2010年9月18日土曜日

飢餓人口9億人と生肉ファション

飢餓人口9億人超と発表された
 FAOとWFPは、十分な栄養が取れない飢餓人口が2010年に全世界で前年比
約9.6%減の9億2500万人になると予想した報告書を発表した。
 露の干ばつなどによる穀物価格の高騰が続けば、飢餓状況が予想を
超えて悪化する可能性を指摘。09年は飢餓人口が10億2300万人と最悪。

飢餓人口
途上国 98%
アジア・太平洋地域 5億7800万人
サハラ以南のアフリカ 2億3900万人
中南米 5300万人

「世界には、お腹をすかしている人が多いのに、食べ物を粗末にするな」
とマスメディアを批判した時期があり、それから、食べ物を直接粗末に
する番組は減った。飽食の時代と言われ、毎日、惣菜、弁当等の食品が
廃棄され、昨年は、年間1940万トンを廃棄と言われた。
残飯を養豚農家に引き取らせ、残飯を食べた豚に異常が発生していた状況
が報道されたことがあったが、最近では、残飯養豚は肉質が良くないため、
多くの農家では止めているいるようだ。

景気が悪いと言われる米国だか、メディアの中では、景気は良い。
バラエティ番組では、食物をおもちゃにする、粗末にすることは変わって
いないらしい。
音楽賞では、生肉ファッション(生地は生肉?)を披露する。
恵まれない人への支援のため、自費で基金を作って支援している人もいる。
やはりアメリカンドリームか。

飢餓人口増加


Lady Gaga wins VIDEO OF THE YEAR 2010 MTV VMA


Lady Gaga Interview on The Ellen DeGeneres Show (Post VMA's) 1


Lady Gaga Interview on The Ellen DeGeneres Show (Post VMA's) 2


---飢餓人口15年ぶり減少へ 9億人超、依然高水準---
2010年9月15日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2010091502000037.html

 【ローマ=共同】国連食糧農業機関(FAO)と世界食糧計画(WFP)は十四日、十分な栄養が取れない飢餓人口が二〇一〇年に全世界で前年比約9・6%減の九億二千五百万人になると予想した報告書を発表した。FAOは「過去十五年で初の減少」だとしている。発展途上国の経済成長が主な要因という。
 ただ、ロシアの干ばつなどによる穀物価格の高騰が続けば、飢餓状況が予想を超えて悪化する可能性を指摘。また、〇九年は飢餓人口が十億二千三百万人と最悪を記録した年で、減少に転じるとはいえ一〇年もなお九億人を超え、水準自体は依然高い。
 FAOは、一五年までに飢餓人口の半減を目指す国連のミレニアム開発目標の達成には「程遠い」と強調した。
 飢餓人口の減少の理由としてFAOは、新興国を含む途上国の経済回復のほか、食料価格が、食料危機が起きた〇八年のピーク時と比べると低いことを挙げている。
 飢餓人口の98%が途上国に集中しており、「サハラ以南のアフリカ」では人口の約30%が飢餓状況にある。
 地域別では、中国、インドを抱えるアジア・太平洋地域が最多の五億七千八百万人、次いで「サハラ以南のアフリカ」の二億三千九百万人、中南米五千三百万人となっている。


---UN: Number of hungry people declines
By FRANCES D'EMILIO (AP) - 20100915
http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5gWSvZrY6HG3-SdhS1bdxfXofm3OAD9I7SGA80

ROME - The number of chronically hungry people in the world dipped considerably below the 1 billion mark - the first drop in 15 years - thanks partly to a fall in food prices after spikes that sparked rioting a few years ago, U.N. agencies said Tuesday.

Still, an estimated 925 million people are undernourished worldwide, and the latest figures don't reflect the repercussions from the massive flooding in Pakistan.

The Rome-based Food and Agriculture Organization's report suggested some progress in the battle to end hunger, but stressed the world is far from achieving the U.N. promoted Millennium Development Goal of halving the proportion of undernourished people from 20 percent in 1990-92 to 10 percent in 2015.

The report estimated there are 98 million fewer chronically hungry people than in 2009, when the figure just topped 1 billion.

U.N. officials announcing the figures said that 1,800 calories per day is considered the minimum energy intake on average. Anyone regularly without that intake would be considered undernourished, or "chronically hungry."

The drop in the chronically hungry is partly because food prices have fallen from peaks in 2007-2008, when they sparked violence in several developing countries, and because cereal and rice harvests have been strong. Cereal production this year was the third-highest ever recorded, despite a drought-fueled wheat shortfall in Russia, said FAO director-general Jacques Diouf.

Also heartening, Diouf noted, is that cereal stocks are high - some 100 million tons more than the low levels of 2007-2008, when some 38 countries shut down their food export markets in reaction. Increased demand for biofuels and soaring petroleum prices took much of the blame for the spiraling upward prices then.

Food prices are still "stubbornly" high, but "we haven't seen the type of behavior .... panic buying" that helped feed the speculation and fears of a couple of years ago, said Josette Sheeran, the executive director of the U.N. World Food Program.

Earlier this month, a U.N. human rights expert urged governments to crack down on price speculation and boost food production. Deadly riots over food prices hit Mozambique recently, and FAO has called a special meeting for Sept. 24 to discuss recently rising food prices.

The drop below the 1 billion mark also reflects progress China and India have made in feeding their own.

Still, those two nations, with their huge populations, account for 40 percent of the world's undernourished people. Overall, two-thirds of the chronically undernourished live in either China, India, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Pakistan, the Democratic Republic of Congo or Ethiopia, the report said.

The flooding in Pakistan is also a variable that could affect future numbers. The floods have affected millions and robbed farmers of crops about to be harvested, next season's farmland and much seed.

While welcoming the dip in the number of hungry, the non-governmental aid agency Oxfam attributed the improvement largely "to luck" and not to a change in policies or increased investment "needed to address the underlying causes in hunger."

"There simply isn't enough agriculture investment today," added Yukiko Omura, vice president of the International Fund for Agricultural Development, a U.N. agency that emphasizes helping small-scale farming in developing countries.

FAO's Diouf noted that only a small fraction - $420 million - of the $20 billion in agricultural development assistance pledged by the 2009 Group of Eight developed nations summit and $2 billion more from a later G-20 meeting has materialized.


---飢餓人口:15年ぶり減少へ 9億人超え、高水準変わらず---
毎日新聞 2010年9月14日 20時44分
http://mainichi.jp/select/world/europe/news/20100915k0000m030071000c.html

 国連食糧農業機関(FAO)と世界食糧計画(WFP)は14日、十分な栄養が取れない飢餓人口が2010年に全世界で前年比約9.6%減の9億2500万人になると予想した報告書を発表した。FAOは「過去15年で初の減少」だとしている。発展途上国の経済成長が主な要因という。
 ただ、ロシアの干ばつなどによる穀物価格の高騰が続けば、飢餓状況が予想を超えて悪化する可能性を指摘。また、09年は飢餓人口が10億2300万人と最悪を記録した年で、減少に転じるとはいえ10年もなお9億人を超え、水準自体は依然高い。
 FAOは、15年までに飢餓人口の半減を目指す国連のミレニアム開発目標の達成には「程遠い」と強調した。飢餓人口の98%が途上国に集中しており、「サハラ以南のアフリカ」では人口の約30%が飢餓状況にある。(共同)


---Five interpretations of Lady Gaga's meat dress---
14 September 2010 Last updated at 12:33 GMT
By Denise Winterman and Jon Kelly
BBC News Magazine
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-11297832

Pop star Lady Gaga has made the headlines again for wearing a dress made of slabs of meat to the MTV Video Music Awards in LA. So what is she trying to say with her latest creation?

It could be art, it could be fashion, it might even be just an attention-grabbing stunt.

When pop star Lady Gaga turned up to the MTV Music Video Awards ceremony wearing a dress apparently made of meat - with matching bag, fascinator and shoes - millions were left baffled and intrigued in equal measure.

The dress has invoked the fury of animal rights group Peta, as well as accusations that it could not surely have been made of real meat (Gaga insists it was).

But the garment has also provoked a flurry of head-scratching from pundits attempting to work out what it means. Is it a defiant feminist gesture? An artistic statement? A commentary on the fashion world? All of these, or none of them?

Speaking after the awards, Gaga said the dress was open to "many interpretations" - including, she said, a statement about the US military's attitude to homosexuals. Here, a range of experts offer their thoughts.

An anti-fashion statement

"It's anti-fashion," says Andrew Groves, course director of the BA in fashion design at the University of Westminster.

"What she's doing is quite subversive - it's a commentary on the fashion and the music industries and I think it's very clever. It's like when Bjork turned up to the Oscars in a swan dress designed by Marjan Pejoski. What Lady Gaga is really saying is: 'I'm above all this, but I'll accept your award.'"

She is also subverting the whole idea of wearing a red dress on a red carpet to get noticed, he says.

"Lady Gaga takes fashion very seriously, she has her own stylist and she understands that she has to keep evolving and updating her image.

"I think it's also a commentary on the music industry - no-one buys music anymore, everyone downloads these days, so the only thing about her that has any value is her appearance and what she's wearing.

"She's very, very smart. She understands that it's possible to be popular but not populist. Lots of people really, really, dislike her, but lots love her as well - the dress taps into that because she'll get lots of flak for it, but plenty of praise too."

And of course, it's about getting noticed, which is massively important for any pop star.

"It's Lady Gaga's dress we're talking about, not anyone else's," says Mr Grove.
A feminist statement

This is a women in control of her own image and turning the tables on society, says Laurie Penny, a feminist writer and blogger. As Gaga herself said at the awards: "If we don't stand up for our rights soon we're going to have as much rights as the meat on our bones. And I am not a piece of meat."

"It's a clever play on women being viewed as chunks of flesh, as pieces of meat, as things to be consumed," says Ms Penny.

"It's a sly wink at that aspect of society and the joke is on us. Just take her quip about asking Cher to hold her meat purse. She is the one laughing."

It's a bold statement, but definitely not a silly stunt, says Ms Penny. The dress has been very carefully made and is not just slabs of meat thrown together - it is like a "beautiful couture dress". This attention to detail shows it is something Gaga has thought through.

"People will say it's mad or crazy and, of course, there is a shock factor to it. But it is all very cleverly done and very calculated. This is a women in control of herself and her image. I think it's brilliant."

A commentary on ageing and decay

"I think it's very clever," says Dr Richard Noble, head of art department, Goldsmiths College, University of London. "She appears to be referencing the Canadian artist Jana Sterbak, who exhibited a 'flesh dress' made of meat.

"It taps into the artistic tradition of the memento mori or the still life. The still life, after all, is a meditation on mortality and the state of decay. You have the flowers and the vegetables, but all the corrupting elements as well."

Sterbak's dress was presented as sculpture, he says. When it was exhibited, it was pre-salted to mimic the ageing of the body. When it was in an exhibition space for six weeks or so, it didn't decay as such but it hardened.

"So it was also a commentary on vanity, which I suppose is quite relevant for Lady Gaga. If Lady Gaga really is referencing Sterbak then it's quite a smart thing to do.

"I don't know whether she knew about Sterbak beforehand. I suppose she could have come across the dress, but she's got a big staff who would have alerted her.

"But I have to admit I was quite surprised when I saw it on the front of the newspaper."

Our hypocritical attitude to meat

Animal rights campaigners were quick to criticise Gaga's decision to appear on the cover of Vogue wearing a meat bikini earlier this month. Her latest outfit has angered them all over again.

But could she actually be making a bold statement about something animal rights campaigners themselves often argue - society's often hypocritical attitude to meat. The same people who are horrified by a raw-meat dress, may be wearing leather shoes which are themselves the product of dead flesh.

Chef Fergus Henderson, author of Nose To Tail Eating and someone who is noted for his use of offal and all cuts of meat, sees a similar hypocrisy in attitudes to eating meat.

"People often don't want meat to look like meat. They want to neatly wrapped in plastic from a supermarket."

There is nothing pretty about Gaga's dress, only the diamond accessories add some glamour. But love the outfit or loathe it, it's what raw meat really looks like.

So what does Henderson think when he looks at it? Is she a new recruit to his way of thinking?

"I look at the pictures and think it would have been better if that meat had been cooked lovingly and eaten with a nice glass of red wine," he says.

It doesn't mean anything

Lady Gaga is one female pop singer among many thousands - it's not her music that is distinctive so much as her iconoclastic attitude to style. It's an approach which has earned her as much exposure in magazines, on TV and on news websites, as on the radio.

As someone who has sported a lobster on her head and sunglasses framed by cigarettes, Gaga has become a fashion icon of the surreal - a Salvador Dali to Kate Moss's Toulouse Lautrec.

"I'm just trying to change the world, one sequin at a time," Gaga once said.

It could all add up to the most disturbing theory of all - that the joke is on us; her meat ensemble means nothing at all. It is fashion for fashion's sake. End of.

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