2010年11月14日日曜日

米国 スーダンのテロ支援国家指定解除へ

米国はスーダンのテロ支援国家指定を解除しそうだ。
 米政府高官は、スーダン南部の分離・独立を問う住民投票が来年1月に
予定通り実施され、投票結果が尊重された場合、来年7月以降にテロ支援
国家の指定を解除する考えを示した。

西ダルフールでの紛争は継続しているようだが、南ダルフールの分離・
独立の住民投票が実施されれば、米国は民主主義国家とみなすようだ。

中国政府が資金や武器を支援したスーダン政府はアラブ系民兵と共に
非アラブ系住民を民族浄化として虐殺した。ムスリムと非ムスリム
(キリスト系?)の戦いがここでも存在している。
国連軍を派遣しないのは、拒否権を持つ中国が原因と言われる。

非ムスリム系の南ダルフールは農民が多く、牧羊のムスリム系との間で
水と土地の争いが頻発。そのため、分離・独立を目指すようだ。
分離・独立しても、部族間の家畜や農作物等の強奪は減らないかも
しれない。

胡錦濤来日 チベット人権より常任理事国が大切


---テロ支援国家指定解除も 米、スーダン住民投票促す---
2010.11.8 18:33
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/101108/amr1011081836005-n1.htm

 米政府高官は7日、スーダン南部の分離・独立を問う住民投票が来年1月に予定通り実施され、投票結果が尊重された場合、来年7月以降にテロ支援国家の指定を解除する考えを示した。ロイター通信が報じた。
 住民投票が計画に沿って行われるよう促す狙い。投票では、独立賛成が過半数となるのが確実な情勢だが、北部政府などによる準備の遅延から予定通りの実施が危ぶまれている。
 既に米上院外交委員会のケリー委員長(民主党)がスーダン政府にこの意向を伝達したという。(共同)


---U.S. makes conditional offer for improved relations with Sudan---
By the CNN Wire Staff
November 9, 2010 -- Updated 0211 GMT (1011 HKT)
http://edition.cnn.com/2010/US/11/08/sudan.kerry/

Washington (CNN) -- The Obama administration has offered to speed up Sudan's removal from its list of state sponsors of terrorism if the Khartoum government fulfills its obligations under a 2005 peace accord, senior State Department officials confirmed Monday.

Sen. John Kerry, D-Massachusetts, presented the proposal to Sudanese officials during a weekend visit, the officials told reporters on background, meaning the information cannot be attributed to them by name.

The proposal has no impact on Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir's arrest warrant by the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity, the officials said. It also is separate from U.S. sanctions against Sudan over the humanitarian crisis in the Darfur region, they said.

The U.S. proposal to the East African nation called for dropping Sudan from the terrorism sponsor's list in mid-2011 if Bashir's government recognizes the results of the upcoming secession referendum by south Sudan, the State Department officials said.

Sudan was included on the U.S. list in 1993 and has been pushing for years to be removed, the officials said. Prior to the new administration proposal, the earliest possible date for removing Sudan from the list was considered to be the end of 2011 or in 2012, they said.

The referendum, part of a 2005 peace agreement, would allow the autonomous southern region -- which holds a majority of the nation's oil -- to secede from the north. The two-decade conflict led to the deaths of 2 million people, many from starvation.

Kerry said in a statement that President Barack Obama "made clear in the proposal conveyed this weekend that if Sudan's leaders take concrete steps to implement the Comprehensive Peace Agreement, including recognizing the results of the referendum in January, he is prepared to immediately take significant steps to begin to transform the bilateral relationship."

The secession referendum is considered a possible make-or-break event for the peace accord. Observers fear all-out war between the Khartoum-controlled north and southern Sudan if the government is perceived to have undermined the voting or refuses to accept the result.

The Sudanese peace agreement also calls for a separate referendum for residents of Abyei, a border area that has oil reserves, to decide if they want to join the north or south.

According to the State Department officials, the U.S. proposal is intended to encourage Sudan to fulfill its obligations under the peace agreement and therefore has no direct connection to the Darfur sanctions.

"By doing this, we would also be decoupling the state sponsor of terrorism from Darfur and from the Darfur issue," one of the officials said. "But by doing this, we would in no way undermine the importance that we attach to having a resolution of the humanitarian and political problems that have plagued Darfur for the last decade."

Kerry also said the Darfur situation was part of the overall formula for improved relations with Washington.

"I made clear in every meeting that many steps on the road to improved relations could only be taken with real progress in achieving lasting peace and security in Darfur," Kerry's statement said. "The United States stands ready to help, but the choices necessary to move forward ultimately lie with the Sudanese leaders."

Darfur, in western Sudan, has been beset by conflict since 2003 after rebels began an uprising against the Sudanese government.

To counter the rebels, Arab militias with ties to the Sudanese government went from village to village in Darfur, killing, torturing and raping residents there, according to the United Nations, Western governments and human rights organizations. The militias targeted civilian members of tribes from which the rebels drew strength.

The United Nations estimates that 300,000 people have been killed in the conflict in Darfur, and 2.5 million have fled their homes. Sudan denies the death toll is that high.

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