2010年9月10日金曜日

売名でコーラン焼却か

コーラン焼却計画は、各地で非難を広がる。
米共和党、米軍、米政府、国連、バチカンがなんと言おうと計画を強行
するようだ。
一部では、マスメディアが取り上げるから、布教と寄付目当てから、
過激さが増していると言う声もある。
言論の自由を掲げても、戦闘の最前線にいる米兵を背後から狙い撃ちする
ことが善とする教義を信仰する人は少ないだろう。
計画の目的は、布教活動ではなく、売名行為なんだろう。

宗教対立鮮明化へ
HONOR RALLY


Pastor Terry Jones Koran Burning


Church in Florida burning burn Koran Quran Day September 11 2010 video


Global outrage at 'Koran-burning' plan ITN NEWS


---米国、コーラン焼却に打つ手無し 「言論の自由」が壁---
2010年09月09日 12:15 発信地:ワシントンD.C./米国
http://www.afpbb.com/article/life-culture/religion/2754186/6159217

【9月9日 AFP】米フロリダ(Florida)州ゲーンズビル(Gainesville)にあるキリスト教福音派の教会が、米同時多発テロから9年目を迎える11日にイスラム教の聖典コーランを焼却するイベントの計画を宣言した問題に揺れる米社会。しかし、米社会にはイベントを事前に中止させる手段がないのが現状だ。米憲法が言論の自由を保障しているからだ。

■米国旗や十字架の焼却をも認める
 米憲法修正第1条は、米市民が自由に意見を表明し平穏に集会する権利を制限する法律の制定を禁じている。
 これに基づき米最高裁は、たとえ一般社会に不快感を呼び覚ます行為や言論であっても、脅迫を意図したり暴力的なものでないかぎり政府は介入できないとの判断を何度か下している。
 たとえば、米国民にとって米国旗を焼くという行為は非常に神経を逆なでされる行為だが、米最高裁は1989年、5対4の評決で、48州に米国旗を焼く行為を禁じる法律の廃止を命じた。ウィリアム・ブレナン(William Brennan)最高裁判事(当時)は、「修正第1条の根底にある原則によれば、政府は社会的に不快だとか、同意できないというだけの理由によって、ある考えの表明を禁じるべきではない」と書いている。
 最高裁は、米国旗を燃やした人を守る判断を下したことさえある。白人至上主義団体クー・クラックス・クラン(Ku Klux Klan、KKK)が十字架を燃やす権利さえ保障されている。最高裁は2003年、KKKが公共の場で十字架に火を付ける行為に脅迫の意図はないとして、バージニア(Virginia)州がこの行為を禁じた州法を違憲と判断した。

■コーラン焼却も「言論の自由」
 こうした事情から、ダブ・ワールド・アウトリーチ・チャーチ(Dove World Outreach Center)のテリー・ジョーンズ(Terry Jones)牧師らによるコーラン200冊を公開焼却する計画に対して怒りや懸念の声が高まっていても、米当局には強制的に計画を中止させる手段がない。
 当局にできるのは、火が手に負えなくなった時など、コーランに火をつけた事後に介入することだけだ。
 消防署は屋外で火を燃やしたいという教会側の許可申請をすでに却下しており、教会側は自治体の条例に違反にすることになるが、あくまで軽罪。警察はだれも逮捕できず、せいぜい警告するか、出頭命令を出す程度で、科される罰金も250ドル(約2万1000円)ほどと見られている。


---米教会のコーラン焼却計画に非難広がる、牧師は強行姿勢---
2010年 09月 9日 10:37 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idJPJAPAN-17151120100909

 [ゲーンズビル(米フロリダ州) 8日 ロイター] 米フロリダ州ゲーンズビルのキリスト教会「ダブ・ワールド・アウトリーチ・センター」の牧師テリー・ジョーンズ氏は8日、世界的に非難の声が強まっている「コーラン焼却計画」について、中止するつもりはないと明言した。
 この教会は、イスラム教が「暴力的で抑圧的な宗教」だと主張。2001年の米同時多発攻撃から9年を迎える11日を「国際コーラン焼却デー」とし、イスラム教の聖典コーランを燃やすことを計画している。
 ジョーンズ氏は記者団に対し「(計画の)撤回が正しいことだとは思わない。コーランを燃やすことは、何かが間違っているということに注意を促すためだ。われわれは立ち上がり、テロと戦う必要がある」と述べた。
 一方、このコーラン焼却計画をめぐっては、宗教関係者のほか、政府高官からも強い非難の声が挙がっている。
 アフガニスタン駐留米軍のペトレアス司令官は「兵士らを危険にさらし、これまでの努力を危うくするもの」と批判、ゲーツ国防長官も同司令官の考えを「強く支持する」としている。また、クリントン国務長官は「恥ずべき行為」だと強く非難したうえで、教会側に自制を求めている。 
 このほか、アフガニスタンに約3000人を派兵しているカナダのマッケイ国防相もコーラン焼却を非難。米同時多発攻撃で倒壊した世界貿易センタービル跡地へのモスク建設計画に批判的なペイリン前アラスカ州知事も、コーラン焼却は「不必要な挑発」だとし、中止を求めている。


---【コーラン焼却】「中止しない」と牧師 国連議長が非難、波紋拡大---
2010.9.9 10:00
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/100909/amr1009091002003-n1.htm

 米フロリダ州のキリスト教会が、米中枢同時テロから9年となる11日にイスラム教の聖典コーラン約200冊の焼却を計画している問題で、同教会のテリー・ジョーンズ牧師は8日、記者団に「計画を中止する考えはない」と語り、焼却を強行する考えを示した。
 これに対し、イスラム教国リビアのトレキ国連総会議長は8日、焼却計画に「深刻な懸念」を表明し、非難する声明を発表。国連アフガニスタン支援団(UNAMA)のデミストゥラ代表も同日、懸念を示し、この問題をめぐる波紋が拡大した。
 トレキ議長の声明はコーラン焼却について「異なる宗教や信仰の間に憎悪や差別を引き起こし、文明、宗教間の衝突を増大させる恐れがある」と指摘。ジョーンズ牧師の主張は「反動的な考え方で、人類を(中世の)宗教裁判の時代に逆戻りさせる恐れがある」と批判した(共同)


---米国:11日に教会がコーラン焼却計画 政府が中止要請---
毎日新聞 2010年9月8日 11時03分(最終更新 9月8日 12時32分)
http://mainichi.jp/select/world/america/news/20100908k0000e030017000c.html

 【ワシントン草野和彦】01年の米同時多発テロから丸9年となる11日、米南部フロリダ州の教会がイスラム教の聖典コーランを焼却するイベントを計画している。オバマ米政権はイスラム教徒の反米感情を悪化させる行為として中止を求め、アフガニスタン駐留米軍トップのペトレアス司令官は「米軍を危険にさらす」と異例の声明を出した。
 イベントを計画しているのは、フロリダ州ゲーンズビルの「ダブ・ワールド・アウトリーチ・センター」。AP通信によると、この教会は福音主義派で、「反イスラム」を掲げている。
 教会のホームページによると、イスラム教は「民主主義や人権と合致しない」などの理由を挙げ、イベントは「イスラム教の教えと理念の危険性を警告するため」としている。
 コーラン焼却について、ペトレアス司令官は7日の声明で、「アフガンの過激派が間違いなく、世論を刺激し、暴力を扇動するのに利用する」と非難した。司令官によると、カブールでは既に抗議運動が起きたという。
 クリントン国務長官は7日、国務省での夕食会の席で「(イスラム教徒に)失礼で、不名誉な行為」と非難。またクローリー国務次官補(広報担当)も記者会見で「攻撃的」だとして、「行うべきではない」と明言した。
 米国内では、ニューヨーク市の同時テロ跡地近くでイスラム教のモスク(礼拝所)を含む施設を建設する計画が議論を呼んでいる。

【ことば】福音主義派
 聖書に基づく信仰を強調し、イエス・キリストが伝えた福音にのみ救済の根拠があるとするプロテスタントの流派。時に「キリスト教原理主義」とも評され、全米の信者は7000万人前後といわれる。特に米南部の貧しい白人層に浸透しており、人間は神によって造られたとの立場から進化論教育に反対、中絶にも強く反対する。


---Vatican sends greetings to worldwide Muslims---
Thursday, September 09, 2010 10:27 AM
The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Thu, 09/09/2010 9:40 AM | World
http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/09/09/vatican-sends-greetings-worldwide-muslims.html

The Vatican has delivered its official greetings for Muslims around the world, with an emphasis on
the need for interreligious exchanges in overcoming potential conflicts among followers of different religions.

“‘Id Al-Fitr, which concludes Ramadan, presents, once again, a favorable occasion to convey to you the heartfelt wishes of serenity and joy on behalf of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue,” reads the Vatican message made available on the Vatican website.

The message said violence among followers of different religions was a pressing subject that needed settling.

“There are many causes for violence among believers of different religious traditions, including: the manipulation of the religion for political or other ends; discrimination based on ethnicity or religious identity; divisions and social tensions. Ignorance, poverty, underdevelopment are also direct or indirect sources of violence among as well as within religious communities.”

It said that the message, which was released by the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue, was also reflected in the results of the 2010 annual meeting of the The Joint Committee for Dialogue instituted by the Pontifical Council and al-Azhar Permanent Committee for Dialogue among the Monotheistic Religions in Cairo.

“There are important recommendations also given in the above mentioned text: to open our hearts to mutual forgiveness and reconciliation, for a peaceful and fruitful coexistence; to recognize what we have in common and to respect differences, as a basis for a culture of dialogue; to recognize and respect the dignity and the rights of each human being without any bias related to ethnicity or religious affiliation; necessity to promulgate just laws which guarantee the fundamental equality of all; to recall the importance of education towards respect, dialogue and fraternity in the various educational arenas: at home, in the school, in churches and mosques.”


---Who Is Pastor Terry Jones, and Why Is he Burning the Koran?---
David Gibson
Religion Reporter
20100909
http://www.politicsdaily.com/2010/09/08/who-is-pastor-terry-jones-and-why-is-he-burning-the-koran/

Pastor Terry Jones sure seems like an unlikely fellow to become America's most inconvenient man.

A grizzled 58-year-old who packs a .40-caliber pistol on his hip, Jones heads a small congregation -- maybe 50 members in all -- on a pine-studded tract of land in Gainesville, Fla. The Dove World Outreach Center, as the church is known, is in fact the kind of local, spirit-filled, Pentecostal-style church that is found in cities and rural areas across America, and have been since the earliest days of the Republic.

Think Robert Duvall in "The Apostle," the 1997 Oscar-nominated film about the downfall and redemption of a Texas minister.

But Terry Jones is preaching a much different message than the pastor in "The Apostle," and at a different moment in time. And that is why Jones' mission to burn copies of the Koran to mark the 9/11 anniversary this Saturday has managed to dominate the news -- and global politics -- even in a wildfire media cycle already ablaze with suspicions (false) that President Obama is a Muslim and that jihadis are building a victory mosque at ground zero (also a myth).

Jones believes that Islam is a "false religion" that is "of the devil" and therefore must be defeated. But Islam, he believes, is also threatening to take over in the United States. Hence his justification, reiterated earlier this week, for the Koran-burning: "We must send a clear message to the radical element of Islam," Jones said. " We will no longer be controlled and dominated by their fears and threats. It is time for America to return to being America."

Gen. David Petraeus, the U.S. and NATO commander in Afghanistan, this week said the plans by the Dove World Outreach Center to burn up to 200 copies of the Koran could endanger U.S. troops in the country and Americans worldwide. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton called the proposed book burning "disrespectful and disgraceful" at an iftar dinner for Muslims ending their daily Ramadan fast. And Attorney General Eric Holder called Jones' plan "idiotic and dangerous."

Even Angelina Jolie weighed in -- surely a leading benchmark of media buzz. "I have hardly the words that somebody would do that to somebody's religious book," the 35-year-old actress told reporters in Islamabad after visiting refugees camps in flood-ravaged Pakistan. Jolie is a goodwill ambassador for the U.N.'s refugee agency.

An effigy of Jones -- wrapped in an American flag -- was burned in Afghanistan, and Muslims in Indonesia have rallied outside the U.S. embassy threatening violence if any Korans are burned.

A growing number of Christian leaders are also raising their voices as Jones seems determined to go ahead with his plan. "Please do not judge all Christians by the behavior of one extremist," the National Association of Evangelicals President Leith Anderson said. And the Vatican's interreligious office on Wednesday denounced "Burn A Koran Day" as an "outrageous and grave" plan.

Yet even as efforts are made to minimize Jones' profile and limit the damage he could cause -- Gainesville Mayor Craig Lowe called the Dove Center "a very tiny church" that does not represent "the true nature of Gainesville" -- the pastor and his flock are also very much a part of the American religious past, and present.

Indeed, the Dove World Outreach Center is centered in the Pentecostal, charismatic branch of American Christianity that traces it roots to the first Great Awakening of the colonial era up through the great Cane Ridge, Ky. revival of 1801 and on to the birth of the modern Pentecostal movement that was sparked by the Azusa Street revival in Los Angeles in 1906.

These "holiness" movements, as they have come to be called, are marked by an outpouring of the Holy Spirit (as experienced by Jesus' apostles at the original Pentecost) that is expressed in emotional and enthusiastic celebrations and transformative personal spiritual experiences. The Dove Center, for example, says that it cultivates "a conscious, deliberate effort during worship to change the spiritual world, that then works its way out into the natural world and becomes visible as victory over the enemy." (The name of the Gainesville church refers to the Holy Spirit, which is usually depicted as a white dove descending from heaven.)

While these churches stress a literal reading of Scripture, it is the Holy Spirit, inspiring visionary experiences, that is the mark of the true believer. The Spirit blows where it will, and recognizes no race or social class. That is why Pentecostal-style churches are among the most racially integrated in American Christianity, and why they are also among the most economically egalitarian.

And the Holy Spirit also confers authority on leaders, linking them directly back to the original Apostles and thereby de-emphasizing the role or even need for "man-made" traditions like formal clergy or denominations.

Yet this kind of free-range spirituality, while spreading in Africa and Latin America as well the U.S., can also spawn religious outliers who believe their direct connection to the Holy Spirit gives then an authority that is beyond ordinary accountability or argumentation.

For example, asked about his knowledge of the Koran, Pastor Jones told The New York Times: "I have no experience with it whatsoever. I only know what the Bible says."

During a recent sermon Jones also voiced disgust at the spiritual bona fides of the United Methodist Church a few blocks away streets away that is planning an an interfaith prayer service on Sept. 10.

"Lily-livered, yellow-bellied Christians," he called the congregants at the neighboring church, and he said the rest of the country wasn't much better. "Our nation is in ruin spiritually."

Jones' call to public action against Islam -- while not shared by most of his fellow Pentecostals and evangelicals -- is another aspect of his ministry that underscores the broader changes within conservative Christianity. A few decades ago, evangelicals and fundamentalist Christians in particular were cultural isolationists who wanted nothing to do with the wider society, which they felt was lost and would only taint them spiritually if they engaged it.

Now these conservative Christians are front and center in politics and in some of the sharper clashes of the culture wars. A few congregations, like the Dove Center and its allies in the Westboro Baptist cult of the Fred Phelps' clan, are considered fringe elements. But they follow in some of the same patterns as their mainstream brethren, only more so.

For instance, a belief that we are living in the "End Times" before Jesus comes again to deliver the saved from a fallen world fuels their urgent proselytizing and their crusading against favorite evils like homosexuality.

During a mayoral run-off in Gainesville last April, Terry Jones and the Dove World Outreach Center put up a sign on the property reading, "No homo mayo," and Jones denounced the candidate, Craig Lowe, in a video. "We've got us a homo mayor, with of course a homo agenda." (Lowe won anyway.)

Islam in its extremist forms is another great concern for many Christians, though fighting Islam in all its forms has become a veritable obsession for Terry Jones. Jones and the Dove Center first drew coverage a year ago when some members sent their children to area schools on the first day of classes with t-shirts emblazoned with the church's motto, "Islam is of the Devil." The children were sent home by school authorities, and media coverage followed.

But in the final analysis, the zeal of Terry Jones -- as so often happens -- is in danger of turning him into the very thing he hates, a religious extremist who risks tarnishing the reputation of the rest of his fellow believers.

Given the individualistic, decentralized nature of charismatic Christianity, however, there is little Jones' fellow Pentecostals can do but denounce the Koran-burning plan and beseech the Holy Spirit to blow back a bit. And that's what they're doing.

"[The] Rev. Terry Jones does not speak for charismatic Christians, and his brand of fire-breathing judgmentalism doesn't even remotely resemble the message of Jesus Christ," J. Lee Grady, a prominent writer at Charisma magazine, wrote in his latest column. "I am praying that he will repent and renounce his outrageous intentions before the time arrives to strike the first match."

Perhaps those prayers could have an effect, since that is the language Terry Jones speaks, and hears.

"As of right now, we are not backing down," Terry Jones told NBC on Wednesday.

But, he added, "If God told us to do it" -- burn the Korans -- "then I guess he could tell us to do something different."


---Sarah Palin, Glenn Beck speak out against Pastor Terry Jones' plans to burn the Koran on 9/11---
BY Meena Hartenstein
DAILY NEWS STAFF WRITER
Wednesday, September 8th 2010, 7:31 PM
http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/2010/09/08/2010-09-08_sarah_palin_glenn_beck_speak_out_against_pastor_terry_jones_plans_to_burn_the_ko.html

Finally, something Sarah Palin and the White House can agree on.

The former vice presidential candidate has condemned Terry Jones' upcoming Koran-burning rally, adding her voice to the chorus of politicians and public figures speaking out against the Florida pastor's inflammatory plans to commemorate 9/11.

"Book burning is antithetical to American ideals," Palin wrote on her Facebook page Wednesday.

"I would hope that Pastor Terry Jones and his supporters will consider the ramifications of their planned book-burning event," she continued. "It will feed the fire of caustic rhetoric and appear as nothing more than mean-spirited religious intolerance. Don’t feed that fire."

Palin is the latest high-profile figure to voice her objections to the rally, which has drawn harsh criticism from religious and political leaders across the board.

White House press secretary Robert Gibbs and Gen. David Petraeus expressed deep concern this week that Jones' rally will endanger troop safety overseas, while the Vatican denounced the plan as "outrageous and grave."

Even New York Mayor Bloomberg, who defended Jones’ constitutional right to hold the rally, called the plan "distasteful."

On Tuesday, MSNBC anchor Keith Olbermann called on Republican politicians to speak out against the Koran-burning rally, pointing to silence from Florida Senate Candidate Marco Rubio and a "no comment" response from a spokesman for George W. Bush.

"Total silence today from Sarah Palin, Senate Leader Mitch McConnell, House Leader John Boehner, House Whip Eric Cantor, Sen. John McCain," Olbermann said, urging conservatives to speak up.

But Fox host Glenn Beck, who drew huge crowds alongside Sarah Palin at last month’s "Restoring Honor" rally, had harsh words for the Koran-burning in a blog post written Monday night.

"What is wrong with us?" Beck wrote on his website TheBlaze.com. "Burning the Koran is like burning the flag or the Bible. You can do it, but whose heart will you change by doing it? You will only harden the hearts of those who could be moved. None of those who are thinking about killing us will be affected, but our good Muslim friends and neighbors will be saddened. It makes the battle that they face inside their own communities even harder."

Both Beck and Palin equated the controversy to the debate over Park51, the proposed "Ground Zero mosque" which they have opposed.

"It’s just like the Ground Zero mosque plan," Beck wrote. "Does this church have the right? Yes. Should they? No. And not because of the potential backlash or violence. Simply because it is wrong."

Echoing Beck’s words, Palin wrote, "People have a constitutional right to burn a Koran if they want to, but doing so is insensitive and an unnecessary provocation - much like building a mosque at Ground Zero."

Despite widespread outrage, Jones has stuck firm to his plan to make a bonfire of Korans on Saturday to commemorate the 9/11 attacks.

"Our burning of the Koran is to draw attention to something that is wrong,” Jones said. "We need to stand up against terrorism."

While Jones builds his bonfire, Palin and Beck will be appearing together in Alaska to mark the anniversary of 9/11, where they may be found preaching a message of tolerance.

"Our nation was founded in part by those fleeing religious persecution," Palin’s Facebook post reads.

"Freedom of religion is integral to our charters of liberty. We don’t need to agree with each other on theological matters, but tolerating each other without unnecessarily provoking strife is how we ensure a civil society."

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