2012年10月13日土曜日

Vatileaks Guilty

バチカン漏洩裁判の判決がでた。
 ローマ法王ベネディクト16世あての内部告発文書などが漏えいした事件
で、窃盗罪に問われた法王の元執事パオロ・ガブリエレ被告(46)の第4回
公判が、バチカン市国の裁判所であり検察側は禁錮3年を求刑し、結審した。
 裁判所は、禁錮1年6月の判決を言い渡した。

初公判から判決まで、約1週間。
・公共事業発注等の汚職
・米国大使への異動撤回を哀願した書簡
・バチカン銀行の資金洗浄疑惑
疑惑は、公表されず、18ヶ月の窃盗罪と恩赦の判決。
行政の下に司法、立法がある状態では疑惑解決は困難と思う。
結局、裁判を利用したカソリック派の疑惑を記載した書籍の広告だった
ようだ。

Vatileaks


NHK - Pope's ex-butler receives 18 months for leaks


Paolo Gabriele found guilty and sentences to 18 months


---バチカンで権力闘争?法王腹心に打撃…漏洩裁判---
2012年10月8日17時42分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20121008-OYT1T00558.htm

 【ローマ=末続哲也】ローマ法王ベネディクト16世あての内部告発などがイタリア人ジャーナリストらに漏えいした事件は、6日に窃盗罪で禁錮1年6月の実刑判決を受けた法王の元執事パオロ・ガブリエレ被告(46)が控訴しない方針を表明し、ローマ法王庁報道官も法王が恩赦を出す見通しに言及した。
 事件の早期幕引きが図られようとしている形だが、真相解明にはほど遠く、疑惑はくすぶり続けている。
 約1週間のスピード公判で、ガブリエレ被告は犯行の動機を、法王が「知るべきこと」を知らずに操られていると感じたためと証言した。だが公判では、「知るべきこと」の中身を追及されることはなかった。
 ガブリエレ被告は公判で、「共犯者はいない」とも強調した。地元メディアによると、被告は取り調べ段階で、犯行に及ぶ上で影響を受けた人々の実名を挙げていたほか、公判前には地元テレビに、バチカンには「透明性向上を望む人々」が20人ほどいると述べるなど、共犯の存在もほのめかしていた。ところが、公判ではこうした点には触れられず、法王庁が行った被告の内部調査の内容も公表されなかった。
 漏えいしていたのは、公共事業発注などの汚職一掃を試み、米国大使への異動を迫られたとされるビガーノ大司教が法王に異動の撤回を哀願した書簡や、法王庁の財政管理組織「宗教事業協会」(バチカン銀行)の資金洗浄疑惑に関する文書などだ。
 法王に次ぐ権力者のベルトーネ国務長官(首相に相当)への打撃となる内容がほとんどだ。長官は法王の腹心でもあることから、事件の背後には法王庁内の権力闘争があるとの見方は根強い。


---バチカン機密文書漏えいで判決 法王元執事に禁錮1年6月---
2012年10月7日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2012100702000100.html

 【パリ=野村悦芳】ローマ法王ベネディクト十六世(85)への手紙や法王庁の機密書類が相次いでメディアに漏れた事件で、窃盗罪に問われた法王の元執事パオロ・ガブリエレ被告(46)の判決公判が六日あり、バチカンの裁判所は禁錮一年六月を言い渡した。
 AFP通信によると、判決に先立ち、検察側が禁錮三年を求刑。ガブリエレ被告は陳述で「教会への心からの愛のためにやったことだ。自分が泥棒だとは思っていない」と主張。裁判官は、量刑について、被告のこうした心情や「法王を裏切ってしまった」と感じていることなどを考慮したと説明した。ロイター通信によると、法王庁報道官は、恐らく法王が被告に恩赦を与えることになると述べた。
 事件は、米公文書を暴露したサイト「ウィキリークス」になぞらえて、「バチリークス」と呼ばれ、法王の忠実な部下として評判だった被告が千部を超える書類などを持ち出したとされる。情報提供を受けたイタリア人ジャーナリストは著作で法王庁内の権力闘争や汚職疑惑を暴いた。
 先月末に始まった公判で、被告は単独犯であることを認める一方で、法王庁内には、他にも情報提供者が存在していると説明した。カトリックの世界を揺さぶったスキャンダル事件の全容は、まだ明らかになっていない。


---バチカン機密漏えい、スピード審理で有罪判決---
2012年10月6日20時53分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20121006-OYT1T00853.htm

 【ローマ=末続哲也】ローマ法王ベネディクト16世あての内部告発文書などが漏えいした事件で、窃盗罪に問われた法王の元執事パオロ・ガブリエレ被告(46)の第4回公判が6日、バチカン市国の裁判所であり検察側は禁錮3年を求刑し、結審した。
 裁判所は同日、禁錮1年6月の判決を言い渡した。
 ガブリエレ被告は公判で「法王は(情報面で)操られている」と考え、機密文書をコピーしてリークしたと認めたが罪に当たらないと訴えた。事件の背景にはバチカン内の権力闘争があるとの見方が強いが、被告は共犯者の存在を否定。初公判から判決まで約1週間のスピード審理で、真相解明が不十分との指摘が出ている。


---Vatican court finds papal butler guilty; sentences him to 18 months---
By Cindy Wooden
Posted: 10/10/2012
http://www.thebostonpilot.com/article.asp?ID=15199

VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- A three-judge panel of Vatican jurists found Paolo Gabriele, the papal butler, guilty of aggravated theft and sentenced him to 18 months in jail for his role in leaking private papal correspondence and other confidential documents.

The verdict was read Oct. 6 by Giuseppe Dalla Torre, president of the three-judge panel, just two hours after the fourth and final session of the trial.

Dalla Torre began reading the sentence with the formula, "In the name of His Holiness Benedict XVI, gloriously reigning, the tribunal, having invoked the Most Holy Trinity, pronounced the following sentence. ..."

He then said the judges had found Gabriele guilty and sentenced him to three years in jail, but reduced the sentence for four reasons: Gabriele had never been convicted of a crime before; the value of his previous service to the Vatican; the fact that he was convinced, "although erroneously," of having acted for the good of the church; and his declaration that he was aware of "betraying the Holy Father's trust."

The reading of the verdict and sentence took less than five minutes. Gabriele showed no emotion as the verdict was read, and afterward Vatican police led him to a side room while others exited the courtroom.

His lawyer, Cristiana Arru, said they would take him back to his Vatican apartment under house arrest. The defense has three days to inform the court if it intends to appeal.

"It's a good sentence, a balanced sentence," she told reporters. She said she and Gabriele had made no decision about the appeal.

Jesuit Father Federico Lombardi, Vatican spokesman, told reporters Pope Benedict was informed of the results of the trial immediately and was studying the matter. Father Lombardi said he believed it was likely the pope would pardon Gabriele, although he had no idea when that would occur.

Before the verdict was issued, the court heard the closing arguments of Arru and Nicola Picardi, the Vatican City prosecutor. Gabriele, a 46-year-old father of three, was given the opportunity to have the last word.

Gabriele told the court, "What I feel strongly is the conviction of having acted out of an exclusive -- I'd say, visceral -- love for the church of Christ and for its visible head."

"If I have to say it again, I'd say I do not feel like a thief," he told the court.

Picardi asked the judges to find Gabriele guilty and to sentence him to three years in prison; he said that while aggravated theft carries a maximum penalty of four years, there were "generic extenuating circumstances" that led him to seek a year less. However, he also asked the court to rule that Gabriele never again could hold a job in the Vatican that would bring him into contact with sensitive information or power.

In its sentence, the court did not order a restriction of Vatican jobs Gabriele could hold in the future; it did, however, order him to pay court costs.

In his closing arguments, Picardi reminded the court that during the interrogations before the indictment and trial, Gabriele had said he passed on only photocopies and never removed original documents, but the testimony of Msgr. Georg Ganswein, the pope's personal secretary, and six police officers proved he had, in fact, taken originals.

The prosecutor also told the court that Gabriele was fascinated by secret service operations and thought the Holy Spirit sent him as an agent to help the pope. Picardi also said Gabriele believed "the pope was not sufficiently informed" about Vatican scandals and careerism, and he told investigators he hoped to help bring those problems to light.

Picardi said that while it is difficult to believe that one person collected all the stolen documents alone, Gabriele claimed he acted on his own, and the investigation found no proof of other accomplices -- other than, perhaps, the Vatican computer expert, who is facing charges of aiding and abetting Gabriele.

Gabriele's lawyer, Arru, told the court that while what Gabriele did was "illicit," he was not guilty of theft since all he did was photocopy documents and not steal them. She said she believed the police who testified to finding originals were wrong; they simply didn't recognize the fact that color photocopies could look like originals.

In addition, she said, Gabriele reaped no benefit from photocopying the documents.

Arru urged the judges to consider Gabriele's motives for acting and to impose only a minimal sentence. "He felt forced (to act) by the evil he saw" around him at the Vatican, Arru said.

The defense lawyer said she hoped one day Gabriele would be "rewarded" for his desire to help the church and the pope.

Arru also told the court that any sentence should be reduced given the fact that Gabriele will be damaged for life by the publication of the court's August indictment, which included quotations from a psychiatrist and psychologist describing her client as simple, suggestible and as having an exaggerated sense of his own importance.

Testifying Oct. 2, Gabriele had said he was innocent of theft, but "I feel guilty for having betrayed the trust the Holy Father placed in me."

"I loved him like a son would," Gabriele told the court on the second day of his trial.

Asked to describe his role in the papal household, Gabriele said he served Pope Benedict his meals, packed the pope's suitcases and accompanied him on trips, and did other "small tasks" assigned to him by Msgr. Ganswein.

"I was the layman closest to the Holy Father, there to respond to his immediate needs," Gabriele said.

Being so close to the pope, Gabriele said he became aware of how "easy it is to manipulate the one who holds decision-making power in his hands," and he tried raising some of his concerns with the pope conversationally.

He said he leaked the documents out of concern for the pope, who he believed was not being fully informed about the corruption and careerism in the Vatican.


---Pope's butler found with thousands of secret papers---
Thursday 04 October 2012
http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/popes-butler-found-with-thousands-of-secret-papers-8196449.html

Documents tell tales of Vatican scandals, spies and secret societies, trial of Paolo Gabriele told

Vatican police have revealed how they found thousands of documents, some of which Pope Benedict had marked to be destroyed, hidden in the quarters of the pontiff's former butler during a raid in which he was arrested and charged with theft.

The officers were testifying yesterday in the trial of the ex-servant Paolo Gabriele, 46, who faces up to four years in prison if found guilty of aggravated theft of sensitive reports and passing them to the Italian media.

Some of the leaked documents, including embarrassing claims about Vatican corruption and the Church's tax affairs, have already been widely publicised.

But just as intriguingly, details to emerge yesterday of the huge haul of papers suggest the Vatican's interest in some of the more lurid and obscure subjects associated, rightly or wrongly, with the Vatican is as great as that of the conspiracy theorists.

Many of the papers were about spies, secret services, the occult, scandals involving the Vatican bank, and P2, a shadowy Masonic lodge whose members numbered many prominent Italian politicians, including Silvio Berlusconi.

"There were papers where the Holy Father had written 'to be destroyed' in German," said Stefano De Santis, one of the gendarmes involved in the search which led to Mr Gabriele's arrest on 23 May.

The encoded documents were sent from the Vatican Secretariat of State to papal ambassadors around the world. Many of the documents had been signed by Pope Benedict XVI.

Some of documents concerned the death of "God's banker", Roberto Calvi, who was found hanging beneath Blackfriars Bridge in London in 1982.

Earlier this year magistrates in Rome lamented that senior officials at the Holy See were still refusing to co-operate with their attempts to resolve this murder mystery involving the Vatican bank and presumed mafia cash.

But the majority of the documents concerned religious issues and academic research into Christianity, Buddhism, yoga and politicians, as well as the Vatican bank, officers said.

Vatican prosecutors are seeking to portray Mr Gabriele as an eccentric and light-fingered rogue employee. The Vatican press office has denied suggestions by many observers that Mr Gabriele was part of a larger conspiracy to discredit the highest echelons of the church.

A separate Vatican investigation began on Tuesday after Mr Gabriele's lawyer complained that her client endured improper detention conditions during his first 20 days in jail. On Wednesday, the officer in charge of Mr Gabriele's care defended his treatment and said the former butler "repeatedly" thanked him for taking such good care of him and his family.

The trial is expected to end on Saturday. If Mr Gabriele is found guilty, many have predicted that he will receive a papal pardon. This would allow the Vatican to divert press attention towards the Synod, the gathering of 200 bishops from around the world, which begins on Sunday, and celebrations for the 50th anniversary of the Second Vatican Council later this month.

Vatican City: Austerity protester takes grievances to the top

A demonstrator eluded Vatican police yesterday and scaled the 130m (427ft) dome of St Peter's Basilica to protest against Italy's austerity measures. Officials said the man, who said he was the owner of a beach resort, refused appeals from ministers offering to meet him if he came down. He put up a banner adressed to the Italian Prime Minister, Mario Monti, saying saying: "Help! Enough Monti!" AP


---Vatican police describe finding many documents in papal butler home---
October 3, 2012 |  8:44 am
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/world_now/2012/10/vatican-police-describe-finding-thousands-of-documents-in-home-of-popes-former-butler.html

VATICAN CITY -- Four members of the Vatican police force said Wednesday they found more than 1,000 Vatican-related documents in the apartment of Paolo Gabriele, the former papal butler accused of leaking confidential correspondence in a massive security breach that has deeply embarrassed the Holy See.

The police officers, or gendarmes, told a Vatican courtroom that a large wardrobe in Gabriele's apartment was stuffed with about 100,000 papers in all. Some were original papal documents marked by Pope Benedict XVI as "to be destroyed." The stash also included material downloaded from the Internet regarding the Freemasonry, the Italian secret services, the Vatican bank and politics.

Carting away all the documents required 82 large boxes, the gendarmes testified. They spoke on the third day of the trial of Gabriele, who is charged with aggravated theft for allegedly stealing, photocopying and passing the pontiff's private papers and other Vatican documents on to an Italian journalist.

The leaks shed an unprecedented and unflattering light on the secretive world of the Vatican, exposing alleged corruption, cronyism and power struggles behind the thick walls of the smallest sovereign state in the world.

On Tuesday, Gabriele admitted to having betrayed the trust of Benedict, who he said loved him like a son. Gabriele has acknowledged taking Vatican documents, but insisted on the witness stand that he was not guilty of the charges of aggravated theft and that he had acted out of a desire to protect the pope and the Roman Catholic Church from wrongdoers inside the Vatican.

The gendarmes were sent to search Gabriele’s home inside Vatican City on May 23, after an internal hunt for the source of the leaked documents led to the pope’s manservant, who had virtually unlimited access to the papal apartments.

Besides the huge trove of documents, police also found a gold nugget and a check for 100,000 euros (about $129,000) made out to the pope from a Spanish Catholic university. Gabriele said Tuesday that he knew nothing about those items.

He has also denied having accomplices. But in his testimony Tuesday, the former butler said he had been influenced by others and identified seven people, including two cardinals and the former governess of the papal household. None of those named has been called to testify.

On Wednesday, the gendarmes rejected accusations by Gabriele's defense team that he had been locked in a cell where he could barely stretch out his arms, with a light kept on 24 hours a day. The gendarmes said that Gabriele had been treated well and that he had even thanked the police.

Judge Giuseppe Della Torre, who leads the panel of three judges, adjourned the proceedings until Saturday, when the court will hear closing arguments and Gabriele will have a last chance to speak for himself. The judges are expected to render a verdict and sentence later that day.

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