2010年11月13日土曜日

米 機内インクカートリッジ持込禁止

米国は機内インクカートリッジ持込を禁止した。
 ナポリターノ米国土安全保障長官は、航空荷物を使ったテロ未遂事件で、
爆弾がプリンター用のトナーカートリッジに仕掛けられていたことから、
重さ約450gを超えるインクカートリッジやトナーカートリッジを、米国
行きの旅客便に積むことを禁止すると発表した。
措置は、国際貨物便の一部にも適用され、危険度が高いとみなされた貨物
は、追加の検査を受ける。
イエメンとソマリアからのすべての貨物の受け入れを禁止。


約450gを超えるトナーカートリッジの機内持込み禁止。
イエメンとソマリアからのすべての貨物の受け入れを禁止。

最近の旅客機は、航行中に携帯電話やWiFを使用できることを売りにして
いる。しかし、今回の時限式(?)カートリッジ爆弾には、SIMカードソケット
が備えられていたため、米運輸省(TSA)では、携帯電話だけでなく、WiFi
を含めた通信を禁止にしようとする動きがあるとのことだ。
カートリッジを機内に持込む人を思い当たらないが、貨物ではカートリッジ
の製造会社やインク/トナーを詰める会社が影響を受け、陸路でしか移動
できなくなると思う。飛行機を使って出張する人が、機上で仕事をすること
が当たり前になってきたが、米国内では、携帯電話やWiFiが使用禁止となる
とグローバル企業役員からの反発は大きいだろう。


---米国行き貨物の爆発物、米東海岸上空で起爆するよう設定 英警察---
2010年11月11日 08:33 発信地:ロンドン/英国
http://www.afpbb.com/article/war-unrest/2774766/6439182?utm_source=afpbb&utm_medium=topics&utm_campaign=txt_topics

 【11月11日 AFP】英国の空港でイエメン発米国行き航空貨物から爆発物が見つかった事件で、ロンドン警視庁(Scotland Yard)は10日、爆弾が米東海岸上空で爆発するよう設定されていたと発表した。
 この貨物機は前月29日、独ケルン(Cologne)経由で中継地の英イーストミッドランズ空港(East Midlands Airport)に到着した。貨物検査で、プリンター用のトナーカートリッジの中に隠されている爆弾が発見され、除去された。貨物機はその2時後、米シカゴ(Chicago)に向かった。
 科学捜査を行った警視庁は、爆弾は米東海岸の上空を飛行する時間帯に起爆するよう設定されていたと発表した。また、爆発物処理班が爆弾を処理したのは、この時刻の3時間前のことだったという。
 フランスのブリス・オルトフー(Brice Hortefeux)内相は前週、この爆弾が処理されたのは、爆発が設定された時刻のわずか17分前だったと発言している。
 米民間情報機関サイト・インテリジェンス・グループ(SITE Intelligence Group)によると、イエメンを拠点とする「アラビア半島のアルカイダ(AQAP)」が前週、犯行声明を出した。


---米、プリンター用カートリッジ持ち込み禁止 航空荷物テロ未遂受け---
2010.11.9 12:59
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/101109/amr1011091259003-n1.htm

 ナポリターノ米国土安全保障長官は8日、航空荷物を使ったテロ未遂事件で、爆弾がプリンター用のトナーカートリッジに仕掛けられていたことから、重さ約450グラムを超えるインクカートリッジやトナーカートリッジを、米国行きの旅客便に積むことを禁止すると発表した。
 この措置は、国際貨物便の一部にも適用され、危険度が高いとみなされた貨物は、追加の検査を受けることになる。
 また同長官は、未遂事件の航空荷物が中東イエメン発だったため、イエメンとソマリアからのすべての貨物の受け入れを禁止することも発表した。事件で犯行声明を出したイスラム武装勢力「アラビア半島のアルカーイダ」は、ソマリアのイスラム過激派と接触している可能性があるとみられている。(共同)


---Canada creates new security rules for passengers following bomb scare---
By Carmen Chai, Postmedia News November 9, 2010
http://www.montrealgazette.com/travel/Canada+creates+security+rules+passengers+following+bomb+scare/3800510/story.html

OTTAWA - The federal government announced several new aviation security rules Monday, including restrictions involving large office-sized printer toner cartridges, just days after it banned all air cargo originating from Yemen.

The Yemen ban was brought on after officials in Dubai and in Britain discovered two U.S.-bound parcel bombs from that country.

Passengers are no longer allowed to bring large printer toner cartridges in checked bags on any flights departing Canadian airports, or in carry-on bags on any outbound flights from Canada to the U.S., Transport Minister Chuck Strahl announced Monday.

"Our government's highest priority is the continued safety and security of Canadians and the travelling public. While there was and is no current information that these incidents were targeting Canada, we will continue to monitor the international security environment closely and take further action as appropriate to protect air travellers," Strahl said.

Any printer toner cartridges that weigh more than 454 grams, or 16 ounces, are now banned. They are between 20 and 30 centimetres in length - or about the size of a loaf of bread, Strahl spokesman John Babcock explained in a news release.

Passengers are still allowed to carry smaller toner cartridges, such as those used in home printers.

Earlier this month, American authorities said the two bombs, hidden inside a printer toner's cartridge in cargo packages addressed to Chicago synagogues, were meant to destroy the planes carrying them.

Air carriers are also restricted from moving large printer cartridges in cargo carried on passenger flights leaving any Canadian airports, according to the new rules.

As of last week, all cargo originating from or passing through Yemen was banned from entering Canada, but officials extended the ban Monday to any mail or cargo from or moving through Somalia and Yemen.

The new security measures were effective as of noon Monday.

Strahl said Somalia was added after a risk assessment was conducted by Canadian and American officials, who announced identical measures.

"The situation in Somalian is desperate, we realize that. Some of the same factors that forced our hand in the Yemen situation exists in Somalia as well," Strahl told reporters.

There are no direct flights from either country to Canada and this ban would only affect a small amount of mail and cargo, Strahl said.

"It's not like there's a lot of volume involved here, but what we saw from Yemen is, again, it's not the volume of the air cargo, it's what might be in the air cargo and so we have to put security of the Canadian travellers and international travellers first," he said.

Public Safety Minister Vic Toews said Canadian officials are still working closely with American and international allies to "combat threats to the safety of Canadians."

"Canada is not immune from terrorist threats. Our law enforcement and security agencies remain vigilant and always work closely with their counterparts in the United States to protect our shared border. We face the same threats and share the same concerns," he said.

Liberal Senator Colin Kenny, former chair of the senate committee on national defence, said the announcement included a "funny set" of rules that do not make him feel any safer.

"I was a little puzzled by the regulations because it implies (printer toner cartridges are) the only place you can ship explosives," he said.

"These people are very creative, to say the least. If you ban ink cartridges, they'll find another way to move the explosives in," he said.

He said increasing CBSA facilities that inspect packages, or tightening up on searching shipments would have been better rules to put in place.

Andre Gerolymatos, a Simon Fraser University professor specializing in security and terrorism, said the new set of rules indicate the government is being "proactive."

"These are very good measures that'll certainly go a long way in deterring people from using packages to get explosives through," he said.

"But they'll always try another way. We are reacting and logically so, but we have to anticipate what the next round will be," he said.


---TSA Bans Ink/Toner Cartridges From Airline Passengers; Wi-Fi Future Uncertain---
Tuesday, November 09, 2010 - by Joel Hruska
http://hothardware.com/News/TSA-Bans-InkToner-Cartridges-From-Airline-Passengers-WiFi-Future-Uncertain/

In the wake of the pair of thwarted bombings by Al Qaeda last month, the TSA has announced additional restrictions and guidelines for passengers traveling both within the United States and internationally. In additional to logical and prudent steps, such as banning packages from Somalia and Yemen (temporarily) and additional screening for packages classified as high risk, there's a new pair of rules that're collectively bizarre. From the DHS press release:

Toner and ink cartridges over 16 ounces will be prohibited on passenger aircraft in both carry-on bags and checked bags on domestic and international flights in-bound to the United States. This ban will also apply to certain inbound international air cargo shipments as well. The Administration is also working closely with industry and our international partners to expedite the receipt of cargo manifests for international flights to the United States prior to departure in order to identify and screen items based on risk and current intelligence. We are also working with our international and private sector partners on the expansion of layered detections system including technology and other measures.


The immediate rationale behind the restrictions is clear. One of the packages withstood multiple passes from Scotland Yard's high-tech scanners and low-tech dogs. If investigators had been unable to provide a specific tracking number to identify the package, it would've been passed and presumably detonated. Both of the bombs were found encased in printer cartridges. Practically speaking, this isn't a restriction that's likely to affect many people. We're fairly certain that most folks don't carry multiple cartridges of black ink stuffed into their pants pockets or strapped to their legs. The wording of the restriction also seems to imply that while no single cartridge can weigh more than 16 oz, multiple 12 oz cartridges would be just fine. Most consumer-oriented print cartridges weigh much less than 16 oz, but higher-end printers often use cartridges that weigh more.

"Limited impact," however, does not equate to "intelligent safety improvement." Presumably, the would-be bombers used print cartridges because they're familiar enough to the eye to pass rote inspection, yet sturdy enough to contain the contents of a bomb as it travels towards its destination. Serviceable items include childrens' toys, external hard drives, and Mrs. Jones' cat.

More ominously, there are rumors that the TSA is considering banning the use of in-flight WiFi after useless, SIM-card-lacking cell phones were discovered attached to the toner cartridges in question. No one is arguing that the cell phones could've been detonated by a phone call in flight, but there's the possibility that such a device could be constructed, which may be all the incentive the DHS needs. The appeal of being scattered over twenty square miles of ocean just because a seatmate wanted to check Facebook is admittedly small. The idea that a ban on airplane WiFi would prevent this from occurring is blindingly stupid. Terrorists who found themselves unable to construct complex detonators out of cell phones and WiFi might be forced to wreak havoc with other devices like a thermometer, egg timer, or LED clock.

On a side note, we expect the airline industry would fight tooth and claw to keep in-flight WiFi flowing. It's one of the few services that's begun to turn a profit in recent months and the carriers would be loathe to see it go.

The only thing more dangerous than no security at all is a security system that lulls people into thinking they're safe when they aren't. The more regulations, baggage checks, and clothing-removals the TSA mandates, the greater the divorce between the actual danger and perceived danger of a terrorist attack.

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