2010年2月19日金曜日

仏核 人体実験で影響調査

仏は、核実験で人体実験の影響調査を行った。
 仏が60年代にサハラ砂漠で実施した核実験で、爆発直後に爆心に向けて
兵士らを進軍させ、健康上、心理上の影響を調べていたことが、仏民間
研究機関が入手した軍機密文書から明らかになった。

CDRPC
核実験はアルジェリアのレッガーヌ核実験場で実施。
核爆発の20分後、兵士約300人が爆心に向かって突進。
部隊は爆心から650メートルの地点で停止、
一部の兵士は爆心275メートルまで近づいた。

仏政府
「わが国に被曝(ひばく)者は一人もいない」と公言。

健康被害者は、国を提訴。昨年、被爆者への補償を定めた法律が成立。

湾岸戦争を最初とする米英、NATO参戦による紛争、戦争では、劣化ウラン
弾が大量に使用され、ウランによる健康被害が兵士からかなり報告された
が、いつ頃か、かん口令が引かれ、語られることがなくなった。
健康被害の研究は継続しているようだ。
各国は退役軍人医療施設で治療を受けているらしい。

国のために、戦い五体満足で帰還しても、一生背負う健康被害を負う。
兵士は戦いの駒でしかない戦争は継続する。


仏サハラ核実験で機密文書:兵士を爆心地に進ませて人体への影響を調査


---仏の核実験で「人体実験」か 爆心に兵士突撃し影響調査---
2010年2月17日11時28分
http://www.asahi.com/international/update/0217/TKY201002170183.html

 【パリ=国末憲人】フランスが1960年代にサハラ砂漠で実施した核実験で、爆発直後に爆心に向けて兵士らを進軍させ、健康上、心理上の影響を調べていたことが、仏民間研究機関が入手した軍機密文書から明らかになった。同機関は、兵士を使った人体実験だったと批判している。
 仏核実験被害者の救援活動に携わる「平和と紛争資料研究センター」(CDRPC、本部リヨン)によると、問題の核実験は61年4月25日、同国領だったアルジェリアのレッガーヌ核実験場で実施された。高さ約50メートルの塔の上での核爆発の20分後、攻撃役と防御役の二手に分かれた兵士約300人が爆心に向かって突進。部隊は爆心から650メートルの地点で止まったが、一部の兵士は爆心275メートルまで近づいたという。
 実験の目的について、文書は「原子爆弾の人体に及ぼす生理学的、心理的効果を調べるため」と説明。「特別装備も多少の保護となるに過ぎない。(兵士は)このようなゾーンにとどまる時間を減らす必要がある」との結論に達したという。
 文書は、仏が核実験を停止した後の98年に編集されたとみられる。モラン国防相はパリジャン紙に対し「その文書については関知していない」と話した。
 フランスは60~96年、サハラ砂漠と南太平洋で210回の核実験を実施。その後「わが国に被曝(ひばく)者は一人もいない」と公言し、核実験による被害を認めてこなかった。しかし、実験を遂行した軍人や技術者、遺族らから補償を求める声が上がり始め、2001年に、「核実験退役軍人協会」(AVEN)が発足。CDRPCと連携しつつ、政府の責任を追及している。
 今月13日は、仏がサハラ砂漠で初めて核実験を実施して50年目にあたる。アルジェリアはCDRPCの協力も得て世界核実験国際会議を今月中に開催する予定。07年に続く2回目で、前回同様に被爆者を日本から招致する。


---仏、兵士で被ばく調査 60年代 サハラ砂漠の核実験---
2010年2月17日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2010021702000077.html

 【パリ=清水俊郎】フランスが一九六〇年代に同国領だったアルジェリアのサハラ砂漠で核実験をした直後、兵士ら約三百人を徒歩や車であえて爆心地に近づかせ、人体に及ぼす影響を調べていたことが十六日、分かった。核実験の様子を記録した仏軍の機密報告書をパリジャン紙が報じた。
 同紙によると、問題の核実験は六一年四月二十五日に実施した。兵士らは核爆発の二十分後から一時間後にかけ、マスクと外とう姿で爆心地まで七百メートルの地点に主に徒歩で近づくことを命じられ、砂漠に穴を掘る作業などをした。戦車で爆心地に達した部隊もあった。
 報告書はシラク大統領(当時)が核実験の終了を宣言してから二年後の九八年に作成され、兵士のうち何人が健康を害したかは記されていない。兵士の一人は同紙に「私たちはモルモットだった」と怒りをあらわにした。
 モラン仏国防相は同日、報告書が本物だと認め、兵士らの被ばくの程度をあらためて調査した上で「データをすべて公開する」とAFP通信に述べた。
 フランスは六〇年から九六年まで、アルジェリアと仏領ポリネシアで計約二百十回の核実験を実施。兵士と民間人約十五万人が実験に動員され、うち約四千八百人が健康を害したとして国を提訴。昨年十二月、被ばく者への補償を定めた法律が成立した。


--- First French nuke test had human guinea pigs
By Agencies
Posted On Tuesday, February 16, 2010 at 09:20:18 PM
http://www.punemirror.in/index.aspx?page=article§id=5&contentid=2010021620100216212018113e13d7b13§xslt=

1.5 lakh soldiers, civilians were deliberately exposed to nuclear radiation in 1960, claims report by daily Le Parisien

Paris: The French military used soldiers to test the effects of nuclear radiation on humans during an atom bomb test in the 1960s, the daily Le Parisien reported Tuesday, citing what it called a secret army report prepared in 1998.

The object of the experiment was “to study the physiological and psychological effects on man produced by an atomic weapon”, the original report states.

It goes on to say that a unit of French soldiers was ordered to carry out a patrol on “a position struck by a nuclear explosion”.

Forty minutes after the nuclear explosion in the Algerian Sahara, a foot patrol approached to within 700 metres of ground zero. One hour after the test, a patrol riding in four-wheeled vehicles came to within 275 metres.

Many of the men in the patrols later fell ill with cancer and other illnesses apparently tied to the radiation exposure.
The experiment was carried out April 25, 1961, during France’s last above ground atomic test in the Sahara Desert. The only form of protection the soldiers wore was a gas mask.

The report concluded that the soldiers seemed “capable of combat, to the degree their morale has not been affected too much”.

It also recommended replacing the gas masks with “basic anti-dust masks” to improve communications.
Contacted by the daily, Defence Minister Herve Morin said he had not seen the secret report, but declared that the radiation the men were exposed to “was very weak”.

According to figures by the defence ministry, about 1,50,000 soldiers and civilians took part in 210 French nuclear tests in the Sahara and Polynesia between 1960 and 1996.


---French nuke tests cloud victims' health 50 years on---
By Chloe Coupeau and Pierre Yves Julien (AFP) -2010/02/11
http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5jrdERTlpi3wMADj3c8DeR5vpCY5A

LE VALDECIE, France - From the blasted wastes of the Sahara to the cancer wards of Normandy, the bitter fallout of France's atomic weapons programme still lingers 50 years after nuclear testing began.

In the irradiated Algerian desert children are still born with deformities that campaigners blame on the experimental blasts, while back in France elderly army veterans complain of multiple unexplained cancers.

"Right after the explosion, they told us 'Go and see what happened'," wheezes 74-year-old throat cancer sufferer Auguste Ribet, unfurling a sheaf of paperwork documenting his long struggle for justice.

"We had pretty white cloth suits that were completely useless, and gas masks," he added, recalling the period in 1960 when France began atmospheric nuclear testing.

Ribet has been diagnosed with several simultaneous cancers over the past ten years. He wants the French state to recognise that he and several of his deceased comrades are victims of the tests carried out in Algeria.

"They even told me to go and plant the French flag in the crater left by the explosion," said 71-year-old Gerard Dellac, speaking by telephone from the Tarn region in southwest France, where he too has been struck down by cancer.

Since 1991 he has had 14 separate operations to remove malignant skin growths. Both men feel angry and betrayed by a state they say exposed them to danger and then abandoned them to their suffering.

AVEN, an association representing the troops exposed to the 210 tests carried out by France in Algeria and French Polynesia between 1960 and 1996, says it has gathered 4,500 testimonies from victims and their spouses.

A study carried out by one veteran who became a government scientist, found that the veterans are twice as likely to develop cancer as ordinary retirees.

But Dellac was refused a pension after six years of court battles because judges found that the nuclear fallout was only an "aggravating factor" in a cancer that could have been caused by exposure to sunlight.

Ribet, like most of the other veterans, has yet to go to court.

He still holds out hope that a law passed last month lessening the burden of proof on veterans, by establishing a presumption of a causal link between the bombs and cancer, may see veterans at last win recognition as victims.

On the other side of Mediterranean in the sands of the Sahara, however, the experience of the Algerian victims of the blasts shows that the sad story might still be far from a satisfactory ending.

Abderahmane Leksassi, a leader of a local association, told AFP by telephone from Riqqan, 1,147 kilometres (712 miles) south of Algiers, the compensation France in a law passed on December 22, 2009, was not enough.

"A few pennies are not going to settle a problem affecting several generations," he said.

France has allocated 10 million euros (13.6 million dollars) to compensate victims of nuclear tests between 1960 and 1996 in the Sahara and in Polynesia.

Leksassi is deputy head of the "Association of February 13, 1960": the date on which the first French atomic bomb exploded near Riqqan, during what the French military called Operation Blue Jerboa.

After three more atmospheric tests the site was moved southeast to Tamanrasset, for another 14 underground tests during the years before Algeria won its independence from France in 1962.

"It's difficult to estimate the exact number of victims of these nuclear tests, because the whole region was exposed to radiation and there was no screening of the population," Leksassi said.

"The region had between 16,000 and 20,000 inhabitants and nobody took account of the nomads who crossed it," said Mohammed Bendjebbar, who heads the Algerian Association of Victims of Nuclear Tests (AAVEN).

"Unaware of the danger, they picked up everything they thought could be useful: like highly radioactive metallic waste, jerry cans, tin drums and other objects left behind by the French," said Bendjebbar.

"No serious decontamination was undertaken by France," he added. In some zones near Riqqan, "the background radiation is today 22 times higher than international norms."

Residents said the site of the first test was still strictly restricted, with barriers marking out a perimeter for dozens of kilometres round the epicentre.

But Leksassi said the population still suffered cases of cancer and birth defects in "a contaminated environment."

After French President Nicolas Sarkozy visited Algeria in 2007 he set up a working group to examine the after-effects of the blasts, said a French diplomatic source.

Algerian Foreign Minister Mourad Medelci said last month he hoped the committee would make progress before French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner visited Algeria "in the weeks to come."

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