2010年10月1日金曜日

知的障害疑惑者の死刑執行

知的障害疑惑者の死刑執行が行われた。
 米南部バージニア州で、テレサ・ルイス死刑囚(41)に対する死刑が執行
された。同州での女性死刑囚の執行は1912年以来。弁護団や支持団体が
「彼女は知的障害があり、死刑判決は違憲」と主張するなど、執行の
是非が議論を呼んでいた。

テレサ・ルイスは、夫と義理の息子の殺害を計画、男二人に実行を指示
したとして死刑判決を受け、死刑が執行された。
テレサは、愛人Matthew Shallenberger(当時22)と保険金目的で殺害を
認めた。
イスラム教(?)からキリスト教に改宗。
ヴァージニアカトリック会議、統一メソジスト協会ヴァージニア会議や
the ARC of Virginiaが支援し、5500署名の電子嘆願書が集まった。

弁護側によると、テレサは13才の知的レベル。犯行は共謀者に操られた
としていた。

知事
「テレサは、武器を買うために男に現金を渡し、娘を男に与え、
引き入れた」
「知的障害と結論づけた医師はいない」
として退けた。

Matthew Shallenberger
刑務所で自殺。

日本では、通りがかりの当時3才児を歩道橋から投落として重傷を負わせ
たとして、殺人未遂の罪に問われた吉岡一郎に対し、地裁は懲役5年6カ月
の判決を言い渡した。

テレサと吉岡一郎の例はかなり異なるようだ。
知的障害者は、尋問の手法により、思い込んでしまう場合があると、
報道された記憶があるが、年上のテレサが警察に主犯に仕立てられたかも
しれない。実際は、自殺した22才のツバメに操られていた可能性もある。
詳細は不明。


US grandmother set to be executed Al Jazeera


---知的障害の疑いある女性の死刑執行 米で是非巡り議論---
2010年9月25日19時16分
http://www.asahi.com/international/update/0925/TKY201009250245.html

 【ニューヨーク=田中光】米南部バージニア州で23日夜、テレサ・ルイス死刑囚(41)に対する死刑が執行された。AP通信などが伝えた。同州での女性死刑囚の執行は1912年以来。弁護団や支持団体が「彼女は知的障害があり、死刑判決は違憲」と主張するなど、執行の是非が議論を呼んでいた。
 ルイス死刑囚は夫と息子の殺害を計画し、2002年10月に男2人に実行させたとして死刑判決を受けた。だが現在の弁護団は、ルイス死刑囚に知的障害や依存性人格障害があったという新たな証拠を提示。事件直後の弁護士がこれらの要素を見落としていたとして、執行停止と再審を求めたが、バージニア州のマクドネル知事は「知的障害と結論づけた医師はいない」などとして退けた。


---米国で5年ぶりに女の死刑執行 保険金狙い夫と義理の息子の殺害依頼---
2010.9.24 11:38
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/100924/amr1009241138007-n1.htm

 米南部バージニア州で2002年、保険金目当てに夫と義理の息子を仲間に殺害させたとして死刑判決を言い渡されたテレサ・ルイス死刑囚(41)の刑が23日、同州で薬物注射により執行された。AP通信などによると、女に対する死刑執行は、同州で1912年以来。全米では5年ぶりという。
 ルイス死刑囚は02年10月、25万ドル(約2100万円)の生命保険金を狙い、男2人に夫と義理の息子の殺害を依頼。男2人は散弾銃で殺害を実行、後に終身刑を受けた。(共同)


---Like the executed woman, Virginia chose to kill---
Monday, September 27, 2010
The Rev. Paul Wee, Alexandria
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/09/26/AR2010092603056.html

The execution of Teresa Lewis ["Va. woman executed for slayings in 2002," front page, Sept. 24] tells us not so much about crime and punishment in Virginia but about whether we as a people feel that we have a right to decide that some lives are without value, incapable of redemption.

The question is not one of guilt or innocence; she confessed to the crime early on. Nor is there any question that crime deserves punishment under the law. Nor is the fact that she was a woman an issue, although the two men who committed the murders were given life sentences.

Nor is the point that Lewis bordered on mental incompetence an issue, though this fact might have given Virginia cause to weigh the appropriateness of the punishment under the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

The fundamental question is whether any life can be deemed of no value whatsoever, capable of being legitimately snuffed out.

That was the crime of Teresa Lewis. Let us not make it our own.


---Virginia executes Teresa Lewis for role in slayings of husband, stepson in 2002---
By Maria Glod
Washington Post Staff Writer
Thursday, September 23, 2010; 11:36 PM
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/story/2010/09/23/ST2010092306834.html?sid=ST2010092306834
JARRATT, VA. - Teresa Lewis, who plotted with her young lover to kill her husband and stepson for insurance money, became the first woman executed in Virginia in nearly 100 years Thursday night when she was killed by lethal injection.

Lewis, 41, was a mother who became a grandmother behind bars. Wearing a light blue prison-issued shirt and dark blue pants, Lewis looked anxious as she was led by officers into the death chamber at 8:55 p.m. She was placed on a white gurney, with leather straps securing her ankles, legs, wrists and chest, before intravenous lines were attached to each arm.

Lewis asked whether Kathy Clifton, the daughter and sister of her victims, was in the chamber.

"I just want Kathy to know that I love you, and I'm very sorry," Lewis said before the drugs were pumped into her arms. Her feet, clad in flip-flops, twitched, but no other movement was visible. Her spiritual adviser, Julie Perry, cried as she stood in the back of the witness room.

Lewis was pronounced dead at 9:13 p.m.

Lewis's case generated passion and interest across the world. The European Union asked Virginia Gov. Robert F. McDonnell (R) to commute her sentence to life, citing her mental capacity. Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad cited the case at an appearance in New York.

The case began on an October night nearly eight years ago, when Lewis prayed with her husband, slipped into bed next to him in their Danville trailer and waited for her two conspirators to come inside the door she had left unlocked. The two men showed up about 3:15 a.m., opened fire, then fled.

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After the shooting, Lewis waited about half an hour to call 911. Her stepson, Charles "C.J." Lewis, died quickly. But her husband, Julian Lewis, whose body was riddled with birdshot, was alive and moaning "baby, baby, baby" when police arrived.

At first, Lewis told officers the shooting was the work of an unknown intruder dressed in black. But she eventually confessed that she and her lover, Matthew Shallenberger, then 22, killed for money. She led police to Shallenberger and a second gunman and ultimately admitted her crimes in court.

Lewis is the 12th woman to be executed in the United States since capital punishment was reinstated in 1976. The most recent was in Texas in 2005, when Frances Newton was killed by lethal injection for shooting her husband and two children.

Although the fight for Lewis's life did not draw nearly the attention of that surrounding Karla Faye Tucker, the pickax killer turned born-again Christian executed in 1998, more than 5,500 people signed an electronic petition asking McDonnell to spare her.

The Virginia Catholic Conference, the Virginia Conference of the United Methodist Church and the ARC of Virginia, which advocates for people with mental disabilities, were among the groups that urged that Lewis's sentence be commuted to life in prison.

On Saturday, Lewis was moved to the Greensville Correctional Center, site of Virginia's death house. She requested her final meal: fried chicken, sweet peas with butter, German chocolate cake and Dr Pepper, corrections officials said.

Lewis's attorney, James Rocap, said she visited her son, Billy, twice Thursday and spoke with her daughter, Christie, by phone. He said she wrote private letters to both children.

Her supporters never said that Lewis was innocent or that she shouldn't be punished. But they said she did not deserve to die because she was borderline mentally retarded, with the intellectual ability of about a 13-year-old, and was manipulated by a smarter conspirator. It was wrong for her to be sentenced to death, they said, when the two men who fired the shots received life terms.

Prison chaplains and fellow inmates supported Lewis, saying she created a ministry of sorts in prison and was a source of strength for other women looking for a maternal figure. Some prisoners said she sang gospel music, calming the ward.

McDonnell, who has supported legislation to expand the use of the death penalty, denied a first clemency request, then a second renewed plea. He said in a statement that no medical expert had determined that Lewis was mentally retarded as defined by Virginia law.

McDonnell said Lewis was an active participant in the crime, giving the men cash to buy weapons and drawing her 16-year-old daughter, who had sex with one of the gunmen, into the plot. Lewis had helped orchestrate an earlier failed plot to kill Julian Lewis and left the door unlocked the night of the shootings.

In 2003, Lewis pleaded guilty to capital murder and was sentenced to death by a judge who called her "the head of this serpent." One shooter, Rodney Fuller, made a deal with prosecutors in return for a life sentence. The judge sentenced Shallenberger to life, saying that was only fair because of Fuller's deal.

But Shallenberger, who dreamed of becoming a mob hit man, later told a former girlfriend in a letter that he had used Lewis because he wanted money to go to New York and become a drug dealer. He committed suicide in prison.

On Friday evening, Kathy Clifton, Julian Lewis's daughter and C.J.'s sister, learned from McDonnell's office that the execution would probably be carried out. After dinner, she went to the cemetery where her father and brother are buried.

"We went just to visit," Clifton said. "That's the last place I saw them."

Clifton said this week that she planned to witness Lewis's execution to honor her father and brother. She has kept scrapbooks documenting the criminal case.

Julian Lewis, a Vietnam veteran who worked as an electrician at the Dan River textile plant, often cared for Kathy Clifton's son, his grandson. C.J. Lewis, who was in the National Guard, was a musician and played piano, mandolin and guitar. His daughter was 4 when he was slain.

Clifton, who said she had forgiven Teresa Lewis, had never pushed for the death penalty. But she had said earlier that Lewis's death would bring "vindication."

"I feel like once it's all said and done, I'll be able to shut the door on this chapter and move on with the future," Clifton said.

"I will know for a fact she will never be able to harm anyone again," Clifton said. "She claims to be a Christian, and I don't know how strong her faith is, but I have faith in my Lord. He says not to kill, but He also says to obey the law of the land. If she was truly a spiritual person, she would be happy to go along with any sentence."

Rocap said Lewis asked him to thank the people who fought to spare her life, saying: "It was just awesome."

"Tonight, the machinery of death in Virginia extinguished the beautiful and childlike human spirit of Teresa Lewis," Rocap said.

As she visited with family and lawyers over the past few days, Rocap said, Lewis prayed for her victims, for McDonnell and even the prosecutor.

"She laughed, she sang, she prayed," Rocap said. "I think, frankly, she had accepted what was going to happen a long time ago, and she was very peaceful."

In an interview last month at the Fluvanna Correctional Center for women, where Lewis was imprisoned for seven years because the state's death row accommodates only men, she said she prayed and read her Bible. She had nightmares about the murders and said she thought of Julian Lewis and C.J. Lewis each day.

"I wish I could give Kathy the world and take away her hurt," Lewis said then. "I can't even imagine the pain she's been through all these years."


---男児投げ落とし、知的障害の被告に実刑 大阪地裁判決---
http://www.asahi.com/national/update/1210/OSK200812100029.html

 大阪府八尾市で昨年1月、通りがかりの当時3歳の男児(5)を歩道橋からいきなり投げ落として重傷を負わせたとして、殺人未遂の罪に問われた無職吉岡一郎被告(43)=八尾市=に対し、大阪地裁は10日、懲役5年6カ月(求刑懲役12年)の判決を言い渡した。
 樋口裕晃裁判長は「事件当時は心神耗弱状態で、責任能力は限定的」としたうえで「知的障害の影響や通所施設内での人間関係のトラブルによるストレスがあったとはいえ、何の落ち度もない幼児を投げ落とした危険で悪質な犯行。刑事責任は重く、実刑が相当だ」と述べた。
 弁護側は公判で「頭から投げ落としたわけではない」と殺意を否定した。しかし、判決は、被告が高さ6メートルの現場の歩道橋を何度も訪れたことがあり、歩道橋下は車が行き交う道路であることから「かなり強い殺意があった」と認定した。
 責任能力について判決は、公判段階の精神鑑定が「事件当時は是非善悪を判断し、行動を制御する能力が著しく不十分だった」としたことを重視。検察側の「知的障害の程度は軽く、完全な責任能力があった」という主張を退けた。
 被告の捜査段階の供述調書について、弁護側は「障害者への配慮なく作成され、任意性に疑いがある」と主張した。しかし、判決は「問答形式をとるなど知的障害者への配慮がある内容」として退けた。
 「求刑の半分以下では、軽すぎて納得できません」。男児の父(34)は妻らと判決公判を傍聴した後、
声を奮わせながらそう語った。男児は元気に保育園に通っているが、ふと事件を思い出す様子を見せることもあるという。
父は「将来のある子に大きなダメージを与えたという事実を裁判所には重く受け止めてほしかった」と話した。

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