2011年1月7日金曜日

米海軍 スキャンダル

米海軍のスキャンダルで艦長が解任された。
 米海軍艦隊総軍司令部は、原子力空母エンタープライズのオーエン・
オナーズ艦長(海軍大佐)を、艦長職から解任すると発表した。オナーズ
大佐は同空母の副長だった2006~07年に、同性愛者を中傷する内容を
含んだビデオを制作し、艦内で放映していたと暴露され、海軍が事実
関係を調査していた。

米国では、人種差別を犯罪として扱っている。
肌の色、地域等の先天性の問題で、差別は確かに良くないと思うが、
後天性による性的嗜好については、差別は悪いとは思えない。
性的嗜好からみれば、同性愛もchild pornoも純粋に欲望を満足
しており、両方とも差別の対象となるべきと思う。

米軍勤務制限法が加州連邦地裁が現行法を「違憲」と判決していると
言うが、米医療保険制度改革も憲法違反と判決がでている。
政治屋のために、矛盾が増える米国憲法。

現役兵士の7割が「撤廃に問題はない」と回答しているが、ストレートが
3割弱しかいない。TV番組も同性愛者の出演が多い。
兵士の多くは同性愛者か同性愛者容認者で、米国国民も同率なのだろうか。
兵士不足が大きな問題で、外人部隊、人材派遣と対処したが、次は、
同性愛者となったようだ。

米軍 外人部隊2万人
民間軍事会社 行動規制
米医療保険改革に違憲判断


Navy Officer to Be Relieved of Command The Associated Press


USS Enterprise Video Scandal: Navy Commander Mastermind Behind Raunchy Videos


---米空母艦長を解任 同性愛者中傷の不適切ビデオ放映---
2011年1月5日10時21分
http://www.asahi.com/international/update/0105/TKY201101050078.html

 【ワシントン=望月洋嗣】米海軍艦隊総軍司令部は4日、原子力空母エンタープライズのオーエン・オナーズ艦長(海軍大佐)を、艦長職から解任すると発表した。オナーズ大佐は同空母の副長だった2006~07年に、同性愛者を中傷する内容を含んだビデオを制作し、艦内で放映していたと暴露され、海軍が事実関係を調査していた。
 同司令部のハーベイ司令官は「ビデオを見た結果、オナーズ大佐の指導力への信頼を失った。判断力の欠如と不適切な行動の責任を取る必要がある」とコメントした。オナーズ大佐は昨年5月に就任したばかりだった。
 問題は、空母の母港がある米バージニア州ノーフォークの地元紙バージニアン・パイロットのスクープで発覚。その後、米主要メディアも大きく取りあげ、全米で話題になった。


---米原子力空母艦長を解任 下品なビデオ放送---
2011年1月5日 09時27分
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2011010501000120.html

 【ワシントン共同】米原子力空母エンタープライズの艦長が過去に下品な内容のビデオを艦内で作り、放送していた問題で米海軍は4日、艦長のオーウェン・オナーズ大佐(49)を解任した。CNNテレビによると、空母艦長の不祥事での更迭は異例。米海軍はビデオが不適切だったとして制作経緯などを調査している。
 ビデオは、大佐が同空母ナンバー2の副長だった2006~07年、約6千人の乗組員の娯楽用に制作。数十本あるとされ、一部には大佐自身による男性の自慰行為のようなしぐさや、男性の同性愛者を侮辱する発言などが収められていた。
 大佐は、米映画「トップガン」で知られる戦闘機兵器学校出身でF14戦闘機の元パイロット。海軍には残るが、内部調査の結果次第で除隊処分の可能性もある。


---下品すぎる! ビデオ制作の米原子力空母艦長を異例の解任---
2011.1.5 09:05
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/america/110105/amr1101050906001-n1.htm

 【ワシントン=犬塚陽介】米海軍は4日、原子力空母エンタープライズの艦内で2006~07年にかけ、乗組員がみだらな行為を演じたり、同性愛者を中傷したりする場面を収めたビデオ映像を制作、上映したとして、艦長のオーウェン・オナーズ大佐(49)を解任した。
 米メディアによると、オナーズ大佐はF14戦闘機の元パイロットで、米映画「トップガン」で知られる海軍戦闘機兵器学校の出身という。
 ビデオ映像はオナーズ大佐がエンタープライズの副長だった時期に複数回にわたって制作され、約5800人の乗組員の娯楽用として艦内で放送されていた。大佐自身が下品な冗談を発し、自慰行為のまねをしたり、男性や女性同士がシャワーで体を洗いあう様子を演じた乗組員の映像などがあった。
 海軍はオナーズ大佐の行為には「適切な判断力とプロ意識が欠如している」と艦長解任の理由を説明しており、他の幹部の関与についても調査を続けているという。オナーズ大佐は昨年5月に艦長に就任していた。
 米軍の同性愛問題をめぐってはオバマ大統領が昨年12月22日、08年の大統領選から公約していた同性愛者が軍務に就くことを禁じた規定を撤廃する法案に署名し、成立した。


---Videos cost Honors his command of carrier Enterprise---
By Corinne Reilly
The Virginian-Pilot
January 5, 2011
NORFOLK
http://hamptonroads.com/2011/01/videos-cost-honors-his-command-carrier-enterprise

The Navy has relieved Capt. Owen Honors as commanding officer of the aircraft carrier Enterprise for showing "exceptionally poor judgment" when he produced a series of raunchy videos and broadcast them for his crew in 2006 and 2007.

Speaking to reporters Tuesday afternoon, Adm. John C. Harvey Jr., the four-star head of the Navy's Fleet Forces Command, said Honors has been reassigned to an administrative job.

"After personally reviewing the videos Capt. Honors created while serving as executive officer, I have lost confidence in his ability to lead effectively," Harvey said. "He is being held accountable for the poor judgment and inappropriate actions repeatedly demonstrated in those videos."

Harvey said Capt. Dee Mewbourne, former commanding officer of the carrier Eisenhower, has taken permanent command of the Norfolk-based Enterprise. Mewbourne had been at Navy Cyber Forces.

Harvey acknowledged that this is a difficult time for the Enterprise's crew and their families. The carrier is due to deploy in support of the war in Afghanistan in roughly two weeks.

Harvey said he has "full confidence" in the ship's readiness under Mewbourne.

The investigation into the videos isn't over, Harvey added. The Navy will continue to look at all aspects of their production, he said, "to include the actions of other senior officers who knew of the videos and what they did or did not do in response."

Harvey said that Honors' performance since he took command of the Enterprise in May has been without incident. Nonetheless, Harvey said, the content of the videos "calls into question his character and undermines his credibility."

It has not yet been decided whether Honors, 49, will face additional consequences for making the movies, such as a reduction in rank, said Chris Sims, a Fleet Forces spokesman.

Sims said that no one else has been punished so far.

The videos were first made public by The Virginian-Pilot over the weekend. Since then, they've been broadcast by media outlets across the globe. They include sexual jokes, subordinates parading in drag, anti-gay slurs, and sailors pretending to masturbate, shower together and perform rectal exams.

Honors produced them during his tenure as the ship's executive officer, or XO. They were part of what he called "XO Movie Night," and they were meant to entertain the crew.

Sailors who were on board the ship at the time told the newspaper last week that the videos were Honors' idea. He starred in them, wrote the scripts and recruited subordinates to work on them, primarily while the Enterprise was deployed.

The videos were shown roughly once a week across the ship on closed-circuit television.

It's unclear why the videos recently resurfaced, although sailors who spoke to the newspaper said they remain accessible on shipboard computers. One sailor said he mailed a complaint about the videos to the Navy Inspector General last week. Others said crew members who raised concerns aboard the ship in 2006 and 2007 were brushed off.

The Pilot obtained the videos Thursday.

The Navy first called them "humorous skits," then called them "clearly unacceptable" and said there would be an investigation.

Honors is a native of Syracuse, N.Y., and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1983. He went on to fly the F-14 Tomcat and work as a test pilot before serving as XO on the Enterprise from July 2005 to September 2007.

He spent 2008 and 2009 as commander of a warship based in Italy before becoming the Enterprise's top officer last year.

While some have criticized him since the videos became public, others - especially retired and active-duty sailors - have rallied in his support.

Honors has not spoken to reporters. Neither has the Enterprise's then-commanding officer, Larry Rice, now a rear admiral at the Norfolk-based U.S. Joint Forces Command.

Rear Adm. Raymond Spicer and Vice Adm. Daniel Holloway, who commanded the Enterprise carrier strike group during Honors' time as XO, also have not spoken publicly about the matter.

The Navy has said that Honors' bosses knew about the videos. They told him in early 2007 to stop making them, the Navy has said.

It appears he continued to make them through at least July of that year.

The Navy has not said whether Honors was reprimanded at the time.


---Navy removes captain over anti-gay videos---
By David S. Cloud and Brian Bennett, Washington Bureau
January 5, 2011
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-navy-captain-20110105,0,984299.story

Capt. Owen Honors is relieved of command for 'lack of good judgment and professionalism.' The incident highlights the military's cultural struggle as it faces repeal of 'don't ask, don't tell.'

Reporting from Washington -

The Navy's decision Tuesday to relieve an aircraft carrier captain of his command over videos containing anti-gay slurs highlights the difficulty the military faces in adapting its culture now that homosexuals will be allowed to serve openly.

The videos produced by Capt. Owen Honors were broadcast aboard the Norfolk, Va.-based aircraft carrier Enterprise four years ago, when Honors was serving as the vessel's second in command. The crude, mocking references to gays reflect an insensitivity that remains prevalent in parts of the military, according to current and former service members.

"Most U.S. military units, especially those in combat, are kind of hyper-macho," said a former Army infantry officer who has served in Iraq and Afghanistan. "In that environment, it's not uncommon to hear homophobic slurs that would be unacceptable in larger societal discourse."

Adm. John Harvey, head of the Navy's Fleet Forces Command, made no reference to the slurs in the videos when he announced the decision to remove Honors from his command.

"His profound lack of good judgment and professionalism while previously serving as executive officer on the Enterprise calls into question his character and completely undermines his credibility to continue to serve effectively in command," Harvey told reporters.

Harvey said in a statement that the Navy was investigating "the actions of other senior officers who knew of the videos and the actions they took in response."

Pentagon officials admit that overcoming anti-gay attitudes - or at least punishing them when they surface - has become more urgent since Congress last month repealed the 17-year-old law that bars homosexuals from serving openly.

Repeal of the law does not take effect until Pentagon officials certify that it will not harm military readiness, a delay meant in part to give the services time to conduct diversity training and take other steps to ease the integration of gays and lesbians.

Pentagon officials say they cannot predict how long it will be before the repeal will take effect, though they say it is one of Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates' top priorities

But creating a comfortable environment for gays and lesbians throughout the military may take time after years in which anti-homosexual attitudes have been tolerated, at least, in some units, current and former officials say.

The videos show sailors parading in drag, using gay slurs and simulating masturbation and a rectal exam. In one scene, two female sailors stand in a shower stall aboard an aircraft carrier, pretending to wash each other.

The videos reflect a "coarse atmosphere" that sometimes exists in the military, said Peter Feaver, a former National Security Council aide under President George W. Bush. These are the "cultural points of friction" that the military will have to contend with as the ban is lifted, he added.

Some officers said that the comments and attitudes in the videos had long been unacceptable, especially among senior officers, and did not accurately reflect attitudes toward homosexuals within the armed services.

"Those kinds of comments were inappropriate even before the law was repealed," said Col. Dave Lapan, a Pentagon spokesman.

Former Navy officer Pete Clarke, who served with Honors, defended him and the videos in an appearance Tuesday on NBC's "Today" show.

Clarke questioned why the Navy decided to take action against Honors now, four years after the videos were produced.

"I don't think it is fair at all," Clarke said. "I think the political correctness at the Pentagon needs to be checked on this."

It's not uncommon for the Navy to fire commanders, both for personal indiscretions and ship-handling blunders.

Last year, Capt. Holly Graf was relieved of command aboard the guided missile cruiser Cowpens for "cruelty and maltreatment" toward her crew, according to an Inspector General's report. And the commanding officer of the guided-missile destroyer Truxtun, Timothy R. Weber, was relieved for having a romantic relationship with a female officer.

The Navy took action against Honors after public disclosure of the videos over the weekend in the Virginian-Pilot newspaper in Norfolk, even though Navy officials told the publication that they had been previously aware of the content of the videos.

Alongside the macho culture of the military, some officers say, there is also an emphasis on discipline and personal discretion, which limits the numbers of incidents in which gays are mocked or subjected to worse treatment.

"The military has a masculine and macho culture," said Aaron Belkin, director of Palm Center, a UC Santa Barbara think tank on gays and the military. "But the question is not, 'Does the military have a macho culture?' It is, 'Will repeal undermine the military?' The answer to that is no."

A Defense Department survey last year of attitudes among service members and their spouses showed that, like American society as a whole, the military has become more accepting of gays and lesbians. More than 70% of those surveyed said they expected little disruption from repeal of the "don't ask, don't tell" law.

But some officers still recall the 1999 killing of Army Pfc. Barry Winchell, a gay infantryman beaten to death in his bunk at Ft. Campbell in Kentucky. Trial testimony showed that Winchell had been harassed by fellow 101st Airborne soldiers over his relationship with a transsexual dancer and former Navy hospital corpsman he met at a local club.

The incident prompted a Pentagon review to investigate the climate of feelings against gays on military bases. A 2000 Department of Defense Inspector General's survey of 72,000 troops found a "disturbing" level of gay harassment. The report found that 37% had witnessed or been targets of gay harassment and 85% said they believed anti-gay comments were tolerated at installations or aboard ships.


---米軍、同性愛者差別に幕 勤務制限撤廃の法案を議会可決---
2010年12月19日20時25分
http://www.asahi.com/international/update/1219/TKY201012190162.html

 【ワシントン=望月洋嗣】米議会上院(定数100)は18日、同性愛者の米軍勤務を制限してきた法律の撤廃案を、賛成多数で可決した。オバマ大統領の署名で撤廃が成立し、米軍での同性愛者差別に幕が下ろされる。あらゆる差別に反対する立場からこの法律の撤廃を公約していたオバマ政権は、発足から2年をかけて実現にこぎ着けた。
 米軍は同性愛者の入隊を禁じているが、クリントン政権当時の1993年に、同性愛かどうかを周囲が尋ねず、本人も公言しないことを義務づけて容認する同法が導入された。だが、同性愛者であることが発覚した時点で除隊処分になる状況は変わらず、「差別的」との批判が高まっていた。
 通称「ドント・アスク・ドント・テル(聞かない、言わない)」と呼ばれるこの法律の撤廃について、同日の上院では、民主党中心に65議員が賛成、共和党の31議員が反対に回った。
 この法律で93年以降に約1万4千人が除隊処分を受け、今も6万以上が処分をおそれている、との推計もある。オバマ大統領は同日、「愛国的な米国人が、数年間にわたる模範的な任務にもかかわらず、同性愛を理由に除隊させられることはなくなる」などとする声明を発表した。
 同性愛者の入隊をめぐっては、米海兵隊幹部らがアフガニスタンに展開する部隊の士気に影響するなどとして、現状維持を求めてきた。このため、国防総省は兵士や家族を対象とする調査を実施したところ、現役兵士の7割が「撤廃に問題はない」と回答した。また、カリフォルニア州の連邦地裁が現行法を「違憲」とする判決を出したため、オバマ政権は撤廃を急いでいた。

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