2010年7月1日木曜日

露スパイ逮捕

露スパイ容疑者が逮捕された。
 米司法省は、ロシア政府のために1990年代から米国内で非合法の情報収集
をしていたとして、FBIがニューヨークやボストンなどに住む男女10人を逮捕
したと発表した。

工作員
SVRから指示や資金援助を受けた10人は、米国市民として装い、4組は夫婦を
演じた。
何人かは、加国の死亡者になりすました。

情報収集目的
・米国の戦略兵器削減条約に対する方針
・イランの核開発などに関する非公開情報

情報の集結先
露国連代表部に出入りしている人間

情報隠蔽方法
ノートパソコンを無線通信網に接続し、暗号化された情報を瞬時に交換。

アーリントンやワシントン等に移住して、親近感がある隣人に成りすまし
引っ越しながら、旅行代理店や銀行員として働きながら工作していた
ようだ。外国なまりもちゃんと発音していたらしい。
米国でも有名人がスパイだったことがあったが、露でも同様のようだ。

暗号も解読し、手のうちを知りながら、カウンターインテリジェンスを
行うものと思うが、逮捕したところを見ると、帰国か、全容解明できた
と言うところかもしれない。
本当は、米露関係に、何かしらの取引があるのだろうか。


Neighbors Wonder About the Spies Next Door The Associated Press


Cold War Thriller: Spy scandal from fiction novels RT


10 'Russian spies' charged in US, Moscow questions arrests


Russian Spy Ring, US | 30 June 2010 - Midday Report


Anna Chapman: A Russian Spy?


---米露関係に暗い影 ナゾ残る逮捕のタイミング---
2010.6.30 19:13
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/100630/amr1006301915009-n1.htm

 【ワシントン=佐々木類】ロシアのスパイ11人が米連邦捜査局(FBI)に逮捕された事件は、米露両首脳が親密ぶりを演出する裏で、冷戦時代さながらのスパイ活動がいまなお行われていることを浮き彫りにした。特に、強制捜査が訪米したメドベージェフ大統領の帰国直後だっただけに、露側は顔に泥を塗られた格好だ。「リセット」(オバマ大統領)したはずの今後の米露関係に暗い影を落としそうだ。
 「(今回の事件を)オバマ大統領には十分かつ適切に伝えた。司法省は適切に法を執行した」。ギブズ米大統領報道官は6月29日の記者会見でこう強調し、大統領に捜査を事前報告していたことを明らかにした。
 ただ、強制捜査が首脳会談3日後の27日であることをホワイトハウスが正確に把握し、大統領に伝えていたかどうかは不明だ。米当局者の一人は、「オバマ大統領はこのタイミングでの強制捜査に不快感を持っていた」と証言する。
 米紙ニューヨーク・タイムズによると、米政府当局者は強制捜査に踏み切った理由について「容疑者のうち1人が27日に第3国経由でロシアに向けて出国し、米国に戻らないことが判明したためだ」と語った。司法省のボイド報道官は逮捕時期をめぐり「さまざまな検討」があったことを認めており、政治的判断が働いた可能性を示唆した。
 29日にキプロスで逮捕された容疑者以外の10人はカップルで、うち4組が夫婦。ニュージャージー州で捕まった自称リチャード・マーフィーとシンシア両容疑者には小学生の娘がおり、近隣住民も「スパイには見えなかった」という。
 バージニア州アーリントン市内の公園で接触した容疑者の一人はFBIのおとり捜査官の前で、協力費として5000ドル(45万円)入りの封筒を包んだ新聞紙をわざと落としたという。同市内に住むミハイル・セメンコ容疑者は露英中西の言語に堪能で旅行代理店に勤務。ビッキー・ペラス容疑者はスペイン語紙記者という顔を持っていた。
 容疑者らは、旧ソ連国家保安委員会(KGB)が前身のロシア対外情報局(SVR)の指令で米政府の政策決定者に接近、小型核爆弾の開発やアフガニスタン情勢、米露新核軍縮条約への米政府の立場などを探っていたという。米連邦裁判所の訴状によると、特殊ソフトを使った携帯用パソコンでSVR関係者と暗号化した文章で交信していた。
 スパイ特有の手口を割り出しながら、FBIはなぜスパイ容疑ではなく司法長官に事前通告せずに政治活動を行った容疑を適用したのか。スパイ容疑なら協力した側の米国人の摘発が不可欠なため、立件の容易な非合法政治活動容疑を適用したものとみられる。


---米、スパイ逮捕 ロの暗号解読 冷戦の諜報戦ほうふつ---
2010年6月30日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2010063002000099.html

 【ワシントン=嶋田昭浩】米司法省が二十八日発表したロシア情報機関「対外情報局」のスパイ工作員とされる男女十人の逮捕は、米ロ両国の首脳が顔をそろえたカナダ・トロントでの先進国と新興国の二十カ国・地域(G20)首脳会合の閉幕を待っていたかのようなタイミングだった。米検察当局がニューヨークの連邦裁判所に提出した連邦捜査局(FBI)捜査官の証言は、冷戦時代を思い出させるような諜報(ちょうほう)戦の一端を生々しく描き出している。 今回の摘発を、米メディアなどは、旧ソ連の国家保安委員会(KGB)のために働いていたルドルフ・アベル大佐(本名ウィリアム・フィッシャー)が一九五七年にニューヨークで逮捕された事件に匹敵すると評価する。
 冷戦時代には工作員同士の情報受け渡しのため、マイクロフィルムを模造硬貨に隠したが、現在はノートパソコンを無線通信網に接続し、暗号化された情報を瞬時に交換するのが主流だ。
 FBI捜査官によると、米当局はロシア側の暗号を解読。一九九〇年代から身元を偽って米国に居住していた今回の逮捕者らに、KGBの後継組織の一つであるロシア対外情報局が昨年、送信したメッセージも入手した。それには「君らは長期任務で米国へ派遣された。米政権中枢に人脈を開拓し、(モスクワの)本部に情報を送る役目を果たしてほしい」とあった。
 昨年二月には、逮捕者の一人が、政界への資金提供者として知られるニューヨークの有力者と個人的接触を繰り返したことが報告され、モスクワは「興味深い標的だ。その男と少しずつ関係を築くように。米国の外交政策やホワイトハウス内のうわさ話を教えてくれたり、彼女(逮捕者)を政党本部へ呼んでくれるかもしれない」と指示を送った。


---写真に暗号、公園で報酬…なお続く露の諜報活動---
2010年6月29日23時56分 読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20100629-OYT1T01228.htm

 【ワシントン=本間圭一】米国が28日発表したロシア・スパイ拘束事件は、関係強化に動く米露の間で、「冷戦時代のスパイ小説」(米ABCテレビ)さながらの諜報(ちょうほう)活動がなお続いている現実を映し出した。
 「米国には長期派遣。教育、銀行口座、車、家を与えるのは、任務の完全遂行のため。米国の政策立案者を調べ、関係を築き、情報を送れ」
 ロシア対外情報局(SVR、旧KGB)が、今回拘束されたスパイにあてた秘密のメッセージだ。司法省の資料などによると、スパイは偽造パスポートなどで1990年代半ば以降から米国に住んでいた。家庭生活を営み、子供も育て、近所付き合いもしながら、SVRからの連絡を待つ男女のスパイもいた。
 SVRの指示は具体的だったようだ。2009年のオバマ大統領訪露前には、米国の核兵器削減方針や対イラン政策の情報などを要求。スパイはこうした指示に従い、米国家安全保障会議(NSC)の元高官らと接触することもあった。ボストンのスパイが2004年、核施設勤務者と接触し、地中貫通爆弾「バンカーバスター」の情報を収集した例もあったという。
 情報伝達では、文書や写真などに暗号を埋め込む手法のほか、スパイとロシア政府関係者がノート型パソコンで無線通信する手法が、今月5日にワシントンのレストランで確認された。報酬受け渡しも小説さながら。あるスパイは南米で、1万ドル(約90万円)入りのバッグを八つ受け取った。公園のベンチに座ったロシア諜報員が、隣に座ったスパイにバッグを渡した例のほか、報酬を地中に埋め、それを別の人物が掘り起こすケースもあった。
 米当局もまた、隠しマイクや隠しカメラ、電子メールや電話の傍受などを駆使して捜査を進めた。
◆露が非難声明
 【モスクワ=貞広貴志】米国で男女10人がロシア当局のスパイとして拘束された問題で、露外務省は29日、「(米司法省の)措置には根拠がなく、不適切な目的を目指したものだ」と非難する声明を発表した。
 声明はさらに、過去にも両国関係が改善しつつある時に、同様の事件が起きたと指摘。米露関係の改善を望まない米政府内勢力による陰謀との見方を示唆した。


---米スパイ団摘発に「根拠なし」 露外務省---
2010.6.29 21:11
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/europe/100629/erp1006292112002-n1.htm

 【モスクワ=遠藤良介】ロシアのスパイとされる一団が米国で摘発された事件で、ロシア外務省のネステレンコ報道官は29日、「このような行為に根拠はなく、よからぬことを目的としている」「すべてが米政権によって宣言された米露関係『リセット』を背景に起きたことはたいへん遺憾だ」とする声明を発表した。


---「ありふれた夫婦」 米国で露のスパイ団、地域に浸透---
2010.6.29 19:18
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/100629/amr1006291918008-n1.htm

 「ガーデニング好きの奥さん」「2人の息子を持つ、ありふれた夫婦」。ロシアのスパイとして米当局が28日までに訴追した11人は、10年以上かけて地域に溶け込んでいた。スパイ映画さながらの方法で、金や情報をやりとりしていたとされる。
 訴追記録や米紙ニューヨーク・タイムズ(電子版)によると、27日に逮捕された10人はカップル5組で、もう1人は行方不明。米国で核弾頭開発計画などの情報を収集していたとされ、10年以上前からニューヨーク郊外やボストン、シアトルなどに身元を偽って居住。連邦捜査局(FBI)が7年以上前から監視してきた。
 ニューヨーク郊外の駅などで国連ロシア代表部関係者らから現金を受け取り、インターネット上の画像を利用するなどして情報を伝達。地面に埋めた現金を数年後に掘り返すといった方法も使われた。(共同)


---FBI、ロシアのスパイ10人逮捕 核絡みの情報収集---
2010年6月29日19時 10分
http://www.asahi.com/international/update/0629/TKY201006290176.html

 【ニューヨーク=田中光】米司法省は28日、ロシア政府のために1990年代から米国内で非合法の情報収集をしていたとして、米連邦捜査局(FBI)がニューヨークやボストンなどに住む男女10人を逮捕したと発表した。米ロ首脳はともにハンバーガーをほおばり親密さをアピールしたばかり。FBIは長年の隠密捜査の結果だとしている。
 司法省によると、旧ソ連の情報機関KGB(国家保安委員会)の流れをくむ連邦対外情報局(SVR)から指示や資金援助を受けた10人は、米国市民として装い、4組は夫婦を演じていたという。国籍は明らかにされていない。
 核兵器開発に携わる米政府職員らと接触していたが、機密情報が漏れた形跡はないという。SVR側は米国の戦略兵器削減条約に対する方針やイランの核開発などに関する非公開情報を収集するよう指示していたとしている。
 情報は、ロシア国連代表部に出入りしている人間のもとに集められていた。無線でつないだコンピューターで連絡を取り合うなど、スパイ小説のような行動を繰り返していたとしている。


---How Russian spies infiltrated suburban America---
Chris McGreal in Arlington and Paul Harris in Montclair
The Guardian, Wednesday 30 June 2010
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/jun/29/russian-spies-suburban-america

Carefully-crafted American normality shattered with the arrest of 11 people on charges of being part of deep cover espionage ring

The hip and friendly young man with the brunette girlfriend in the front seat as he whipped around Washington in a top-end Mercedes-Benz attracted more envy than suspicion.

A few hundred miles away, in a tree-lined, middle-class New Jersey suburb that is home to one of America's most famous comedians, residents equally saw little to worry about in the unremarkable couple with two young daughters, although they did register the cars cruising by taking pictures.

And the fiery Latin American newspaper columnist drew more amusement than scrutiny for her repeated praise of Fidel Castro.

So it was from Virginia to Boston, and from New York to Seattle: married couples with families, young get-ahead professionals, even noisy anti-government agitators - all seemingly unremarkable in the American mix. Even the accents did not raise eyebrows in a country of immigrants.

But the carefully-crafted American normality, sometimes built over a decade or more, has been shattered with the arrest of 11 people - including eight who claimed to be married couples - on charges of being part of a long-term, deep cover espionage ring run by the Russian intelligence service.

Some of the accused assumed false names and backgrounds - in one case stealing the identity of a dead Canadian. Others lived openly under their real names, but allegedly maintained a double life controlled by Moscow.

The FBI has so far failed to reveal just what kind of intelligence these alleged deep cover agents were passing on, and while the indictments carry a hint that they may not have been very successful spies, their neighbours were invariably astonished to hear the accusations.

"It's not the cold war anymore, so I'm surprised to hear we're arresting Russians," said Celest Allred of Arlington, on being told that her neighbour Mikhail Semenko had been detained by the FBI. "Not what you expect to find out about your neighbour."

But that, of course, was the key.

"I guess if I were a spy I would want to live in a place like this too," said Will Lewis, another neighbour.

Perhaps nowhere gave better cover than the town of Montclair, set in New Jersey's urban sprawl. Richard and Cynthia Murphy lived in a quiet street, called Marquette Road in a small but tasteful two-storey home. Cynthia was a well-dressed mother working in a New York bank. Her husband was a stay-at-home dad raising their children. The surrounding streets were home to the television comic Stephen Colbert and middle-aged journalists and academics.

The Murphys were friendly and their young daughters went to local schools.

"They had nice kids. A lot like every one else," said Stanley Skolnik, a 67-year-old clergyman who has a grandchild at school with the Murphy girls. "They were quiet people. He stayed home perhaps a bit more than some of the other dads, but that was about it."

If there was anything unusual, it was the cars with New York licence plates carrying people taking pictures for no apparent reason, and strangers taking dogs for a walk through their street.

"I guess now I think they were probably a surveillance gang," Skolnik said.

But their neighbours utterly failed to spot anything strange. If asked, they got the cover story that he was born in Philadelphia and she in New York.

The FBI says a forged birth certificate in the name of Richard Murphy was found in a bank safe deposit box. The marriage may be fake too, as the FBI claims the couples were paired in Moscow for the assignment, although it is assumed the children are really theirs and entirely ignorant of their parents' alleged work.

All the while, the Murphys were said to be meeting Russian contacts to exchange information in train stations and using invisible ink to write messages. They were given fake bank accounts and took secret delivery of large cash payments. In meetings with another Russian agent, Christopher Metsos, in Moscow and Rome, Richard Murphy complained about his job. "Well, I'm so happy I'm not your handler," Metsos replied. Metsos was arrested and then released in Cyprus today.

The Murphys had been spies for years by the time they moved to Montclair. Federal agents had recorded Cynthia Murphy in their Hoboken apartment telling her husband he needed to improve his information collecting.

In spring 2009, Moscow asked them about President Barack Obama's views before an international summit in July.

The Murphys' spying career ended dramatically, with police cars blocking the road and agents raiding their house, filming the proceedings. They were taken away to be charged with spying for Moscow. Their two daughters arrived home to find agents already inside. They left with pillows and backpacks, their suburban childhood in Montclair over.

Far away, in the Washington suburbs, Mikhail Semenko's neighbours knew him as a friendly Russian with an attractive girlfriend. They describe him as being in his 20s and "stylish". He drove an expensive Mercedes Benz, had pictures of himself in front of the White House, and sometimes woke up the neighbours with his parties.

Semenko, believed to be his real name, moved to Arlington last summer from New York where he worked for the Conference Board, a group that describes itself as offering "trusted insights for businesses worldwide".

In Arlington he took a job at the Travel All Russia travel agency, putting his fluency in English, Russian, Spanish and Chinese to good use.

The owner of the travel agency, Slava Shirokov, was stunned at the arrest. "I could never imagine Mikhail doing this. It's like a movie," he said before adding that he did notice that Semenko lost interest in his job in recent weeks.

But Shirokov does more than run a travel agency. He is also a geopolitical analyst in a financial company - just the kind of person Moscow Centre said it wanted its agents to cosy up to. And Arlington is home to the Pentagon. The headquarters of the Central Intelligence Agency are close by.

Michael Bayless, who lives below Semenko and heard the FBI raid early on Sunday morning, said: "It's north Arlington. It's very quiet, a nice, fun place to live and you don't expect to find Russian spies living above."

Across Arlington, Michael Zottoli and Patricia Mills lived in an unassuming block of flats with their toddler and a baby, who were taken into care after their parents' arrest. Neighbours said they were very friendly and didn't stand out other than for their accents. Zottoli claimed to be an Italian investment banker. Mills told people she was a Canadian student.

Before moving to Arlington they lived in Seattle, where they were remembered as "outgoing and courteous" and "ideal tenants".

"They were the nicest people here," John Evans, who managed the block, told King 5 television in Seattle. "In fact I wished they had stayed on."

"They came across as being foreigners. Both of them had an accent. Michael said he was Italian, and he seemed Italian".

The FBI secretly searched the Seattle flat while the couple were living there and found a shortwave radio and what it said was a code book.

One of the neighbours, San Osuna, laughed and said: "It's very creepy."

Two more of the alleged agents passed themselves off as Donald Heathfield and Tracey Foley, a married couple with children who had emigrated from Canada. They lived in Boston and one of their children attended George Washington university.

Heathfield got a job at a consulting firm, Global Partners, as a high powered salesman. The company website describes him as a "manager, entrepreneur, and scholar".

But the FBI inquiry discovered the man posing as Heathfield had assumed the identity of a dead Canadian. Intercepts found that Tracey Lee Ann Foley was travelling on a forged British passport provided by Moscow. The FBI found old pictures of her in a bank safe deposit box. It said tests showed the film had been manufactured in the Soviet Union.

According to the FBI, Heathfield reported to his Russian controllers in 2004 that he had made contact with a scientist working at a US government research facility "on issues of strategic planning related to nuclear weapon development".

The following year he said he had established contact with a former high-ranking US national security official.

"I'm absolutely floored," Paul Hesselschwerdt, the president of Global Partners, told the Boston Globe. "He's a good person. He's lived in the US for a long time. We're just completely shocked."

The FBI has not revealed whether the man calling himself Heathfield discovered any intelligence of value, but there are signs he knew how to milk the system.

Court documents show the couple claimed tens of thousands of pounds for expenses, including "meals and gifts", "business cover" and education.

Some of the other accused apparently chose to hide in plain sight.

Vicky Pelaez has spent more than 20 years working as a columnist for one of the New York's best known Spanish-language newspapers, El Diario. Her speciality was strident criticism of US policy in Latin America, with a strong defence of Fidel Castro and Hugo Chavez.

"Fidel Castro is already immortal!" Pelaez wrote four years ago, when the Cuban leader was critically ill.

Pelaez, who was born in Peru, was arrested with her husband, Juan Lazaro, in Yonkers, a New York suburb. Lazaro claims to have been born in Uruguay. But the FBI says it bugged the couple's house and heard Lazaro describing how, as a child, he moved with his family to Siberia when the Germans attacked the Soviet Union in 1941.

According to the FBI, 10 years ago Pelaez was covertly filmed meeting a Russian official in Peru.

The justice department accuses Pelaez of taking money from the Russian government and notes that shortly after allegedly receiving the cash she paid $8,000 (L5,300) in back taxes.

Pelaez's son, Waldo Mariscal, said his parents are innocent, that they could not even use a Yahoo email account and that the arrests are a "farce".


---White House: Spy Arrests Will Not Harm US-Russian Ties---
VOA News 29 June 2010
http://www1.voanews.com/english/news/usa/White-House-Spy-Arrests-Will-Not-Harm-US-Russian-Ties-97441319.html

The White House says the arrests of 11 people in an alleged Russian spy ring is not a setback to improved U.S.-Russian relations.

Spokesman Robert Gibbs said Tuesday that President Barack Obama knew about the alleged spy ring before he hosted Russian President Dmitri Medvedev last week.

But Gibbs said Mr. Obama did not raise the issue during their talks.

Gibbs said Moscow and Washington have made great progress in the last year-and-a-half resetting relations, and will keep working together on such issues as Iran and North Korea.

In Moscow, Prime Minister Vladimir Putin - meeting with former U.S. President Bill Clinton - said he also believes the scandal will not hurt ties with the United States. He said he hopes that the people who value these relations understand this.

U.S. authorities arrested 10 alleged Russian agents Sunday. Police on Cyprus arrested an 11 suspect Tuesday.

The alleged agents have been accused of gathering information for Russian intelligence on U.S. nuclear weapons, foreign policy and politics while quietly living and working in the United States.

Russia's Foreign Ministry says the suspects did not commit any actions against U.S. interests.

But U.S. prosecutors say an intercepted and decoded secret message describes the mission as a "long-term service trip."

The message allegedly tells the Russians that everything they have in the United States, including bank accounts, cars and houses, are to serve one goal - searching and developing ties in policymaking circles and sending intelligence reports back to Moscow.


---The Spy Who Came Out to the Suburbs---
By David Wise
Published: June 29, 2010
http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/30/opinion/30wise.html

A ring of Russian agents who look and sound like ordinary Americans! Suburban spies with orders to infiltrate United States “policy-making circles” and report to Moscow! So, the cold war is back?

No, not really. For the intelligence agencies on both sides - the F.B.I. and the K.G.B.’s successor, the S.V.R. - it never ended.

The Russians love to dispatch “illegals” - spies who usually adopt the identities of real (or dead) Americans - as opposed to the traditional cold war custom of posing as diplomats. Since the illegals act like the family next door, complete with backyard barbecues and unruly teenagers, they can be impossible to detect. Unless, as some of the 11 spies arrested this week did, they communicate with Russian intelligence officers at the United Nations mission or the consulate in Manhattan. Then the F.B.I.’s counterintelligence agents, always keeping an eye on Russian officials, may sniff them out.

What is new about the network of illegals rolled up by the F.B.I. this week is the hi-tech methods they used to communicate with Yasenevo, the supersecret S.V.R. headquarters on the Moscow ring road. Old-fashioned dead drops - leaving documents in a drainpipe or under footbridges, as the American spies Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen did for their Soviet paymasters - are passe. These illegals used laptops and set up private wireless networks to communicate with Russian officials parked in a van near a coffee shop on Eighth Avenue, a bookstore in Tribeca, a restaurant in Washington.

They also used steganography, the technique of using highly secret software to insert coded messages into images on ordinary Web sites. The messages could be read only by S.V.R. experts in Moscow using the same software. As it turns out, today’s spies, like everybody else, use the Internet.

All of this was an expensive business for the Russians, who had to train and support their operatives here, and for the F.B.I., which spent years trailing them. To what avail? None of the illegals was charged with espionage, which means that none was caught accepting documents from government officials. Instead they were charged with failing to register as foreign agents - take that, James Bond - and money laundering.

And how many secrets from the White House, the Pentagon or the C.I.A. could a Russian spy living in Yonkers or Montclair, N.J., acquire? Unless some future bombshells are disclosed, it sounds as though the S.V.R. did not get much for its investment.

Conspiracy theorists are already asking, why did the arrests come just days after President Obama’s friendly cheeseburger summit with Russian President Dimitri A. Medvedev? Was the White House sending a message, or the F.B.I. trying to sandbag detente?

Most likely neither. The criminal complaint reveals that on Saturday, a Russian-speaking F.B.I. undercover agent met with Anna Chapman, one of the illegals, and instructed her to hand a fake passport to another supposed illegal the next day, using this password exchange: “Excuse me, but haven’t we met in California last summer?”; “No, I think it was the Hamptons.” (The Hamptons!)

But Anna Chapman, it seems, smelled a rat. She bought a cell phone that could not be traced to her and may have called Moscow to find out what was going on. She never showed up for her meeting on Sunday. The F.B.I., fearing the game was up, moved in and arrested her and nine others. The bureau, like the S.V.R., ends up with little to show for its decade of hard work. But its agents can take heart: cold wars come and go, but Russian spies are here forever.

David Wise is writing a book on Chinese espionage against the United States.

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