2013年1月4日金曜日

印 ミャンマーへ兵器横流しか

印がミャンマーへ兵器を横流しをしたようだ。
 印が軍政時代のミャンマーに、スウェーデンから購入した同国製兵器を
横流ししていた疑いが強いことが同国政府機関の調査でわかった。

EU-Sweden ISP
・ミャンマーへの武器禁輸措置を現在も続けており、スウェーデン側は、
 転売などを禁じた印政府との売買契約に加え、EUの禁輸措置にも反
 する行為とみて、印政府に真相究明を要請した。
・ミャンマーのカチン州で11月に見つかったCarl Gustav M3対戦車砲、
 弾薬等の兵器の製造番号を調べた結果、2003年にスウェーデンの会社
 (Saab?)が印政府に 販売した一部と判明。
・兵器は、ミャンマー軍が少数民族との戦闘に使用した。

インド国防省
・スウェーデン政府から真相解明を要請されたことを認めた上で、
 「横流しはありえない」。

印は、パキスタンと中国に対して、領土・領海問題を抱え、核兵器を保有
した。
ミャンマーは、民主化が大分進んだが、北朝鮮や中国と武器を輸出入の
仲介をしている報道が多い。
印は露から、軍用機を購入し、対パ政策として、日豪等と合同軍事演習を
行い、中国とも軍事演習を実施、上海条約機構でも準加盟国。
軍事物資が横流しされた経緯が不明だが、この経路だと北朝鮮、中国に
流れる可能性がある。模造品兵器を売買か。

魅力的なインド軍
インド 対中防衛装備増強
武器不正輸出未遂
イラク駐留軍は北派兵予備か
ミャンマー核武装へ
中パ関係
赤シャツデモ 死亡者多数
対中戦略
北朝鮮 外貨稼ぎ
兵器輸入アジア上位
外務省国際情報官室企画官死亡
資金洗浄・制裁違反の罰金 HSBC、Stanchart、MUFG


India Airforce Sukhoi 30MKI At Vayu Shakti 2010


Indian Air Force Mi17 V5

---インド、中国台頭けん制 ロシアと軍事強化一致---
2012年12月25日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2012122502000097.html

 【モスクワ=原誠司】ロシアのプーチン大統領は二十四日、インドを訪問し、ニューデリーでシン首相らと会談した。会談では、ロシアによる原発建設や軍用機販売など安全保障面での協力推進で一致。インドはロシアとの軍事関係を強化させ、台頭する中国に対抗する姿勢をあらためて示したといえる。
 両国は国交樹立六十五周年を迎え、プーチン大統領は「軍事技術を中心に全ての分野で信頼関係が築かれている」と評価した。
 タス通信によると、インドは戦闘機スホイ30MKI四十二機(ライセンス生産)を十六億ドル(約千三百五十億円)で購入。軍用ヘリコプターのミル17B-5は七十一機を十三億ドルで購入することで合意した。
 さらに、ロシアは、戦闘機のライセンス生産拡大を認めるほか、インドの重要プロジェクトへの投資など経済協力に最大二十億ドルの資金を準備する方針という。
 この日の会談では、インド国内でのロシア製原発の建設推進も協議。インド南部のクダンクラム原発では来年一月に原子炉1号機、八月には2号機が稼働する予定で、さらに原子炉二基を増設するほか、新規の原発建設についても話し合われたとされる。


---インド、兵器を軍政時代のミャンマーに横流しか---
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20121215-OYT1T00629.htm

 【ニューデリー=田原徳容】インドが軍政時代のミャンマーに、スウェーデンから購入した同国製兵器を横流ししていた疑いが強いことが同国政府機関の調査でわかった。
 欧州連合(EU)はミャンマーへの武器禁輸措置を現在も続けており、スウェーデン側は、転売などを禁じた印政府との売買契約に加え、EUの禁輸措置にも反する行為とみて、印政府に真相究明を要請した。
 PTI通信などによると、同機関がミャンマーのカチン州で11月に見つかった対戦車砲などの兵器の製造番号を調べた結果、2003年にスウェーデンの会社が印政府に販売した一部と判明した。兵器は、ミャンマー軍が少数民族との戦闘の際に使用していたという。
 インド国防省関係者は15日、スウェーデン政府から真相解明を要請されたことを認めた上で、「横流しはありえない」と語った。


---Sweden probes if India 'supplied' arms to Myanmar
Sanjib Kr Baruah, Hindustan Times
New Delhi, December 16, 2012
http://www.hindustantimes.com/India-news/NewDelhi/Sweden-probes-if-India-supplied-arms-to-Myanmar/Article1-973404.aspx

In a development that could snowball into a diplomatic row, India has been questioned by Sweden over its alleged role in supplying weapons to the Myanmar army in violation of European Union sanctions.

The Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls (ISP) launched a
probe after it was given pictures and other details of several M-3 Carl Gustav anti-tank rifles, which were recovered by Kachin rebels in Myanmar.

The media reported Swedish trade minister Ewa Bjorling as having said on Thursday: "The Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls has requested an expedited answer from India, and my state secretary has been in touch with the Indian ambassador."

"There has been a weapons embargo in place against Burma for a very long time, and Sweden hasn't exported any weapons to the country since then," he added.

Meanwhile, India is investigating whether weapons purchased by the Indian army had wound up in Myanmar's hands. "We are looking into it. But we never sent any lethal weapons to Myanmar," an Indian official said.

A 17-year-old ceasefire between Myanmar and the Kachins collapsed last year. The Kachins (from north Burma) have been in a conflict with Myanmar for decades.

In a photograph taken by a freelance photographer, the serial number of one of the weapons is clearly seen. The photos form part of the documentary evidence given to the Swedish government.

While the weapons were made by Swedish firm Saab, it has reportedly denied selling weapons to Myanmar - suggesting they were acquired through a third party.

The European Union had imposed an arms embargo on Myanmar about two decades ago, following reports of human rights violations by the former military junta. Many economic sanctions were lifted after Myanmar recently embarked on the path of reforms, but the arms embargo continues.

The embargo stipulates that European manufacturers would have to ensure that no weapons sold to foreign countries are passed on to Myanmar.


---India Probing How Swedish-Made Arms Found Way to Myanmar---
Dec. 15, 2012 - 11:02AM
By AGENCE FRANCE-PRESSE
http://www.defensenews.com/article/20121215/DEFREG03/312150003/India-Probing-How-Swedish-Made-Arms-Found-Way-Myanmar?odyssey=nav|head

YANGON, Myanmar - India is investigating how Swedish-made weapons bought by its army turned up in Myanmar, a minister visiting Yangon said Dec. 15, denying New Delhi had supplied arms in contravention of EU sanctions.

Sweden asked India on Dec. 13 to clarify how the weapons wound up in Myanmar after it was revealed the Indian Army had purchased them, Trade Minister Ewa Bjorling told the Swedish parliament.

Bjorling said the Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls had informed her that the weapons had come from India.

Pictures taken in Myanmar and published in Swedish media this week showed a Carl Gustaf M3 anti-tank rifle and ammunition left behind by Myanmar government soldiers.

The weapon’s serial number is clearly visible in one of the photographs.

“One thing is clear ... we are not in the business of supplying weaponry,” Salman Khurshid, Indian Minister of External Affairs, told reporters in Yangon.

“We will try to find out how this happened. It’s one weapon, isn’t it? In a very big world, one single weapon has been identified,” he said, adding that the Indian Army will check its inventory as part of the probe.

The minister has met with Myanmar’s President Thein Sein and opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi during his trip, holding discussions on energy, infrastructure and border issues.

According to a story published in The (London) Independent, the Swedish weapons were used by Myanmar troops in their fight against ethnic Kachin rebels in the country’s far north.

The rebels urged Myanmar’s military to end hostile operations in September after fighting broke out last year following the collapse of a 17-year cease-fire between the two sides, forcing tens of thousands of people to flee their homes.

Several rounds of talks aimed at resolving the conflict have been overshadowed by ongoing battles.

The European Union has had a weapons embargo against Myanmar since 1996.

An ISP spokeswoman said Dec. 12 it was “relatively unusual” for Swedish weapons to end up in the hands of third parties.


---Swedish arms in Burma 'arrived via India'---
Published: 13 Dec 12 17:36 CET
http://www.thelocal.se/45056/20121213/#.UNo-Smd_XIA

The Swedish anti-tank rifles that ended up in the hands of Burmese soldiers in breach of European Union sanctions were originally exported to India, Sweden's trade minister said on Thursday.

The Swedish anti-tank rifles that ended up in the hands of Burmese soldiers in breach of European Union sanctions were originally exported to India, Sweden's trade minister said on Thursday.

"The Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls (Inspektionen for Strategiska Produkter, ISP) has requested an expedited answer from India and my state secretary has been in touch with India's ambassador," Trade Minister Ewa Bjorling said on the floor of the Swedish parliament on Thursday.

She added that ISP's ability to trace the weapon, a Carl Gustav M3 anti-tank rifle, was evidence that Sweden's export controls work.

According to Bjorling, India's ambassador in Stockholm has confirmed information that the weapon in question is the same as the rifles in Burma that the Svenska Dagbladet (SvD) newspaper first reported about.

She added that the ambassador has promised that India will cooperate with Sweden to investigate how the weapon ended up in Burma, which borders India's restive north-eastern regions.

"There has been a weapons embargo in place against Burma for a very long time and Sweden hasn't exported any weapons there since," Bjorling said on the Riksdag floor.

According to SvD, the Burmese army used a new model of the Carl Gustav in combat with local rebels and against civilian targets in Burma in October.

When the army withdrew, they left the weapons behind.

Pictures taken by a Burmese freelance photographer and published in the Swedish media this week show a Carl Gustav M3 anti-tank rifle and ammunition left behind by Burmese government soldiers. They were recovered by Kachin rebels after recent clashes.

The weapon's serial number is clearly visible in one of the photographs.

The Swedish defence group Saab, which manufactures the weapon, has previously said it did not sell the rifle to Burma and suggested its military must have obtained it from a third party.

While Saab is not involved in the current investigation about how the weapon made its way to Burma, representatives have said the company will do whatever necessary to help move the inquest forward.

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