2008年8月10日日曜日

アラスカ 北極グマ絶滅危惧種指定撤回で訴訟

アラスカ州知事は北極グマ絶滅危惧種指定撤回で訴訟した。
アラスカの北側のチュクチ海とボーフォート海沖合のガス田開発地域が北極グマ
の生息域と重なり、保護することでガス田開発が止まってしまうことを知事は懸念
したらしい。
北極グマ保護を撤回するために、数世紀前の温暖化初期の北極グマ生残り数を
考慮していないと言う根拠を示したようだ。
北極グマをめぐって双方で利権争い。
金持ちが儲かる仕組みはここでも仕組まれている。



Oil Companies Protected if They Harm Polar Bears


Polar Bears On Thin Ice (CBS News)


U.S. List Polar Bears As Threatened Species


---アラスカ州が米政府を提訴「ホッキョクグマは増えている」---
2008.8.7 10:47
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/080807/amr0808071051008-n1.htm

 米アラスカ州政府は6日までに、ホッキョクグマを絶滅危惧(きぐ)種に指定するとした米連邦政府の決定撤回を求める訴訟を、ワシントン連邦地裁に起こした。「資源開発や漁業、観光業に悪影響が及ぶ懸念がある」ことが理由。
 この指定をめぐっては、環境保護団体も「地球温暖化への対処が欠け、保護策として不十分だ」として訴訟で撤回を求めており、連邦政府は開発派、保護派の双方から責められる事態になった。
 米内務省は5月、ホッキョクグマが主食のアザラシを捕獲する際の足場になる海氷が地球温暖化の影響で縮小しているため、近い将来に絶滅の危機にさらされるとして、絶滅危惧種への指定を決めた。一方で、指定を根拠にした新たな温暖化対策は、発展途上国の取り組みの遅れなどを理由に、特に取らないとした。
 アラスカ州は「ホッキョクグマの数は過去40年で倍増するなど、危機の予測は根拠が薄い」と主張している。(共同)


---Alaska sues over listing polar bear as threatened---
By DAN JOLING – 03-Sep-2008 20:17:29 PDT
http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5i536jfOol1gh7ago3QLE3rrEvhZgD92BSE780

ANCHORAGE, Alaska (AP) — The state of Alaska sued Interior Secretary Dirk Kempthorne on Monday, seeking to reverse his decision to list polar bears as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act.

Gov. Sarah Palin and other state officials fear a listing will cripple offshore oil and gas development in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas in Alaska's northern waters, which provide prime habitat for the only polar bears under U.S. jurisdiction.

"We believe that the Service's decision to list the polar bear was not based on the best scientific and commercial data available," Palin said in announcing the lawsuit.

Kassie Siegel of the Center for Biological Diversity, the lead author of the petition that led to the listing, said U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service scientists addressed skeptics' objections during the listing process. She called the lawsuit "completely ridiculous and a waste of the court's time."

"This lawsuit and her head-in-the-sand approach to global warming only helps oil companies, certainly not Alaska or the polar bear," Siegel said. "Gov. Palin should be working for sustainable, clean energy development in Alaska instead of extinction for the polar bear."

Kempthorne announced the listing May 14. The process started with the filing of the petition in 2005, a yearlong initial review, another year of public comment and additional studies, and court action to force a final decision.

Kempthorne concluded that sea ice was vital to polar bear survival, that sea ice had dramatically melted in recent decades and that computer models suggest sea ice likely will further recede in the future.

Summer sea ice last year shrank to a record low, about 1.65 million square miles, nearly 40 percent less than the long-term average between 1979 and 2000.

The lawsuit, filed in Washington, D.C., claims the federal analysis did not adequately consider polar bear survival through earlier warming periods centuries ago.

Alaska objects to the conclusion that polar bears could be endangered within the "foreseeable future," a timeline the Fish and Wildlife Service put at 45 years, or three generations of polar bears. The state called that number arbitrary.

The state contends there are no real differences between the bears in the 19 subpopulations identified in Kempthorne's decision, and that the population as a whole is healthy. That would undermine the argument that ice loss off Alaska would affect world polar bear population.

The lawsuit contends federal officials did not consider the best scientific evidence demonstrating bears' ability to survive and adapt to changing climate conditions.

That view is rejected by most polar bear experts, who say the animals need ice to hunt seals and will not win a territory fight with grizzly bears that already inhabit northern Alaska.

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