2013年2月21日木曜日

欧州 身代金8900万ドル支払い済み

欧州は身代金8900万ドルを支払ったとのこと。
 アフリカのサハラ砂漠周辺でイスラム武装勢力の人質となった自国民
救出のため、欧州諸国が身代金として2004-2011年に8900万ドルを支払っ
たとマリ駐在の元米大使が明らかにし、「テロリストと交渉しない」方針
をとるアルジェリアで批判が出ている。

Vicki Huddleston
・元駐マリ米国大使。
 2002-2005年にマリに駐在。
・仏政府は2010年、ニジェールのウラン鉱山でAQIMに捕らえられた複数の
 仏人人質解放のため、仲介者を通じて、1700万ドルを支払った。
・独等他の欧州諸国も身代金の支払いに応じた。

Claude Gueant
・サルコジ政権時の参謀長
・身代金の支払いを否定。
・仲介者が人質の解放交渉をした。

アルジェリア外務省
・「テロリストへの身代金支払いを強く非難する」と批判。

国家は国民を保護する義務がある。
しかし、国家がテロリストや武装勢力へ国民が人質となり支払った身代金
が、重装備の資金源となり、多くの政府は問題としていた。
日本でも、「人質になった国民に、身代金や経費を含め、全てまたは一部
の費用人を支払え」との報道もあった。解放され帰国した人達が、費用を
支払ったかは不明。
仏でも、似たような法案が提出されたが、法案が可決したか否決したかは
不明。
米英は、人質交渉に関しては、発表しない場合が多い。

イナメナス天然ガス関連施設人質事件で、武装集団が政府軍よりも重装備
で、イラン、リビア、シリア等から提供との報道だったが、欧州の支払っ
た身代金により調達した武器の方が比率とするば多いかもしれない。
マリにおいても、政府軍より、武装勢力の方が重装備のため、仏軍が軍事
介入した(マリ政府による要請)との説もある。
また、イラク戦争の米国やマリ紛争の仏は、自らの資金や武器と戦うこと
になり自業自得との報道もある。
最近は、傭兵として働き、金になるマリに武力勢力が集合とのこと。

生命の数により救出する優先順位を決めるのは、正しいとは思えないが、
これからの政府は、「テロとは交渉しない」と報道発表し、現地の大使や
未公表の専任者が人質解放交渉を行う西洋式の採用かもしれない。
政府への信頼、国民の意識等による影響はかなり大きい。

高遠菜穂子 イラク再入国
仏 無謀な旅救出経費請求法案
CIA リビア反体制勢力へ支援
TRT-2


 French army to pull out of Mali within weeks


---欧州は人質の身代金80億円払った…元米大使---
2013年2月16日17時24分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20130216-OYT1T00252.htm

 アフリカのサハラ砂漠周辺でイスラム武装勢力の人質となった自国民救出のため、欧州諸国が身代金として2004~11年に8900万ドル(約80億円)を支払ったとマリ駐在の元米大使が明らかにし、「テロリストと交渉しない」方針をとるアルジェリアで批判が出ている。
 02~05年にマリに駐在したビッキ・ハドルストン元大使が仏テレビのインタビューで述べた。それによると、仏政府は10年、ニジェールのウラン鉱山で「イスラム・マグレブ諸国のアル・カーイダ組織(AQIM)」に捕らえられた複数の仏人人質解放のため、仲介者を通じて、1700万ドルを支払った。ドイツなどほかの欧州諸国も身代金の支払いに応じてきた。
 これについて、アルジェリア外務省の報道官は「テロリストへの身代金支払いを強く非難する」と批判した。イナメナスの天然ガス関連施設の人質事件でも、武装集団が身代金として得た資金を使って調達した武器が使われたとみられている。


---Mali conflict: French ransom cash 'funded militants'---
8 February 2013 Last updated at 22:48 GMT
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-21391518

A former US ambassador to Mali has told the BBC that France paid ransom money to free hostages and the funds ended up bolstering Islamist groups it is now fighting.

Vicki Huddleston said France paid $17m (L10.75m) to free hostages seized from a uranium mine in Niger in 2010.

She said other European countries, including Germany, had also paid ransoms amounting to nearly $90m.

France has always denied that it pays ransoms for the release of hostages.

It is struggling to maintain order two weeks after French-led troops began an assault on Islamist militants who took over large parts of northern Mali.

On Friday, a suicide bomber blew himself up near a group of soldiers in the northern town of Gao, injuring one of them, in an attack claimed by an al-Qaeda offshoot.

Meanwhile, army infighting in the capital left one person dead and five injured when heavily-armed regular soldiers clashed with elite "Red Beret" paratroopers at their base in the capital Bamako.
Trainers arrive

Ms Huddleston said the hostages kidnapped at the Niger mine in 2010 were only released because money had changed hands.

"All the European countries who paid ransoms have denied that they paid ransoms and you know perhaps they can deny it because it's gone indirectly through various channels in the Malian government," she told the BBC's Newshour programme.

"When I was in Mali I actually knew, he was the Governor of Gao, who's now deceased, and he was one of the negotiators with the AQIM (Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb)."

Al-Qaeda branches, she added, are "not releasing the Western hostages out of the goodness of their hearts".

Friday's violence coincided with the arrival of 70 EU trainers - the first of 500 military instructors to be deployed to support the Malian army.

Colonel Bruno Heluin, commander of the group, said the aim was to "enable the Malian army to hold all the nation's territory, and so that Mali can have a good army at its disposal, prepared to engage".

Some 4,000 French troops have retaken control of the north's main towns, and are now, along with some 1,000 Chadian troops, moving into the mountains near the Algerian border where the militants are reported to have fled.

They said on Friday they took Tessalit, a strategic town in the mountains with its own airport.


---U.S ambassador reveals France paid $17MILLION ransom for hostages held by Al Qaeda in desert oil plant---
By Jill Reilly
PUBLISHED: 12:32 GMT, 8 February 2013 | UPDATED: 14:06 GMT, 8 February 2013
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2275586/U-S-ambassador-reveals-France-paid-17MILLION-ransom-hostages-held-Al-Qaeda-desert-oil-plant.html

Vicki Huddleston says France paid the ransoms to free French hostages
But the money ended up in the hands of the same al-Qaeda militants
Said the money allowed al-Qaeda's North Africa branch to flourish in Mali
French President Nicolas Sarkozy's chief of staff at time has denied claims

The former American ambassador to Mali says France paid $17 million in ransoms to free French hostages and that the money ended up in the hands of the same al-Qaeda militants the country is fighting now.

In an interview that aired Friday on iTele, Vicki Huddleston said the money allowed al-Qaeda's  North Africa branch to flourish in Mali.

'Two years ago, al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) kidnapped a number of French citizens at a uranium mine in Niger,' she said.

'To get them freed, France paid a 17-million-dollar ransom. Like all ransoms, it was paid indirectly, through the Malian government, which forwarded at least some of the funds to the Salafists [Islamists],' said Ms Huddleston, who was U.S. ambassador to Mali from 2002 to 2005.

Claude Gueant, who was French President Nicolas Sarkozy's chief of staff at the time, today denied that France had ever paid a ransom.

He said intermediaries had been negotiating to free the hostages.

The hostage's Ms Huddleston is referring to were were taken from the Arlit uranium mine on September 16, 2010, according to France 24.

A further two were taken at Hombori in Mali in November 2011 and the seventh in November 2012 at Kayes, also in Mali.

All seven are believed to be held in north-east of Mali near the Algerian border.

France launched a military operation on January 11 to help Mali's government wrest control from Islamic extremists linked to al-Qaeda.

More...

    Mali's first suicide bomb: Man blows himself up in town captured by Islamic militants

The retreating rebels are holding Western hostages, including eight who are French.

Meanwhile this morning a suicide bomber has blew himself up in the northern Mali town of Gao - the country's first such case.

The man was on a motorbike and blew himself up at a Malian government military checkpoint 100 km (60 miles) north of the northern city of Gao on Friday, injuring one soldier, a Mali military officer said.

It would be the first reported suicide bombing since a French-led intervention swept Islamist rebels from their desert strongholds of Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal.

'A kamikaze on a motorbike just blew himself up at the Bourem checkpoint at 6:30 am (0630 GMT).

'One lightly wounded soldier from Gao,' the officer told Reuters by text message.

Meanwhile heavy gunfire erupted in the west of Mali's capital Bamako today as government forces exchanged fire with mutinous paratroopers, military sources and witnesses said.

Government forces sealed off the area around the paratroopers' base, as reinforcements arrived to quell the mutiny which was protesting disciplinary measures against some of the unit's members.

Smoke was seen rising from the camp.

Since a military coup in March last year that plunged Mali into chaos and led to the occupation of the north by Tuareg and Islamist rebels, paratroopers loyal to former President Amadou Toumani Toure had been largely sidelined and some arrested.

"The Chief of Staff had taken a disciplinary measure against some of the paratroopers, and some of them were not happy with the decision so they woke up this morning and started shooting," a Malian defense ministry official told Reuters.

The shooting in the southern capital Bamako occurred while French and Chadian troops hunted Islamist rebels hundreds of kilometres (miles) to the north in the second phase of a French-led military operation against al Qaeda-allied insurgents.

In Bamako, groups of the paratroopers, who wear red berets, had been staging protests to demand that commanders send them to the front to join the offensive against the Islamists.

The French-led military operation involving 4,000 French troops backed by warplanes successfully pushed the Islamist rebels out of the main towns of northern Mali, but driving them from their mountain bases could prove a tougher task.

France and its western allies are pushing for a national political settlement and democratic elections to stabilise the situation in the West Africa state, where interim civilian leaders have faced interference from March coup leader Captain Amadou Sanogo and other junta officers.

In May, Sanogo's troops said they put down a counter-coup attempt led by paratroopers which led to several days of fighting in the riverside capital in which at least 27 people were killed.

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