2013年6月16日日曜日

エジプト 宗教対立再燃

エジプトで宗教対立が再燃した。
 エジプトの首都カイロの貧困地区インババで起きたイスラム教徒による
キリスト教会襲撃事件で、同国の全権を握る軍部は、事件に関与した
約190人を拘束した。独裁体制を敷いたムバラク前大統領の退陣後、一部の
急進的なイスラム教徒が行動の自由を得た結果、同国の人口の約1割を
占めるキリスト教の一派、コプト教徒との対立が先鋭化。

教会テロ容疑者が逮捕との報道があった後、ムバラク政権崩壊で、容疑者
の情報が消えた。治安が安定化して宗教対立再燃。
キリスト教襲撃は、排他主義のサラフィー主義者が、扇動しているようだ。
ムスリム同胞団はエジプトでは勢力が強い。
イスラム教原理主義のムスリム同胞団やサラフィー主義者も派閥争いで
そのうち聖戦か。

ララ・ローガンがエジプトで暴行され米国で入院。その後、テレビに
初出演した。
25分の間、性的暴行や暴力、拉致を受けたことを初めて公表した。
扇動者の「ズボンを脱がせろ」により始まった性的暴行が、悲鳴で群集の
暴行に拍車がかかり、「ユダヤ人」で、死を意識するまでになった等を話
したようだ。しかし、暴行に、エジプト陸軍関与の話はなく、本人からは、
エジプト男性達に性的暴行を受けたと言うだけだった。

入院から、ほぼ3ヶ月過ぎたが、見た目は以前と変わっていない。
「子供のために頑張る」とのことで、仕事を治療の一種としているかも
知れない。本人は、現在も治療中とのこと。お大事に。

エジプト 軍批判で有罪


Lara Logan breaks her silence


---“ムバラク後”急進派活発化 エジプト イスラム教徒、コプト教会襲撃---
2011.5.9 23:45
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/110509/mds11050923520007-n1.htm

 エジプトの首都カイロの貧困地区インババで起きたイスラム教徒によるキリスト教会襲撃事件で、同国の全権を握る軍部は9日までに、事件に関与した約190人を拘束した。独裁体制を敷いたムバラク前大統領の退陣後、一部の急進的なイスラム教徒が行動の自由を得た結果、同国の人口の約1割を占めるキリスト教の一派、コプト教徒との対立が先鋭化。今後は軍が重い腰を上げ治安維持に強権を振るい始めるのではないかとの観測も出ている。(カイロ 大内清、写真も)
 「ひげを長く伸ばした男たちが『イスラムを守れ!』と叫んでいた」。同地区に住むイスラム教徒のマーギド・オスマンさん(40)は、事件当時の恐怖をこう振り返った。
 コプト教からイスラム教に改宗した女性が幽閉されている-。こんなデマ情報をもとに、イスラム教徒数百人がインババに押し寄せたのは7日夜。一団は教会や隣接するビルを襲撃し、女性らがいないことを知ると火を放って周辺の商店などを略奪、怒ったコプト側との衝突に発展した。衝突による死者は、双方で計12人に達した。
 インババは政府要人や観光地へのテロが相次いだ1980~90年代、当時の過激派組織「イスラム集団」の根城として知られた。だが、その後のムバラク政権による取り締まりで「過激派はインババからほぼ姿を消した」(オスマンさん)とされる。
 90年代終盤にイスラム集団などが武装闘争を放棄し穏健化する中、近年のエジプトで存在感を増しつつあるのが、イスラム教の預言者ムハンマドの時代への回帰を唱える排他的なサラフィー主義者だ。
 ムバラク前政権末期には「コプト教からイスラム教に改宗した女性を教会が拉致した」などと主張し各地で反コプトデモを繰り返した。この「改宗問題」では昨年11月、イラクの国際テロ組織アルカーイダ系武装勢力が、エジプトのイスラム教徒にコプトへの攻撃を呼びかける声明を出している。
 ムバラク前政権はこうした勢力を監視下に置き、反コプト行動の拡大を防いできた面があった。しかし、民衆デモでムバラク氏が辞任に追い込まれるとサラフィー主義者らは勢力拡大を狙って活動を活発化。3月のカイロのコプト居住区での暴動などにも関与したとみられている。
 今回の衝突を受け、軍は現場周辺に外出禁止令を発令し道路を封鎖。シャラフ内閣も8日、「宗教への攻撃に反テロ法を適用する」と、治安維持に全力を挙げる姿勢を強調した。
 ただ、いったんエスカレートしたサラフィー主義者らの反コプト感情がすぐに収束するかは不透明だ。現場近くに住むコプト教徒の男性(43)は「安全だったムバラクのころのほうがましだ…」とつぶやいた。


---エジプトで暴行受けた記者が番組出演「沈黙破ること誇り」---
2011.05.02 Mon posted at: 12:05 JST
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/30002623.html

 (CNN) エジプトの首都カイロで反政府デモの取材中に性的暴行を受けた米CBSテレビのララ・ローガン記者(40)が1日、同局の番組に出演し、「自分はここで死ぬと思っただけでなく、果てしなく続く拷問のような死に方をすると思った」と事件の恐怖を振り返った。
 ローガン記者は2月にタハリール広場でデモを取材していて被害に遭った。カメラの前に姿を見せるのは事件後初めて。広場は当時、ムバラク前大統領の退陣を受けてお祭りのような騒ぎだったが、突然、「何が起きたのかも分からないうちに胸などをつかまれ、後ろから羽交い絞めにされた」という。
 相手は何人もいたといい、取材チームから引き離されたローガン記者は殴られたり服を引き裂かれたりして25分あまりにわたって暴行された。
 しかし、連れて行かれた場所の近くにエジプト人の女性グループがいて、倒れ込んだローガン記者を1人の女性が抱き抱えて守り、ほかの女性たちもたてになってくれたという。その後、エジプトの兵士に助け出されて取材チームと再会した。
 事件後は米国で入院したが、今は回復して元気を取り戻したというローガン記者。先週、米紙ニューヨークタイムズの取材にも応じ、ジャーナリストと性的暴行の問題について沈黙を破ることを誇りに思うと話していた。
 「女性が性的暴行について公に訴えないのは、『女をそんなところに行かせるな』と言われたくないからだ。しかし多くの女性がジャーナリストとしてこうした経験をしながらも、そのせいで仕事をやめたくはないと思っているはず」とローガン記者は言う。「みんな私と同じように、ジャーナリストとしての信念を持っているから」と力を込めた。


---Women and war zones: Lessons from the rape of Lara Logan---
7 May 2011
By Danielle Berrin
Hollywood Jew
JewishJournal.com
http://www.sanfranciscosentinel.com/?p=124588

Many have wondered why a beautiful, blonde journalist with two young children would walk into a foreign mob in the middle of a revolution.

For journalism? For democracy? For the unadulterated rush?

Lara Logan, CBS News’ Chief Foreign Correspondent, would probably say she was just doing her job. Like many women, she doesn’t want to be told that she can’t or shouldn’t do something she wants to do, even if it’s dangerous, even if the consequence is a violent sexual assault.

Logan has a reputation for being drawn to danger. Like a moth to a flame, she seems most comfortable - and most commanding on camera - reporting from treacherous war zones. In a 2005 New York Times profile of her, Jacques Steinberg wrote, “If there is an aspect of Ms. Logan’s work that has long given her bosses pause, it is that she occasionally appears fearless to the point of recklessness.” That observation came just after comparisons to Dan Rather and Mike Wallace, who were not generally thought of as “reckless”, but rather, praised for their savvy and resourcefulness in conflict situations. Because she is a woman, Logan’s derring-do is deemed impetuous, maybe a little madcap.

While Logan’s dedication to her craft is admirable, and her talent indisputable, it was (and is) seen as incomparably risky for an objectively attractive Western woman to trot into a Middle Eastern war zone without Brangelina-style security (Logan had one security detail and her crew). Anyone with a sense of history knows that when societies collapse and power structures are overthrown, violence and chaos ensue. It was certainly plausible, if not exceedingly likely, that something bad could happen.

Since females are generally more prone to becoming victims of sexual violence, the Lara Logan sexual assault (the term itself even sounds deceptively benign) raises a radically discomfiting question: Is it “responsible” for women to choose to report in war zones?

Because, according to Logan’s 60 Minutes interview with Scott Pelley, this is what it can look like: “It looks like a party,” Logan recounted in a segment that aired last Sunday night. “Everybody’s very physical, so you’re being jostled and pushed, and it’s impossible not to get caught up in the moment-which was a real moment of celebration.”

Until it wasn’t.

Moments later, a mob of Egyptian men started grabbing Logan’s breasts, crotch and behind. Shouts of “She’s a Jew! She’s an Israeli!” (even though she is not) incited murderous rage, and soon the mob was ripping her shirt, shredding her pants and tearing her bra and underwear from her body.

“I didn’t even know that they were beating me with flagpoles and sticks because I couldn’t even feel that,” Logan told Pelley. “Because I think of the sexual assault; all I could feel was their hands raping me over and over and over again, from the front, from the back…they were tearing my body in every direction…tearing my muscles, tearing off chunks of my scalp…literally trying to tear my scalp off my skull.”

Listening to Logan’s wrenching account of the horrors inflicted upon her during the 25-minute abduction in Tahrir Square, and it becomes clear that this crime was not really about sex but about destruction. It was a savage assault on icons of power: femaleness, Westernness, Jewishness.

Almost immediately after news of the assault broke, much was made of Logan’s looks. As if somehow being beautiful - which she is - didn’t so much justify but explained why this would have happened to her. It may be that because Logan possesses a universal beauty, that classic Greek ideal-golden, radiant and innocent-looking, she is perceived as some kind of female icon. A crime against her is a crime against all women, a crime against the very idea of a woman.

It is well known that in traditional societies, especially religious ones, women are put away, or hidden. They are given strict dress codes that involve excessive if not complete covering. They are separated from men in places of worship. They do not have equal access to social and economic opportunities. Logan represents the antithesis of all that; she is blond, exposed, mixing in the crowd with the world as her stage. She is supposed to be less than the men who brutalized her, when really, she is more.

The same can be said of Jews and Westerners, other icons of power that stoke acute hatred among their enemies: Jews are simultaneously thought of as vermin and rulers of the world; Westerners (Americans in particular) are devoid of values and treat women like sex objects, yet, they command the most powerful countries and militaries in the world. Hate has an odd way of both inflating and diminishing its victims.

And when regimes are being toppled, or natural disasters occur, those caught in the fray often resort to their basest instincts. Absent authority or restraint, men loosed on the streets - even, ironically, to celebrate their victory over tyranny, their reclamation of societal power - will turn violent. Logan said she thought her screams would stop the mob from attacking her, but instead, “The more I screamed, it turned them into a frenzy,” she told Pelley. The Arab Spring becomes the Arab Scream.

In the book, “Half the Sky” Nicholas Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn write that the paramount moral challenge of the 21st century “is the brutality inflicted on so many women and girls around the globe: sex trafficking, acid attacks, bride burnings and mass rape.” Widespread violence against women is a fact of modern life. And Logan’s tragedy proves it doesn’t only happen to poor, uneducated women in the developing world, but that it can happen to an internationally renowned journalist - on assignment! With protection!

So should Lara Logan have had the option to go to Egypt-even with the implicit dangers? Absolutely. But another tragic lesson to come out of this is that there’s a difference between what’s right and what’s wise. If she hadn’t gone, she’d have compromised her career. But if she had died over there, would getting the story have been worth compromising her family?


---Lara Logan looks at Navy SEALs' shadowy world---
May 4, 2011
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/05/04/earlyshow/main20059633.shtml

(CBS News)

The Navy SEALs who killed Osama bin Laden are being hailed as heroes for carrying out one of the most high-stakes missions in U.S. military history.

Most of what the SEALs do is never seen publicly. But CBS News has gone into their midst. CBS News Chief Foreign Affairs Correspondent Lara Logan spent two months with U.S. Navy SEALs in southern Afghanistan in 2004, reporting for "60 Minutes."

On "The Early Show" Wednesday, Logan offered a look at her report in light of the Sunday mission that resulted in the death of bin Laden.

SEAL operations are extremely secretive, Logan reported.

She said, "It took us more than six months to negotiate access to one of their teams -- something that had never been done. For almost two months, we joined them as they hunted down some of the world's most elusive terrorists."

The SEALs were receiving final instructions from their team chief for a mission that would start in just a few hours.

One soldier said to the troops at the time, "I'm going home to see my kids, and you guys are going home to see yours."

While "60 Minutes" spent time with the SEALs, the force's plan was to go after a mid-level Taliban commander, but new intelligence had just come in that compelled them to switch targets at the last minute, a possible location for Rosie Khan, the most powerful Taliban commander in the south of the country.

Logan reported the SEALs knew Khan was the man financing and recruiting Taliban and al-Qaeda fighters and bringing them over the border from Pakistan. Logan and her team flew in with Army pilots from the National Guard, right into the heart of the Taliban insurgency.

As the SEALs approached, Logan noted, people in the village would be able to hear the pounding helicopter blades, so the SEALs prepared to take fire and braced for impact. The SEALs immediately surrounded the village to stop anyone trying to escape into the nearby mountains.

The team commander was in radio contact with his men. They'd spotted a lone man headed away from the village, but no one knew then if he was the person they were after. The Apaches dropped flares to mark the man's position.

A soldier said at the time, "We've got to get him. That's probably him. All forces, it's important that you hold your positions at this time. We're going to take him out with the Apaches."

But before the team commander could give that order, he lost contact with the Apaches, so the SEALs on the ground returned fire and killed him.

Logan asked during the mission, "What can you tell us about the man who's down?"

A soldier told "60 Minutes, "The man -- the man that's down right now appears to be the primary target."

Logan asked the soldier, "What would it mean if you really did have this guy?"

He answered, "It would be -- it would be huge."

On "The Early Show" Wednesday, co-anchor Erica Hill noted Logan wasn't embedded with the team reputed to have killed bin Laden, but Logan does have some insight now into what's it's like to be a SEAL and the nature of their missions.

Logan said the SEALs had been anticipating the bin Laden mission.

She said, "In some sense, there's rivalry: Only a couple of groups that are specifically trained to that level for a high-value target mission like this. It's the highest that you can go, and they spend most of the time, even once they're qualified, they're training over and over and over again, perfecting their techniques. They have to be able to prepare for anything that happens, and it's a very high-stakes world that they live in, and a very shadowy one. Their identities are particularly secret."

As seen in the "60 Minutes" report, the SEALs ultimately got their man, reportedly -- even after experiencing some difficulty with the Apache helicopters - not entirely unlike the reported issues the SEALs experienced in the mission to root out bin Laden.

Logan said the SEALs were ready for those kinds of issues on missions.

"That's not unexpected," she said. "Helicopters have mechanical problems or problems arise all the time, so they would have been prepared for that. It would have probably got their hearts racing a little bit more than they already were, and what's particularly dangerous about a situation like that, you don't have, you are not in the middle of a war, where there are all other kinds of assets around and people standing by ready to come to your aid."

She continued, "You're not supposed to be on the ground in Pakistan. And so they don't want the Pakistan army and military authorities know that they're there until their mission is over. Because they don't want anything to go wrong."

Logan said the mission to bin Laden's compound was "extraordinarily long" for the SEALs.

She explained, "All the operators that I've spoken to say it would have only taken about five minutes to kill Osama bin Laden and capture everybody in that compound. And they would have spent the rest of that time collecting all that evidence. It seems like they knew what they were going into and they were going to take back everything of value."

"We were always led to believe Osama bin Laden was in a cave with a notebook, at best," she concluded. "It doesn't seem like that is what (the SEALs believed. They went in prepared to collect as much evidence as possible."


---CBS reporter Lara Logan: I feared a 'torturous death' in Egypt---
By the CNN Wire Staff
May 2, 2011 -- Updated 0154 GMT (0954 HKT)
http://edition.cnn.com/2011/SHOWBIZ/TV/05/01/lara.logan.interview/

(CNN) -- CBS News correspondent Lara Logan, who suffered an especially brutal sexual assault in Egypt's Tahrir Square while covering the country's revolution, said Sunday she feared a torturous death at the hands of the mob.

"I thought not only am I going to die here, but it's going to be just a torturous death that's going to go on forever and ever and ever," she said in a "60 Minutes" interview, her first on camera since the assault.

Logan was covering the celebration that erupted in Tahrir Square following the resignation of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on February 11. She reported for about an hour without any trouble.

The atmosphere in the square was festive, like a party, she said, until all of a sudden, it wasn't. An Arabic-speaking member of Logan's crew abruptly said she needed to leave.

"I was told later that they were saying, 'Let's take her pants off,'" said Logan, 40, about men in the crowd around her.

Connie Chung shows her support for Logan Video

"Before I even know what's happening, I feel hands grabbing my breasts, grabbing my crotch, grabbing me from behind," she said. "It's not just one person ... it's one person and another person and another person."

At first, Logan said she tried to yell, but that her screams "turned them into a frenzy."

"I didn't even know that they were beating me with flagpoles and sticks and things because I couldn't even feel that ... the sexual assault was all I could feel -- was their hands raping me over and over and over again."

Logan felt men pull her hair, trying to rip away her scalp and tear at her limbs, her muscles. Her clothes were shredded.

When she lost contact with the last remaining member of her crew, Logan -- speaking through tears -- said she had no doubt at that moment she was going to die.

But Logan, who has two young children, said she never stopped struggling.

"It's about staying alive now. I have to just surrender to the sexual assault. What more can they do now?" she asked. "The only thing to fight for, left to fight for, was my life."

Egyptian film shines light on sexual harassment

The brutal attack went on for some 25 minutes, CBS reported.

At some point, she was dragged by the mob until it was stopped by a fence, near to where a group of Egyptian women was sitting.

She fell onto the lap of one woman, who put her arms around her, protecting her, Logan recalled. Other women closed rank.

Finally, some Egyptian soldiers fought their way through the crowd with batons, Logan said. One threw her over his back and took her to a tank. She was reunited with her crew and soldiers drove them back to their hotel, CBS said.

Logan later flew to the United States, where she went straight to a hospital. She is healing and said she feels strong.

Logan, who told The New York Times last week that she did not plan to give any other interviews after the "60 Minutes" segment was broadcast, said she is proud of having spoken out about her experience and breaking the silence around journalists and sexual violence.

A survey in 2008 by the Egyptian Center for Women's Rights claimed that 98% of foreign women and 83% of Egyptian women in the country had been sexually harassed.

"Women never complain about incidents of sexual violence because you don't want someone to say 'Well, women shouldn't be out there.' But I think there are a lot of women who experience these kind of things as journalists and they don't want it to stop them from doing their job because they do it for the same reasons as me," said Logan.

"They do it because they believe in being journalists."

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