2010年3月29日月曜日

トヨタ騒動 鎮静化へ

トヨタ騒動が鎮静化し始めた。
公聴会直後がピークだったが、大分落ち着いたようだ。

沈静化させたと思われる報道
・第三者によるプリウス公開検証
・ABC情報操作報道
・加州交通事故詐欺疑惑
・NY州操作ミス

ABCの実験方法は、公聴会で「装置を破壊した」と指摘されていたし、
エンジン高回転の映像挿入による印象操作を行い、検証ではなく、
情報操作となった。
追い風はやはり、加州の交通事故詐欺疑惑。集団訴訟担当の弁護士や
調査会社が、入れ知恵していると言う噂もでるようになった。
公聴会で話題の電子制御スロットル・システム(ETCS)は、
米自動車産業が電気自動車に重要な技術との位置付けがあり、
技術公開が目的との説もある。
訴訟も複数ある。
・トヨタ車の不具合を隠して中古車価格の損失分の補填
・トヨタ車での交通事故の被害者や遺族による損害賠償
・リコール遅延制裁

補填と損害賠償の集団訴訟を弁護側は一緒にしたがっているが、裁判官は
一緒にできるかを審議中とのこと。

疑惑の力関係
UAW→国会議員→弁護士→調査会社→ABC→集団訴訟者(詐欺含む)

プリウス問題
・フロアマットによりアクセルペダルが固定し、加速を続ける。
 →フロアマット処理
・アクセルペダル機構が環境条件により固定し、加速を続ける。
 →アクセルペダル交換
・走行中ギアが切り替わらず、加速を続ける。
 →再現不可
・ブレーキ操作中、ブレーキがきかない時がある。
 →車種特有の挙動だが、プログラム修正

走行中ギアが切り替わらない問題は不明のまま。

数量は不明だが、日本でも明らかに取扱説明書どおりに動かない車が、
ユーザ→ディーラ→研究所の順に送り返され、数ヶ月の検証の結果、
原因不明で新車と交換となった事例の記憶がある。

航空機、列車、船舶、自動車等とノイズ発生源の近くで電子機器が
制御する機構が多いが、電子機器が原因と言われるのは自動車が多い
と思う。
使用台数は桁違いだが、確率は同程度なのだろうか。
同確率なら、車両も航空機並みの信頼性が必要か。

トヨタ 無心で恫喝か


Third Party Analysis Discredits David Gilberts Congressional Testimony Against Toyota


Toyota Seeks ABC Apology for Irresponsible TV Report


Dangerous Toyota : Former Toyota Lawyer, "Toyota always Hides Safety Problems"


Best Dirty Commercial Hyundai Sonata // El mejor sucio anuncio Hyundai (Dirty/Sucio Hyundai)


ABC Manipulate Toyota Report


---トヨタ集団訴訟で初審理、巨額負担の恐れも---
2010年3月26日22時31分 読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/atmoney/news/20100326-OYT1T01016.htm

 トヨタ自動車の大規模リコール(回収・無償修理)問題で、車の市場価値が下がったとして差額の支払いを求める全米各地の集団代表訴訟を併合するための初審理が25日、カリフォルニア州サンディエゴの連邦地裁で開かれた。
 米議会などの激しい批判は沈静化しつつあるが、訴訟に加えて司法の動きもあり、リコール問題は新たな局面を迎えている。
 AP通信などによると、トヨタ車の所有者による集団訴訟は138件起きている。交通事故の被害者や遺族による損害賠償訴訟も97件あり、トヨタ側の弁護士は米販売会社、米国トヨタ自動車販売(TMS)の本社があるロサンゼルス郡の連邦地裁で一括審理するよう求めた。
 原告側弁護士の推計では、米国のリコール台数約600万台に対し、仮に裁判所が保有者1人につき500ドル(約4万6000円)の支払いを命じれば、トヨタの負担額は最低でも30億ドル(約2760億円)に達する。これとは別に事故の被害者への賠償もあり得る。同州オレンジ郡の検察局も「車の欠陥を知りながら販売を続け、州民を危険にさらした」として制裁金を求める民事訴訟を提起した。
 米運輸省は「リコールの遅れ」に関して調査中で、トヨタの対応が米連邦法に抵触していれば、民事制裁金を科すことを示唆している。
 さらに、ミシガン州の検事総長は24日、意図しない急加速の原因などに関する文書の提出をTMSに命じた。ニューヨーク連邦地裁の大陪審と検察当局、米証券取引委員会も2月に同様の資料提出を求めており、リコール問題が刑事事件に発展する可能性もゼロではない。(ロサンゼルス=飯田達人、ニューヨーク=小谷野太郎)


---トヨタ、米販売急回復 3月予想、前月比82%増---
2010年3月26日 夕刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/economics/news/CK2010032602000205.html

 【ワシントン=古川雅和】米調査会社エドマンズ・ドットコムは二十五日、三月の米新車販売台数の予想を発表した。大量リコール(無料の回収・修理)問題をきっかけに苦戦していたトヨタ自動車は二月比で82・0%増、前年三月比では37・1%増と急回復する見込みだ。
 エドマンズは、トヨタの急回復の理由について、三月から導入した金利ゼロキャンペーンなど販売促進策の導入と、トヨタ・バッシングを強めていた米メディア報道が「より公平になった」ことだと分析。エドマンズは、トヨタが「復権に向けて大きな一歩を踏み出した」とみている。
 トヨタは二月に主要メーカーが軒並み販売台数を伸ばす中で、前年同月比8・7%減(オートデータ調べ)と“独り負け”の状態だった。
 三月の販売台数は市場全体では前年同月比30・9%増。フォード・モーターは55・5%増で、主要メーカーの中で最大の伸びをする見込み。


---米NY州の事故は運転ミス プリウスで地元警察---
2010.3.23 11:12
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/economy/business/100323/biz1003231114004-n1.htm

 トヨタ自動車のハイブリッド車「プリウス」が米ニューヨーク州の道路で壁に激突し、運転していた女性が「急加速した」と主張していた事故について、地元警察は22日、女性の運転ミスが原因との捜査結果を発表した。
 地元警察は米メディアに対し「事故を起こした車両には欠陥は見つからなかった」と説明。また事故の瞬間、アクセルペダルが踏まれていたことなどから、運転ミスが原因と結論付けた。
 この事故については、既にトヨタなどが事故車の車載コンピューターを解析、事故当時にブレーキが踏まれた形跡はなく、燃料や空気の量を調整するエンジンのスロットルは開いた状態だったことが分かっている。(共同)


---プリウス急加速で事故か 米NY州でも---
2010.3.11 11:09

 トヨタ自動車のハイブリッド車「プリウス」が9日、米ニューヨーク州の道路を走行中に急加速して石壁に衝突、運転していた女性がけがをする事故が起きたと、複数の米メディアが10日報じた。
 事故を起こしたとされるのは2005年製の旧型プリウス。アクセルペダルに引っ掛かって急加速する恐れがあるとして、フロアマットを交換するリコール(無料の回収・修理)の対象となっているが、事故を起こした車は既に販売店で処置済みだったという。
 リコール対象の旧型プリウスをめぐっては、8日にも米カリフォルニア州で急加速したとの通報があり、トヨタと米当局が調査を始めたばかりだった。(共同)


---Toyota Prius Crash: Driver Error, Again
Published Mar 23, 2010
http://www.insideline.com/toyota/prius/toyota-prius-crash-driver-error-again.html

*The March 9 crash of a Toyota Prius in New York appears to be driver error.
*It is the second time this month that a case of unintended acceleration in a Prius has been debunked.
*Toyota is still facing multiple lawsuits over the safety of its vehicles

HARRISON, New York/TORRANCE, California - The second of two highly publicized cases of unintended acceleration in a Toyota Prius has been attributed to driver error, according to police in Harrison, New York, who have completed their investigation of the incident. In response, Toyota issued a statement on Monday saying "we remain committed to investigating reported incidents of unintended acceleration in our vehicles."

It is the second time this month that a dramatic case of unintended acceleration in a Prius has been debunked. On March 15, Toyota picked apart a California man's account of his runaway 2008 Toyota Prius, saying "there are strong indications that the driver's account of the event is inconsistent with the findings of [its] preliminary analysis,"

In the New York case, a 56-year-old woman driving a 2005 Prius out of a driveway was injured when the car sped out of the driveway and hit a stone wall. During a press conference on Monday, Harrison, New York, police said the "vehicle accelerator in this case was depressed 100 percent at the time of collision. There is absolutely no indication of any brake application," according to media reports.

Earlier, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration issued a preliminary report in that case saying information retrieved from the vehicle's onboard computer systems indicated there was no application of the brakes and that the throttle was fully open.

Toyota took pains to appear gracious in its Monday response to the Harrison case.

"Toyota sympathizes with the individuals and families involved in any accident involving our vehicles," it said. "We are making an all-out effort to ensure our vehicles are safe and are making substantial progress towards completing our recalls with effective and durable solutions."

Toyota has been in crisis mode for the last two months amid recalls of about 8 million vehicles globally due to concerns over unintended acceleration.

The closing of the Harrison, New York, case comes at the start of a critical week for the world's largest automaker.

After intense scrutiny before U.S. House and Senate panels in late February and early March, the next hot seat for Toyota will be in a San Diego, California, courtroom on March 25. The date marks the start of arguments before the federal Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation, which will rule on the establishment of a coordinated legal proceeding for all federal lawsuits arising from the Toyota recall.

San Diego will also host a March 24 legal conference on how to successfully sue Toyota over sudden acceleration.

"Some plaintiffs' attorneys are saying that the Toyota cases could rival the complexity of the tobacco lawsuits with theoretical damages running into the billions of dollars," said Ed Higgins, co-head of the product liability practice group at the Michigan law firm of Plunkett Cooney in a statement. "The goal is to hoist Toyota by its own petard and pressure them to settle rather than take the cases to trial."

Toyota is facing multiple lawsuits over the safety of its vehicles, with claims being made for everything from personal injury and property damage to lost resale value of Toyota vehicles.

Inside Line says: Call it another win for Toyota, but the battle is far from over. - Anita Lienert, Correspondent


---Investigators: New York Prius crash likely driver error---
From Evan Buxbaum, CNN
March 22, 2010 7:50 p.m. EDT
http://www.cnn.com/2010/US/03/22/ny.prius.crash.probe/

(CNN) -- A Toyota Prius was not the cause of a March 9 crash in Harrison, New York, said authorities citing "black and white" results in their investigation.

Harrison, New York, Police Capt. Anthony Marraccini revealed at a news conference Monday that evidence extracted from the wrecked 2005 Prius' data recorder showed no indication of brake compression as the car headed toward a stone wall. Rather, the accelerator was pressed 100 percent, authorities said.

Marraccini said the data, which he described as "black and white," was collected in a cooperative effort between Harrison police, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Toyota.

"Toyota has been very cooperative," said Marraccini. "There's no possibility of any distortion of this data," he continued. "These are the facts that surround this."

A housekeeper was driving the car at the time of the accident. She told police the vehicle accelerated on its own as she eased forward down her employer's driveway, causing her to crash into a stone wall on the other side of the road.

The incident, which did not involve other vehicles nor injuries to anyone, drew attention because the 2005 Prius was part of Toyota's November recall to address the risk of pedal entrapment in the floor mat. But police said early on that floor mats were not a factor in this accident. A recall to address a sticky accelerator problem did not include the Prius.

Monday's announcement corroborates a NHTSA statement from early in the investigation, explaining that "information retrieved from the vehicle's onboard computer systems indicated there was no application of the brakes and the throttle was fully open."

The statement suggested at the time that the driver may have been stepping on the accelerator, instead of the brake as she told police.

"We do see these accidents on occasion," Marraccini said Monday.

"I think with all this hype about Toyota, people are just looking to point fingers," he said.

Marraccini said that he spoke with the housekeeper about the findings of the investigation, but she remains "very passionate about her statement."

"When a driver believes they are on the brake pedal, they believe it. But there is no indication of that," Marraccini said.

Toyota spokesman Wade Hoyt called the investigation "thorough" and "conscientious," and praised authorities for their "really outstanding piece of detective work."


---Prius Probe in Harrison, N.Y., Suggests Driver Error---
MARCH 18, 2010
By KATE LINEBAUGH
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748704207504575129802439136766.html

An investigation of a Toyota Prius accident in Harrison, N.Y., suggests driver error may have been involved after federal safety regulators said the brakes hadn't been applied and the throttle was "wide open."

Separately, Toyota Motor Corp. asked ABC News for a public retraction and formal apology for an "irresponsible broadcast" last month that purported to show how electronics problems in the company's vehicles could lead to unintended acceleration.

Based on information retrieved from the onboard computer systems of the Prius in Harrison, a National Highway Traffic Safety Administration spokeswoman said: "There was no application of the brakes and the throttle was fully open."

The driver, a 56-year-old woman, told the police that the car accelerated as she drove down her employer's driveway March 9 and hit a stone wall. The driver said she believed she had applied full force to the brakes, according to the police.

Harrison Police Capt. Anthony Marraccini declined to comment on the investigation's results. "We have done everything in our power to protect the integrity of this investigation," Capt. Marraccinni said. "It seems to be self-serving that NHTSA is releasing information that they haven't even evaluated or discussed with Harrison Police Department. There is much more data that needs to be evaluated."

The department hasn't ruled out driver error as a possible cause, Capt. Marraccini said.

On Wednesday, investigators from NHTSA and engineers from Toyota inspected the Prius and retrieved information from its computers and "black box," or electronic data recorder.

Toyota spokesman Brian Lyons declined to comment on the results of the investigation. He said the Harrison police "will be issuing the final investigation report, including the information provided by Toyota and NHTSA."

"The ultimate determination is going to be Harrison Police Department," Mr. Lyons said. Toyota engineers helped to download data from the black box and diagnostic information from the car's electronic control unit and handed it over to the Harrison police, Mr. Lyons said.Capt. Marraccini noted that the data provides a snapshot of the event, not a streaming flow of information leading up to impact. He said Toyota has been helpful in the investigation and translated the data into a format his officers could interpret but the department is still waiting on software to read it.

Tuesday, Toyota cast doubt on a report of sudden acceleration in a Prius in California. The driver, James Sikes, eventually brought the car under control after a California Highway patrolman pulled alongside and told him to apply both the parking brake and regular brakes. Toyota said there was evidence that the driver, Mr. Sikes, had lightly applied the brakes repeatedly, apparently defeating a system that can prevent sudden acceleration. Mr. Sikes's lawyer declined to comment.

The California Highway Patrol Wednesday released its incident report, written by an officer who pulled alongside Mr. Sikes's car, Jonathan Neibert. "I could see the driver sat up off his seat indicating that he was possibly applying the brake pedal with his body weight," the report says. "His back was arched and both hands were pulling on the steering wheel."

Mr. Neibert wrote that after the accident Mr. Sikes was visibly shaken and his blood pressure and heart rate were "very high," as detected by an emergency medical worker. He said the 61-year-old man wanted to get home to his wife and was not interested in speaking with the media.

Separately, in a letter to ABC News President David Westin dated March 11, Toyota said ABC "fabricated" a shot of a Toyota Avalon sedan in a Feb. 22 report "to create the false and misleading impression with viewers of a dangerous and uncontrolled acceleration" in the vehicle.

In the report, ABC News cited findings by Southern Illinois University-Carbondale Professor David W. Gilbert, who said he found a way to make Toyotas surge by causing a short in the wires that carry signals from the gas pedal to the engine computer, in such a way that the vehicle's diagnostic system doesn't notice a fault in the circuit.

In a letter to Toyota, ABC News said it "was legitimate and newsworthy" to report on Mr. Gilbert's claims, and the news outlet said it also has covered Toyota's critiques of Mr. Gilbert's work on car acceleration. ABC is a unit of Walt Disney Co.

Toyota said ABC "fabricated" a sequence that showed the car's tachometer racing up to more than 6,000 revolutions per minute, near the safe limit of the engine's design, while the car was being driven. Toyota said the car was actually in park when the tachometer hit that level.

ABC News, in the letter reviewed by The Wall Street Journal, also said it acted appropriately in giving Toyota an opportunity to respond to Mr. Gilbert's claims. ABC News again acknowledged it erred in showing the car's tachometer, and said it has replaced the shot at issue with another from the Toyota car being driven.


---Prius Computer Raises Doubts in an Account of a Crash---
By NICK BUNKLEY
Published: March 18, 2010
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/19/business/19toyota.html

Federal safety regulators investigating the crash of a Toyota Prius in suburban New York said Thursday that the car’s computer showed no evidence of braking by the driver at the time of the crash.

The driver told police she had been unable to stop the car from speeding and crashing into a stone wall.

The computer indicated that the car’s throttle was “fully open,” according to a statement from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, which sent investigators to examine the car along with Toyota engineers.

The finding raises the possibility that the car, a 2005 Prius, accelerated because the driver, a 56-year-old housekeeper whose name has not been released, mistakenly pressed the accelerator instead of the brake. The driver was leaving her employer’s driveway in Harrison, N.Y., when the car sped up, crossed a street and hit a wall.

What is unclear is whether the woman depressed the brake after the car sped up and then took her foot off the brake just before the crash. The recorder on the Prius involved captured data only after the air bags deployed, Toyota said.

Last week, Toyota cast doubt on the account of a California man who said his 2008 Prius took him on a 30-mile ride at up to 94 miles an hour. Toyota said evidence obtained from the car did not match the man’s account and showed that the brakes, though severely worn, would have been capable of stopping the car.

Toyota also held a technical briefing aimed primarily at discrediting an ABC News report that was broadcast on Feb. 22.

Toyota has asked ABC News to retract and apologize for the report, which used several seconds of staged video while seemingly showing how Toyotas could speed out of control.

Toyota said the report was misleading because video of a surging tachometer in the dashboard of a Toyota Avalon sedan was filmed while the car was stopped. It also said that ABC had not told viewers that the professor who did the demonstration was being paid by a consultant to lawyers who are suing the automaker. Toyota said the vehicle had been manipulated in a way that could not occur under normal operations.

The report by ABC’s chief investigative correspondent, Brian Ross, was shown a day before Congress began hearings into Toyota’s recalls. The professor, David W. Gilbert of the Southern Illinois University campus in Carbondale, and the consultant paying him, Sean Kane of Safety Research and Strategies in Massachusetts, both testified.

“ABC News chose fear-mongering over public service,” Toyota’s general counsel, Christopher P. Reynolds, wrote to the president of ABC News, David Westin. A spokesman for Toyota confirmed the accuracy of the letter, which was posted Thursday on the Web site Gawker.com.

In a response sent Thursday to Toyota, ABC said its report on the professor’s findings had been “legitimate and newsworthy” and that Toyota had failed to respond to requests for comment before the report was broadcast. In the response, a copy of which was obtained by The New York Times, John W. Zucker, an ABC senior vice president, said the video of the dashboard had been “an editorial error” and “was not intended to, and did not, materially mislead the public.”

ABC re-edited the report on its Web site after Gawker questioned the video, which showed the engine revving to more than 6,000 revolutions per minute and was inserted between shots of the car speeding up. Closer examination of the original video showed that the speedometer was at zero, lights indicated that the parking brake was engaged and a door was open, and the transmission was in park.

ABC added an editors’ note to the story online, saying it had refilmed a two-second insert of the dashboard because video captured during the actual drive was shaky. “The readings of the induced surge are comparable,” the note says.


---プリウス、本当に急加速? 米ドライバーに疑惑浮上---
2010.3.13 09:23
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/economy/business/100313/biz1003130923006-n1.htm

 米カリフォルニア州で起きたトヨタ自動車のハイブリッド車「プリウス」が急加速し減速しないとされるトラブルをめぐり、米メディアは12日までに、この車を運転していた男性の行動に疑惑が浮上していると相次いで伝えた。一部のジャーナリストは「でっち上げだ」と指摘している。
 男性は同州サンディエゴで8日、警察に通報。駆けつけたパトカーがプリウスの前方に立ちふさがる形で強制的に停車させ、全米でその映像が大きく報じられた。
 男性は通報でブレーキを踏んでも加速し続けたと訴えたが、プリウスにはアクセルとブレーキを同時に踏むとエンジン出力を低減する仕組みが導入されており、男性が主張した現象は構造上起こり得ないことが判明した。男性が金銭に困っていたとの報道もある。
 事故直後にトヨタを訴える意向を示していた男性は12日までに「訴えるつもりはない」と話した。(共同)


---米トヨタ車オーナーが集団訴訟、賠償額300億ドルの可能性も---
2010年03月11日 15:22 発信地:シカゴ/米国
http://www.afpbb.com/article/economy/2708528/5475665

【3月11日 AFP】トヨタ自動車(Toyota Motor)の大規模リコール(回収・無償修理)の影響で所有する車の評価額が下落したとして、米国のトヨタ車オーナー800万~1000万人がトヨタを相手取って集団訴訟を起こした。賠償額は最大300億ドルに上る可能性もあるという。

「自動車業界の集団訴訟としては過去最大になるだろう」。訴訟を担当する弁護士、ティム・ハワード(Tim Howard)氏はAFPの電話取材に対し、賠償額はオーナー1人当たり500~1000ドル(約4万5000~9万円)を見込んでいると話した。その上で、トヨタが自動車の安全性について故意に顧客を欺いたことを証明し、3倍賠償制度の適用を求める意向だ。

 同氏は米ノースイースタン大学(Northeastern University)で法学を教え、たばこ会社や清涼飲料メーカーに対する注目の訴訟を担当した敏腕弁護士。

 訴状によると、トヨタは意図せず急加速する問題を2002年から把握していたにもかかわらず、その情報を隠ぺいし、販売やリースへの影響、リコールが利益に与える影響を最小化することを図ったとしている。トヨタが死亡事故につながった欠陥を意図的に隠していたかどうかが争点となる。


---プリウス、高速道路で減速せず強制停止 米加州---
2010.3.9 12:42
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/economy/business/100309/biz1003091246013-n1.htm

 米メディアによると、カリフォルニア州南部サンディエゴで8日、男性がトヨタ自動車のハイブリッド車「プリウス」を高速道路で運転中、アクセルペダルが戻らず減速できなくなったとして、約20分後に警察のパトカーが強制的に止めるトラブルがあった。男性にけがはなかった。
 男性の車は時速約150キロまで加速し、男性が警察に通報。男性はエンジンを切って車を減速させ、最後は駆けつけた警官がパトカーを車の前につけて停止させたという。(共同)


Prius 911 Call: "My Car Won't Slow Down" The Associated Press

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