2008年8月23日土曜日

オバマ 副大統領候補発表

オバマは副大統領候補を発表した。
オバマは副大統領候補として、ジョゼフ・バイデン=デラウェア州選出=を
選んだと発表した。
バイデンがかつてオバマ氏の外交問題の理解が貧弱と非難していた。
「オバマ氏は大統領としての準備に欠ける」との旨の発言をしていた。
「副大統領職の申し出があっても受けない、副大統領より外交委員会委員長の
職務を選ぶ」と述べたこともあるとのこと。

グルジア紛争による支持率の急落からの回復を狙ったようだが、
「テロリストと話し合いにより解決する」と公言したのだから、やって見せて
欲しいものだ。


Joe Biden (Obama VP) Comments on Iraq


CNN: OBAMA CHOOSES JOE BIDEN FOR V.P.!!!


---副大統領候補起用のバイデン氏、外交論客ながら失言の懸念も---
2008年8月23日22時08分 読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20080823-OYT1T00661.htm

 【ワシントン=五十嵐文】民主党の副大統領候補起用が決まったジョゼフ・バイデン上院外交委員長(65)は、「行動する論客」として党内外から一目置かれる。弱冠29歳で上院議員に当選して以来、一貫して外交・安全保障畑を歩んできた。 上院外交委員長としてブッシュ政権のイラク政策を厳しく批判。米軍増派に反対する決議の上院採択を主導し、外交の重要局面で影響力を行使してきた。最近も、グルジア情勢の緊迫化を受けて現地入りして行動力をアピールした。
 多弁でユーモアのセンスには定評があるが、「失言」を懸念する向きもある。民主党の指名争いに参戦していた昨年、オバマ上院議員について「言語明瞭で聡明で潔癖で見栄えのいい、初の黒人主流派(候補)」と述べ、人種差別発言として批判を浴びた。1988年の大統領選に挑戦した時には、英労働党首の演説の「盗用疑惑」が浮上、撤退に追い込まれた。
 ペンシルベニア州の自動車セールスマンの家庭に生まれ、白人労働者層の取り込みにも期待がかかる。10月2日の共和党の副大統領候補との討論会が、最初の試金石となりそうだ。


---バイデン氏起用の背景 外交面に加え、白人中間層からの支持増に期待も---
2008.8.23 19:33
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/080823/amr0808231936011-n1.htm

 【デンバー(米コロラド州)=有元隆志】米民主党の大統領候補に内定したオバマ上院議員が副大統領候補として選んだバイデン上院議員は、40年近く政界にいるベテランで、ワシントンの「変革」を掲げ、新鮮さをアピールするオバマ氏とはほど遠い存在である。しかし、外交・安全保障面での経験不足に加え、白人中間層への浸透というオバマ氏の「弱点」を克服するうえで、最も現実的な選択だったともいえそうだ。
 バイデン氏は8月中旬、グルジアの首都トビリシを訪れた。サーカシビリ大統領からの招きに応じたものだが、他の有力候補が米国内にとどまるなか、外交に通じていることを内外に印象づけた。各種世論調査で、外交・安全保障政策での信頼度で、共和党のマケイン上院議員に差をつけられているオバマ氏にとって、バイデン氏は心強い存在といえ、外交面での強化が期待できる。
 バイデン氏はデラウェア州選出だが、生まれは大票田ペンシルベニア州。中間層出身でキリスト教カトリック教徒。オバマ氏は同州予備選で白人中間層からの支持を多くえられず、ヒラリー・クリントン上院議員に敗北した。白人中間層の多い同州での影響力を期待して、バイデン氏を選んだ側面もあるとみられる。
 副大統領候補選びをめぐっては、クリントン氏との「ドリームチケット」のうわさも流れたが、オバマ陣営はクリントン氏側に副大統領選びにあたっての財務資料の提出など一切求めてこなかったという。
 党の結束を印象づけるためには、クリントン氏起用はプラスに働くかもしれないが、クリントン氏は選挙戦でオバマ氏を激しく批判した。仮に当選しても、不倫問題を引き起こしたビル・クリントン前大統領が再びホワイトハウス入りするなど多くの問題を抱えることになる。

 バイデン氏の場合、65歳という年齢から、オバマ氏が2期務めたとしても後継の大統領候補になる可能性はほぼなく、ナンバー2役に徹するものとみられる。これは外交面での経験不足を指摘されたブッシュ大統領が、国防長官などを務めた経験豊富なチェイニー副大統領を選んだのと同様のケースといえる。
 バイデン氏はイラク戦争に反対したオバマ氏と異なり、2002年に武力行使容認決議案に賛成した。ただ、決議案に賛成したことを「後悔している」と語っているほか、ブッシュ政権のイラク政策批判に転じたため、食い違いがおきることはないとみられる。


---民主党副大統領候補にバイデン上院議員 オバマ氏発表---
2008.8.23 19:07
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/080823/amr0808231405008-n1.htm

 【デンバー(米コロラド州)=有元隆志】米民主党の大統領候補に内定しているバラク・オバマ上院議員(47)は23日、副大統領候補として、ジョゼフ・バイデン上院議員(65)=デラウェア州選出=を選んだと発表した。バイデン氏は6期目のベテランで、上院外交委員長を務めている。オバマ氏はバイデン氏の起用で、外交・安全保障分野での経験不足に対する有権者の懸念を払拭(ふっしょく)するねらいがあるとみられる。
 オバマ、バイデン両氏は、コロラド州デンバーで25日から28日まで開かれる民主党大会で、正副大統領候補として正式に指名される。
 オバマ陣営は23日未明(日本時間同日午後)、バイデン氏の名前と写真を大統領選の公式サイト上に掲載した。両氏は23日、オバマ氏の地元イリノイ州の州都スプリングフィールドで、そろって演説する。
 オバマ氏は指名確定後、約2カ月間にわたり、副大統領候補選びを続けてきた。バイデン氏のほかエバン・バイ上院議員(52)、バージニア州のティム・ケーン知事(50)が有力とみられてきた。特に早くからオバマ氏を支持したケーン知事はワシントンの政治に染まっていないことから、「変革」を訴えるオバマ氏の副大統領候補としてふさわしいとの見方もあった。
 しかし、グルジア紛争をめぐる対応の遅れから、改めてオバマ氏の外交面での経験不足を不安視する向きが強まった。外交・安全保障に強い共和党のジョン・マケイン上院議員(71)に対抗するためにも、オバマ氏の弱点を補う存在として、バイデン氏が最終的に残った。


【プロフィル】ジョゼフ・バイデン
 1942年11月20日生まれ。デラウエア大、シラキュース大を卒業後、デラウエアで弁護士に。1972年、29歳の若さで上院議員に初当選した(就任時は30歳)。現在6期目。
 2回大統領選に挑戦したが、いずれも敗退した。雄弁で米メディアにもよく登場する。最近は取材にほとんど応じなかったため、副大統領候補に内定したためではとの憶測が出ていた。
 上院議員当選直後、妻と生後13カ月の娘を交通事故で失った。息子2人は生き残り、それぞれデラウェア州司法長官、弁護士をしている。再婚したジル夫人との間に娘が1人。デラウエアとワシントンの間を毎日片道約80分かけて電車通勤している。


---オバマ氏の副大統領候補にバイデン議員、共和党が皮肉る---
2008.08.23 Web posted at: 16:09 JST Updated - CNN/AP
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/CNN200808230014.html

米大統領選の民主党候補指名を確定させたオバマ上院議員が副大統領候補に外交委員会委員長も務める党重鎮のバイデン上院議員(65)の起用を決めた問題で、共和党のライバル、マケイン上院議員の陣営は22日、ハイデン議員がかつてオバマ氏の外交問題の理解が貧弱と非難していたことを取り上げ、今回の副大統領候補の人選を皮肉った。

マケイン氏陣営は声明で、バイデン議員が昨年8月のABCテレビとの会見で、オバマ氏は大統領としての準備に欠けるとの旨の発言をしていたと指摘。米国民はこのことを早急に知るだろうと述べていたとしている。

バイデン議員はフォックステレビ局との会見で、副大統領職の申し出があっても受けないと指摘、副大統領より外交委員会委員長の職務を選ぶと述べたこともある。


---[噂]Joe Biden---
This page was last modified on 23 August 2008, at 12:33
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Biden

Joseph Robinette Biden, Jr. (born November 20, 1942) is the senior United States Senator from Delaware. He has been selected as the Democratic Party candidate for Vice President in the 2008 presidential election, by presumptive Presidential nominee Barack Obama.[1] He is a member of the Democratic Party, and is currently serving his sixth term. Biden has served for the sixth-longest period among current Senators (fourth among Democrats) and is Delaware's longest-serving Senator. He is the Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations in the 110th Congress. Biden has served in that position in the past, and he has served as Chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

He was a candidate for the Democratic Party's nomination in the 2008 presidential election, but dropped out after the caucuses in Iowa on January 3, 2008. Senator Obama announced Biden as his running mate via a text message to supporters on August 23, 2008.

Biography

Early life and family

Biden was born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, the son of Joseph R. Biden, Sr. and Catherine Eugenia "Jean" Finnegan.[2][3] He was the first of four siblings[3] and is of Irish Catholic heritage. He has two brothers, James Brian Biden and Francis W. Biden, and a sister, Valerie (Biden) Owens.[4] The Biden family moved to Claymont, Delaware when Biden was 10 years old,[3] and he grew up in suburban New Castle County, Delaware, where his father was a car salesman. In 1961, Biden graduated from Archmere Academy in Claymont, Delaware[3] and, in 1965, from the University of Delaware in Newark,[5] where he double majored in history and political science.[3] He then attended Syracuse University College of Law, graduated in 1968, and was admitted to the Delaware Bar in 1969.[5][6][7]

In 1966, while in law school, Biden married Neilia Hunter. They had three children, Joseph R. "Beau" Biden III, Robert Hunter, and Naomi. His wife and infant daughter died in a car accident shortly after he was first elected to the U.S. Senate in 1972. His two young sons, Beau and Hunter, were seriously injured in the accident, but both eventually made full recoveries. Biden was sworn into office from their bedside. Persuaded not to resign in order to care for them, Biden began the practice of commuting an hour and a half each day on the train from his home in the Wilmington suburbs to Washington, DC, which he continues to do.

In 1977, Biden married Jill Tracy Jacobs. They have one daughter, Ashley, and are members of the Roman Catholic Church. In February 1988, Biden was hospitalized for two brain aneurysms which kept him from the Senate for seven months.

Biden's elder son, Beau, was a partner in the Wilmington law firm of Bifferato, Gentilotti, Biden & Balick, LLC and was elected Attorney General of Delaware in 2006. He is a captain in the Delaware Army National Guard, where he serves in the Judge Advocate General's (JAG) Corps. He is set to be deployed to Iraq in October, 2008.[8] Biden's younger son, Hunter, works as a lawyer in Washington, DC, serves on the board of directors of Amtrak, and previously worked in the Commerce Department.

Since 1991, Biden has also served as an adjunct professor at the Widener University School of Law, where he teaches a seminar on constitutional law.

United States Senator

In 1969, Biden began practicing law in Wilmington, Delaware,[5] and was soon elected to the New Castle County, County Council, where he served from 1970 to 1972.[5]

The 1972 U.S. Senate election presented Biden with a unique opportunity. Popular Republican incumbent Senator J. Caleb Boggs was considering retirement, which would likely have left U.S. Representative Pete du Pont and Wilmington Mayor Harry G. Haskell, Jr. in a divisive primary fight. To avoid that, U.S. President Richard M. Nixon was invited to a meeting to convince Boggs to run again with full Republican support. Boggs ran, but Biden eventually won.[9]

Biden took office on January 3, 1973, at age 30, becoming the fifth-youngest U.S. Senator in United States history. At age 30, Biden was at the minimum age to become a U.S. Senator. He has since won additional terms easily, defeating James H. Baxter, Jr. in 1978, John M. Burris in 1984, M. Jane Brady in 1990, and Raymond J. Clatworthy in 1996 and 2002, usually with about 60% of the vote. He is now the longest-serving U.S. Senator in Delaware history. He was running for re-election as senator in 2008.

In 1974 freshman Senator Biden was named one of the 200 Faces for the Future by TIME magazine.[10]

110th Congress

Biden serves on the following committees in the 110th U.S. Congress[11]

* Committee on Foreign Relations (Chairman)
o As Chairman of the full committee Biden is an ex officio member of each subcommittee.
* Committee on the Judiciary
o Subcommittee on Antitrust Competition Policy and Consumer Rights
o Subcommittee on Crime and Drugs, (Chairman)
o Subcommittee on Human Rights and the Law
o Subcommittee on Immigration Border Security and Citizenship
o Subcommittee on Technology Terrorism and Homeland Security
* Caucus on International Narcotics Control (Co-Chairman)

For a comprehensive accounting of Biden's voting record see Project Vote Smart[12] and other material noted in the Reference section.

Judiciary Committee
Biden is a long-time member of the U.S. Senate Committee on the Judiciary, which he chaired from 1987 until 1995 and served as ranking minority member from 1981 until 1987 and again from 1995 until 1997. In this capacity, he dealt with issues related to drug policy, crime prevention, and civil liberties. While chairman, Biden presided over two of the most contentious U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings: Robert Bork in 1987 and Clarence Thomas in 1991.[13]

Biden has been involved in crafting many federal crime laws over the last decade, including the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, also known as the Biden Crime Law. He also authored the landmark Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (VAWA), which contains a broad array of measures to combat domestic violence and provides billions of dollars in federal funds to address gender-based crimes. In 2000, the Supreme Court ruled that the section of VAWA allowing a federal civil remedy for victims of gender-motivated violence exceeded Congress' authority and therefore was unconstitutional.[14] Congress reauthorized VAWA in 2000 and 2005.[15][16] In March 2004, Biden enlisted major American technology companies in diagnosing the problems of the Austin, Texas-based National Domestic Violence Hotline, and to donate equipment and expertise to it.[17][18][13]

As chairman of the International Narcotics Control Caucus, Biden wrote the laws that created the nation's "Drug Czar," who oversees and coordinates national drug control policy. In April 2003 he introduced the controversial Reducing Americans' Vulnerability to Ecstasy Act, also known as the RAVE Act. He continues to work to stop the spread of "date rape drugs" such as Rohypnol, and drugs such as Ecstasy and Ketamine. In 2004 he worked to pass a bill outlawing steroids like androstenedione, the drug used by many baseball players.[13]

Biden's legislation to promote college aid and loan programs allows families to deduct on their annual income tax returns up to $10,000 per year in higher education expenses. His "Kids 2000" legislation established a public/private partnership to provide computer centers, teachers, Internet access, and technical training to young people, particularly to low-income and at-risk youth.[19]

Foreign Relations Committee
Biden is also a long-time member and current chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. In 1997, he became the ranking minority member and chaired the committee from June 2001 through 2003. When Democrats re-took control of the Senate following the 2006 elections, Biden again assumed the top spot on the committee in 2007. His efforts to combat hostilities in the Balkans in the 1990s brought national attention and influenced presidential policy: traveling repeatedly to the region, he made one meeting famous by calling Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic a "war criminal." He consistently argued for lifting the arms embargo, training Bosnian Muslims, investigating war crimes and administering NATO air strikes. Biden's subsequent "lift and strike" resolution was instrumental in convincing President Bill Clinton to use military force in the face of systematic human rights violations.[citation needed] Biden has also called on Libya to release political prisoner Fathi Eljahmi.[20]

Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, Biden was supportive of the Bush administration's efforts, calling for additional ground troops in Afghanistan and agreeing that Saddam Hussein was a threat that needed to be dealt with. The Bush administration rejected an effort Biden undertook with Senator Richard Lugar to pass a resolution authorizing military action only after the exhaustion of diplomatic efforts. In October 2002, Biden voted for the final resolution to support the war in Iraq. He has long supported the appropriations to pay for the occupation, but has argued repeatedly that more soldiers are needed, the war should be internationalized, and the Bush administration should "level with the American people" about the cost and length of the conflict.[21]

In November 2006, Biden and Leslie Gelb, President Emeritus of the Council on Foreign Relations, released a comprehensive strategy to end sectarian violence in Iraq. Rather than continuing the present approach or withdrawing, the plan calls for "a third way": federalizing Iraq and giving Kurds, Shiites, and Sunnis "breathing room" in their own regions.[22][dead link]

Presidential campaigns

Biden has twice ran for the Democratic nomination for President, he first ran in 1988, and again in 2008. Both times he was unsuccessful.

In 2003, Biden considered joining the Democratic field of candidates for the 2004 presidential race but decided otherwise, saying he did not have enough time to cultivate a sufficient fundraising base. Some thought Biden a possible running mate for presidential candidate John Kerry, but Biden urged Kerry to select Republican Senator John McCain instead.[23] Biden also had been widely discussed as a possible U.S. Secretary of State in a Democratic administration.[24]

1988

Main article: Joe Biden presidential campaign, 1988

In 1987, Joe Biden ran as a Democratic presidential candidate, formally declaring his candidacy at the Wilmington train station on June 9, 1987. In his speech, he challenged Americans to step beyond the materialism of the Reagan years. When the campaign began, Biden was considered a potentially strong candidate because of his moderate image, his supposed appeal to Baby Boomers, his fundraising appeal[25] (Biden's $1.7 million raised in the first quarter of 1987 was more than any other candidate, including the then front-runner, Gary Hart), his high profile position as chair of the Senate Judiciary committee during the Robert Bork confirmation hearings, and, perhaps above all, his soaring oratory. Biden often seemed to try to inspire the same hope and idealism associated with 1960s liberals such as Robert Kennedy, especially as related to civil rights. He received considerable attention in the summer of 1986 when he excoriated Secretary of State George Shultz at a Senate Hearing because of the Reagan administration's support of South Africa, which continued to support a system of Apartheid. By August 1987, however, Biden's campaign had already begun to lag behind those of Michael Dukakis and Richard Gephardt.[25]

Then in September 1987, the campaign ran into serious trouble when he was accused of plagiarizing a speech by Neil Kinnock, then-leader of the British Labour Party.[26] Though Biden had correctly credited the original author in all speeches but one, the one where he failed to make mention of the originator was caught on video.[27] Within days, it was also discovered that, while a first year law student at Syracuse Law School, Biden had plagiarized a law review article in a class paper he wrote. Though the then-dean of the law school, as well as Biden's former professor, played down the incident of plagiarism, they did find that Biden drew "chunks of heavy legal prose directly from" the article in question. Biden said the act was inadvertent due to his not knowing the proper rules of citation, and Biden was permitted to retake the course after receiving a grade of F in the course, which was subsequently dropped from his record when he retook the class. Biden also released at the same time the record of his grades as an undergraduate which were C's and D's with the exception of two A's in physical education, one B in a course on English writers and an F in ROTC during his first three semesters.[28] His grades improved later in his undergraduate career but were not exceptional.[28] Further, when questioned by a New Hampshire resident about his grades in law school Biden had claimed falsely to have graduated in the "top half" of his class, (when he actually graduated 76th in a class of 85) that he had attended on a full scholarship, and had received three degrees.[29] In fact he had received two majors, History and Political Science, and a single B.A., as well as a half scholarship based on financial need.[29]

Faced with these revelations, Biden withdrew from the nomination race on September 23, 1987, saying his candidacy had been overrun by "the exaggerated shadow" of his mistakes.[30] After Biden withdrew from the race it was learned that the Dukakis campaign had secretly made a video showcasing the Biden/Kinnock comparison and distributed it to news outlets. Dukakis fired John Sasso, his campaign manager and long-time Chief of Staff.[31][32]

2008
Biden declared his candidacy for president on January 31, 2007, although he had discussed running for months prior.[33] In January 2006, Delaware newspaper columnist Harry F. Themal wrote that Biden "occupies the sensible center of the Democratic Party."[34] Themal concludes that this is the position Biden desires, and that in a campaign "he plans to stress the dangers to the security of the average American, not just from the terrorist threat, but from the lack of health assistance, crime, and energy dependence on unstable parts of the world."[34] He goes on to quote Washington Post columnist Richard Cohen as saying that Biden's candidacy might be endangered by his "manic-obsessive running of the mouth."[34] This foreshadowed Biden's January 31 remark on fellow Democratic candidate and Senator Barack Obama, frequently transcribed as, "I mean, you got the first mainstream African-American who is articulate and bright and clean and a nice-looking guy, I mean, that's a storybook, man."[35] However, several linguists and political analysts stated that the correct transcription includes a comma after the word "African-American", which "would significantly change the meaning (and the degree of offensiveness) of Biden's comment".[36] Still, his comments took second place on Time magazine's list of Top 10 Campaign Gaffes for 2007.[37]

It had been speculated that Biden would accept the position of Secretary of State because of his foreign policy experience and credentials.[38] However, Biden has rejected the notion outright, saying "Under no administration will I accept the job of Secretary of State" and claimed to be focused only on the presidency. At a 2007 campaign event, Biden said, "I know a lot of my opponents out there say I'd be a great Secretary of State. Seriously, every one of them. Do you watch any of the debates? 'Joe's right, Joe's right, Joe's right.'"[39] Other candidates commenting that "Joe is right" in the Democratic debates was converted into a Biden campaign theme and ad.[40]

Biden was noted for his one-liners on the campaign trail, saying of then-Republican frontrunner Rudy Giuliani at the October 30, 2007, debate in Philadelphia, "There's only three things he mentions in a sentence: a noun, and a verb and 9/11."[41]

On January 3, 2008, during the Iowa caucuses, Biden announced that he would be dropping out of the presidential race when over half of the precincts were tallied in which he only captured 1% of Iowa's delegates behind Barack Obama, John Edwards, Hillary Clinton, and Bill Richardson. He was running instead for a seventh Senate term when, in late August, he was picked by Obama to be his running mate.

2008 Democratic vice-presidential nomination
In a June 22, 2008, interview on NBC's Meet the Press, Biden confirmed that he would accept the vice presidential nomination if offered.[42] The Associated Press reported on August 22, 2008 that Biden had been chosen by Barack Obama to be his running mate, citing anonymous Democratic Party sources. The choice was confirmed on Obama's official campaign website[43] shortly after AP's announcement.

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