2010年6月9日水曜日

DNI 諜報活動のゴッドファーザ就任

米国家情報長官が就任した。
 空席となっていたブレア国家情報長官(DNI)の後任として、退役空軍中将
のジェームズ・クラッパー国防次官(情報担当、69)が指名される見通しだ
と報じた。

ジェームズ・クラッパーのあだ名は、「諜報活動のゴッドファーザ」らしい。
フォートワース陸軍基地乱射や米機テロ未遂の際、NTCTが機能していないと
指摘されていた。ついで、タイムズスクエアのテロ未遂が発生した。
図体がでかすぎて、血液の循環が悪いとよく比喩されることが多いが、
組織が大きすぎて、情報の拾捨ができていないのだろうと改めて思う。
デニスは、権力欲のためか、CIAの一部の人事に介入しようとして、政府
から不適格と烙印を押されたようだ。
前回は、海軍派閥、今度は空軍派閥。米上院情報委員会では、軍人以外の
人を望むようだ。CIAかFBI派閥が後押しか。

DNIが統括する16情報機関
・Air Force
・Army
・CIA(Central Intelligence Agency)
・Coast Guard
・DIA(Defence Intelligence Agency)
・DE(Department of Energy)
・DHS(Department of Homeland Security)
・DS(Department of State)
・DT(Department of Treasury)
・DEA(Drug Enforcement Administration)
・FBI(Federal Bureau of Investigation)
・Marine Corps
・NGIA(National Geospatial Intelligence Agency)
・NRO(National Reconnaissance Office)
・NSA(National Security Agency)
・Navy

DNI直轄機関
DDNI(Deputy Directors of National Intelligence)
・DDNI/PPR(Office of the Deputy Director for Policy, Plans and Requirements)
・DDNI/C(Office of the Deputy Director for Collection)
・DDNI/A(Office of the Deputy Director for Analysis)
・DDNI/FC(Office of the Deputy Director for Future Capabilities)
CLPO(Civil Liberties Protection Office)
OEOD(Office of Equal Opportunity and Diversity)

ISE(Information Sharing Environment)

IC(Intelligence Council) Mission Support Activities
・NCTC(National Counterterrorism Center)
・NCIX(National Counterintelligence Executive)
・NCPC(National Counterproliferation Center)
・SSC(Special Security Center)
・NIU(The National Intelligence University)
・IARPA(Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity)
・CSE(Center for Security Evaluation)
・NIC(National Intelligence Council)
・NIC-C(The National Intelligence Coordination Center)

米国家情報長官更迭



"Largest Intelligence Enterprise On The Planet" Has New Head The UpTake


---国家情報長官(DNI)にクラッパー氏起用へ オバマ大統領---
2010.6.5 17:05
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/100605/amr1006051709013-n1.htm

 【ワシントン=佐々木類】AP通信など米メディアは4日、辞任して空席となっていたブレア国家情報長官(DNI)の後任として、退役空軍中将のジェームズ・クラッパー国防次官(情報担当、69)が指名される見通しだと報じた。オバマ大統領が5日にも発表する。
 クラッパー氏は、空軍に32年間所属した後、1995年に退役。ブッシュ前政権下の2001~06年に地球空間情報局(NGA)局長を務めた。オバマ政権下で国防次官のほか、国家情報長官の下で防衛情報局長を務めた。
 国家情報長官は、中央情報局(CIA)や国防情報局(DIA)など16に上る情報機関を統括する枢要ポスト。01年9月の同時多発テロを受けて、05年に創設されて以降、クラッパー氏で4人目となる。
 軍や政府の情報機関を統括する組織として鳴り物入りで創設された国家情報長官だが、各機関の守備範囲が必ずしも明確でないことから、「屋上屋を架すだけ」(情報当局者)との批判がつきまとっていた。
 実際、辞任したブレア前長官は、就任以来ずっとホワイトハウスとの関係がぎくしゃくし、昨年11月のフォートワース陸軍基地乱射事件で、事前に有力な情報を入手しながら有効な手を打たなかったとして批判を受けた。
 12月の航空機爆破テロ未遂事件ではテロ対策の甘さを問われ、ジョン・ブレナン大統領補佐官(国土安全保障・テロ対策担当)との確執が表面化した。
 ブレア前長官が傘下のCIAに対する権限強化のため、CIAの海外支局長ポストをDNIが任命できるように組織改編しようとした際には、パネッタCIA長官が反発。結局、ホワイトハウスがパネッタ長官を支持するなど、米メディアはオバマ大統領による事実上の更迭と報じた。
 このため、DNIを機能させるためには「オバマ大統領による強いサポートが不可欠」(米紙ウォールストリート・ジャーナル)との見方が大勢。情報トップとしての能力のほか、クラッパー氏が大統領と信頼関係を構築できるかどうかが鍵となりそうだ。


---米国家情報長官:クラパー国防次官内定---
毎日新聞 2010年6月5日 10時46分
http://mainichi.jp/select/world/america/news/20100605k0000e030017000c.html

 【ワシントン古本陽荘】オバマ米大統領は4日、中央情報局(CIA)など米政府の16の情報機関を統括する次期国家情報長官に空軍出身のクラパー国防次官(情報担当)を指名する人事を内定した。米メディアが一斉に報じた。5日に正式発表する。
 前任のブレア前長官はテロ対策を巡りオバマ大統領との確執が生じ先月、辞任していた。
 就任には上院の承認が必要だが、上院情報委員会には、前任のブレア氏が海軍出身だったことから軍出身者以外を求める声があり、承認には曲折も予想される。
 国家情報長官は米同時多発テロを受け05年に設置されたが、既に3人が辞任し、不要論も浮上。上院での承認にあたっては情報機関全体の組織論も議論となりそうだ。
 クラパー氏は32年間空軍に勤務。主に情報畑を歩み、退役後に国防総省系の情報機関、国家地球空間情報局(NGA)の長官を務めた。


---Obama Names Clapper As New Director Of National Intelligence---
Updated: Saturday, 05 Jun 2010, 10:12 AM CDT
Published : Saturday, 05 Jun 2010, 10:12 AM CDT
http://www.myfoxdfw.com/dpps/news/obama-names-clapper-as-new-director-of-national-intelligence-dpgonc-km-20100605_7929642

(NewsCore) - U.S. President Barack Obama announced Saturday that retired lieutenant-general and veteran intelligence expert James Clapper will be a "forceful champion of his fellow intelligence professionals" as the new director of national intelligence (DNI).

Clapper, a retired Air Force three-star general, succeeds former DNI Dennis Blair, whose forced resignation came in late May amid criticism after a string of security shortcomings, most notably the failure to thwart planned attacks including one by an al Qaeda-linked group to bring down a U.S. airliner on December 25.

In the Saturday announcement, Obama said Clapper will "adapt and improve" intelligence gathering and information sharing between U.S. intelligence agencies to work as an "integrated team."

Clapper is currently undersecretary of defense for intelligence, the top intelligence post at the Pentagon, as well as the director of defense intelligence, which reports directly to the DNI

Obama called on Congress to move expeditiously with Clapper's confirmation process as his
pick has already met with criticism on Capitol Hill.

"While Jim has served our nation well, he lacks the necessary clout with the President, has proven to be less than forthcoming with Congress, and has recently blocked our efforts to empower the DNI, which is why at this time I’m not inclined to support him,” Senator Kit Bond (R-Mo.), vice chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, wrote on his website.

But Senator Joe Lieberman (I-Conn.), who co-authored legislation in 2004 to create the DNI position, quickly applauded Obama's choice.

"General Clapper has vast experience in the intelligence community, has a proven record as an administrator and has always been a proponent of a strong DNI," Lieberman said.

Clapper's confirmation could prove difficult as even the Democratic head of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Sen. Diane Fienstein (D-Calif.), said last week that the "best thing for the U.S. intelligence community is to have someone with a civilian background in charge."


---Obama names ex-general Clapper as new spy chief---
By Michael Mathes (AFP) - 20100605
http://www.google.com/hostednews/afp/article/ALeqM5iJKYvElpZ5NalQDiiPXCvDx2pqog

WASHINGTON - President Barack Obama on Saturday named retired air force general and veteran intelligence expert James Clapper as his new spy chief in a drive to improve troubled US intelligence gathering.

Clapper was nominated to replace retired navy admiral Dennis Blair as director of national intelligence. Blair quit last month after a string of security lapses including the failure to detect the Christmas Day airline bomb plot.

"With four decades of service to America, Jim is one of our nation's most experienced and most respected intelligence professionals," Obama said as he announced the nomination in the White House Rose Garden.

He described Clapper as "eminently qualified" and someone who also "understands the importance of working with our partners in Congress."

Obama urged lawmakers in the US Senate to swiftly approve Clapper's nomination, noting he had previously been confirmed to senior positions on four previous occasions.

"Given the importance of this position, the urgent threats to our nation and Jim's unique experience, I urge the Senate to do so again and as swiftly as possible," he said.

"This nomination can't fall victim to the usual Washington politics."

At the ceremony, Clapper said that he was "humbled, honored, and daunted by the magnitude of the responsibilities of the position of DNI."

The director of national intelligence (DNI) oversees the 16 agencies that make up the US intelligence community, including the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the National Security Agency (NSA).

The post was introduced after September 11, 2001 amid deep concern over the systemic lapses ahead of the attacks on the United States, and then the botched intelligence over Iraq's weapons of mass destruction.

Clapper is currently undersecretary of defense for intelligence -- the top intelligence post at the Pentagon -- as well as the director of defense intelligence, which reports directly to the DNI.

One defense official said Clapper enjoys strong backing from Defense Secretary Robert Gates.

Clapper has been nicknamed "the Godfather of HUMINT" -- using human contacts for gathering intelligence in addition to high-tech methods like satellite imagery or intercepting communications.

If confirmed, he would become the fourth director of national intelligence since the cabinet-level position's creation five years ago.

The defense official said the administration encountered some resistance initially in Congress over the nomination but he believes key lawmakers have come around in support.

But senior lawmakers expressed their concern over the nomination.

On Friday, as news of the impending announcement leaked, Senator Kit Bond, vice chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, said in a statement that he would not back Clapper.

"He lacks the necessary clout with the president, has proven to be less than forthcoming with Congress, and has recently blocked our efforts to empower the DNI, which is why at this time I'm not inclined to support him," he said.

House intelligence committee ranking minority member Pete Hoekstra said in a statement that he would oppose the nomination, in part because Clapper "does not have the clout or independence to be the voice that provides an alternative to the Obama administration's prosecute after-the-fact approach to terror."

According to Hoekstra, relations between the White House and Congress "on national security matters have fallen to new lows," and he said that Clapper "has blocked my communications with elements of the intelligence community, and he has been evasive and slow to respond to questions and letters from members of the committee."

But Senator Joe Lieberman, an independent who co-authored legislation in 2004 to create the position, applauded Obama's choice, noting Clapper's "vast experience in the intelligence community," his "proven record as an administrator" and someone who "has always been a proponent of a strong DNI."

Clapper retired from the US Air Force in 1995 after a 32-year career, and spent many of the following years working for private defense contractors and teaching.

But he has also held key intelligence posts, including from 2001 to 2006 as the first civilian head of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, which collects and analyzes data from commercial and government satellites or aircraft.

Outgoing retired admiral Blair and other intelligence agencies were fiercely criticized for failing to connect information about a Nigerian man suspected of bringing an explosive device in his underwear onto a US-bound passenger jet on Christmas Day, as well as for other intelligence failures over planned attacks on New York city.


---An Overview of the United States Intelligence Community for the 111th Congress---
20090116 11:35:04
http://www.dni.gov/overview.pdf

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