2010年2月13日土曜日

GSソースコード窃盗を告発

GSソースコード窃盗犯が告発された。
GSは、年に数億円の利益が期待できるHFT(フラッシュオーダ)を
1999年から5億ドルかけてHull Trading Coにシステム改修させた。
窃盗犯はHull Trading Coに勤務し、仕事はGSのHFT開発で年収40万ドル。

経緯
GS  :従業員とNDA契約。
窃盗犯:HFT開発完了。
    ソースコードを暗号化して独サーバへUPLOAD。
    GSアカウントのコマンド履歴を削除。
    Teza Technologies LLCに転職。
GS  :GSセキュリティシステムが窃盗犯の異常行動を検出。
    FBIに連絡。
窃盗犯:Teza Technologies LLCのHFTスタートアップ会議で、
    ソースコードを独サーバよりDOWNLOADし、復号化。
    運用開始(?)。
FBI  :空港にて、ソースコード保有のPCと記録媒体ともに逮捕。

ソースコードが、GSの著作物と言う証明はどうするのだろうか。
コマンド履歴まで消去しているのだから、ソースコードのGSに関する
証明は全て痕跡を消していると想像する。
もしかして、GPLのプログラム比較アプリを使用して、一致確率で証明
するのか。
GSは、フラッシュオーダをやっていないと広報していたのに、HFTは
開発済みだった。言葉が違うほかは何か違うのだろうか。

ポールソンの「ゴールドマン・サックスも危機にさらされていた」との
発言は、GS陰謀説をさらに深まる。

GS 主要顧客に投資情報提供
フラッシュオーダー自主廃止へ
フラッシュオーダ禁止法案
サププライム詐欺 GS陰謀説


Henry Paulson Discusses Financial Crisis, On the Brink

---「ゴールドマンも危機だった」前米財務長官明かす---
2010年2月2日23時18分
http://www.asahi.com/business/update/0202/TKY201002020453.html

 【ワシントン=尾形聡彦】ポールソン前米財務長官は1日、米テレビのインタビューで、2008年9月の金融危機の際、「(米投資銀行最大手の)ゴールドマン・サックスも危機にさらされていた」と語った。ポールソン氏は、ゴールドマンの元最高経営責任者でもある。異例の言及は、当時の金融危機の深刻さを映すものだ。
 ポールソン氏は、米投資銀行2位のモルガン・スタンレーが「倒産する本物の可能性があった」と言及。「モルガンが倒れれば、ゴールドマンや金融システム全体が倒れていた」と述べ、一連の救済は「金融機関のためではなく、米国民全体のためだった」と強調した。
 ポールソン前長官は、危機時に米保険最大手AIGを救済し、ゴールドマンなど大手には公的資本を注入した。米国内では、AIG救済は、AIGに多額の債権を持つゴールドマンを救うためだったのではないかとの批判が強い。


---Programmer Indicted in Theft of Goldman Software---
By JACK LYNCH
Published: February 11, 2010
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/12/technology/12code.html

Federal prosecutors said Thursday that Sergey Aleynikov, a former computer programmer at Goldman Sachs, had been indicted on charges that he stole proprietary software that the firm uses to make rapid-fire trades in the financial markets.

The indictment accuses Mr. Aleynikov of theft of trade secrets, transporting stolen property in foreign commerce and unauthorized computer access. If convicted, Mr. Aleynikov would face up to 25 years in prison, the United States Attorney’s Office in Manhattan said.

Mr. Aleynikov, who worked at Goldman until June 5, 2009, has pleaded not guilty to charges of theft and transporting trade secrets aboard. He left Goldman to join Teza Technologies, which hired him to develop its own version of a high-speed trading platform, prosecutors said.

Court documents filed in July said Mr. Aleynikov was suspected of stealing Goldman’s proprietary computer code that allows the firm to “engage in sophisticated high-speed and high-volume trades on various stock and commodities markets.”

Prosecutors say that Mr. Aleynikov, on his last day at Goldman, transferred substantial portions of Goldman’s code to an outside computer server in Germany.

Mr. Aleynikov “encrypted the files and transferred them over the Internet without informing Goldman Sachs,” the United States Attorney’s Office said in a statement. “After transferring the files, he deleted the program he used to encrypt the files and deleted his computer’s ‘bash history,’ which records the most recent commands executed on his computer.”

Prosecutors also asserted that Mr. Aleynikov, during time he was at Goldman, transferred thousands of files of computer code related to Goldman’s proprietary trading program to his home computers.

Prosecutors said Mr. Aleynikov flew to Chicago on July 2 to attend meetings at Teza’s offices, bringing his laptop computer and another storage device that contained Goldman Sachs’s proprietary source code. He was arrested on his return on July 3 as he got off a plane at Newark Liberty International Airport.

“In today’s information age, a theft of valuable intellectual property represents a serious breach of economic security,” Preet Bharara, the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, said in a statement.


---Ex-Goldman employee indicted over software theft---
Christine Seib
February 11, 2010
http://business.timesonline.co.uk/tol/business/industry_sectors/banking_and_finance/article7024194.ece

A former Goldman Sachs computer programmer was charged with stealing top-secret computer code from the Wall Street bank to use at a rival trading house.

Sergey Aleynikov faces up to 25 years in prison on counts of theft of trade secrets, transportation of stolen property and unauthorised computer access.

The case shines a light on the secretive and competitive world of high-frequency trading, in which companies race to make the fastest algorithmic trading platform, while trying to protect their technological developments from rivals

According to the charges brought by the US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, Goldman makes “many millions of dollars in profits” from high-frequency trading.

The bank co-operated with the FBI’s investigation of the case.

Mr Aleynikov was part of a group of programmers who fine-tuned a trading platform that Goldman acquired from Hull Trading Company for $500 million in 1999.

Goldman went to great pains to protect the proprietary system, including the installation of firewalls, limiting the number of employees allowed to work on it, monitoring information movement to and from the system and requiring employees to sign a confidentiality agreement.

Despite this, during the two years he worked at the bank, Mr Aleynikov, who was paid $400,000 a year, allegedly e-mailed code from the system to his personal e-mail address.

In April last year, the programmer was offered a job by Teza Technologies, a new high-frequency trading company in Chicago, on a pay package of about $1.15 million a year.

On June 5, his last day at Goldman, Mr Aleynikov allegedly transferred a large amount of code from the bank’s system to a computer server in Germany, then deleted the history of recent commands on his work computer.

He is alleged to have planned to use Goldman’s information to help Teza to set up a new trading system.

Goldman’s security system is believed to have spotted the programmer’s alleged activities.

He was arrested at Newark Airport on July 2 after flying into New York from a meeting with Teza.

Mr Aleynikov has been indicted on the charges. He has not entered a plea.

Goldman Sachs declined to comment.


---Ex-Goldman programmer indicted over HFT code theft---
http://news.google.co.jp/news?edchanged=1&ned=us

NEW YORK (Reuters) - A former Goldman Sachs Group programer was indicted on charges he stole computer code for the investment bank's high-frequency trading platform, federal prosecutors said on Thursday.

The former programer, Sergey Aleynikov, 40, was arrested and charged in July. The three-count indictment alleges that Aleynikov, who worked at Goldman from May 2007 to June 2009, illegally transferred and downloaded "hundreds of thousands of lines of source code for Goldman's high-frequency trading system" on his last day at the firm.

Aleynikov, according to the indictment, then uploaded the source code onto a laptop computer that he took with him to a meeting in Chicago with his new employer, Teza Technologies LLC, a high-frequency trading start-up.

Agents with the Federal Bureau of Investigation arrested Aleynikov at Newark Liberty International Airport upon his return from Chicago. He was held in custody over the July 4 holiday weekend before posting bail.

Aleynikov's arrest is credited with shining a spotlight on fast-growing business of high-frequency trading, a computer-driven strategy that is said to be responsible for more than half of the daily trading volume in U.S. stocks.

The indictment said Goldman's high-frequency platform generates "many millions of dollars in profits per year." Goldman acquired some of the platform in 1999, when it paid $500 million for Hull Trading Co and has since made major improvements to the system.

The indictment specifically charges Aleynikov with one count of theft of trade secrets, one count of transportation of stolen property and one count of unauthorized computer access.

"In today's information age, a theft of valuable intellectual property represents a serious breach of economic security," Manhattan US Attorney Preet Bharara said in a statement.

Aleynikov's lawyer, Sabrina Shroff, said she and her client were "very disappointed" by the prosecutor's decision to seek an indictment. But she said Aleynikov would be "vindicated" at trial.

Shroff had asked prosecutors to consider a deferred prosecution agreement for her client.

A Goldman spokesman declined to comment.

No one from Teza, a trading firm started by several former Citadel Investment Group traders, was charged in the indictment.

If convicted, Aleynikov faces up to 25 years in prison. He is set to be arraigned on the charges on February 17.

The case is US v Aleynikov, U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York, No. 09-mj-01553.

(Reported by Grant McCool and Matthew Goldstein; Editing by Tim Dobbyn)

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