2008年8月17日日曜日

OSS工作員公表

OSSの工作員が公表された。
戦略事務局(OSS)が第二次世界大戦中に工作員として登録していた約24000人分
の名簿を公開した。
ジョン・フォード
スターリング・ヘイドン
モー・バーグ
ヘミングウェーの息子
チャーチル元英首相の孫の名前もあった。
当時の職員は所属や任務について他言を禁じられており、CIAが名前の公開を
容認したことに対し、不満の声もあがっているとのこと。

軍が自ら軍秘を公開した。
一般的に工作員は配属や任務等について守秘義務契約を結ぶらしいので、
一方的に契約先から公表され損害を受けた場合賠償請求できるのだろうか。
OSS、CIAの工作員として世襲制を引いている家族もいるようだが、この家族は
非公開なのだろう。


---ジョン・フォード監督は工作員 米公文書館が名簿公開---
2008.8.16 12:06
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/080816/amr0808161208006-n1.htm

 米国立公文書館は15日までに、中央情報局(CIA)の前身に当たる戦略事務局(OSS)が第二次世界大戦中に工作員として登録していた約2万4000人分の名簿を公開した。米メディアによると、「駅馬車」などで知られる西部劇の巨匠ジョン・フォード監督ら著名人の名前が多数含まれている。
 フォード氏は大戦中、海軍で記録映画も撮っていたが、工作員としては戦場で撮影目標を逃さない技術が評価され、上司から「勇敢」と称賛されていた。フォード氏のほかには、俳優のスターリング・ヘイドン氏や大リーグ選手、後の最高裁判事、歴史家など幅広い分野の人材が含まれている。また作家のヘミングウェーの息子やチャーチル元英首相の孫の名前もあった。
 OSSは第二次大戦中に設立され、欧州、太平洋の両戦線で活発に活動、情報収集や宣伝活動に従事した。(共同)


---J・フォード監督の名も、米CIA前身の工作員名公開---
2008年8月15日18時34分 読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20080815-OYT1T00537.htm

 【ワシントン=宮崎健雄】米中央情報局(CIA)の前身で、第2次大戦時に設立された米特務機関「戦略情報局」(OSS)に所属していた工作員約2万4000人分の名前が14日、米国立公文書館で公開された。
 米メディアによると、工作員の中には、アカデミー賞を受賞した映画監督のジョン・フォードさんや大リーグ、シカゴ・ホワイトソックスのモー・バーグ捕手、俳優スターリング・ヘイドンさんのほか、最高裁判事や歴史学者など幅広い分野で活躍した有名人の名前があるという。
 また、セオドア・ルーズベルト元大統領の息子など有名人の家族の名前も含まれる。日系アメリカ人とみられる名前も複数ある。
 OSSは1942年の設立で、軍事作戦の立案や宣伝工作などを行った。当時の職員は所属や任務について他言を禁じられており、CIAが名前の公開を容認したことに対し、不満の声もあがっている。


---Spy tales: a TV chef, Oscar winner, JFK adviser---
By BRETT J. BLACKLEDGE and RANDY HERSCHAFT – 14-July-2008 14:45:39 PDT
http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5jUNOHxDTQoehoT3FAda6jBvSN4uQD92IAGMO1

WASHINGTON (AP) — Where do you look when you want to recruit spies? Just about everywhere, judging from the formerly top-secret records of the World War II agency that became today's CIA.

There was the young woman who became TV chef Julia Child. And labor lawyer Arthur Goldberg who became a Supreme Court justice. And young scholar Arthur Schlesinger who became a presidential adviser.

Not to mention a codes enthusiast who later ran CBS, an Oscar-winning Hollywood director and the sons of Ernest Hemingway and Teddy Roosevelt.

Names and details on nearly 24,000 one-time intelligence workers are included among 750,000 formerly top-secret government records released Thursday by the National Archives. The documents describe a worldwide spy network during World War II managed by the Office of Strategic Services, the intelligence outfit that later became the CIA.

The personnel files, long withheld from the public, provide insights into young agents now known for other careers. For instance, when Julia McWilliams, later the ebullient chef, applied to work for the spy agency, she admitted at least one failing: impulsiveness.

At 28 as an advertising manager at W&J Sloane furniture store in Beverly Hills, Calif., she clashed with new store managers and left her job abruptly.

"I made a tactical error and was out," she explained in a handwritten note attached to her application to join OSS. "However, I learned a lot about advertising and wish I had been older and more experienced so that I could have handled the situation, as it was a most interesting position."

She was hired in the summer of 1942 for clerical work with the intelligence agency and later worked directly for OSS Director William Donovan, the personnel records show.

Some of the others:

_ Acclaimed movie director John Ford, whose skill as a videographer qualified him to manage wartime spy photography.

_ Chicago lawyer Goldberg, whose early legal work with labor unions made him an attractive spy candidate to rally European labor unions to help with the war effort, years before President Kennedy appointed him to the Supreme Court.

_ And Schlesinger, who spent much of his time with OSS working in London as an intelligence officer and writer on the political staff, producing reports on political activities.

"His understanding and familiarity with the political history of European countries, achieved by years of study and firsthand observation ... admirably qualify him for this responsible work," one OSS official wrote about Schlesinger, who became a noted historian and one of Kennedy's closest advisers.

The records show that Ford left his successful Hollywood life as a movie director to become a secret agent in 1941, later rising to serve as Donovan's chief adviser. He was cited by his superiors for bravery, taking a position to film one mission that was "an obvious and clear target." He survived "continuous attack and was wounded" while he continued filming, one commendation in his file states.

Ford already had won three of his four Academy Awards for films directed before joining OSS, including "The Grapes of Wrath."

Long before Lawrence Tisch took over CBS, he had a fascination with breaking secret codes, working on them as a hobby in his home, one OSS record shows. Tisch was hired as an OSS agent to work on cracking enemy codes because of his skills.

The documents offer other observations, including one about OSS agent Kermit Roosevelt, the son of President Theodore Roosevelt. On OSS official writes: "Sometimes in spite of himself, he finds himself involved in policy matters by superiors who wish to take advantage of his name."

The personnel files from the CIA archives raise questions about another World War II mystery — the role of jailed mobster Charles "Lucky" Luciano in wartime intelligence efforts. An archivist's note that reads "Lucky?" near the name Michael Luciano on a list of OSS agents questions whether this is the gangster.

It's not likely, but it's not clear, said William Cunliffe, an archivist who has worked extensively with the OSS records at the National Archives. Cunliffe said while Luciano's cooperation with Naval Intelligence officers during World War II has been written about, none of the OSS files indicates he served officially with that agency.

Charles Pinck, who leads the OSS Society formed by former agents and their relatives, said Luciano the mob boss was never an OSS agent.

The OSS file for Michael Luciano includes a single page, without any other identifying information.

Some of those like Child on the list have been identified previously as having worked for the OSS, but their personnel records have never been made available to the public.

Associated Press Writers Natasha Metzler and Stephanie S. Garlow contributed to this report.
On the Net:

* CIA OSS page: http://tinyurl.com/6bvmhf
* Index to National Archives OSS personnel files: http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/

0 コメント: