2011年2月17日木曜日

パキスタン 米外交官を裁判へ

パキスタンは、米外交官を裁判するようだ。
 パキスタン東部ラホールでパキスタン人2人を射殺したとして米国人が
逮捕された事件で、ラホールの裁判所は、この米国人の審理を開始する
こととし、それまで14日間の拘置を決めた。

米国は、ウィーン条約を尊重しろと言うが、ラホールの裁判所は、国内法
を優先する。
法治国家による民主主義体制が成り立ち、国内法は国際条約より優先度
が高い。
米国が良く行う手(?)ではあるが、現在は、米国がパキスタンの法治国家を
崩そうとしている。米国のパキスタンへの嫌がらせはもっとひどくなるの
だろう。

パキスタン 米外交官逮捕


---Davis immunity issue People’s Party, Presidency not on the same page---
By Imtiaz Ali
Tuesday, February 15, 2011
http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=4007&Cat=13&dt=2/15/2011

KARACHI: Raymond Davis, involved in the killing of two Pakistanis in Lahore, enjoys diplomatic immunity and the relevant law has to be respected, Secretary Information, PPP, Fauzia Wahab, MNA, said on Monday.

Talking to reporters at the Karachi Press Club, the PPP central leader said the Raymond Davis case was a sensitive issue and an unusual event. She said that those who were projecting the case had forgotten the diplomatic norms and that Pakistan was a signatory to the Vienna Convention. She said that these elements had also forgotten the Pakistani laws.

Reading from the diplomatic act of Pakistan promulgated in 1972, Fauzia said the diplomatic staff enjoyed immunity from arrest. She pointed out that article 29 of the Act clearly stated that diplomats shall not be liable to arrest. Fauzia said Article 37 of the same Act also extended the same immunity and privileges to the technical staff. “We should follow our own law if not the Vienna Convention,” she said, adding that official visa was granted to Davis and wondered as to why there was so much discussion on it.

The PPP leader claimed that the United States was the biggest market of Pakistani goods through which Pakistan earned four billion dollars annually. The lady legislator said around one million Pakistanis were living in the USA and 80pc of remittances came from there. She estimated that Pakistanis living in the USA had sent around six billion dollars as remittances this year. “We have to follow the international obligations,” she said, fearing possible impact of the Davis case on the Pak-US relations.

To a question as to whether the government would pursue the Davis case in court, Fauzia said as long as law was there, the judiciary would review on its own and take its course. Talking about former foreign minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi’s statement that Davis was not a diplomat, Fauzia said Qureshi had violated the party discipline. Qureshi has committed an act of indiscipline, she said

Ms Wahab admitted that Qureshi was a part of the PPP’s talks with former military ruler Gen Pervez Musharraf and added that it was also a fact that such talks had failed. Ms Wahab said individuals do not matter as the policy holds significance. She said with the change of foreign minister, Pakistan’s foreign policy would not be changed. She said it would not take much time to appoint a new foreign minister.

To a question about the status of MNA from Lyari Nabil Gabol in the party and as to why he was not invited to the meeting on the Lyari affairs at the CM House on Monday, Fauzia Wahab said Gabol was a party worker and an MNA and that’s all. It is the prerogative of the party to invite or not to invite any person, the PPP information secretary said, adding that individuals do not matter in the party.

Separately, Sindh’s senior minister and PPP Sindh general secretary, Pir Mazhar-ul-Haq, speaking at a press conference at the party’s provincial head Asim Yasin adds from Islamabad: PPP Information Secretary Fauzia Wahab said that she never mentioned the name of Raymond Davis in her press talk at the Karachi Press Club, but had only read out the international laws and relevant Pakistani laws on the issue of diplomatic immunity.

“What I said was only my personal view and it did not represent the views of the party and government,” said Fauzia Wahab while talking to The News on Monday. She said she did not hold any press conference as she went to facilitate the elected body of the Karachi Press Club and journalists were also present there and in reply to a question, she had explained the international laws that were signed by Pakistan too. “I never mentioned the name of Raymond Davis in the press conference but only mentioned the clauses relating to diplomatic immunity,” she said

She was of the view that she had only mentioned the clauses relating to the Vienna Conventions of 1961 and 1963 that was also signed by Pakistan and also Pakistan’s Act of 1972 with clause of 37/2.

“I read out the relevant laws and that’s all. Any how what I said were my personal views as a citizen of Pakistan and it had nothing to do with the party and the government’s policy,” she said.

Meanwhile, the government quickly distanced itself from PPP Information Secretary Fauzia Wahab’s statement regarding diplomatic immunity for the American killer Raymond Davis, sensing a strong public backlash. “It is not the policy of the government nor of the party,” said Presidential spokesman Farhatullah Babar when asked to comment on Fauzia Wahab’s statement.

He said that Fauzia Wahab had already clarified that what she said was her personal view. “The issue is in the court of law and would be decided there,” he said. When asked about reports on disciplinary action against former foreign minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi, Farhatullah Babar said the reports were not true.

Information Minister Dr Firdous Ashiq Awan, when asked to comment on the statement, said there was no change in the government’s policy on the issue and it was the court that will decide it and the government will respect its decision. She was of the view that the issue was a sensitive one and statements in this regard should be avoided as the case was in the court.


---Pakistan's Undiplomatic Bungle---
FEBRUARY 15, 2011
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052748703786804576138080590298272.html?mod=googlenews_wsj

Everything that could go wrong has in the Davis murder case.

Two and a half weeks ago, an American consular official shot dead two Pakistanis in Lahore, the country's second-largest city. Raymond Davis has an "official" visa stamped into his U.S. diplomatic passport, making him immune from prosecution in Pakistan. Whatever anyone thinks of him or his actions, the Vienna Convention obliges Pakistan to release Mr. Davis into U.S. custody. End of story-anywhere, except Pakistan.

Pakistan's civilian government has managed to turn a straightforward, if unfortunate, incident into a domestic political firestorm. Mr. Davis shot the two Pakistani men, who were on a motorcycle, while driving alone on January 27. He told police that the armed men tried to intercept his car and he fired in self-defense. After the police arrested him, they should have contacted the foreign ministry to clarify his diplomatic status and let him go. Instead they called the Pakistani media, which pounced on the story.

Allowed to fester, the case has turned toxic. President Asif Ali Zardari, an unpopular leader, hasn't dared to step in. The foreign ministry dragged its feet in certifying Mr. Davis's status. The government fired Foreign Minister Shah Mahmood Qureshi last week but still hasn't asked for Mr. Davis's release. Mr. Zardari considers himself an American ally, but with friends like these, U.S. officials may wonder who needs the Taliban.

A court in Lahore last Friday ordered Mr. Davis held another two weeks on possible murder charges, in contravention of international law. With all the attention around the case in Pakistan now, it'll be a brave judge who frees Mr. Davis and becomes a target himself.

Vicious anti-Americanism explains the political sensitivity. So does Mr. Davis's role in the country. The U.S. embassy describes him as a "technical and administrative" staff member, without specifying his duties. Pakistani media have speculated that Mr. Davis was a spy and knew his victims, who they allege belonged to a crime syndicate.

We're told by our sources that Mr. Davis, a former Army special forces soldier, was more likely a special operations contractor and the Pakistanis on the motorcycle were his tail. The presence of armed Americans on Pakistani soil is a sore point. Pakistan is the world's leading terrorist sanctuary, home to al Qaeda's leadership as well as the Afghan Taliban.

Mr. Davis's duties are irrelevant to the principle at issue. Diplomatic immunity is sacrosanct among countries in good international standing. By behaving as Iran did in taking American hostages in 1979, Pakistan puts itself in rogue company. There's no limit to how far the U.S. should and will need to go to secure Mr. Davis's release. Washington last week cancelled a trilateral summit with Afghanistan and Pakistan later this month. President Zardari's state visit to Washington late next month is in jeopardy, as is $3.5 billion in annual aid.

A simple resolution to this needless crisis exists. Pakistan need only muster the political will and common sense to apply the law and free Mr. Davis.


---2人射殺した米国人を審理へ パキスタン、拘置決める---
2011年2月13日16時17分
http://www.asahi.com/international/update/0213/TKY201102120258.html

 パキスタン東部ラホールでパキスタン人2人を射殺したとして米国人が逮捕された事件で、ラホールの裁判所は11日、この米国人の審理を今月25日に開始することとし、それまで14日間の拘置を決めた。米側はこの米国人には外交特権があるとして即時釈放を求めており、拘束の延長に対し、外交上の圧力を強める可能性もある。
 この米国人はレイモンド・デービス容疑者(36)と報じられており、1月27日に車を運転中、銃を所持したオートバイの2人組を射殺したとされる。正当防衛を主張しているが、捜査を終えたラホール市警の幹部は11日に記者会見し、「1人を撃った後、逃げようとしたもう1人も撃ち続けた」として意図的な殺人だったと結論づけた。(クアラルンプール=五十嵐誠)

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