2009年12月16日水曜日

欧州 排出量取引で白詐欺か

排出量取引詐欺で50億ユーロの被害を受けたようだ。
 欧州警察機関は、温室効果ガスの排出量を取引する欧州の市場で組織的
な詐欺が行われ、各国政府が過去1年半に総額50億ユーロ(約6500
億円)の被害を受けたと発表した。

企業が支払う環境税(?)の取引について、4人が18ヶ月に渡り詐欺を行った
ようだ。2人は逮捕されたが他は捕まっていないようだ。
被害額は74億ユーロとの話もある。
そのため、仏国、蘭国、英国、西国は課税ルールを停止または変更した。
ベルギー、デンマークもルールを変更するようだ。

欧州では、英国、ノルウェー、独国、オーストリア、蘭国と仏国で、
取引市場があり、年1320億ドルの市場規模があるとのこと。

環境税詐欺は、「白詐欺」か。


---排出量取引詐欺で被害6千億円 欧州市場で横行---
2009年12月11日 10時28分
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2009121101000259.html

 【ロンドン共同】欧州連合(EU)の欧州警察機関(ユーロポール、本部オランダ・ハーグ)は10日までに、温室効果ガスの排出量を取引する欧州の市場で組織的な詐欺が行われ、各国政府が過去1年半に総額50億ユーロ(約6500億円)の被害を受けたと発表した。
 ある欧州の市場では取引量の90%が詐欺だった可能性があり、ユーロポールは「欧州の排出量取引市場の信頼を脅かし、各国政府のかなりの税収減をもたらしている」と警告した。
 詐欺は、日本の消費税に当たる付加価値税抜きで排出量を買い、これに同税を上乗せして転売、差額をもうける手口。被害拡大を防ぐため、フランスやオランダ、英国、スペインは課税ルールを変更。ユーロポールは犯罪組織の特定と摘発に向けて特別プロジェクトを立ち上げた。
 排出量取引は、各国政府に温室効果ガスの排出枠を割り当てられた企業などが、過不足分を売買する。地球温暖化防止の有力な手段とされている。欧州ではロンドンなど6市場で取引されており、市場規模は年間900億ユーロとされる。


---Europol: $7.4 Billion Lost from Carbon Trading Fraud in Europe--
December 10, 2009, 2:05 pm
By ROBERT P. WALZER
http://greeninc.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/12/10/europol-74-billion-lost-from-carbon-trading-fraud-in-europe/

Update | 12/11/09, 9:43 a.m. France has begun a criminal investigation into four men suspected of involvement in carbon-trading fraud, according to a report from Bloomberg. Two have been jailed.

Post Updated | 3:53 p.m. Europol, the European Union’s law enforcement arm against organized crime, announced on Wednesday that carbon-trading fraud has cost the bloc’s governments $7.4 billion in lost tax revenue over the last 18 months.

“We have an ongoing investigation,’’ said Soren Pedersen, Europol’s chief spokesman, in a telephone interview on Thursday from The Hague. “We’re afraid the fraud is not completely finished yet, unfortunately. But it’s positive to see that actions are being taken and we hope soon it will disappear.”

Six member countries have changed their tax codes to protect against a recurrence, the agency said. The fraud involved adding the European Union’s value-added tax to the price of carbon dioxide permits sold to businesses. Fraudulent brokers then disappeared before turning the tax over to the government, according to Europol.

Many polluting businesses in Europe are required to buy the permits, which are part of a cap-and-trade system to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and combat global warming. A similar system is under consideration in the United States.

Europol, whose full name is European Law Enforcement Organization, said that France, the Netherlands, Britain, and most recently, Spain have suspended or otherwise altered the application of value-added tax on carbon emissions permits. Belgium and Denmark are also changing their codes, Mr. Pederson said. The idea is to require the seller of the credits, rather than the buyer, to pay the tax. Such moves have resulted in a 90 percent decline in trading volume.

The agency’s announcement comes four months after British customs officials arrested seven people suspected of dodging taxes that should have been paid for selling the carbon permits.

Whether more such arrests were coming Mr. Pedersen would not say, but he suggested that the amount stated in that case did not represent the full amount Britain has lost to fraud. “That was some time ago,” he said.

Europol also said on Wednesday that it had since begun collecting and analyzing trading information with the cooperation of Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain and Britain to help stop fraud. The agency warned that organized criminals might soon move toward the gas and electricity markets as the tax laws for carbon markets tighten.

“These criminal activities endanger the credibility of the European Union emission-trading system and lead to the loss of significant tax revenue for governments,’’ Rob Wainwright, director of Europol, said in a statement.

Europol said it noted suspicious trading in late 2008 when several trading markets had unprecedented rises in volume. That peaked in May of this year.

The European Union market, created in 2005, has been criticized for volatility and for rewarding some of the largest utilities with windfall profits. This year, some analysts said the market was finally showing signs of working, by pushing companies to switch to cleaner technologies, like using natural gas instead of coal, to produce electricity.

In Europe, there are six trading platforms, in Britain, Norway, Germany, Austria, the Netherlands and France. The European Union’s cap-and-trade carbon market, created to reduce climate-changing emissions, is worth about $132 billion a year, Europol says.

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