米政府も(核)兵器関連技術がカーン氏の『顧客』に流れた可能性を懸念していた」と述べた。
 補佐官は「顧客」について詳しい言及を避けたが、15日付の米紙ワシントン・ポストはイランや北朝鮮に関連技術が流れた可能性を指摘し「イランの弾道ミサイルに装着し得る小型核」の設計図だったと伝えている。
 ハドリー補佐官は大統領専用機内で同行記者団に語った。(共同)


---小型核兵器:スイスが「闇市場」捜査、設計図を押収…米紙---
毎日新聞 2008年6月16日 11時18分
http://mainichi.jp/select/world/europe/news/20080616k0000e030033000c.html

 15日の米紙ワシントン・ポスト(電子版)は、スイス当局が「核の闇市場」に関する捜査で押収したコンピューターに、小型核兵器の設計図が含まれていたと報じた。国際原子力機関(IAEA)の元査察官が近く出版する報告書で明らかにした。設計図がイランや北朝鮮などに渡った恐れもあるという。
 この小型核は爆発力は高くないが、イランや北朝鮮が持つ中距離弾道ミサイルにも搭載できるという。報告書をまとめた元査察官のデビッド・オルブライト氏は「所持するミサイルに合うよう核弾頭を小型化するのに苦労していたイランや北朝鮮にとって理想的だった」と指摘している。
 報告書によるとコンピューターは、パキスタンの科学者カーン博士らが構築した「核の闇市場」にかかわったスイス人家族が所有し、06年に発見された。
 核の闇市場を通じては、核兵器の設計図がリビアに提供されたことが知られているが、オルブライト氏は見つかった設計図について、リビアに提供されたものよりも「はるかに厄介」と指摘。一方で、この設計図が実際にイランや北朝鮮などに渡ったかどうかは不明としている。(イスラマバード共同)


---国際密輸グループ、小型核兵器の設計書入手…米紙報道---
2008年6月16日11時15分 読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20080616-OYT1T00328.htm

 【ワシントン=黒瀬悦成】15日付の米ワシントン・ポスト紙(電子版)は、リビアやイラン、北朝鮮に核兵器関連情報や部品を売り渡した国際的武器密輸グループが小型核兵器の設計書を入手した、とする元国連査察官による報告書の内容を報じた。
 設計書には、イランや北朝鮮などが保有する中距離弾道ミサイルに搭載可能な小型弾頭の製造方法なども含まれていたという。
 同紙が報じた、国際原子力機関(IAEA)の元査察官デビッド・オルブライト氏による武器密輸に関する報告書によると、問題の設計書は2006年、パキスタン人核科学者アブドル・カディル・カーン博士が組織した密輸グループ「核の闇市場」に深く関与したスイス人実業家のコンピューターから発見された。スイス当局は、IAEAの指導で設計書を処分したが、オルブライト氏は設計書がすでに「世界で最も危険とされる複数の国家に売却された恐れがある」と警告している。


---Smugglers Had Design For Advanced Warhead---
By Joby Warrick
Washington Post Staff Writer
Sunday, June 15, 2008; A01
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/06/14/AR2008061402032_pf.html

An international smuggling ring that sold bomb-related parts to Libya, Iran and North Korea also managed to acquire blueprints for an advanced nuclear weapon, according to a draft report by a former top U.N. arms inspector that suggests the plans could have been shared secretly with any number of countries or rogue groups.

The drawings, discovered in 2006 on computers owned by Swiss businessmen, included essential details for building a compact nuclear device that could be fitted on a type of ballistic missile used by Iran and more than a dozen developing countries, the report states.

The computer contents -- among more than 1,000 gigabytes of data seized -- were recently destroyed by Swiss authorities under the supervision of the U.N. nuclear watchdog agency, which is investigating the now-defunct smuggling ring previously led by Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadeer Khan.

But U.N. officials cannot rule out the possibility that the blueprints were shared with others before their discovery, said the report's author, David Albright, a prominent nuclear weapons expert who spent four years researching the smuggling network.

"These advanced nuclear weapons designs may have long ago been sold off to some of the most treacherous regimes in the world," Albright wrote in a draft report about the blueprint's discovery. A copy of the report, expected to be published later this week, was provided to The Washington Post.

The A.Q. Khan smuggling ring was previously known to have provided Libya with design information for a nuclear bomb. But the blueprints found in 2006 are far more troubling, Albright said in his report. While Libya was given plans for an older and relatively unsophisticated weapon that was bulky and difficult to deliver, the newly discovered blueprints offered instructions for building a compact device, the report said. The lethality of such a bomb would be little enhanced, but its smaller size might allow for delivery by ballistic missile.

"To many of these countries, it's all about size and weight," Albright said in an interview. "They need to be able to fit the device on the missiles they have."

The Swiss government acknowledged this month that it destroyed nuclear-related documents, including weapons-design details, under the direction of the U.N.'s International Atomic Energy Agency to keep them from falling into terrorists' hands. However, it has not been previously reported that the documents included hundreds of pages of specifications for a second, more advanced nuclear bomb.

"These would have been ideal for two of Khan's other major customers, Iran and North Korea," wrote Albright, now president of the Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security. "They both faced struggles in building a nuclear warhead small enough to fit atop their ballistic missiles, and these designs were for a warhead that would fit."

It is unknown whether the designs were delivered to either country, or to anyone else, Albright said.

The Pakistani government did not rebut the findings in the report but said it had cooperated extensively with U.N. investigators. "The government of Pakistan has adequately investigated allegations of nuclear proliferation by A.Q. Khan and shared the information with IAEA," Nadeem Kiani, a spokesman for the Pakistani Embassy in Washington, said yesterday. "It considers the A.Q. Khan affair to be over."

A CIA official, informed of the essential details of Albright's report, said the agency would not comment because of the extreme diplomatic and security sensitivities of the matter. In his 2007 memoir, former CIA director George Tenet acknowledged the agency's extensive involvement in tracking the Khan network over more than a decade.

Albright, a former IAEA inspector in Iraq, has published detailed analyses of the nuclear programs of numerous states, including Iran and North Korea. His institute was the first to publicly identify the location of an alleged Syrian nuclear reactor that was destroyed by Israeli warplanes last September.

A design for a compact, missile-ready nuclear weapon could help an aspiring nuclear power overcome a major technical hurdle and vastly increase its options for delivery of a nuclear explosive. Such a design could theoretically help North Korea -- which detonated a nuclear device in a 2006 test -- to couple a nuclear warhead with its Nodong missile, which has a proven range of 1,300 kilometers (about 800 miles).

Iran also possesses medium-range ballistic missiles and is believed by U.S. government officials to be seeking the capability to build nuclear weapons in the future, although an assessment late last year by U.S. intelligence agencies concluded that Iran had discontinued its nuclear weapons program in 2003. Weapons experts have long puzzled over whether Tehran might have previously acquired a weapons design from the Khan network, which sold the Iranian government numerous other nuclear-related items, including designs for uranium-enrichment equipment.

The computers that contained the drawings were owned by three members of the Tinner family -- brothers Marco and Urs and their father, Friedrich -- all Swiss businessmen who have been identified by U.S. and IAEA officials as key participants in Khan's nuclear black market. The smuggling ring operated from the mid-1980s until 2003, when it was exposed after a years-long probe by the U.S. and British intelligence agencies.

Khan, who apologized for his role in the smuggling network in a 2004 speech broadcast in Pakistan, was officially pardoned by President Pervez Musharraf without being formally charged with crimes. The Tinner brothers are in Swiss prisons awaiting trial on charges related to their alleged involvement in the network. They and their father are the focus of an ongoing probe by Swiss authorities, who discovered the blueprints while exploring the heavily encrypted contents of the Tinners' computers, the report said. Several published reports have asserted that Urs Tinner became an informant for U.S. intelligence before the breakup of the smuggling ring, but that has not been officially confirmed.

Switzerland shared the finding with the IAEA as well as the United States, which asked for copies of the blueprints, the report states. The IAEA has acknowledged that it oversaw the destruction of nuclear-design material by Swiss authorities in November 2007. However, IAEA officials would neither confirm nor deny the existence of a second weapons design or comment on Albright's report.

Albright, citing information provided by IAEA investigators, said the designs were similar to that of a nuclear device built by Pakistan. He contends in the report that IAEA officials confronted Pakistan's government shortly after the discovery, adding that the private reaction of government officials was astonishment. The Pakistanis "were genuinely shocked; Khan may have transferred his own country's most secret and dangerous information to foreign smugglers so that they could sell it for a profit," Albright said, relating a description of the encounter given to him by IAEA officials.

Pakistan has previously denied that Khan stole the country's weapons plans. Musharraf has not allowed IAEA experts to interview Khan, an engineer who is regarded as a national hero for his role in establishing Pakistan's nuclear weapons program. Khan, in interviews last month with The Post and several other publications, asserted that the allegations of nuclear smuggling were false.

Albright said it remains critical that investigators press Khan and others for details about how the blueprints were obtained and who might have them. Because the plans were stored electronically, they may have been copied many times, he said.

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