2013年2月6日水曜日

Israeli Jets Air Strike in Syria

イスラエルが、シリアの武器輸送トラックを空爆した。
 イスラエル軍の戦闘機が、シリアとレバノンの国境付近を空爆したこと
が、複数の外交筋の話で分かった。レバノンのイスラム教シーア派組織
ヒズボラ向けの武器を運んでいた車列を狙ったとみられる。

シリア国営テレビ
・イスラエルが首都ダマスカスとレバノンとの国境の間に位置するシリア
 軍の研究施設を空爆したと非難。
・施設への攻撃で2人が死亡した。

シリア反政府軍
・シリア軍の研究施設を攻撃したのは自分たちの兵士。

ヒズボラ
・レバノンとシリアの国境近くのシリア軍地基地に、ヒズボラの武器を
 備蓄。
・シリア内戦により、ヒズボラの備蓄武器がシリア反政府軍に渡った場合
 を懸念し、移動を開始。

西側の外交筋(米国、)
・標的は武器を積んだトラックで、シリアからレバノンに向かっていた。
・SA-17対空ミサイルや長距離ロケットが積まれていた可能性がある。
 複数の情報筋が、化学兵器が運搬されていた可能性はない。
・施設は、「防衛能力の向上を目的とした」化学施設にあるとみられる。

イスラエルによる空爆は、シリア内戦により、シリア政府軍からの報復が
ないことを見越してと言う説もある。
NATOは、トルコ国境のパトリオット配備を完了。
シリアの大量破壊兵器製造工場は、シリア反政府軍が行ったとのこと。
イスラエルは、シリア反政府軍へ直接加勢しないが、シリア政府への攻撃
は続けるようだ。パレスチナでイスラエルへロケット弾攻撃をしたヒズ
ボラが、対空ミサイルを保有するとイスラエルによる制空権が制限される
とのこと。今回の空爆は、シリアとヒズボラを狙った攻撃だったようだ。
イスラエルの情報網より、情報を取得。破壊工作を実施。
イスラエルへの報復は本当に無いのだろうか。

ブルガリア イスラエル人標的テロか
シリア内戦 取材中の日本人死亡
シリア 孤立深まるか
レバノン 反シリア派デモ
IRON DOME
Palestinian Upgraded
シリア政府軍劣勢 大量破壊兵器投入へ
Fordow Nuke Plant


Patriot missile set up in Turkey


BREAKING! Israeli Airstrike On Research Facility IN SYRIA! Confirmed By U.S. Sources


Syria confirms Israeli jets bombed military site


Israeli planes hit convoy along Syria-Lebanon border | Israeli jets strike convoy


---イスラエル、シリアからレバノンに武器運ぶ車列空爆=外交筋---
2013年 01月 31日 09:15 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE90U00520130131

 [ベイルート/アンマン 31日 ロイター] イスラエル軍の戦闘機が30日、シリアとレバノンの国境付近を空爆したことが、複数の外交筋の話で分かった。レバノンのイスラム教シーア派組織ヒズボラ向けの武器を運んでいた車列を狙ったとみられる。
 一方、シリア国営テレビは、イスラエルが首都ダマスカスとレバノンとの国境の間に位置するシリア軍の研究施設を空爆したと非難。ただ、反体制派は施設を攻撃したのは自分たちの兵士だとして、国営テレビの報道に異議を唱えている。
 西側の外交筋は、「標的は武器を積んだトラックで、シリアからレバノンに向かっていた」と指摘。対空ミサイルや長距離ロケットが積まれていた可能性があるという。また、複数の情報筋が、化学兵器が運搬されていた可能性はないと述べた。
 シリア国営テレビは、施設への攻撃で2人が死亡したと報道。この施設については、「防衛能力の向上を目的とした」化学施設だとしているが、3カ国の外交筋はロイターに対し、イスラエルが警戒している化学兵器がこの施設にあるとみられると語った。


---Israeli Jets Blast Arms Shipment Inside Syria---
Updated January 30, 2013, 8:13 p.m. ET
By FARNAZ FASSIHI, JULIAN E. BARNES and SAM DAGHER
http://online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424127887323701904578273861863731082.html

Israel bombed a suspected shipment of antiaircraft missiles in Syria on Wednesday, according to regional and U.S. officials, in its most ambitious strike inside its neighbor's territory in nearly two chaotic years of civil war there.

The early-morning strike in a border area west of Damascus targeted a convoy of trucks carrying Russian-made SA-17 missiles to Hezbollah, the anti-Israel Shiite militant and political group in Lebanon, according to a Western official briefed on the raid.

Israeli officials declined to comment on the report, and to a Syrian allegation that Israel had bombed a Syrian military facility.

A strike draws Israel further into Syria's conflict-a civil war that has already deepened the region's divides as its powers have taken sides with arms and funding. It also marked a challenge to Iran, which has backed and financed Hezbollah.

"An attack of any kind is a major escalation," said Timor Goksel, an expert on Hezbollah and a professor at American University in Beirut. "Why would Israel do this out of the blue?"

The answer, according to several Western officials and security analysts, is that Israel took a calculated risk that Syria's government, strained by its own internal war, would choose not to retaliate. Meanwhile, Hezbollah and Iran-both facing upcoming elections and financial challenges-would also be unlikely to strike back at Israel now.

In addition to taking out weapons that could be used by Hezbollah against Israeli warplanes in a future conflict, Israel sent what amounted to a message of warning to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and Iran against attempting to transfer any chemical or biological weapons to Hezbollah, U.S. and Western officials said. The use of such weapons has been singled out by President Barack Obama as a "red line" that could trigger a U.S. intervention.

Syria maintained that the accounts of a strike on an arms convoy near the country's border with Lebanon were wrong. Instead, Syria's military said, Israeli jets had attacked a military facility near Damascus.

"Israeli warplanes violated our airspace at dawn today and directly struck one of the scientific research centers responsible for elevating resistance and self-defense capabilities in the area of Jamraya in the Damascus countryside," Syria's military said in a statement carried by the official Sana news agency. The attack killed two workers and injured five others, it said, and "caused significant material damage and the destruction of the complex" and an adjacent parking lot.

Syrian activists say the Jamraya site is in a mountainous area of military facilities and training camps located on a heavily guarded road just off the main Damascus-Beirut highway.

Late Wednesday, a U.S. official said the accounts of two targets-a convoy of weapons, and a military site-weren't mutually exclusive.

The U.S. believes Israeli warplanes bombed a Hezbollah-bound convoy of antiaircraft missiles, U.S. officials said. The vehicles may have been close to a military facility, they said, cautioning their information remained incomplete.

Tensions in the broader region have been building for days. On Sunday, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said Israel is vigilantly watching the disintegration of Syria and the fate of its "deadly weapons.'' Israel's army deployed an Iron Dome missile-defense system in northern Israel that same day.

Two days later, four Israeli jets flew low over villages in southern Lebanon, a violation of the country's airspace, according to the Lebanese military. A spokesman for the United Nations' peacekeeping forces in Lebanon said the group had recorded a higher-than-usual number of Israeli jets entering Lebanon's airspace in the past few days.

Hezbollah keeps a stockpile of weapons in military bases in Syria located near the Lebanese border, according to security officials in Iran and Lebanon.

As Syria's security has deteriorated, Hezbollah has grown increasingly concerned that its weapons cache could fall into the hands of rebels, said Gen. Elias Hanna, a retired Lebanese security official.

"Hezbollah has decided that it's no longer safe to keep the weapons sheltered inside Syria," Gen. Hanna said, adding they want to "bring them back before it's too late."

For months, Israeli officials have also spoken of the risk that Syria's weapons caches might fall into the hands of Hezbollah amid the civil war, and vowed to act if necessary. Israel has worried about specific types of weapons that would mark a "game changing" shift on the battlefield in a future conflict with the Shiite militia. Though most attention has been focused on Syria's chemical weapon stockpile, if Hezbollah were to obtain the SA-17 missiles, it would limit Israel's air superiority in Lebanon, said analysts.

Hezbollah denied that Israel had attacked a convoy of its weapons in Syria. "We have no information about this issue. We are not concerned at all," said Hezbollah spokesman Ibrahim Mousawi.

An attack on Syria would be a relative rarity for Israeli forces. In November, Israel said its forces had targeted and hit a Syrian military vehicle after a Syrian mortar shell landed in the Golan Heights. The retaliatory attack was the only previously reported Israeli attack inside Syria in its nearly two years of internal conflict.

For muchh longer, though, Israel has been tied to attacks aimed at blocking weapons from reaching the country's regional foes. Israel is widely believed to have attacked a site in Syria in 2007 that was suspected of being a nuclear facility under construction. The Israeli government has declined to confirm or deny that strike.

In late October, Sudanese officials accused Israel of using fighter jets to attack a weapons factory inside Sudan. Israel has viewed Sudan as a conduit for arms to the Palestinian militant group Hamas, according to regional intelligence analysts. Israel didn't comment publicly on the strike, which came about two weeks before Israel and Hamas fought an eight-day battle in the West Bank.

"Israel has a long history of intercepting and preventing weapons that are on their way to terror groups, whether it is Hamas or Hezbollah,'' said Gerald Steinberg, a professor of political science at Bar Ilan University.

Israel has typically maintained silence amid allegations of preemptive attacks, a stance Israeli analysts and Western officials alike view as an effort to avoid escalating hostilities.

"The usual way this plays out is the Israelis won't take credit, whoever suffered the effects will divert attention or try to down play it," said Aram Nerguizian, a fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, a nonpartisan think tank. "The Israelis got their point across. If anyone had any questions that Israel would act on what it perceives to be its red lines…now they have an answer."

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