米財務省 YAKUZAに経済制裁


The Brothers' Circle Members
・Vasily Alexandrovich:KHRISTOFOROV Passport Russia
・Kamchybek Asanbekovich:KOLBAYEV Passport Kyrgyzstan
・Vladislav Vladimirovich:LEONTYEV Passport Greece,Ghana,Venezuela
・Aleksandr Leonidovich:MANUYLOV Passport Russia
・Gafur Akhmedovich:RAKHIMOV Passport Uzbekistan
・Lazar Gurgenovich:SHAYBAZIAN Passport Uzbekistan
・SHINODA, Kenichi 篠田建市(TSUKASA, Shinobu 司忍):Passport Japan
・TAKAYAMA, Kiyoshi 高山清司:Passport Japan
・Aleksey Alekseyevich:ZAYTSEV Passport Russia,Ghana
         SIXTH YAMAGUCHI-GUMI) Passport Japan



振込め詐欺 偽造判決文作成
IRS UBS顧客情報で脱税者起訴

---米、山口組の資産凍結 経済制裁対象に---
2012年2月24日 10時43分


---米財務省、山口組に経済制裁 幹部ら9人の資産凍結---
2012.02.24 Fri posted at: 11:06 JST

 (CNN) 米財務省は23日、日本の暴力団「山口組」と旧ソ連圏の数カ国を拠点とする犯罪組織「ブラザーズ・サークル」に対する新たな制裁を発表し、両組織の幹部ら9人の資産凍結を米国の銀行に指示した。

---U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Japan Organized Crime Group---
FEBRUARY 23, 2012, 10:19 P.M. ET

The U.S. government entered the battle against Japanese organized crime, announcing a freeze on American-owned assets controlled by Japan's largest yakuza syndicate, Yamaguchi-gumi, and the group's top two leaders.

The sanctions imposed by U.S. Treasury Department Thursday are the latest blow to Japan's nearly 80,000-strong yakuza gangsters, who face tougher conditions at home from increasingly aggressive enforcement of laws that prevent ordinary citizens from knowingly associating or accepting business from gang members.

David Cohen, the Treasury's undersecretary for terrorism and financial intelligence told reporters in Washington, D.C., that the Yamaguchi-gumi generates billions of dollars annually in illicit proceeds from criminal endeavors such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, extortion, fraud and money laundering. He declined to elaborate, or provide an estimate on the amounts that could be frozen under Thursday's order.

An official in Japan's Foreign Ministry said that the Japanese government was "aware" of the U.S. action, but declined additional comment. Officials at Yamaguchi-gumi were not immediately available for comment.

The sanctions against the Japanese syndicate were the first under an executive order issued by U.S. President Barack Obama last July, which extended financial penalties used to disrupt suspected terror groups to organized crime as well.

In addition to targeting the Yamaguchi-gumi, the Treasury said Thursday that it would take similar action against eight members of The Brothers' Circle, a multiethnic network that includes the leaders of criminal groups in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. U.S. banks are expected to immediately freeze the assets of 10 people named in the order.

"They use our financial system, they use our commercial system to both penetrate the markets, to disrupt the markets and to make use of their illicit proceeds," Mr. Cohen said of both groups. "One of our most important roles is to protect the integrity of the U.S. and international financial systems."

In addition to identify the 35,000-member Yamaguchi-gumi, U.S. officials said they would freeze the assets of the two top officials of the group, Kenichi Shinoda and Kiyoshi Takayama.

Mr. Shinoda, who also goes by the alias Shinobu Tsukasa, is the sixth-generation leader, or godfather, of Yamaguchi-gumi. He was released from prison in April after serving a six-year sentence for owning firearms, a violation of Japanese law. Mr. Takayama, who was acting as the de facto leader while Mr. Shinoda was in prison, was arrested in 2010 on extortion charges.

Over the last few years, Japanese police and local governments have stopped the deeply entrenched practice of indulging the influence of yakuza whose crimes range from traditional activities such as protection rackets and loan sharking to white collar crimes such as stock market schemes. Late 2011, the governments of Tokyo and the southern island of Okinawa joined the rest of the country in introducing laws that target the companies that do business with gangsters.

In a rare interview with the Sankei newspaper in October, Mr. Shinoda, one target of Thursday's actions by the U.S. Treasury, said the anti-yakuza laws could ultimately threaten public safety, because organizations such as Yamaguchi-gumi provide a framework to maintain a chivalrous code to many young people.

"If Yamaguchi-gumi were to disband, public order would probably worsen," he said. "I know it may be hard to believe but I am protecting Yamaguchi-gumi in order to lose the violent groups."

In Tokyo, if a person or firm breaks the ordinance, they will be warned first. But if they persist on maintaining ties, they will be threatened with shame by having their names exposes. The public exposure of possible ties to yakuza could threaten its other business relationships. A final measure for repeat offenders is a fine and, possibly, jail.

Last year, Shinsuke Shimada, one of Japan's most successful comedians who hosted a variety of talk shows, resigned abruptly from his management company once his ties to organized crime were revealed, prompting pledges from executives across Japan's entertainment industry-long rumored to be a hotbed of yakuza influence-to crack down on any gangster ties.

The ordinances will likely send yakuza gangsters deeper underground. Since the early 1990s, the yakuza have been stepping back from maintaining a fairly open profile. Many gangsters carried business cards emboldened with their gang affiliation and were registered as members of a "boryokudan," translated literally as "a violent group."

The number of registered yakuza members is on the decline. According to figures from the Japan's National Police Agency, there were 78,600 registered "boryokudan" members in 2010, a decline of 14% since 1991. The same report said Yamaguchi-gumi's membership fell 4% from a year earlier to 34,900 members.
-Jeffrey Sparshott contributed to this article.

---Treasury Imposes Sanctions On Key Members Of The Yakuza And Brothers’ Circle Criminal Organizations---

WASHINGTON - The U.S. Department of the Treasury today designated seven key members and associates of the Brothers' Circle crime syndicate as well as the largest group within the Japanese Yakuza, the Yamaguchi-gumi, and two Yamaguchi-gumi leaders. These are the first designations by Treasury pursuant to Executive Order (E.O.) 13581, which President Obama issued in 2011 to target and disrupt significant transnational criminal organizations (TCOs).

President Obama identified the Brothers' Circle and the Yakuza as significant TCOs in the Annex to E.O. 13581 (Blocking Property of Transnational Criminal Organizations) of July 24, 2011, and charged the Treasury Department with pursuing additional sanctions against their members and supporters. Drawing on this authority, the Treasury Department today is identifying key members and associates of these transnational organized criminal networks, freezing any assets the designated persons may have within the jurisdiction of the United States and prohibiting any transactions with them by U.S. persons.

"Today's action casts a spotlight on key members of criminal organizations that have engaged in a wide range of serious crimes across the globe," said David S. Cohen, Treasury Under Secretary for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence. "We will continue to work with our international partners to target those who deal in violence, narcotics, money laundering, and the exploitation of women and children. Today's designations are just the first under our new our sanctions authority to target transnational criminal organizations and isolate them from the global financial system."

The Brothers' Circle (f.k.a. Family of Eleven; f.k.a. The Twenty) is a multi-ethnic criminal group composed of leaders and senior members of several Eurasian criminal groups largely based in countries of the former Soviet Union but operating in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. The Brothers' Circle serves as a coordinating body for several criminal networks, mediating disputes between the individual criminal networks and directing member criminal activity globally.

The individuals designated today represent criminal syndicates that operate throughout Eurasia and the Gulf, specifically within Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Russia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They include key Brothers' Circle members Vladislav Leontyev, Vasiliy Khristoforov, Kamchybek Kolbayev and Gafur Rakhimov. Lazar Shaybazyan, Aleksandr Manuylov and Aleksey Zaytsev are designated today based on their support to Vladislav Leontyev. Several of these individuals reside in Dubai, UAE.

Two key Brothers' Circle members, Vladislav Leontyev and Vasiliy Khristoforov, are targeted today for acting for or on behalf of the Brothers' Circle. Both have been involved in criminal activities, including narcotics trafficking, and were involved in a shooting between regional factions within Russian organized criminal networks over an attempt to seize control of a local precious metals enterprise. Leontyev is currently wanted by Russian authorities for illegal transactions involving precious metals and narcotics.

Kamchybek Kolbayev acts for or on behalf of the Brothers' Circle by serving as the Brothers' Circle "overseer" for its Central Asian activities, including narcotics trafficking. In June 2011, President Obama identified Kolbayev as a significant foreign narcotics trafficker under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act. Kolbayev is wanted in Kyrgyzstan for organized crimes and crimes involving the use of weapons/explosives, and organized/transnational crime.

As a key member of the Brothers' Circle, Gafur Rakhimov acts for or on behalf of the Brothers' Circle. Rakhimov is one of the leaders of Uzbek organized crime with a specialty in the organized production of drugs in the countries of Central Asia. He has operated major international drug syndicates involving the trafficking of heroin.

Aleksey Zaytsev, who acts for or on behalf of the Brothers' Circle key member Vladislav Leontyev, is involved in fraud and a variety of other such activities as fraud, including his 2008 participation in a financial pyramid scheme involving the St. Petersburg-based Business Club Rubin.

Lazar Shaybazyan and Aleksandr Manuylov also act for or on behalf of, Brothers' Circle key member Vladislav Leontyev.

The Yakuza (a.k.a. Boryokudan; a.k.a. Gokudo) was listed in the Annex to E.O. 13581 for its involvement in serious criminal activities, including weapons trafficking, prostitution, human trafficking, drug trafficking, fraud and money laundering. The Yamaguchi-gumi is the largest and most prominent of the Yakuza's crime families, and is being designated today for acting for or on behalf of the Yakuza. The Yamaguchi-gumi has a pyramid structure with a kumicho ("godfather") at the top. Today's action also imposes sanctions on Kenichi Shinoda, the Yamaguchi-gumi kumicho since August 2005, as well as the Yamaguchi-gumi's wakagashira ("deputy godfather"), Kiyoshi Takayama, both for acting for or on behalf of Yamaguchi-gumi.

As leaders of the Yamaguchi-gumi crime syndicate, both Shinoda and Takayama play key roles in directing the syndicate's policies and settling disputes with other Yakuza syndicates. The Yamaguchi-gumi is involved in criminal endeavors in Japan and abroad, including drug trafficking, human trafficking, extortion, prostitution, fraud and money laundering. The Yamaguchi-gumi is estimated to generate billions of dollars annually in illicit proceeds.

Today's action is designed to protect the integrity of the U.S. financial system, to prevent U.S. financial institutions from being used unwittingly to facilitate the unlawful activities of these groups, and to deny the named individuals and entity access to the U.S. economy.
KHRISTOFOROV, Vasily Alexandrovich (a.k.a. KHRISTOFOROV, Vasiliy; a.k.a. "VASYA"; a.k.a. "VOSKRES"), Murjan 6 Sector, Tower D01-T03.1, Apartment 401, Dubai 39409, United Arab Emirates; DOB 12 Mar 1972; POB Gorky Oblast, Russia; National ID No. 76481815 (United Arab Emirates); Passport 63-7186356 (Russia) (individual) [TCO]
KOLBAYEV, Kamchybek Asanbekovich (a.k.a. KOLBAEV, Kamchibek; a.k.a. KOLBAYEV, Kamchy; a.k.a. KOLBAYEV, Kamchi; a.k.a. KOLBAYEV, Kamchibek; a.k.a. "KAMCHI BISHKEKSKIY"; a.k.a. "KOLYA-BISHKEKSKIY"; a.k.a. "KOLYA-KYRGYZ"), Bahar 1 Sector, C09-T02 Tower, Apartment 3203, Dubai 31672, United Arab Emirates; Volokolamskoye Shosse, House 15/22, Moscow, Russia; DOB 3 Aug 1974; alt. DOB 1 Jan 1973; POB Cholpon-Ata, Kyrgyzstan; citizen Kyrgyzstan; Passport A0832532 (Kyrgyzstan) expires 17 Mar 2009 (individual) [SDNTK] [TCO]

LEONTYEV, Vladislav Vladimirovich (a.k.a. LEONTIEV, Vladislav; a.k.a. LEONTIEV, Vlantislav; a.k.a. LEONTYEV, Vyacheslav; a.k.a. LEONTYEV, Vadim; a.k.a. LEONTYEV, Vadik; a.k.a. "BELOBRYSYY"; a.k.a. "BELYY"), Al-Fattan Building, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; DOB 5 Jul 1971; POB Gorky, Russia; alt. POB Caracas, Venezuela; National ID No. 60229551 (United Arab Emirates); Passport AB4065216 (Greece); alt. Passport H2214925 (Ghana); alt. Passport C1602418 (Venezuela) (individual) [TCO]

MANUYLOV, Aleksandr Leonidovich (a.k.a. MANUILOV, Alexander; a.k.a. MANUYLOV, Alexander; a.k.a. "SASHA SAMARSKIY"); DOB 3 Mar 1962; POB Russia; Passport 3056306 (Russia) (individual) [TCO]

RAKHIMOV, Gafur Akhmedovich (a.k.a. RAKHIMOV, Gofur-Arslonbek; a.k.a. RAKHIMOV, Gafur-Arslanbek Akhmedovich), The Meadows, Villa Number 64, Sheikh Zayed Road, near Emirates Hills, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; DOB 22 Jul 1951; POB Tashkent, Uzbekistan; National ID No. 03101200302034752 (United Arab Emirates); Passport CA1804389 (Uzbekistan); alt. Passport CA1890392 (Uzbekistan) (individual) [TCO]

SHAYBAZIAN, Lazar Gurgenovich (a.k.a. SHAYBAZYAN, Lazar); DOB 1 Apr 1966; Passport CA2485930 (Uzbekistan); alt. Passport CA2179793 (Uzbekistan) (individual) [TCO]

SHINODA, Kenichi (a.k.a. TSUKASA, Shinobu); DOB 25 Jan 1942; POB Oita Kyushu, Japan (individual) [TCO]

TAKAYAMA, Kiyoshi ; DOB 5 Sep 1947; POB Tsushimasi, Aichi Prefecture, Japan (individual) [TCO]

ZAYTSEV, Aleksey Alekseyevich (a.k.a. ZAITSEV, Alexei; a.k.a. ZAYTSEV, Alexey); DOB 7 Sep 1965; POB Leningrad, Russia; National ID No. 74914883 (United Arab Emirates); Passport 63-4604880 (Russia); alt. Passport 4103417473 (Russia); alt. Passport H2029462 (Ghana) (individual) [TCO]

YAMAGUCHI-GUMI (a.k.a. ROKUDAIME YAMAGUCHI-GUMI; a.k.a. SIXTH YAMAGUCHI-GUMI), 4-3-1 Shinohara-honmachi, Nada-Ku, Kobe City, Hyogo, Japan [TCO]

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