2010年8月28日土曜日

米国 911宗教対立

911にむけて、宗教対立が表面化した。
 9年目に当たる9月11日にイスラム教の聖典コーランの焼却集会を計画
しているフロリダ州の教会は、武装キリスト教団体が当日の教会警備に
当たると発表した。

 ニューヨークの世界貿易センター跡地「グラウンド・ゼロ」近くに
イスラム教のモスクを建設する計画をめぐり、賛成、反対両派の市民が、
予定地周辺でデモを行った。

アフガン戦争開始した頃、米政府は、宗教戦争ではなく、テロリストとの
戦いだと主張していたが、大統領が交代したことで、主張が弱くなり、
立ち位置が変わったことで、右翼が主張を強めているのが現状のようだ。

宗教的パフォーマンスで布教活動。
米国でコーランを燃やせば、中東で聖書を燃やしそうだ。

グラウンド・ゼロ近郊にイスラムセンターを建てたいのであれば、
グラウンド・ゼロの経緯をもっと尊重すべきだろう。
信仰の自由があるからと言って、何をしても良いわけではない。
Not Ready To Make Nice!

ヒラリーの報復 ムスリム・オバマ


Dixie Chicks - Not Ready To Make Nice


Church Plans Quran Burning on 9/11


'Burn Quran Day'


Hundreds rally to support and oppose 'Ground Zero mosque' France 24


Ground Zero Mosque 'moderate' Muslims say Gays - Lesbians should be killed


New York protest against Islamic Center. VOA-Dari


Video: CAIR Rep Debates NY Islamic Center Issue on O'Reilly Factor


---キリスト教会のコーラン焼却、極右武装団体が警備---
2010.08.25 Web posted at: 14:36 JST Updated - CNN
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/AIC201008250016.html

 (CNN) 米同時多発テロから9年目に当たる9月11日にイスラム教の聖典コーランの焼却集会を計画しているフロリダ州の教会は24日、武装キリスト教団体が当日の教会警備に当たると発表した。
 同州ゲインズビルにある無宗派の「ダブ・ワールド・アウトリーチ・センター」は、9月11日を「国際コーラン焼却デー」とし、犠牲者をしのんで反イスラム集会を開くと予告。インターネットでキリスト教徒に参加を呼び掛けている。
 同教会のテリー・ジョーンズ牧師によると、「ライトウィング・エクストリーム」という団体から、この日のためにメンバー500~2000人を派遣したいとの申し出があり、受け入れることにしたという。ジョーンズ牧師はこの団体について、武装民兵組織と説明している。
 ジョーンズ牧師は電子メールでCNNの取材に応じ「われわれは殺人やテロの脅迫を受けており、こうした警備は絶対に必要だ」と述べた。米連邦捜査局(FBI)からも、同教会が標的になる恐れがあると警告されたとしている。
 同教会のコーラン焼却集会に対しては、イスラム教徒やキリスト教徒の間からも非難の声が上がっている。
 ゲインズビルの宗教指導者は9月10日に「平和と理解、希望のための集会」を開く計画だ。


---米国:グラウンド・ゼロ近くにモスク建設計画 賛成派・反対派が予定地でデモ---
毎日新聞 2010年8月23日 東京夕刊
http://mainichi.jp/select/world/news/20100823dde007030016000c.html

◇「イスラム教徒歓迎」「いらない」
 【ニューヨーク山科武司】米同時多発テロ(01年9月)で崩壊したニューヨークの世界貿易センター跡地「グラウンド・ゼロ」近くにイスラム教のモスク(礼拝所)を建設する計画をめぐり、賛成、反対両派の市民が22日、予定地周辺でデモを行った。
 CNNなどによると、デモには賛成派が約250人、反対派が約450人参加。賛成派は「イスラム教徒を歓迎する。人種差別などまっぴらだ」と主張、反対派は「モスクはいらない」と訴えた。一時、両グループが接近し、にらみ合いに発展する場面もあった。
 この問題では、ブルームバーグ・ニューヨーク市長が信教の自由の立場から計画に賛意を表明している。だがパターソン・ニューヨーク州知事が代替地での建設を提案し、ジュリアーニ前ニューヨーク市長が賛意を示すなど、政治問題化する様相をみせている。


---Imam Rauf: Mosque planner has been mostly silent during noisy debate---
By Michelle Boorstein
Monday, August 23, 2010
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/08/22/AR2010082201850.html?hpid=topnews

To pundits skeptical of Feisal Abdul Rauf, the New York imam is a wolf in sheep's clothing who claims to be building a monument to tolerance near Ground Zero but is actually an apologist for radical, anti-American Muslims.

To people who have worked with him in the interfaith community, the white-bearded Sufi is a visionary for peace and progressive Islam, an American patriot who has toiled for decades to build bridges between this country and like-minded Muslims around the world.

Unquestionably, the 61-year-old Rauf (pronounced rah-oof) is the product of some strange circumstances.

Rocketed to prominence after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks by government and interfaith leaders interested in promoting the voices of moderate Muslims, the former industrial filter salesman won a book contract and gigs representing the State Department in the Muslim world and teaching FBI agents about Islam. He was asked to become a member of the World Economic Forum and invited to speak with the likes of Antonin Scalia and Karen Hughes. In just a few years, he went from an ambitious, well-liked leader of a small TriBeCa prayer group to a world player.

"After September 11, when we were all afraid, Imam Feisal was one of the people who stood up for American Muslims who totally rejected terrorism. He built a significant network of Christian and Jewish supporters," said D. Randall Benn, a D.C. lawyer and interfaith activist who has worked as Rauf's Washington adviser for about two years. "It was where he was, and the power of his ideas, that made him big."

Ironically, the same symbolic power of Ground Zero that elevated Rauf now threatens to take him down.

At the center of a global firestorm of debate, Rauf is absent, sticking to his commitment to lecture for the State Department in Bahrain about, of all things, "how we emphasize religious tolerance in our society," department spokesman P.J. Crowley told reporters last week. Rauf's wife said he would not be available for an interview until next month -- though he told a gathering at the U.S. ambassador's residence in Bahrain on Sunday that the attention generated was a "sign of success" and could bring about greater understanding.

Though now largely invisible, Rauf seems to have become a proxy for Americans' anxiety about Islam and its legal system, sharia. The intense reaction against Rauf's proposed project and some of his political views have laid bare Americans' fragile acceptance of its Muslim minority.

'Builder of bridges'

So far, debate has been framed around whether a $100 million, 15-story Muslim community center and mosque should be built two blocks from where Islamic radicals brought down the World Trade Center. But interviews with people who know Rauf suggest that the project isn't much more than an idea and that Rauf's most controversial trait may be his ambition.

While he portrays himself as someone who runs two influential interfaith nonprofits (his Web site says he is "regarded as one of the world's most eloquent and erudite Muslim leaders"), neither one has a staff, and the project that has inspired outrage hasn't even begun fundraising, said Rauf's wife and work partner, Daisy Khan.

Appearing Sunday on ABC's "This Week With Christiane Amanpour," Khan made clear that she and her husband intend the project to go forward and -- for the moment -- at the same site. But she also said, "We understand the pain and the anguish that has been displayed throughout the country."

Khan evaded the question of whether they had been in talks with New York Gov. David Paterson about moving the center to another location. Asked twice about it, Khan said her side wants to meet first "with all the stakeholders who matter, who are the New Yorkers. The community board has overwhelmingly supported this. . . .

"And we have to be cognizant that we also have a constitutional right. We have the Muslim community around the nation that we have to be concerned about, and we have to worry about the extremists as well, because they are seizing this moment."

Rabbi Leonard Schoolman, who hired Rauf in the late 1990s to teach about Islam at the Center for Religious Inquiry at St. Bartholomew's Church in Manhattan, and who is a strong supporter of the imam, called the project "amateur hour" and more of a publicity strategy than a reality, meant to promote the couple's interfaith work. Even with 50 media requests coming in per day, a part-time employee of the developer who owns the property has been the sole source of information in recent days, which he was sending out in occasionally snarky messages on Twitter.

"I don't think either of them has the capacity or resources or anything else to pull this off," said Schoolman, who accompanied Rauf to a meeting with civic officials earlier in the 2000s to support the project at another location, farther uptown.

"I don't think he has a constituency in the Muslim community," said Schoolman, who has been to Masjid al Farah, the TriBeCa mosque at which Rauf has led services since 1983. "I think he's pretty much of a loner."

Schoolman still calls him an inspiring speaker and "builder of bridges." Those views are echoed by bigger figures in the interfaith world, like William Vendley, whose group Religions for Peace advises the White House on religion and foreign policy.

Vendley, who has known Rauf for 15 years through interfaith events, and others described the imam's view of Islam as a religion in transition. "He offers the thesis that Islam will reinvent itself in America," he said.

Khan, who has been speaking for her husband in recent weeks, said Rauf sees the United States as "the most sharia-compliant state" because it upholds what Rauf believes is the proper interpretation of the Koran's emphases on protection of life, freedom of religion, one's property, family, dignity.

Like father, like son

Rauf is the grandson and son of imams. His father, Muhammad Abdul Rauf, was born in Egypt and ran the Islamic Cultural Center on East 96th Street in Manhattan and the Islamic Center of Washington on Massachusetts Avenue -- both early important institutions for Muslim immigrants that are run by representatives of Muslim countries. Feisal Rauf was educated in England, Egypt and Malaysia before moving as a teenager to the United States, where he got degrees in physics from Columbia University and the Stevens Institute of Technology in New Jersey.

As is not uncommon for Muslim American imams, Rauf has no formal religious education, and initially he explored other careers. According to a Web site he runs, he taught remedial reading in Harlem until he was laid off during the city's fiscal crisis in the mid-1970s, then sold industrial filters for a New Jersey company before taking the job overseeing the mosque at 225 W. Broadway in 1983.

The mosque is primarily open for Friday prayers and Thursday night group chanting, called zikrs. In recent years its small prayer space has become so crowded the mosque had to hold four Friday prayer sessions.

"It's hard to find imams in this country who can connect spiritually but are grounded in the experience of American Muslims," said Mariam Cather, who lives in Brooklyn and was married last year by Rauf. "You can hear a pin drop when he speaks because everyone wants to hear what he says. He can enthrall a crowd."

Rauf and his wife keep a busy, important schedule, speaking around the world to promote religious pluralism and gender equality. In 1997 they launched the American Sufi Muslim Association, the name of which was changed to the broader American Society for Muslim Advancement to reflect their larger goals, Schoolman said.

The group's stated mission included "strengthening an authentic expression of Islam based on cultural and religious harmony through interfaith collaboration, youth and women's empowerment, and arts and cultural exchange."

After Sept. 11 they also founded the Cordoba Initiative, which includes the Muslim center project, called Park51. The initiative also conducts training for young Muslim American leaders, lectures and something called the Sharia Index Project, which gathers Islamic legal scholars to reach consensus on the relationship between Islamic law -- sharia -- and government. Before beginning his State Department work last week, Rauf was in Malaysia meeting with leaders about the program, his wife said.

He and his wife also serve as spiritual guides for a small community of Muslim American go-getters, holding zikrs in their home as well as doing informal matchmaking and performing marriage ceremonies, including ones for interfaith couples.

Skirting key issues?

In an interview with The Washington Post this past June about the project, Khan said the fact that the land near Ground Zero became available showed "a divine hand."

Yet many questions went unanswered about Rauf and his project, a vacuum that seems to have been filled quickly by people put off by Rauf's apparently liberal political views. In recent weeks, conservative leaders and pundits in particular have lobbed far more questions than specific complaints about the imam. Why was he unwilling to explicitly call Hamas a terrorist organization? When he said U.S. foreign policies fueled the Sept. 11 attackers, does that rationalize terrorism? Whom is he meeting with in Malaysia?

Rauf's decision -- against the advice of some interfaith leaders who support him -- to remain silent in the media storm seemed to fuel some people's worries.

"If [interfaith] is your cause, why not make it an interfaith center?" said K.T. McFarland, a Fox News national security analyst who took a course from Rauf after the 2001 attacks. During the course, she said, he declined to condemn particular Islamic organizations. "He would condemn violence, but not be specific."

His silence has also fueled conspiracy theorists who said the sharia project was on a "hidden Web site" that would reveal his real plan to use the large downtown site "to enforce sharia law in America and worldwide." The sharia project is prominently featured on the Cordoba site.

Rauf has been criticized for days, in the conservative media in particular, for comments like the one he made in June when asked if he agreed with the State Department's assessment of Hamas as a terrorist organization.

"I'm not a politician. I try to avoid the issues. The issue of terrorism is a very complex question," he told New York's WABC radio. "I do not want to be placed, nor do I accept . . . being put in a position where I am the target of one side or another." He went on to say that he sees targeting civilians as a sin in Islam and that he is a supporter of the state of Israel, but the interview is now lore in the anti-Park51 blogosphere.
Interfaith leaders said it's not uncommon to avoid areas of tension in dialogue -- in fact it's a strategy, they said.

Schoolman said that in interfaith discussions, sometimes people say, "Let's talk about what we can do something about. What are the problems in our community? We can't resolve what's going on with Israel and Palestine."

Rauf has apparently not been specific about two controversial imams who worked before and after the 2001 attacks at the Islamic Cultural Center, where Rauf is still a trustee. In the days after the attacks, one suggested that Jews were behind them and the other said that it wasn't clear Muslims were involved, as U.S. officials had concluded.

His wife declined to comment on the controversies, saying she wasn't familiar with the comments or what her husband has said about them, but said "his record on terrorism is very, very clear."

To some Muslim Americans, such intense distrust of a man whose life's work is about interfaith relations shows a double standard, a limit to how far they can go in criticizing U.S. foreign policy, how frankly they can speak about sharia-state relations, a topic of great debate especially among young Muslims around the world.

Meanwhile, more Muslim American voices are surfacing in criticism of Rauf and his handling of the project.

"The fact that the organizers of Park51 did not see Islamophobia as a concern when announcing this proposal is disturbing. It reinforces the idea that they have no vision or leadership," Hofstra University professor and blogger Hussein Rashid wrote Friday. Rauf's supporters fear that a determined peacemaker who could play an important role may wind up destroyed by unrelenting controversy over the very subject he spent his career trying to promote: Islam.

"You have a pair of interfaith leaders who miscalculated the passion this would generate," Benn said of the imam and his wife.


---9月11日にコーラン焼却集会を計画 フロリダの教会---
2010.08.01 Web posted at: 10:57 JST Updated - CNN
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/AIC201008010004.html

 (CNN) 米同時多発テロから9周年を迎える9月11日に、米フロリダ州のキリスト教会がイスラム教の聖典コーランを焼却する「国際集会」を計画して物議を醸している。
 この教会は、無宗派の「ダブ・ワールド・アウトリーチ・センター」。ウェブサイトやソーシャル・ネットワーキング・サービス(SNS)サイト「フェースブック」で反イスラムの立場を掲げ、同時テロ犠牲者を追悼する行事として、同日午後6~9時に実施するコーラン焼却に参加するよう呼び掛けている。
 同センターのテリー・ジョーンズ牧師は、著書などでイスラム教を「悪魔の宗教」と批判してきた。最近のCNNとのインタビューでは、イスラム教は「何十億もの人々を地獄へ送り込む」欺瞞(ぎまん)的で暴力的な宗教だと主張。動画投稿サイト「ユーチューブ」でも「本当に幸福なイスラム教徒を見たことがあるか」「喜びの宗教に見えるか」などと問い掛けている。
 これに対し、イスラム教徒や他のキリスト教徒らから非難が集中している。米イスラム関係評議会(CAIR)は、今月から始まる断食月(ラマダン)の間に「コーランを分かち合おう」と題した食事会を開催し、コーラン10万冊を配布するキャンペーンを実施する。
 キリスト教福音派の有力団体、全米福音派同盟(NAE)は同センターに集会の中止を求める声明を出した。フェースブック上では、「イスラム教徒の蔑視(べっし)や排除への反対」を掲げるグループが抗議の声を上げ、支持を広げている。
 同センターの前庭には、イスラム教を悪魔の宗教と断じる3枚のプラカードが掲げられている。このうち1本が最近破壊されたことを受け、センター側はブログ上で「器物損壊は犯罪。イスラム教の教えでは多くの犯罪行為が奨励、容認される。コーランを焼却するもうひとつの理由がこれだ」と訴えた。

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