2010年12月25日土曜日

米パの暴露報復

情報機関の身元を暴露する報復があった。
 CIAイスラマバード支局長の氏名が公表され、身の危険が迫ったため
米国に帰国した問題で、米政府はパキスタン情報機関、3軍統合情報部
(ISI)が暴露に関与したと見ていると報じた。

米政府
・NYC民事訴訟
 インド・ムンバイ同時テロにISIパシャ長官が関与と示唆。

パキスタン政府
・告発
 パキスタン人男性が米UAVで家族を失ったとしてCIA長官と
 CIAイスラマバード支局長の氏名を公表。

ISI
・情報流出を否定。
・CIAイスラマバード支局長は外国政府、地元記者等に知られている。

NYCで、ムンバイ同時テロに関与したISI関係者を民事訴訟。
パキスタンで、UAVによるKhyber族地域爆撃で、民兵54人が死亡。
死亡者の親族が米CIA関係者を刑事告発。

NYCは、民事だが、パキスタンは刑事と意味合いがかなり異なるが、
米パの情報機関が絡んだ報復裁判となりそうだ。
一般的に1審は判決を出すこともあるが、2審は国外の人を起訴しても却下
されることが多い。NYCの裁判の様子を見ながら、パキスタンの裁判は
進むのだろうか。

パキスタン国民も米国政府に好意を持っている人は少ないようだ。

ムンバイ同時テロ犯 死刑判決
パキスタン ムンバイ同時テロ関与者無罪
CIA テロリスト狩り
ALCU 殺害者リスト作成は法律違反


---名前暴露され…CIAのパキスタン工作員退去---
2010年12月18日18時18分 読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20101218-OYT1T00531.htm

 【カブール=横堀裕也】パキスタンに潜伏していた米中央情報局(CIA)の現地工作員のトップが身元を暴露されて危険にさらされたため、CIAが国外退去させていたことが分かった。
 AP通信が18日報じた。
 同通信によると、パキスタン人男性が先月、米国の無人機攻撃で家族を失ったとしてCIA長官と共に工作員を告発すると発表、名前を公表した。工作員に対する糾弾デモや脅迫が相次いだため、CIAは帰国させることを決めたという。
 米紙ワシントン・ポストによると、米政府内ではパキスタン軍統合情報部(ISI)が名前を暴露したとの見方が強まっている。CIAは米主導の対テロ掃討作戦のため、ISIと共に活動している。


---情報機関が身元暴露か 米、ISIの関与指摘---
2010.12.18 18:04
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/asia/101218/asi1012181804003-n1.htm

 米中央情報局(CIA)イスラマバード支局長の氏名が公表され、身の危険が迫ったため米国に帰国した問題で、18日付の米紙ワシントン・ポストは、米政府はパキスタン情報機関、3軍統合情報部(ISI)が暴露に関与したと見ていると報じた。両国関係が悪化する恐れがある。
 同紙によると米政府当局者は、2008年のインド・ムンバイ同時テロにISIのパシャ長官が関与したとする民事訴訟がニューヨークで起こされたことへの報復との見方を示した。(共同)


---CIA駐在トップが退去 パキスタン、脅迫受け---
2010.12.18 01:51
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/asia/101218/asi1012180152001-n1.htm

 公になっていないパキスタン駐在の米中央情報局(CIA)トップの身元がパキスタンで起こされた裁判をめぐって明らかにされ、命を狙うとの脅迫を受けたため、CIAはこの職員をパキスタンから退去させた。AP通信が17日、米当局者の情報として伝えた。
 APによると、退去となった職員はCIAのパネッタ長官らとともに、米国の無人機爆撃で民間人の犠牲者を出したとして訴えられた。原告側の弁護士は地元記者を通じて職員の名前を知ったとしている。
 地元メディアは裁判報道で職員の名前を伝え、脅迫が寄せられた。身の安全に深刻な懸念があり、CIAは帰国させることを決めたという。
 イスラマバード駐在のCIAのトップは米国のテロとの戦いの司令官として活動。パキスタンの情報機関と協力し情報収集を行っているとされる。(共同)


---Top CIA spy in Pakistan pulled amid threats after public accusation over attack---
By Greg Miller and Karin Brulliard
Washington Post Staff Writers
Saturday, December 18, 2010; 6:44 AM
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/12/17/AR2010121703105.html

U.S. officials said Friday they are increasingly convinced that Pakistan's intelligence service deliberately exposed the identity of the CIA's top spy in Pakistan, triggering death threats and forcing the agency to pull him from his post.

The allegation marks a new low in the relationship between the CIA and its Pakistani counterpart at a time when both intelligence services are under pressure to root out militant groups and the CIA is waging a vastly accelerated campaign of drone strikes.

The CIA officer was rushed out of the agency's massive station in Islamabad on the same day that President Obama issued a new warning to Pakistan's leaders that "terrorist safe havens within their borders must be dealt with."

Obama's speech was followed Friday with fresh evidence that the United States will continue pounding militant groups when Pakistan can't or won't. Three CIA drone attacks reportedly killed as many as 54 suspected militants in the Khyber tribal area near the Afghan border, an unusually large casualty count.

The CIA station chief was first identified in news reports in Pakistan last month when he was named by a Pakistani attorney representing a North Waziristan resident who said two relatives and a friend were killed in drone strikes. The resident threatened to file a lawsuit against the agency and this week asked Pakistani police to file a criminal complaint against the station chief and prevent him from leaving the country.

It was unclear whether the threat of potential arrest contributed to the agency's decision to remove the officer from Islamabad.

A U.S. intelligence official said the officer became the target of death threats after his cover was blown. The station chief, the official said, was recalled to CIA headquarters because "terrorist threats against him in Pakistan were of such a serious nature that it would be imprudent not to act."

There has been speculation for weeks in the Pakistani and Indian news media that Pakistan's spy service, known as the Inter-Services Intelligence directorate, had played a role in encouraging the North Waziristan resident to bring suit and had provided the station chief's name.

U.S. officials said Friday for the first time that they were increasingly persuaded that was the case. The ISI, as the Pakistani service is known, may have done so in retaliation for a civil lawsuit filed in New York last month accusing ISI chief Ahmed Shuja Pasha of being involved in the November 2008 terrorist attacks in Mumbai, U.S. officials suggested. The officials spoke on the condition of anonymity.

An ISI official denied Saturday that the Pakistani service had leaked the station chief's name. "We take very strong exception to this story that has come out, and we deny it," the official said. "It is totally unsubstantiated, and it is likely to cause further rifts between the two organizations."

The ISI official said the identity of the station chief was known to many people in Islamabad, including foreign and local journalists and other people outside government. "If there is an official complaint that the CIA has, then they should use official channels rather than leaking it to newspapers," the official said.

The CIA requested that the recalled station chief, who is still undercover despite being named in multiple overseas media reports, not be identified. The officer, 43, was described by current and former colleagues as a case officer who had previously served in Stockholm and Baghdad and was regarded as a rising talent in the agency's clandestine service.
"He's a young, aggressive, up-and-coming officer with a lot of Middle East experience," said a former CIA officer. Agency veterans said the exposure of the officer's identity will severely limit, if not eliminate, his ability to again operate overseas.

The officer had served a year in the Islamabad station, which is one of the largest in the CIA's constellation of overseas posts. As station chief, he would have had a principal role in selecting and approving targets for Predator drone strikes, officials said.

Ordinarily, station chiefs in Islamabad rarely stray beyond the sprawling American diplomatic compound, living and working in a warren of apartments and offices set deep inside the embassy complex's walls.

CIA veterans who have worked in the station said the station chief is often known among senior embassy staff but that there would be significant risk to leaving the officer in place if his name became more widely known.

"There's kind of a guessing game that's played, but when this happens there is no more game," said the former CIA official, citing the risk of an attack by an insider with ties to a militant group. "There's hundreds of Pakistanis who work on that compound," the former official said.

In recent interviews in Washington and Islamabad, senior CIA and ISI officials have praised the relationship between the agencies while acknowledging frictions and lingering mistrust. U.S. officials have repeatedly accused the ISI of supporting certain militant groups as proxy forces capable of protecting Pakistan's interests in Afghanistan. Pakistani officials frequently criticize the U.S. military and intelligence services for their mishandling of the Afghan war.

The CIA has launched more than 107 drone strikes in Pakistan this year, more than double the number from 2009. The strikes are tacitly approved by Pakistan but are deeply unpopular among Pakistani citizens, many of whom believe that the strikes kill civilians.

Mirza Shahzad Akbar, the attorney for the man whose relatives were allegedly killed in a drone strike, said Friday that 12 other North Waziristan families have agreed to participate in what amounts to a class-action lawsuit.

Akbar said that as he was preparing the case, he decided to ask journalists in Islamabad for the name of the station chief. Two Pakistani print reporters gave him the same name, he said, so he "assumed that was his name and . . . decided to go on with it."

Akbar said he thought the station chief was removed because of U.S. worries about the potential success of the lawsuit, not because of threats.

"I thought he would be pulled out, but I didn't think he would be pulled out this fast," he said.

The combination of virulent anti-Americanism among the public and a muscular Islamist insurgency has made Pakistan one of the most hostile working environments for U.S. government officials.

The U.S. Embassy in Islamabad - often derided in the Pakistani media as a "fortress" - is ensconced along with other embassies inside a highly secured enclave. Although U.S. diplomats live in private homes, many travel in armored vehicles.

Because of U.S. security concerns and Pakistani government rules, American diplomats and aid workers face strict restrictions on where they can travel outside Islamabad. Many are unable to see in person the projects they work on during their postings.

The threats have been particularly acute for U.S. officials working in the volatile northwest. In April, insurgents attacked the U.S. Consulate in the city of Peshawar with car bombs, rifles and grenades, killing eight people, none of them Americans.

An American aid worker, Stephen D. Vance, was fatally shot while driving to work in Peshawar in November 2008, three months after the U.S. consul general there escaped a similar attempt on her life.

Despite those incidents, U.S. officials say they are striving to make their work more visible, in an effort to improve the way the Pakistani public views the United States.

"One thing that we ought to do at this embassy is try as hard as we can . . . to have closer ties to people, make sure that the symbolism at the embassy is not one of a fortress, and to keep going out," a senior U.S. official recently told foreign journalists in Islamabad. "It's also a gesture to Pakistani people that we're not scared of them."

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