2010年9月28日火曜日

F35 価格交渉合意

F35の価格交渉が合意した。
 米国防総省は、ロッキード・マーチン社との間で、32機の次世代戦闘機
F35の調達価格交渉で合意したと発表した。契約価格は、工場の設備などに
かかる費用を含めて50億ドルを超える見通し。

販売予定
米国 30機
英国 1機
蘭  1機

ロッキード推定価格 @6100万ドル

配備されているF35Aが海外へ販売されると考えると、F22米版@14260万ドル
からすると、半分の価格で購入できるようだ。

当初は、42台の予算を計上していたが、予算削減により、32台の予算の
確保となった。
F35は、F35B、F35C共に進捗状況が報道されないが、F35の収益は、
ロッキード・マーチンの年収益の25%を占めるまでになったと言う。
F35が基幹事業だが、スケジュール遅延と開発費増加で本当に利益が
あがるのだろうか。

F35A Eglin空軍基地配備へ


---32機で4200億円以上 F35戦闘機の価格で合意---
2010.9.23 11:59
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/100923/amr1009231200008-n1.htm

 ロイター通信によると、米国防総省は22日、航空大手ロッキード・マーチン社との間で、32機の次世代戦闘機F35の調達価格交渉で合意したと発表した。契約価格は、工場の設備などにかかる費用を含めて50億ドル(約4226億円)を超える見通し。同省は、1機当たりの価格は明らかにしていない。
 30機が米国、1機が英国向けで、残る1機はオランダが購入する可能性があるという。
 F35は航空自衛隊の次期主力戦闘機(FX)選定で最有力候補だが、絞り込み作業は難航。防衛省は2011年度予算概算要求での調達費計上は見送り、候補機種の性能情報を得るための調査費のみを盛り込んでいる。(共同)


---UPDATE 2-Pentagon signs F-35 fighter contract with Lockheed---
Wed, 22nd Sep 2010 21:06
By Andrea Shalal-Esa
http://www.lse.co.uk/FinanceNews.asp?ArticleCode=ss0o9fglqd7jl78&ArticleHeadline=UPDATE_2Pentagon_signs_F35_fighter_contract_with_Lockheed

WASHINGTON, Sept 22 (Reuters) - The Pentagon said on Wednesday it reached a 'fixed-price' agreement with Lockheed Martin Corp for a fourth batch of F-35 fighter jets, wrapping up months of negotiations about the U.S. military's biggest weapons program.

Pentagon spokesman Bryan Whitman said the deal, concluded Tuesday, included 30 fighter jets for the United States, one for Britain and an option for one more for the Netherlands.

He said the contract provided a 'fair and reasonable' basis for the fourth lot of production jets and 'sets the appropriate foundation for future production lots' of the $382 billion multinational Joint Strike Fighter program.

Lockheed said the new contract was valued at over $5 billion, including sustainment costs for the new radar-evading fighter jets, and tooling needed for their production.

Pentagon acquisition chief Ashton Carter and Lockheed Chief Executive Robert Stevens signed the agreement on Tuesday.

Whitman gave no details on the price per airplane negotiated in the contract, but said it was below independent cost estimates released earlier this year.

One senior industry executive said all four batches of F-35 production aircraft were now priced below government estimates, but Lockheed realized it still had 'a significant amount of work' to do to continue driving down costs.

The industry executive, who was not authorized to speak on the record, said it was imperative for Lockheed to continue increasing the rate at which it is building the new fighters to achieve the 'economies of scale' needed to lower future costs.

The deal, initially expected in May, took longer to negotiate given a shift to a 'fixed price, incentive fee' contract structure two years earlier than planned.

Previous F-35 production contracts were on more traditional 'cost plus' contract terms, which make the government liable for cost overruns.

PENTAGON AGGRESSIVELY MANAGING PROGRAM

Defense Secretary Robert Gates significantly restructured the program earlier this year, adding 13 months to the development program, withholding $614 million in award fees from Lockheed and firing the Marine Corps general who ran it.

'The Department continues to closely monitor and aggressively manage this important program,' Whitman said.

Lockheed shares rose 0.76 percent to $72.20 in afternoon trading, while the Standard & Poor's 500 index, of which it is a component, fell 0.7 percent.

The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter will eventually account for about 25 percent of Lockheed's yearly revenue.

Lockheed confirmed the agreement
in a separate statement, saying it brought the total number of F-35 production aircraft under contract to 63, including aircraft for the U.S. military and three other countries.

'We remain confident that this agreement keeps us on track to reach our long-term price projections for the F-35 at full-rate production,' said spokesman Joe LaMarca.

'We know we have to adapt to the new reality that we face, with more demanding affordability goals that place an even greater premium on program execution and we are committed to meeting that challenge,' he said.

The delay in reaching a deal with the Pentagon had begun to unsettle investors and lawmakers.

Last week, the Senate Appropriations Committee's defense subcommittee slashed funding for 10 of 42 F-35 fighters the Pentagon requested in its fiscal 2011 budget, saying the move would give the program more time to stabilize production.

Defense consultant Loren Thompson said the deal would provide a big boost to Lockheed's aeronautics division.

'Any time there's a delay on such a critical contract, people begin to worry,' he said. 'With a contract now in place Congress is less likely to take money away from the F-35 program and use it for other purposes.'

Analysts say Lockheed had even begun building some of the aircraft in the fourth batch using its own funds to ensure that its production stayed on schedule, despite the long delay in negotiating a contract.

The industry executive said Lockheed was continuing to improve the manufacturing process for the new fighter and was in discussions with the Pentagon about ways to earn back the entire $614 million in award fees being withheld.

Target milestones were being set during a technical baseline review due to be completed by a Nov. 23 meeting of the high-level Defense Acquisition Board.


---Senate Eyes Cutting Ten F-35 Fighters from LRIP-4 Purchase
Shane McGlaun (Blog) - September 17, 2010 9:43 AM
http://www.dailytech.com/Senate+Eyes+Cutting+Ten+F35+Fighters+from+LRIP4+Purchase/article19655.htm

Lockheed warns that a cut could have serious impact

The major projects under way for new combat aircraft for the U.S. Air Force are facing some serious issues on many fronts. The tanker bidding process is still anything but final after years of fighting between bidders and people in Washington. The F-35 program is also facing some significant issues (one variant, dubbed the F-35B STOVL, has been delayed due to issues with subcomponent failures).

The major issue for the program continues to be delays and cost overruns. Defense News reports that the U.S. Senate is seeking to cut ten of the aircraft from the 2011 defense spending bill for the fourth delivery of the low-rate initial production program (LRIP-4) for the aircraft. The number for the delivery was initially set at 42 aircraft, but the Senate wants that number cut to 32.

Lockheed's Tom Burbage, the executive VP for the F-35 program has stated that the cut could have a "very serious" impact on the program. A cut on the delivery will drive up the cost for all nations involved in the purchase of aircraft. Defense News reports that the cut in the order comes after intense negotiations between Lockheed and the Pentagon over the price of the aircraft during the key LRIP-4 buy. The LRIP-4 purchase is a key indicator to determine if Lockheed will be able to deliver the aircraft on budget.

Burbage said that at this point the reduction in the number of aircraft for the order isn’t final. He stated, "If the final decision is to support that position, it has a very serious impact on the program. We're trying to bring it online at a ramp rate that allows us to hit high production rates, we have partner countries that are part of that buy, and when you make large adjustments in quantities of airplanes it has an impact on everybody."

Lockheed has maintained that it could deliver the aircraft at about 20% under the Pentagon's estimate of about $76 million per aircraft.

The DOD has already stated that the F-35 program could ultimately cost $382 billion.

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