2012年9月28日金曜日

US Marine Corps Peeing Trial

米海兵隊が死体へ排尿した裁判があった。

告訴
・2011年7月27日 アフガニスタン ヘルマンド行政区
 3人の死体へ4人米兵が排尿したビデオがネットで配信。この行為に
 対して、国防総省が統一軍事裁判法違反の容疑で、Joseph Chamblinと
 Edward Deptolaを告訴した。
・ビデオ撮影者を含む3人は、罪を認め、司法外の行政処分(?)。

告訴されたのは、二等軍曹の二名。
行政処分を受けたのは、下士官。行政処分の詳細は不明。
下士官3名の氏名も不明。
行政処分後に、依願退職し、退役後の優遇措置が全てなくなるかは不明。
不名誉除隊にならなかっただけでも良かったかもしれない。
米海兵隊は、リビアの暴動では、国民を保護するとの報道もあった。

US Marine Corps Peeing and breathing
リビア 反イスラム教動画で米大使死亡


---US Marines face courts martial over Taliban urination video---
11:42PM BST 24 Sep 2012
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/afghanistan/9564032/US-Marines-face-courts-martial-over-Taliban-urination-video.html

Two US Marines will face trial by courts martial for urinating on the bodies of dead Taliban fighters in Afghanistan and posing for photographs with them.

 The charges against Staff Sergeants Joseph Chamblin and Edward Deptola come a month after three other Marines were sanctioned administratively for their role in the July 27, 2011 incident in Afghanistan’s Helmand province.

A videotape that surfaced on the internet in January showed four US troops urinating on three bloodied corpses, and one of the men, apparently aware he was being filmed, saying: “Have a great day, buddy,” to one of the dead.

The Pentagon said that charges against the sergeants concern “violations of the Uniform Code of Military Justice for their involvement in urinating on deceased Taliban fighters and for posing for unofficial photographs with human casualties.”

They also were charged with dereliction of duty for a number of other command failures involving younger Marines.

The actions depicted in the video took place during a counter-insurgency operation in the restive Musa Qala district of Helmand province, in southwestern Afghanistan in July 2011.

 The video caused great embarrassment to the US military and prompted a Naval Criminal Investigative Service investigation, as well as condemnation and an apology from Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta.

Four Marines from a sniper unit in the 3rd Battalion, 2nd Marines based at Camp Lejeune in North Carolina were questioned over the scandal in January, when the pictures emerged.

The unit was deployed in Helmand from March to September last year.

The scandal was one in a long line to tarnish the image of the US military in the past decade, from the Abu Ghraib prison abuse images in Iraq to more recent convictions of troops who killed Afghan civilians for sport.

Panetta said at the time the video surfaced that the troops’ behaviour was “utterly deplorable,” while US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton spoke of her “total dismay” at the acts, vowing the culprits would be found and punished.

The decision to refer the sergeants for trial comes in the midst of a wave of violent anti-American protests in the Muslim world over a US-made film that ridicules the Prophet Mohammed.

The three US Marines who received administrative punishment last month over the urination incident in Afghanistan pleaded guilty.

Punishment from administrative proceedings - as opposed to courts martial - can include reduction in rank, restriction to a military base, extra duties, forfeiture of pay, a reprimand, or a combination of such measures.


---UPDATE 1-US Marines face criminal charges over Afghan urination video---
Mon Sep 24, 2012 2:56pm EDT
http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/09/24/usa-afghanistan-video-idUSL1E8KOEM320120924

(Reuters) - Two U.S. Marines are facing criminal charges for urinating on the bodies of dead Taliban fighters in Afghanistan, actions caught on a video that was widely circulated on the Internet, the Marine Corps said on Monday.

The criminal charges are the first faced by anyone over the incident. The video triggered widespread anger in Afghanistan early this year, with Afghan President Hamid Karzai calling the Marines' actions "inhuman."

Staff Sergeants Joseph W. Chamblin and Edward W. Deptola, were also charged with "posing for unofficial photographs with human casualties," the Marine Corps said.

The investigation showed that although the video was only circulated on the Internet in January, the incident actually took place on or around July 27, 2011, during a counter-insurgency operation in Afghanistan's Helmand province.

The Marine Corps said on Aug. 27 that three Marines pleaded guilty to charges over the video. But their punishment fell short of criminal prosecution.

Chamblin and Deptola, on the other hand, also face a series charges for failing to supervise junior Marines.

This includes simple things like failing to require them to wear protective equipment to more serious breaches, like failing to report the "negligent discharge" of a grenade launcher. Deptola is also charged with failing to stop the unnecessary damaging of Afghan compounds, the Marines said.

The Marines said there were other pending cases in the video investigation. They declined to elaborate on the incident in which the negligent actions took place.


---Punishments Handed Down For Marines in Urinating Video---
By LUIS MARTINEZ (@LMartinezABC)
Aug. 27, 2012
http://abcnews.go.com/Blotter/punishments-leveled-marine-urinating-video/story?id=17088559#.UGFGb67JbIA

 The first of a group of Marines who were caught on tape allegedly urinated on the corpses of several Taliban fighters have been given what's known as "non-judicial administrative punishments," the Marine Corps said today.

The Corps did not specify exactly how the three Marines had been punished, but generally non-judicial administrative punishments can include, among other things, a reprimand, reductions in rank, forfeiting pay, extra duties or being restricted to a military base.

More Marines are believed to be involved in the incident and the service said in a statement that further punishments will be announced at a future date.

A video posted on the internet in January appeared to have been taken in Afghanistan and showed four Marines urinating on the corpses of three Afghan men -- one of the Marines chuckling as they do so. In the background, a voice could be heard saying, "Have a nice day, buddy."

The video drew instant condemnation from top Pentagon officials who feared that it would lead to a backlash against American troops serving in Afghanistan.

READ: US Marine Corps Soul Searching After 'Urinating' Video

The three unidentified enlisted Marines who received the administrative punishments are all non-commissioned officers. The Marines are not being identified because the punishments are administrative.

 Lt. Gen. Richard Mills, the Deputy Commandant for Combat Development and Integration, was the general officer who determined the punishments announced today. A press release from Marine Corps Combat Development Command says, "We hold Marines to a high standard of ethical behavior. The Marine Corps takes misconduct by Marines very seriously and is committed to holding accountable those who are responsible."

Two of Marines pleaded guilty to having violated a general order for "wrongfully posing for an unofficial photograph with human casualties." One of them pleaded guilty to urinating on the corpse of a Taliban fighter and another to having recorded the video.

The third Marine, the highest ranking among the three NCO's, pleaded guilty to having "failed to report the mistreatment of human casualties by other Marines" and for having made a false statement about his knowledge of the event.

The press release announcing the punishments indicated further punishments are likely as "disciplinary actions against other Marines involved in the incident will be announced at a later date."

No additional details about the investigation into other Marines involved in the incident were not being provided "in order to preserve the integrity of the investigations, and to ensure fair and impartial legal proceedings in the future," the statement said.

The three Marines who received non-judicial punishments were all members of Third Battalion, Second Marine Regiment (3/2) or served in units that were attached to 3/2 during their deployment. The battalion is based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina.

Shortly after the video appeared online, Marine Corps Commandant Gen. James Amos initiated a criminal investigation to authenticate the video. He also commissioned a command investigation by a three star general to determine what factors may have led to the recording of the video. Both investigations were concluded in March.

Based on the information gleaned from the command investigation, Mills ordered a further inquiry was ordered into possible misconduct by members of the unit involved in the incident beyond those depicted in the video. That investigation was completed in June.

Non-judicial administrative punishments were also expected to be announced Monday in another high-profile incident in Afghanistan earlier this year that sparked deadly protests there. Six Army soldiers are expected to receive administrative punishments for the burning of Korans and other religious materials that had been taken from a prison library and designated for incineration.

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