2013年5月31日金曜日

Sex Slave2013

性奴隷の報道は減らない。

2001年欧州での人身売買報道
   欧州では、毎年20万人以上の女性が人身売買。
   欧州中央部や欧州東部、旧ソ連から性奴隷(売春婦)として
   1/4は世界中へ、1/2は欧州西部、1/4は米国へ密輸出。

2013年5月 英国
 印より、出稼ぎで英国へ渡航した女性が、パスポートを強奪され、
 2005-2012年の間、奴隷(性奴隷含む)として扱われた。逃亡しようと
 した時には虐待された裁判の判決があった。

2013年5月 米国
 2006-2008年と2010-2013年にメキシコ、グァテマラの少女らを騙して、
 米国へ密入国させ、売春を強要した容疑者4人が告発された。

2013年5月 韓国
 韓国でマッサージ士として働けば、高給が得られるとして、タイ女性
 を勧誘。韓国で働き始めたが、無給で、異なる作業を強いられた容疑
 で逮捕。

拉致監禁や違法薬物漬け、脅迫等により性奴隷。
女性が単独で海外旅行し、現地で拉致。中東に売られて、御殿に監禁され、
性奴隷。覇気も無いまま繁華街でうろうろ。話すと逃亡もあきらめ、現状
維持。貧困と虐待の家族から逃れ、夢見る裕福な生活のために国際結婚は
人身売買だったと言う話もあった。
多くの国で、拉致監禁や人身売買等による性奴隷の報道がある。
需要があるから供給するのは、いつでもどこでも変わらない。

日本の政府を誘導するには、米国からの要請が一番効果的と言う一部の
思想が影響しているようだ。さらに、サムソン資金によるロビー活動が
影響を与え、日本軍の強制連行によるSex Slaveが大勢いたとの認識が
確立。
メディアの多くは、強制連行されたSex Slaveを否定し、Sex Slaveは必要
だったとの大阪市長を問題視。大阪市長は、慰安所での遊興は、当時の
慣習であり、人身売買による慰安婦はいたが、中朝の従軍慰安婦は偽証と
対立。連行監禁され、性行為をしたのは日本兵と民間人が経営する慰安所
での遊興。生き証人がいるのに、過去のこと等の対立もある。

河野談話発表から時間が経ち、関係者の思惑で、騒動を拡大、敗戦国の
主張は通りにくい。蘭や東南アジア女性の強制連行によるSex Slaveが
いたことを日本政府も認めているが、当時の日本政府は、「朝鮮半島の
強制連行によるSex Slaveはいなかった」と発表。米国議会調査局の報告
でも「日本軍によるほとんどの徴募を直接に実行はしなかっただろう。
特に朝鮮半島ではなかった」としている。

韓国では、「千年経っても歴史的立場は不変」と言うように、女衒や口
減らしをした親族の立場は変わらず、日本軍を利用して責任回避か。
国家ではない韓国政府は、軍事政権か国民の人気取りをする政策の政府
しか成立できないようだ。愛国心を利用するしかない。

一部のメディアをみれば、韓国のロビー活動が記事にも影響を与えた
ようだ。
噛みあわない議論で、また騒動を拡大。Sex Slaveの人数がさらに増加か。

政治活動として訪日したハルモニらは、政治利用されるからと敵前逃亡。
詐欺師まがいの人達との印象がさらに深まる。
韓国のロビー活動の影響者や大阪市長等の関係者の売名活動はうまく
言ったかもしれない。

現状では、経済的植民地政策や海洋侵略を進める中国同様、日本の軍事的
脅威論が強まる。英米のイラク侵略に加担した親米派の与党に、米国離れ
ができるかも疑問。独自外交は、高嶺の花だろう。

米議員の一部には、アジアの問題を米国で騒動化していると言う人もいる。
金で主張を買えるのがロビー活動。選挙に当選できれば、なんでもあり。

米国へ移民した中国人や韓国人。米国籍取得のために米国への忠誠を誓っ
ても、生物学的母国への忠誠を優先すると自負する人の報道もある。
Home Grown Terroistsは、米国に潜伏か。

6月1日は人権擁護委員の日。
従軍慰安婦の報道で、一番得したのは、人権団体かもしれない。

「慰安婦」に想いをよせて-戦争と女性の尊厳-
韓国 戦争継続
AlJazeera Chinese Slavery
官製日本叩き2012
法治国家を捨てた韓国
ナイジェリア 赤ちゃん工場摘発2013
US Army Soldier as Sex Slave


Captive The Sex Slave Girl Part 1 of 5


Captive The Sex Slave Girl Part 2 of 5


Captive The Sex Slave Girl Part 3 of 5


Captive The Sex Slave Girl Part 4 of 5


Captive The Sex Slave Girl Part 5 of 5


The Sex-Slave Across the Street - CBN.com


Complete News - Outrage over Argentina sex slave trial


One child policy flexible & Shenzhen sex slave caseCT0315


Sex-Slave Trafficking in Chicago


Isabella Castillo FOUND SAFE - The Sex Trafficker that doesn't exist


Ann Romney Invests in SEX SLAVE Fund, Poland's Secret CIA Prisons Exposed - ALEX JONES


Westfield couple accused of using child as sex slave


Westfield police investigate possibility of more victims in "sex slave" abuse


---Anguish from Japan's sex slave legacy unsettled---
By Mari Yamaguchi, Associated Press
May 28th, 2013 @ 6:47pm
http://www.ksl.com/?nid=121&sid=25096132&title=correction-japan-sex-slaves-story

OSAKA, Japan (AP) - More than 70 years ago, at age 14, Kim Bok-dong was ordered to work by Korea's Japanese occupiers. She was told she was going to a military uniform factory, but ended up at a Japanese military-linked brothel in southern China.

She had to take an average of 15 soldiers per day during the week, and dozens over the weekend. At the end of the day she would be bleeding and could not even stand because of the pain. She and other girls were closely watched by guards and could not escape. It was a secret she carried for decades; the man she later married died without ever knowing.

Tens of thousands of women had similar stories to tell, or to hide, from Japan's occupation of much of Asia before and during World War II. Many are no longer living, and those who remain are still waiting for Japan to offer reparations and a more complete apology than it has so far delivered.

"I'm here today, not because I wanted to but because I had to," Kim, now 87, told a packed audience of mostly Japanese at a community center in Osaka over the weekend. "I came here to ask Japan to settle its past wrongdoing. I hope the Japanese government resolves the problem as soon as possible while we elderly women are still alive."

The issue of Japan's use of Korean, Chinese and Southeast Asian women and girls as sex slaves - euphemistically called "comfort women" - continues to alienate Tokyo from its neighbors nearly 70 years after the war's end. It is a wound that was made fresh this month when the co-head of an emerging nationalistic party, Osaka Mayor Toru Hashimoto, said "comfort women" had been necessary to maintain military discipline and give respite to battle-weary troops.

His comments drew outrage from South Korea and China, as well as from the U.S. State Department, which called them "outrageous and offensive."

Hashimoto provided no evidence but insisted that Tokyo has been unfairly singled out for its World War II behavior regarding women, saying some other armies at the time had military brothels. None of them, however, has been accused of the kind of widespread, organized sexual slavery that has been linked to Japan's military.

Historians say up to 200,000 women from across Asia, including China, the Philippines, Indonesia, Thailand, Burma, Hong Kong and Macau, as well as the Netherlands, were forced to provide sex for Japanese soldiers.

To many people, even within Japan, Hashimoto's comments suggest that even after all these years, Japanese leaders don't want to fully acknowledge wartime wrongs and are out of touch with the sentiments not only of their neighbors and the international community, but also many of their own citizens.

"It's not a problem of the past. It's a continuing problem that involves people who are still alive," said Koichi Nakano, a Sophia University political science professor. "Japan is perceived as merely waiting for them to die while looking the other way and dragging its feet. That looks bad from a humanity point of view."

According to a survey conducted over the weekend by the conservative Sankei newspaper and FNN television, more than 75 percent of Japanese said Hashimoto's sex slave remarks were inappropriate, while support for his party slumped to 6.4 percent - nearly half what it was last month.

The comments come amid rising concerns in the region over the nationalistic shift in Japan's political leadership under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, who has suggested he wants to revise Japan's past apologies for its wartime aggression and change its pacifist constitution.

In 1993, Japan officially apologized to "comfort women" in a landmark statement by then-Chief Cabinet Secretary Yohei Kono, acknowledging "immeasurable pain and incurable physical and psychological wounds."

But Kim and other women want a full apology approved by parliament and official compensation from the government. Tokyo has resisted that, saying war reparations with South Korea were dealt with in treaties restoring relations after the war. In 1995, Tokyo created a fund using private donations as a way for Japan to pay former sex slaves without providing official compensation.

The fund provided 2 million yen ($20,000) each to about 280 women in the Philippines, Taiwan and South Korea, and funded nursing homes for Indonesian victims and medical assistance to about 80 former Dutch sex slaves.

In South Korea, 207 women formally came forward and were recognized as eligible recipients. But only a fraction actually accepted the money because of criticism of the private fund. Instead they receive support from the South Korean government and a support group.

In Japan, public sentiment has become less compassionate in recent years toward Asian victims of the country's wartime aggression. References to "comfort women" once in school history textbooks have disappeared.

Much of the debate over "comfort women" still focuses on what role the government at the time played in organizing brothels, and if - or to what extent - the women were coerced. The Kono statement says the military was involved directly or indirectly in the establishment and management of front-line brothels and transfer of women, and that many women were in many cases "recruited against their own will through coaxing and coercion."

Nobuo Ishihara, who was then deputy Cabinet secretary, said in March 2006 that interviews with 16 South Korean women in Seoul led to the conclusion that there was coercion though there were no official documents showing so.

"After interviewing the 16 comfort women, we came to believe that what they were saying could not be fabrication. We thought there was no doubt they were forced to become comfort women against their will," Ishihara said. "Based on the investigation team's report, we, as the government, concluded that there was coercion."

The government investigation also found that many of the Dutch victims were selected from concentration camps and forcibly sent to brothels, while those in the Philippines and Indonesia were raped at battlefronts, kidnapped and forced to provide sex under confinement.

Hashimoto, 43, sought to calm the uproar Monday, telling a packed news conference that he personally didn't condone using "comfort women," which he labeled a violation of human rights.

But he repeatedly insisted that Japan's wartime government did not systematically force girls and women into prostitution, although he acknowledged that some may have been deceived and coerced. He said the historical record isn't clear, which is similar to Abe's view that there is no proof the women were coerced as a result of a state order. He said historians from both Japan and South Korea should settle the matter.

Hashimoto acknowledged that this murkiness probably is the key stumbling block in Japan's ties with South Korea.

Chuo University historian Yoshiaki Yoshimi, one of Japan's most respected experts on "comfort women," criticized the Japanese government for taking an extremely narrow interpretation of what constitutes coercion.

He said documents show "comfort women" recruited in Japan were mostly adult professionals, although many had been sold into the sex industry by their poor families. However, in Asian countries invaded by Japan, there was no consideration of the rights of minors or the right to quit, which he said should constitute coercion by international standards.

"Neither Prime Minister Abe nor Mayor Hashimoto has tried to look at how those girls and young women were abused. Their view is worlds apart from the international view," he said.

Kim was dragged across Asia, from Hong Kong to Singapore and Indonesia, until the end of the war in 1945. She was freed in Singapore and returned home in 1946. She later was married but - like most former sex slaves - was never able to reveal her past to anyone but her mother - until decades later.

"Even as I returned to my homeland, it never was a true liberation for me," she told listeners at the community center. "How could I tell anyone what had happened to me during the war? It was living with a big lump in my chest."

She finally broke her silence several years after her husband died in 1981. Later she joined a group of women seeking official recognition as victims of Japan's sex slavery.

Kim has since traveled around the world to tell her story and participates in weekly protests in front of the Japanese Embassy in Seoul.

Kim and another former sex slave, 84-year-old Kil Won-ok, had been seeking a meeting with Hashimoto for some time when he made his comments this month. He then offered to meet with them, but they canceled, saying they didn't perceive that he was remorseful and didn't want to be used by him to rehabilitate his image. Instead, they spoke to the public in Osaka.

"We won't be around much longer," Kil said. "But we have to tell you our stories because we don't want the same mistake repeated again."


---Man, uncles accused of forcing Mexican women into prostitution in metro Atlanta---
police news
May 22, 2013
By: Kimathi Lewis
http://www.examiner.com/article/man-uncles-accused-of-forcing-mexican-women-into-prostitution-metro-atlanta

A man and his two uncles allegedly forced three women into prostitution in metro Atlanta; a fourth man is accused of inducing another to enter the United States from Mexico.
Mr. Arturo Rojas-Coyotl, 26, Mr. Odilon Martinez-Rojas, 41, and Mr. Severiano Martinez-Rojas, 48, all of Tenancingo in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico were indicted Tuesday for sex trafficking and alien harboring, according to the United States Attorney’s Office.

A fourth man, Mr. Daniel Garcia-Tepal, 28, also of Tlaxcala, Mexico, is charged with encouraging and inducing aliens to enter and reside in the United States unlawfully.

“The defendants are charged with preying on young women from Mexico and Guatemala, smuggling them into the United States under false pretenses, and forcing them into prostitution,” United States Attorney Mrs. Sally Quillian Yates said.

“U.S. laws protect all trafficking victims, and we will prosecute those who engage in this practice.”

Prosecutors said Mr. Rojas-Coyotl and his uncles used force, fraud and coercion to compel three women to engage in prostitution in Atlanta and Norcross between 2006 and 2008.

Mr. Daniel Garcia-Tepal and Mr. Arturo Rojas-Coyotl are also charged with encouraging and inducing a fourth woman to unlawfully enter and remain in the United States between 2010 and 2013, federal officials said.

Special Agents of the FBI and ICE Homeland Security Investigations arrested Mr. Rojas-Coyotl, Mr. Odilon Martinez-Rojas, and Mr. Garcia-Tepal in a law enforcement sweep.

Mr. Severiano Martinez-Rojas remains a fugitive and is believed to be in Mexico. The FBI plans to work with officials in Mexico City to capture him and extradite him back to the United States.

“The enslavement of women forced into prostitution is a heinous crime that occurs all too frequently in our communities,” said Brock D. Nicholson, Special Agent in Charge of ICE Homeland Security Investigations in Atlanta.

“Across the country, law enforcement agencies from the federal to the local level are teaming up to identify arrest and prosecute those who seek to profit at the expense of the suffering of others.”


---Indian woman, 39, forced into slavery by TWO WOMEN who made her work 16-hour days and paid her just L2,300 for four years of gruelling work---
By Rosie Taylor
PUBLISHED: 15:53 GMT, 16 May 2013 | UPDATED: 13:27 GMT, 17 May 2013
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2325599/Indian-woman-39-forced-slavery-TWO-WOMEN-work-16-hour-days-paid-just-2-300-years-gruelling-work.html#ixzz2TXRx00hE

The woman was also raped by a butcher who made her sleep on his floor
Indian victim came to UK to work as nanny but was trapped by group
She was passed between the homes of three acquaintances

An Indian woman was forced into modern-day slavery by two women who locked her indoors and forced her to work 16-hour days.

The victim was also raped by the women's accomplice, 54-year-old butcher Enkarta Balapovi.

At a sentencing of three people today, the court heard he subjected the 39-year-old to four months of sexual abuse behind his wife's back while forcing his victim to sleep on the floor of his single room flat.

He forced the woman to cook and clean for him, and threatened to burn her passport unless she stripped naked and performed sex acts.

When the married victim resisted his advances, Balapovi threatened to throw her on to the streets without any identity documents if she did not sleep with him.

The illiterate woman had been lured to the UK with the promise of work as a nanny, hoping to earn money for her poverty-stricken family in India.

But she found herself locked indoors and forced to work 16-hour days during a four-year ordeal at the hands of Balapovi and co-accused women Shamina Yousuf, a secretary, and optician Shashi Obhrai.

The mother-of-four was burned with an iron, threatened with hypodermic needles and had a knife held to her throat by Obhrai, 54, when she tried to escape.

Her passport was seized by Yousuf, 33, as soon as she arrived, and the woman was passed between three families as a 'dogsbody', earning just L2,300 for year's of gruelling work.

Despite dubbing Obhrai as 'wicked', Judge Shani Barnes spared her a jail sentence because she is the primary carer for her terminally ill millionaire husband Balram Obhrai, 59.

Mr Obhrai had been accused of trafficking and making threats to kill but the prosecution offered no evidence against him because he has a brain tumour and is on his death bed at home.

Yousuf, 33, had first recruited the woman when she came to the UK in 2005 to earn money for her poverty-stricken family in Hyderabad, India.

After nearly three years as a 'servant' for Yousuf's family and friends, the woman confronted her.

Yousuf, whose marriage was breaking up, threw a mug at the woman's foot which left a two-inch gash.

Obhrai employed the victim from October 2007 and forced her to work from 6am to 11pm.

During her time there, she was burned with an iron, threatened with a hypodermic needle and hit over the head with a rolling pin after a row about chapatti recipes.

Balapovi, Yousuf, and Obhrai appeared in the dock together at Croydon Crown Court today to be sentenced.

Balapovi was jailed for 11 years, while Yousuf was sentenced to 40 hours community service and Obhrai was given a 20 month suspended jail sentence.

Prosecutor Caroline Haughey said the uneducated victim was 'one of the most vulnerable members of society' who had been targeted because she was unaware of her basic human rights.

'She has been bullied physically, psychologically, she has been sexually assaulted, she has been raped,' she said.

'She was clearly viewed as a belonging by the defendants in this case, each one of them separately contributing to the violation of her right.

'Her naivety, her innocence, her lack of education, has been exploited with threats and physical violence preying on her lack of understanding of western norms.'

n a statement to the court, the victim, who has been given compassionate leave to stay in the UK for five years, said: 'They have made my life hell. I have suffered with depression and sleepless nights for a very long time.

'I have to take medication so that I can get some sleep. They have treated me so badly that I worry at night that they will come for me.

'These people are dangerous they have ruined my life and kept me away from my children. Each should be punished for their wrongdoings.'

During a six-week trial, the court heard how Yousuf had forced the woman into servitude at her home in London by taking away her passport and promising to help her get a UK visa.

But she refused to return the passport and the victim found herself trapped for three years before she was passed on to Balapovi, a butcher living in north London.

He downed alcohol and repeatedly forced himself on her when she spurned his advances, grabbing her hair, kissing her so violently he cut her lips, and promising her a visa for her if she had sex with him.

The woman said: 'When Salim [Balapovi] used to have sex with me, my whole body used to ache. I can't move on - he raped me.'

When passed to Obhrai's house in also in north London the woman was beaten with high heel shoes, jabbed in the head with a comb and pushed her down the stairs.

Of one incident, the woman said: 'Shashi Obhrai put a hot iron on my arm when I asked her for my earnings to be paid.

'She told me that she would do it. I told her that the iron was on and she said, "Have a look, is it hot or not?", and put the iron on me.'

She was also forced to survive on out-of-date food and the spat-out leftovers of Obhrai's children. When she was sick from tiredness, Obhrai made her clean up the vomit with her own clothes.

The woman managed to escape from Obhrai's clutches to a crisis centre, but her tormentor found her and threatened to kill her with a knife if she did not return.

She eventually escaped again and contacted refuge charities and the police.

In May last year, officers charged the trio with a variety of abuse offences.

Obhrai was convicted after trial of making a threat to kill and ABH after a trial.

She was given 18-months in prison for ABH and 20 months in prison for making threats to kill, with both sentences running concurrently and suspended for 20 months.

Yousuf was convicted of ABH, and order to carry out 40 hours unpaid work.

Her husband, supermarket manager, Aleemuddin Mohammed, 35, was cleared of sexual assault at the trial.

Butcher Balapovi's wife Shanaz Begum, 57, was found not guilty of people trafficking offences on the direction of the judge.


---Two held for Korean sex trade---
Published: 3 May 2013 at 08.47
http://bangkokpost.com/news/local/348196/two-held-for-luring-thai-girls-into-korean-sex-trade

A South Korean man and a Thai woman have been arrested for their alleged involvement in human trafficking and the flesh trade in Korea.

Police from the anti-human trafficking division on Thursday arrested Lee Junho, 47, and Natthaya Porthong, 25, on Rama IX Road in Huai Khwang district.

The arrests followed complaints from two women on March 20 that they had been lured into prostitution in South Korea.

The women said the suspects had persuaded them to work as masseuses at Koong Thai massage shop in Seoul with a promise they would earn at least 100,000 baht a month. WWhen the women arrived there in January they were forced into the flesh trade.

They were asked to provide sex services to male customers five to seven times a day, they said. They had not received any money.

The victims managed to escape the massage shop and returned to Thailand to file complaints with police. Both suspects denied all charges.


---Infiltrating Europe's shameful trade in human beings---
June 2001
By Preston Mendenhall
MSNBC.com exposes a sexual slavery network
http://www.nbcnews.com/id/3071965/ns/us_news-only/t/infiltrating-europes-shameful-trade-human-beings/#.UaV3AUp_558

VELESTA, Macedonia - Olga winced as she drew back the bandage on her right breast, revealing an infected puncture wound that hadn’t healed since a man bit her in a fit of sexual rage. But the wound, for which the 19-year-old Moldovan lacked even basic medicine, is only a small part of Olga’s daily agony. For more than a year she has been held as a sex slave in this town in western Macedonia, where human trafficking flourishes and young girls are forced to endure the sexual whims of thousands of men.

Sitting in a brothel bedroom in Velesta, a town synonymous with forced prostitution that police and experts consider one of the most dangerous places in Europe, Olga said that her “owner” would kill her for telling a reporter about her state of captivity. But the cruel conditions under which she is held, and her deteriorating mental and physical health, compelled her to speak out.

Her head hung in shame, Olga’s dark brown eyes welled with tears. She brushed back her long black hair, revealing a fair complexion flushed with anger at her fate. “There is only one word for this,” she said. “Slavery.”

Forced to have sex with as many as 10 men every day, Olga and other women clandestinely interviewed by MSNBC.com as part of a four-month investigation into the sex trade in Europe, insisted that their real identities not be revealed.

Their fears are not unfounded. Those brave enough to seek help have been savagely beaten - and sometimes killed - for trying to escape.

Flourishing sex trade
Olga is one small cog in a huge transnational industry, and Macedonia is merely a way station on a path to bondage that begins in impoverished Eastern Europe and the chaotic states that emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union, and stretches to Western Europe, the Middle East and beyond.

In Europe alone, officials estimate that more than 200,000 women and girls - one-quarter of all women trafficked globally - are smuggled out of Central and Eastern Europe and the former Soviet republics each year, the bulk of whom end up working as enslaved prostitutes. Almost half are transported to Western Europe. Roughly a quarter end up in the United States. Human rights activists say the numbers do not tell the full story, because most women remain silent rather than turn to frequently corrupt authorities for help.

The rapid rise of this sex slave trade can be traced to the fall of the Soviet Union, where borders once heavily guarded by the Red Army suddenly became porous and Soviet republics and Eastern European satellites once in the Kremlin’s grasp saw their industries and subsidies collapse overnight. Millions of young women like Olga came of age amid this economic misery. Their childhood fantasies of a better life in the West soon became a human trafficker’s golden opportunity.

Moldova's misery
Nowhere is this trafficking worse than it is in Moldova, Olga’s home, where experts estimate that since the fall of the Soviet Union between 200,000 and 400,000 women have been sold into prostitution - perhaps up to 10 percent of the female population.

The numbers are staggering, but for Liuba Revenko of the International Organization for Migration in Moldova the bondage of the country’s young women has become routine. “Moldovans are a hybrid population of Russians, Romanians, Jews, Ukrainians and Bulgarians,” Revenko said. “That creates a special race of women that are beautiful and in demand. They have no future. They are a good target for the traffickers.”

In Velesta, a town so small that the 120 Moldovan girls working as prostitutes there make up a sizeable part of the population, the sex slaves are rarely seen during the day. Kept under lock and key in the back rooms of a dozen “kafane,” or cafe-bars that double as brothels, they are summoned by their owners when a customer arrives. Then the girls, most in their late teens or early 20s, are paraded in skimpy lingerie before clients who “pick us according to their tastes,” said Irina, a Moldovan who answered a want-ad to be a waitress in Italy, but ended up trapped in a Balkans brothel instead of working in a restaurant in southern Sicily.

Rural Moldovan women, lacking education and desperate to escape, are easy targets, activists say. Sometimes the bondage is built around a debt that is impossible to pay off. Other times, it is simply brutal captivity.

They end up servicing clients with the false hope of working off a “debt” to their owners, who continue to entice them with real jobs in Europe.

Unwitting victims
The women’s tales of bondage are hauntingly similar. Olga, the Moldovan with the breast wound, was virtually kidnapped when she played hooky from school in rural Moldova. Initially, she was drawn to the prospect of a new life in Italy - far away from her alcoholic mother and abusive brother. But the next thing she knew, a Serb smuggler called “Dragan” was pulling her out of a car trunk in the Romanian town of Timisoara, on the border with Yugoslavia. Dragan and his Romanian pals loaded 10 girls on a boat to cross the Danube. After a few days in a basement near Belgrade, Olga was led across the Serbian frontier with Macedonia - under the eyes of obliging border guards - and brought to Velesta. “There were clients on the very first night,” she said.

With no passport and little idea where she was, Olga was raped, beaten into submission and humiliated until she no longer had the will to challenge her horrible fate.

“Meti made me clean the toilet with my tongue. It was horrible and dirty. I think they did it because I was the newest girl,” Olga said of her ethnic Albanian owner. “He made me lick another girl’s … you know, down there. And then he laughed.”

Young and beautiful, Olga has stayed in Velesta longer than most trafficked women, many of whom are moved on into Albania and Greece after the local population “breaks them in or gets tired of them,” Olga said. Once they reach the Albanian coast, they are easily trafficked to Italy, where the European Union’s lax border controls allow them to be smuggled deep inside the continent.

Billions in profits
Ten years of wars in the Balkans have turned the region into a trafficking highway paved with lawlessness and corruption that has prompted former enemies - Bosnian Muslims, Serbs and ethnic Albanians - to set aside ethnic rivalries in the name of vast profits. “You’re talking about big international organizations,” said Rudolf Perina, a former U.S. ambassador to Moldova who was involved in Washington-funded anti-trafficking efforts.

Ethnic Albanian rebels in Kosovo, Macedonia and south Serbia - long the masters of drug running in the Balkans - are deeply involved in the human smuggling business, using the flesh trade to fund their separatist movements.

Luisa, a 32-year-old single Moldovan mother whose neighbor persuaded her to accept a job in Italy and “marry a rich Roman,” found herself repeatedly raped by her “owner,” Dilaver Bojku, an ethnic Albanian trafficking kingpin from Velesta. European law enforcement officials say Bojku, one of the sex trade’s “Most Wanted,” has used cash and, reportedly, contacts with ethnic Albanian rebels to avoid arrest for years. “He bought me for $700,” Luisa said.

She was freed in a police raid on Velesta, after MSNBC.com confronted Macedonia’s interior minister, Ljube Boskovski, with tales of sex slavery only a few hours’ drive from his office in the capital of Skopje.

But Olga and other women who took great risk to speak about their predicament were nowhere to be found.

The Macedonian SWAT team that raided bars called Coca Cola, Safari and Bela Dona was only partly successful.

Tipped off to the raids, brothel owners had spirited girls out secret exits in the backrooms of the bars and hidden them in the woods behind the buildings. The sheets on the beds were still warm. With the exception of a few minor pimps, the kingpins like Bojku escaped.

Lack of laws
The raid on Velesta was the first by Macedonian police, long wary of upsetting the uneasy peace between the country’s Macedonian Slavs and ethnic Albanian minority.

Even Boskovski admitted his own policemen were on the smugglers’ payroll, making it virtually impossible to surprise the traffickers and rescue their sex slaves. Boskovski also complained about a lack of laws to keep traffickers behind bars. “The punishments are not really severe,” he said.

In an interview with MSNBC.com, Vitalie Curarari, the head of Moldova’s anti-trafficking police, lashed out at the media for “sensationalizing” sex slavery and placed much of the blame for trafficking on the women themselves. “Fifty percent of our women just go abroad to find another man and then come back to divorce their husbands,” Curarari said.

In the heart of Europe
Farther along the trafficking pipeline, hundreds of women and girls are smuggled into Europe every day and forced onto the streets of cities like Hamburg, Paris, London and Amsterdam.

Amsterdam, a city synonymous with hedonism, is perhaps best known for its legalized sex industry, in which prostitutes pay taxes and undergo regular health exams. The city’s Red Light District is a virtual Disneyland of sex - with only European Union passport holders allowed to ply the trade.

But only a few miles’ drive from the city center, traditional Dutch tolerance is helping fuel the trafficking problem. In Theemsweg, a fenced-in, football field-sized parking lot built by the government for unregulated sex workers, girls sit in bus shelters - also courtesy of the government - waiting for clients. There are no EU citizens here - and the prostitutes’ countries of origin are strikingly familiar: Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Romania, Bulgaria, Czech Republic. On weekends, men looking for cheap sex wait in cars that back up for a mile. Sexual encounters, which take place right in the cars, cost $20.

Smuggled into Europe
Asked how she got to Theemsweg, 20-year-old Anna from Russia’s Far East said, “You don’t want to know.” Dutch police officials, speaking privately, estimate that as many as 70 percent of the prostitutes in the Netherlands are working illegally, using false documents provided by smugglers to skirt Dutch and European laws.

With the women facing poor odds, activists are working overtime to try to thwart traffickers and rescue some of the thousands of sex slaves in Europe. The International Organization for Migration, backed by U.S. funding, has managed to return only 400 of the perhaps hundreds of thousands of Moldovan women victimized by the sex trade. Activists are beating a path to rural areas to educate young girls about the dangers of the trade.

Twenty-one-year-old Natasha, a single mother, considers herself one of the lucky ones. She escaped Velesta, where her clients included NATO soldiers from Germany, France, Britain and the United States who were stationed in Macedonia for peacekeeping duties.

It was an Albanian client who took pity on Natasha and bought her from her owner for 5,000 Deutsche Marks, about $2,500. “Yes, I’m back in Moldova, but it’s difficult,” she said in a village three hours north of the Moldovan capital, Chisinau. “We do not have money to buy bread. We do not have money to pay for the electricity.”

For Olga, tending to her sore breast in captivity, anything sounds better than Velesta. “What kind of animal can do this to me?” she demanded, tears streaming down her face. “All of Macedonia is filled with girls like me, and we’re all crying.”

2013年5月30日木曜日

米軍 国外で米国民殺害

米軍は国外で米国民を殺害した。

Eric Holder
・パキスタンやイエメンなどの海外で実施する無人機攻撃で殺害した米国
 人は2009年以降、計4人。
 2011 Yemen Anwar al-Awlaki  米国へのテロ攻撃を謀議。
       Samir Khan     爆弾の製造方法なども紹介。
       Abdul Rahman Anwar al-Awlaki アウラキの息子
       Jude Kenan     テロ組織に関与。

・2002年以降死亡者見積
 Yemen 240-347名
 Pakistan 2541-3533名

 オバマ米大統領は、ワシントンの国防大学で、政権2期目の包括的な
テロ対策指針について演説、内外から批判の強い無人機攻撃の対象を限定
すると表明した。「市民に犠牲者が出ないとほぼ確実視できる」などの新
たな基準を設ける。グアンタナモ海軍基地(キューバ)閉鎖実現へ向け、
施設の収容者をイエメンへ移送する手続きを始める考えも示した。

米軍の犠牲者が少ないUAVを使った軍事作戦は、効果が高いとされ、国際法
違反と言われながら、継続するようだ。他国の民間人の犠牲者は問題にせず、
自国民のみを問題にする米議会。人種差別は米国民の根本か。

米CIAのブラックサイトの一部を閉鎖予定と発表しながら未だに継続。

米無人機は違法か
ALCU 殺害者リスト作成は法律違反
CIA Black Site
OP Cupcake
カダフィ殺害
OP TROY
米テロ報告書2011
米無人機 勲章と暗殺
U.S. Attorney Obtains Phone Records


Obama defends 'just' drone strikes


---オバマ大統領、無人機攻撃を限定 対テロ転換点に新指針---
2013/05/24 08:11
http://www.47news.jp/CN/201305/CN2013052401001367.html

 【ワシントン共同】オバマ米大統領は23日、ワシントンの国防大学で、政権2期目の包括的なテロ対策指針について演説、内外から批判の強い無人機攻撃の対象を限定すると表明した。「市民に犠牲者が出ないとほぼ確実視できる」などの新たな基準を設ける。グアンタナモ海軍基地(キューバ)閉鎖実現へ向け、施設の収容者をイエメンへ移送する手続きを始める考えも示した。
 テロとの戦いは転換点にあるとの認識の下、米国への脅威の度合いに応じて敵を選別し、対テロ戦争を縮小する方向性を明確にした。政策遂行に当たってオバマ政権が重視する透明性も指針に反映させた。


---海外での無人機攻撃で米国人4人を殺害、米政府が初の公表---
2013.05.23 Thu posted at 17:45 JST
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/35032454.html

 ワシントン(CNN) 米国のホルダー司法長官は22日、テロ組織掃討を狙いパキスタンやイエメンなどの海外で実施する無人機攻撃で殺害した米国人は2009年以降、計4人であることを明らかにした。
 米上院司法委員会のレーヒー委員長宛ての書簡で表明したもので、米政府当局者が海外での無人機攻撃で殺害した米国人の数を公にしたのは初めて。4人の死亡そのものはメディアで報じられていた。
 長官はこの中で無人機攻撃の明確な標的としたのは、イエメンで2011年に死亡したアルカイダ系「アラビア半島のアルカイダ」(AQAP)のアンワル・アウラキ師1人のみと説明した。同師は米国へのテロ攻撃を謀議していたとされる。
 長官はまた、オバマ政権はアウラキ師とは別の3人を無人機攻撃で殺害したことは承知していると指摘。この3人は、AQAPの英語機関誌「インスパイア」を作成したとされるサミール・カーン容疑者、アウラキ師の16歳だったとされる息子にジュード・ケナン・モハメド容疑者。
 同誌は爆弾の製造方法なども紹介していた。モハメド容疑者は米ノースカロライナ州を拠点にしたテロ組織に関与し、海外での米国人拉致、殺害やテロリストへの物的支援などの罪で訴追された。逮捕されたことはないが、パキスタンに一時滞在していたともされる。
 カーン容疑者はアウラキ師と同じ現場で殺され、アウラキ師の息子は父が死亡した約2週間後に殺害された。米司法省はモハメド容疑者が無人機攻撃を受けた場所は明らかにしていない。ホルダー長官はアウラキ師以外の3人の殺害の経緯にも触れなかった。
 長官は無人機攻撃による4人の殺害は機密情報扱いだったが、オバマ大統領の指示で公表に踏み切ったと指摘。オバマ氏は今年年初の一般教書演説でテロ対策での作戦などの情報は議会に提供し続けるなどの考えを示していた。
 海外での対テロ作戦で殺傷能力を持つ兵器などを使って米国人を標的にすることは今年初め、ブレナン米中央情報局(CIA)長官の長官指名人事に関する議会聴聞会で問題が提起されていた。上院議員らはこの種の作戦遂行を合法化とする根拠の説明を求めていた。
 また、一部議員は米本土内でのテロ計画への関与が疑われる米国人に対し無人機攻撃が適用される可能性があるとの疑念も抱いている。
 ホルダー長官は昨年、これらの疑念を踏まえ、米政府が致死性の兵器使用の対象とする米国人は、アルカイダもしくは系列組織の幹部で、米国人の殺害計画への積極的な加担者に限るとの見解を示していた。
 ホワイトハウスによると、オバマ大統領は23日、米国防大学で演説し、アルカイダや系列組織掃討の政策の詳細に言及する予定。無人機攻撃の必要性や正当性にも触れるとみられる。


---Obama shifts U.S. from 'perpetual war-footing,' limits drone strikes---
By Matt Spetalnick and Roberta Rampton
WASHINGTON | Thu May 23, 2013 7:35pm EDT
http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/05/23/us-usa-obama-speech-idUSBRE94M04Y20130523

(Reuters) - President Barack Obama on Thursday shifted the United States away from a "boundless global war on terror," restricting deadly drone strikes abroad and signaling that America's long struggle against al Qaeda will one day end.

In a major policy speech, Obama narrowed the scope of the U.S. targeted-killing campaign against al Qaeda and its allies and took new steps toward closing the Guantanamo Bay military prison - controversial elements of the U.S. counterterrorism fight that have drawn condemnation at home and abroad.

"Our nation is still threatened by terrorists," Obama said at Washington's National Defense University. "We must recognize however, that the threat has shifted and evolved from the one that came to our shores on 9/11."

After launching costly wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the United States is tiring of conflict and while combating terrorism is still a high priority for the White House, polls show by large margins that Americans' main concerns are the economy and healthcare.

Faced with criticism about civilian casualties in attacks by unmanned aerial vehicles, Obama said the United States would only use these drone strikes when a threat was "continuing and imminent," a nuanced change from the previous policy of launching strikes against a significant threat.

Under new presidential guidance signed by Obama on Wednesday, the Defense Department will also take the lead in launching lethal drones, as opposed to the current practice of the CIA taking charge.

That would subject drone operations to more scrutiny from Congress and might lead to the Pentagon taking over drone operations in Yemen, but not in Pakistan, where the CIA is likely to continue to run the program.

Now in his second term and with no need to worry about re-election, Obama appears intent on confronting human rights and civil liberties challenges that threaten to stain his legacy.

Those include the Guantanamo prison at the U.S. Naval Base in Cuba, where more than 100 prisoners are on hunger strike and dozens are being force-fed to keep them alive.

Obama said he would lift a moratorium on sending Yemeni detainees home, appoint a State Department coordinator and work with Congress to break a deadlock over the camp where most prisoners have been held for more than a decade without trial.

Human rights groups mostly welcomed Obama's assertion that America could not remain on "a perpetual war-time footing."

"Our systematic effort to dismantle terrorist organizations must continue. But this war, like all wars, must end. That's what history advises. That's what our democracy demands," Obama said.

Republican opponents accused him of giving in to terrorism.

"The president's speech today will be viewed by terrorists as a victory. Rather than continuing successful counterterrorism activities, we are changing course with no clear operational benefit," Senator Saxby Chambliss from Georgia said.

Although the number of drone strikes has dropped in the past year after peaking in the middle of Obama's first term, the use of remote-controlled aircraft to attack extremists - and the civilian casualties that have sometimes resulted - has increased tensions with countries such as Pakistan and drawn criticism from rights activists.

The New America Foundation's widely cited drone attack database shows there have been 355 drone strikes in Pakistan's tribal regions since 2004 and more than 60 in Yemen since 2009.

Pilotless aircraft are increasingly playing a role in the armory of the United States and other countries. The U.S. Navy made aviation history on May 14 by launching an unmanned stealth jet off an aircraft carrier for the first time, with an eye on possible rivals like China and Iran.

Obama suggested the possibility of creating a secret court to oversee counterterrorism drone strikes, but he left it to Congress to decide on that.

"Beyond Afghanistan, we must define our effort not as a boundless ‘global war on terror' - but rather as a series of persistent, targeted efforts to dismantle specific networks of violent extremists that threaten America," Obama said.

UNTYING GUANTANAMO KNOT

Renewing his longstanding vow to close the Guantanamo prison, Obama called it "a symbol around the world for an America that flouts the rule of law."

Obama has been frustrated by his inability to make good on his 2008 campaign pledge to shut Guantanamo, which was opened by his predecessor, President George W. Bush, to hold men rounded up on suspicion of involvement with al Qaeda and the Taliban after the September 11 attacks.

Obama's current proposals will likely face resistance from Republican lawmakers and possibly some fellow Democrats, who have posed obstacles to transferring prisoners.

A hunger strike by 103 of the 166 detainees - 32 of whom have lost so much weight that they are being force-fed - has put pressure on Obama to take action.

"There is no justification beyond politics for Congress to prevent us from closing a facility that should never have been opened," Obama said.

The president was interrupted for more than a minute by a heckler from the Code Pink movement, who berated him for not closing the prison.

While he cannot shut Guantanamo on his own, Obama did announce some steps aimed at getting some prisoners out. He lifted a moratorium on detainee transfers to Yemen out of respect for that country's reforming government. Yemenis make up the largest group of prisoners.

He also called on Congress to lift restrictions on the transfer of terrorism suspects from Guantanamo and directed the Defense Department to identify a site in the United States to hold military tribunals for Guantanamo detainees. Lawmakers from both major parties have opposed bringing them to the U.S. mainland.

"Where appropriate, we will bring terrorists to justice in our courts and military justice system," he said.

Zeke Johnson, director of Amnesty International USA's Security with Human Rights Campaign called Obama's wide-ranging 50-minute address a "momentous speech." "Now it's time for him to take immediate action and get the job done ," he said.

But he made clear that differences remained with Obama's policies. "What's needed on drones is not a "kill court," but rejection of the radical redefinition of "imminence" used to expand who can be killed, as well as independent investigations of alleged extrajudicial executions and remedy for victims," he said.

Obama's speech came after his administration acknowledged on Wednesday that since 2009, four Americans had been killed in drone strikes in Yemen and Pakistan, including militant cleric Anwar al-Awlaki.

Obama defended those operations, saying that when a U.S. citizen goes abroad to wage war against the United States, his citizenship should not be a shield.

But in recognition of a debate within Congress about whether strikes could be launched within the United States, Obama said such strikes would not be constitutional.


---White House says drone strikes have killed four US citizens---
Dan Roberts in Washington
guardian.co.uk, Thursday 23 May 2013 14.20 BST   
http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/may/22/white-house-drone-strikes-us-citizens

Eric Holder acknowledges previously classified details of drone program and says US deliberately targeted Anwar al-Awlaki, who died in Yemen in 2011

The White House has launched a new effort to draw a line under its controversial drone strike policy by admitting for the first time that four American citizens were among those killed by its covert attacks in Yemen and Pakistan since 2009.

In a letter to congressional leaders sent on Wednesday, attorney general Eric Holder acknowledged previously classified details of the drone attacks and promised to brief them on a new US doctrine for sanctioning such targeted killings in future.

Holder claimed one of the US citizens killed, Anwar al-Awlaki, was chief of external operations for al-Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula (Aqap) and had been involved in plots to blow up airplanes over US soil. However, Holder said three others killed by drones - Samir Khan, Abdul Rahman Anwar al-Awlaki and Jude Kenan - were not "specifically targeted". The second of these victims, Anwar al-Awlaki's son, is said by campaigners to have been 16 when he died in Yemen in 2011.

The Bureau of Investigative Journalism estimates that between 240 and 347 people have been killed in total by confirmed US drone strikes in Yemen since 2002, with a further 2,541 to 3,533 killed by CIA drones in Pakistan.

Amid mounting concern that the policy has harmed US interests overseas, President Obama is expected to give a major speech on his counter-terrorism strategy at the National Defense University in Washington on Thursday, marking the start of a concerted effort to better justify and explain the killings.

"The president will soon be speaking publicly in greater detail about our counterterrorism operations and the legal and policy framework," Holder told 22 senior members of Congress in Wednesday's letter.

"This week the president approved a document that institutionalises the administration's exacting standards and processes for reviewing and approving operations to capture or use lethal force against terrorist targets outside the United States and areas of active hostilities."

The attorney general said this document would remain classified, but relevant congressional committees would be briefed on its contents. No further details were given of other killings in the five-page letter.

Earlier, White House spokesman Jay Carney said Obama would also outline his renewed attempt to shut the Guantanamo Bay detention centre in the speech and seek to explain why previous efforts had failed.

After a week in which Obama has been accused of failing to deal openly with crises such as the the targeting of Tea Party activists by the Internal Revenue Service, the White House hope it can defuse concern over drones and Guantanamo by being more transparent about its objectives.

"These are matters that … he believes are subject to legitimate questions, and that these are issue areas he believes we need to be as transparent as possible about." said Carney. "And I think you'll see that reflected in his remarks tomorrow."

The White House says Thursday's speech will cover "broad counter-terrorism policy, including military, diplomatic, intelligence, and legal efforts".

"[Obama] will review the state of the threats that we face, particularly as the al-Qaida core has weakened but new dangers have emerged," it added. "He will discuss the policy and legal framework under which we take action against terrorist threats, including the use of drones.

"He will review our detention policy and efforts to close the detention facility at Guantanamo Bay. And he will frame the future of our efforts against al Qaeda, its affiliates and its adherents."

Greater transparency is unlikely to satisfy critics of the drone strikes alone, but the White House has also been keen to stress in recent days that the number of attacks has fallen significantly since Obama's first term and Thursday's speech may mark a turning point in the use of such tactics by the US.

2013年5月29日水曜日

DENSO NA Guilty2

DENSO North America幹部がの罪を認めた。
 自動車部品をめぐる国際価格カルテルで、米司法省は、デンソー幹部
2人が罪を認めたと発表した。

米司法省
・幹部2人は価格操作などへの関与を認め、禁固刑と罰金を支払うことに
 同意。
 暗号名や隠蔽工作のための秘密会議を主催し、カルテルを行った。
 Yuji Suzuki senior manager Toyota Sales Division
  禁固16カ月 罰金2万ドル
  2005年8月~2008年12月まで、電子制御装置の談合に参加し、温度調整
  装置の価格を操作した。
 Hiroshi Watanabe  group leader Toyota Sales Division
  禁固15カ月 罰金2万ドル
  2008年6月~2010年2月まで米国トヨタに操作された価格で温度調整
  装置を販売。

現在まで、9社と14人が有罪を認め、調査協力をしているようだ。
12人は禁固刑とのこと。

新たに二名が有罪。
カルテル調査は継続しているとのことだから、有罪となる人は増加か。
DENSO NA幹部に有罪が多いが、持ちかけたのはDENSO NAか。
業界の主団体から要請されれば、法律の裏づけがあっても、今後のことを
考慮して、拒否できたのだろうか。

DENSO North America Guilty
東海理化 罰金1770万ドル


---デンソー幹部2人が価格操作で有罪、1年超の禁固刑-米司法省---
更新日時: 2013/05/22 11:10 JST
http://www.bloomberg.co.jp/news/123-MN6EXR6TTDTO01.html

 5月22日(ブルームバーグ):自動車部品をめぐる国際価格カルテルで、米司法省は現地時間21日、デンソー 幹部2人が罪を認めたと発表した。
 発表資料によると、幹部2人は価格操作などへの関与を認め、それぞれ1年4月と1年3月の禁固刑と、いずれも2万ドル(約205万円)の罰金を支払うことに同意した。
 デンソー広報担当の兼益五郎氏は、電話取材に「会社としては厳粛に受け止めている。これまでも徹底してきた独禁法順守をあらためて全社員に周知徹底している」と話した。幹部らの詳細については個人情報にあたるとしてコメントを控えた。
 自動車部品をめぐる国際価格カルテルでは、米司法省や日本の公正取引委員会、欧州連合(EU)などが2010年から調査を進めてきた。デンソーは12年1月、反トラスト法違反で米司法省と7800万ドルの支払いに同意していた。公取委からは12年11月に日本の自動車部品メーカー6社とともに排除措置命令を受けていたが、課徴金は免れていた。


---Two Denso Corporation Executives Agree to Plead Guilty for Price Fixing and Bid Rigging on Auto Parts Installed in U.S. Cars---
Department of Justice
Office of Public Affairs
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Tuesday, May 21, 2013
http://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/2013/May/13-at-587.html

Two DENSO Corp. executives - Yuji Suzuki and Hiroshi Watanabe - have agreed to plead guilty for their roles in international conspiracies to fix prices and rig bids of certain automotive components installed in U.S. cars, the Department of Justice announced today.  The executives, both Japanese nationals, have also agreed to serve time in a U.S. prison.

Yuji Suzuki, a senior manager in DENSO’s Toyota Sales Division, has agreed to serve 16 months in a U.S. prison, to pay a $20,000 criminal fine and to cooperate with the department’s ongoing investigation. Hiroshi Watanabe, a group leader in DENSO’s Toyota Sales Division at the time of the offense, has agreed to serve 15 months in a U.S. prison, to pay a $20,000 criminal fine and to cooperate with the department’s ongoing investigation.

“The conspirators reached agreements to fix prices and allocate bids, and took measures such as using code names and meeting in secret to cover their tracks,” said Scott D. Hammond, Deputy Assistant Attorney General for the Antitrust Division’s criminal enforcement program.  “Cracking down on international price-fixing cartels that target U.S. businesses and consumers has been, and will continue to be, among the top priorities for the Antitrust Division.”

According to the two-count felony charge filed today in U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in Detroit, Suzuki, along with co-conspirators, engaged in a conspiracy to rig bids for, and to fix, stabilize and maintain the prices of, electronic control units and heater control panels sold to Toyota Motor Corporation and Toyota Motor Engineering and Manufacturing North America Inc. in the United States and elsewhere.  According to the charges, Suzuki participated in the electronic control units conspiracy from at least as early as August 2005 until at least December 2008 and participated in the heater control panels conspiracy from at least as early as July 2005 until at least December 2008.

According to a one-count felony charge filed today in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan in Detroit, Watanabe participated in a conspiracy to rig bids for, and to fix, stabilize and maintain the prices of, heater control panels sold to Toyota from at least as early as June 2008 and continuing until at least February 2010 in the United States and elsewhere.

In March 2012, DENSO  pleaded guilty and was sentenced to pay a $78 million criminal fine for its role in the conspiracies related to electronic control units and heater control panels.

Electronic control units are electrical components, similar to tiny computers, which are embedded throughout cars and control various electrical systems or subsystems in an automobile.  For example, a body electronic control unit controls the power windows, power locks and other electronic components on the door.  Heater control panels are located in the center console of a car and control the temperature inside the car.

“Those individuals who engage in price fixing and bid rigging negatively impact the automotive industry by causing vehicle buyers and makers to pay higher prices.  The FBI is committed to pursuing and prosecuting these criminals,” said Robert D. Foley III, Special Agent in Charge, FBI Detroit Division.

According to the charges against Suzuki and Watanabe, they carried out the conspiracies by participating, or directing the participation of subordinate employees, in meetings and conversations to coordinate and fix prices of automotive parts installed in U.S. cars and elsewhere.

To date, nine companies and 14 executives have pleaded guilty or agreed to plead guilty in the department’s ongoing investigation into price fixing and bid rigging in the automotive parts industry.  DENSO, Nippon Seiki Ltd., Tokai Rika Co. Ltd., Furukawa Electric Co. Ltd, Yazaki Corp., G.S. Electech Inc., Fujikura Ltd., Autoliv Inc. and TRW Deutschland Holding GmbH pleaded guilty and were sentenced to pay a total of more than $809 million in criminal fines.  Additionally, 12 individuals have been sentenced to pay criminal fines and to serve jail sentences ranging from a year and a day to two years each.

Suzuki and Watanabe are charged with price fixing in violation of the Sherman Act, which carries a maximum penalty of 10 years in prison and a $1 million criminal fine for individuals.  The maximum fine may be increased to twice the gain derived from the crime or twice the loss suffered by the victims of the crime, if either of those amounts is greater than the statutory maximum fine.

2013年5月28日火曜日

BSE 全頭検査廃止方向

BSEに対する全頭検査は廃止方向とのこと。
 厚労省は、全国の75自治体が自主的に続けてきたBSEの全頭検査に関し、
9割に当たる約70自治体が廃止する方向で検討中だと明らかにした。

厚労省
・全頭検査を一斉に廃止するよう全国の自治体に要請。
・食肉処理場を持つ44都道府県と政令市など31市を対象に調査。
 「全頭検査を継続する」とした自治体は無し。
 廃止の方向が約70。
 残りの自治体は回答を保留。
・7月1日からBSE検査の対象を現行の月齢30カ月超から48カ月超に引上げ
 る方針。
・食肉処理される牛の8割以上が検査不要。

岐阜県だけは、BSE全頭検査実施を検討との報道だったが、厚労省から
要請を断れず、検査を廃止するかもしれない。
一自治体だけでも検査を続ければ、追従する自治体が増加し、検査継続
の声が大きくなり、厚労省は、助成金を廃止できなくなる。

岐阜県知事の表明のように、ブランドとして、全頭検査を継続すれば、
「食の安全」に関する信頼度が上がる。
飛騨牛ブランドは岐阜県政で決まる。県政はどうするつもりなのだろうか。

BSE 全頭検査継続へ


---9割が全頭検査廃止方向 BSE対策で約70自治体---
2013年5月21日 22時13分
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2013052101002393.html

 厚生労働省は21日、全国の75自治体が自主的に続けてきた牛海綿状脳症(BSE)の全頭検査に関し、9割に当たる約70自治体が廃止する方向で検討中だと明らかにした。
 厚労省によると、食肉処理場を持つ44都道府県と政令市など31市を対象に調査を実施。「全頭検査を継続する」とした自治体はゼロで、廃止の方向が約70。残りの自治体は回答を保留しているという。
 厚労省は7月1日からBSE検査の対象を現行の月齢30カ月超から48カ月超に引き上げる方針を決めており、食肉処理される牛の8割以上が検査不要となる。同省は全頭検査を一斉に廃止するよう全国の自治体に要請している。(共同)

2013年5月27日月曜日

マラリア偽薬

マラリアの偽薬が拡大している。
 全世界で年間2億人以上の患者が発生しているマラリアについて、粗悪
な治療・予防薬の流通が急増していることが、国連の調査で分かった。
アフリカと東南アジアで販売された薬のうち、約5割に薬効が不十分な
成分などが混ぜられていたという。こうした“偽薬”は中国や印が主要
製造元と推定されている。

UNODC
Transnational Organized Crime in East Asia and the Pacific
・1999-2005年
 東南アジアでの(マラリア薬成分?)検査で33-90%の薬が問題
・2000-2010年
 アフリカ諸国の(マラリア薬成分?)検査では、12-82%が不合格。
・(偽マラリア薬は、)粗悪な薬の中には血中のマラリア原虫を殺す成分が
 少ない安価な化学成分や石灰粉末などが混ぜられたものがある。

2010年の集計
・偽薬の製造国は、中国、印、パラグアイ、パキスタン、英国。
・東南アジアの偽薬の売上げは40億ドル。
・アフリカの偽薬の売上げは50億ドル。

マラリア原虫に耐性をつけさせ、さらにマラリア薬を買わせ、儲けよう
としている製薬会社があるようだ。

マラリア薬は儲からないから、先進国は製造しないと批判されたことが
あったが、この批判は高価だけでなく、信用も欲しかったのかもしれない。

NDM1の感染が拡大した頃、印では抗生物質が必要に以上に使用されている
との報道もあったが、偽マラリア薬から推察すると濃度の薄い抗生物質を
混ぜた偽薬も売買されているのかもしれない。
偽ヘパリンや工業用薬品を混ぜた医薬品が報道された中国に関しては、
想像がついた。英国も偽薬が売買されていた。

UNODCを知らなかったが、東アジア・太平洋地域の組織的な越境犯罪報告
書を見ると、偽商品や違法薬物、幼児売買春、人身売買等は多い。

バクスターCEO 偽ヘパリンは中国で混入
中国 メラミンで世界制覇
NDM1
コリスチン 希少疾病用医薬品認定へ
耐性菌感染
多剤耐性菌 国内定着か
抗生物質のない世界の終末シナリオ
Japan Rapid Weight Loss Diet Pills
Superbug感染予測


Fake Malaria Drugs Kill


World Malaria Day: Fake Drugs in the Global Fight


---世界のマラリア薬、半分偽物 主要製造元は中国とインド、国連が報告書---
2013.5.20 10:00
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130520/erp13052010050000-n1.htm

 全世界で年間2億人以上の患者が発生しているマラリアについて、粗悪な治療・予防薬の流通が急増していることが、国連の調査で分かった。アフリカと東南アジアで販売された薬のうち、約5割に薬効が不十分な成分などが混ぜられていたという。こうした“偽薬”は中国やインドが主要製造元と推定されている。
 国連薬物犯罪事務所(UNODC)がまとめた東アジア・太平洋地域の組織的な越境犯罪に関する初の報告書で判明した。効果の薄い薬の投与が続けば、抗生物質が効かない薬剤耐性マラリアなどが拡散する恐れがあると警鐘を鳴らす。
 報告書によると、1999~2005年の東南アジアでの検査で33~90%の薬が問題とされ、00~10年にアフリカ諸国の検査では、12~82%が不合格だった。粗悪な薬の中には血中のマラリア原虫を殺す成分が少ない安価な化学成分や石灰粉末などが混ぜられたものがあり、報告書は、こうした薬の製造ビジネスが中国とインドで拡大していると指摘している。(共同)


---New malaria test kit gives a boost to elimination efforts worldwide---
20130519
http://www.healthcanal.com/infections/38783-new-malaria-test-kit-gives-a-boost-to-elimination-efforts-worldwide.html

LAMP test will also improve diagnosis for imported UK cases.

A new, highly sensitive blood test that quickly detects even the lowest levels of malaria parasites in the body could make a dramatic difference in efforts to tackle the disease in the UK and across the world, according to new research published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

In two studies led by researchers in the UK and Switzerland, the new LAMP (loop-mediated isothermal amplification) test was compared to existing methods in London laboratories that deal with imported cases of malaria to the UK, and to diagnostic methods used in the field in Uganda, where malaria is a leading cause of illness and death.

The simple test, which can be performed by a non-specialist health worker and does not need refrigerating like other tests, requires a sample of blood to be processed and placed in a test tube with a reactive powder then heated. If the malaria-causing Plasmodium parasites are present, the tube glows green. The whole process takes less than an hour.

The first study, led in London by the Hospital for Tropical Diseases (HTD), the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, compared LAMP to existing laboratory diagnostic methods on 705 blood samples of suspected imported malaria cases in the UK.

Dr Colin Sutherland, Clinical Scientist at HTD and Reader in Parasitology at the Malaria Reference Laboratory at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, said: “According to data collected for Public Health England by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, the UK treats at least 1,500 cases of imported malaria every year. Despite the very best efforts of the NHS, a handful of malaria related deaths still occur annually in UK hospitals. The new LAMP test for malaria performed very well when tested in the parasite reference laboratory at HTD, and correctly identified every malaria patient out of 705 malaria tests performed.

“An important advantage of LAMP is that non-specialist staff in any hospital in the UK will be able to accurately and rapidly detect the presence of malaria parasites, and immediately begin treatment without waiting for confirmation from local experts or specialist laboratories. This speed of diagnosis can make the difference between an uncomplicated episode of malaria that rapidly responds to treatment, and progression to severe disease, organ failure and heightened risk of death. It could also save the NHS a significant amount of money from having to treat the complications of malaria.”

LAMP was faster than PCR (polymerase chain reaction) tests, which require specialised laboratory equipment, costly reagents and advanced training. It was also more accurate than microscopic examination of blood slides, which require a trained specialist to identify the malaria parasites.

In the second study, researchers from HTD, the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics, Switzerland, the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and the Uganda Ministry of Health, Kampala, looked at the accuracy of the test at a rural clinic in Uganda.

Blood samples from 272 patients with suspected malaria were tested using LA MP using a simple generator to provide electrical current. These results were compared with expert microscopy and PCR performed at central reference laboratories. LAMP detected cases of low-level malaria parasite infection that were missed by expert microscopy, and achieved accuracy similar to that of PCR down to very low levels. The researchers say these findings have important implications for eliminating malaria, which causes an estimated 660,000 deaths worldwide every year.

Dr Sutherland, who worked on both of the studies, said: “Patterns of malaria disease in Africa and elsewhere across the tropics are becoming much less predictable, and control of malaria needs an appropriate test to identify infected individuals in the populations at risk. These people may not display any malaria symptoms. We have begun using LAMP as a new tool for identifying "hot spots" of malaria infections which can be mopped up quickly through a combination of drug treatment, house spraying and distribution of bed-nets.

“LAMP will potentially contribute to saving many families and communities from the blight of a disease that keeps children from succeeding at school, prevents adults from growing food or working, holds back regional economies and exacts an annual death toll in the hundreds of thousands.”

The LAMP malaria test will now be used in the Malaria Reference Laboratory at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine to help identify imported cases of malaria in the UK as well as being used by health workers in the field in malaria endemic countries.

The LAMP malaria test is commercially available and was developed by the Foundation for Innovative New Diagnostics, the Hospital for Tropical Diseases, London and Eiken Chemical Company Ltd, Japan. The studies were funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Government of The Netherlands, and the UK Department for International Development.
Publications:

    First study: Polley, Gonzalez, Mohamed, Daly, Bowers, Watson, Armstrong, Gray, Perkins, Bell, Kanda, Tomita, Kubota, Mori, Chiodini, Sutherland. Clinical Evaluation of a LAMP test kit for Diagnosis of Imported Malaria. Journal of Infectious Diseases. DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jit183
    Second study: Hopkins, Gonzalez, Polley, Angutoko,Ategeka, Asiimwe, Agaba, Kyabayinze, Sutherland, Perkins, Bell. Highly sensitive detection of malaria parasitemia in an endemic setting: Performance of a new LAMP kit in a remote clinic in Uganda. Journal of Infectious Diseases. DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jit184

London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine


---Malaria: finding a preventive strategy that African countries can afford---
Mike Davies and Julian Eaton
Guardian Professional, Wednesday 15 May 2013 12.27 BST
http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development-professionals-network/2013/may/15/malaria-resource-gap

In countries where health services are fragmented, there are still ways to bridge the gap between the needs of malaria survivors with neurological impairment and the resources available

Every year in sub-Saharan Africa, more than 500,000 children contract cerebral malaria - 110,000 of these will die and many other are left with neurological impairments that can affect their physical and intellectual functioning. Evidence is scarce on exact numbers, but field teams encounter children with impairments for which there is no known cause or where "fever" is cited by the family in most sub-Saharan countries.

The cost to communities and the impact on their development is substantial, estimated to account for billions of dollars in lost productivity, reducing potential economic growth that would lift people out of poverty.

A severe episode of cerebral malaria can result in epilepsy, cerebral palsy, or intellectual or physical disabilities. Even in well resourced countries, it can be challenging for families to manage the needs of disabled children. These malaria victims are in the poorest, and sometimes most remote parts of the world, increasing the difficulty in finding support to cope with their disabilities.

Cerebral malaria is a complication of infection by the Plasmodium falciparum sub-type of the malaria parasite. The World Health Organisation (WHO) reports that the parasite has developed resistance to chloroquine, the cheapest and most commonly used anti-malarial drug in Africa. The more recent artemisinin drugs are now recommended by the WHO, but chloroquine continues to be used in many parts of sub-Saharan Africa.

Until recently, doctors have focused on the survival of patients with cerebral malaria and not on long-term outcomes. As a result, the number of patients who have developed chronic neuro-cognitive dysfunction following malaria has been underestimated and under-reported.

Challenges
A lack of healthcare professionals in remote communities is a major challenge; they are vital to manage complications of malaria effectively. The disease can be fatal or leave residual neurological deficits. Inadequate care or inappropriate administration of anti-malarial agents can likely lead to disabling conditions such as post-injection paralysis and gluteal fibrosis.

For example, many children in low-income countries develop sciatic nerve paralysis and muscle fibrosis from inappropriate or poorly administered injections. Quinine which is used as anti-malarial should be reserved for treatment of complicated malaria, and should only be administered in health centres where the dosage can be monitored to avoid the risk of long-term hearing or physical impairments.

Poverty has been shown to increase the chances of disability, and disability, in turn, increases the chances of poverty. Healthcare, education and livelihood services may be scarce, costly and not easy for persons with disabilities to access. Our community-based rehabilitation strategy focuses on promoting preventive measures, but also on early detection and intervention of all forms of childhood impairment, including those impairments caused by cerebral malaria. In reality, the causes of many impairments are not known because of lack of access to health services. While some countries are starting to address malaria prevention, less attention is given to dealing with the consequences. Much more effort is needed to campaign for increased government support for services that help to minimise the disabling consequences of disease, including cerebral malaria.

What's next?
Services in Africa are still very fragmented. It is estimated that only around 15% of people with severe mental and neurological illness in sub-Saharan Africa can access the care they need. In the field of neurological impairment, the gap between needs and resources can be partly addressed using a twin-track approach of advocacy for greater government support, combined with grassroots work - often by local NGOs - to prevent malaria and to provide early detection and intervention services. Community-level intervention typically includes cognitive stimulation exercises, physical therapy, medication to prevent epileptic seizures and promoting access to education and livelihood services.

In recent years, a substantial amount of money has been invested by international bodies in malaria prevention, typically in the promotion or distribution of treated mosquito nets, anti-malarial drugs and in environmental improvements. According to the WHO, the elimination of malaria would cost 20% of a country's public health budget, a target that is clearly unrealistic for poor countries, given their other pressing priorities.

Research in the field of blindness has shown the economic impact of visual impairment on families, and this impact is the same for those with other forms of impairment, including neurological problems. Mitigating the disabling consequences of neurological impairment through community-based early detection and intervention activities remains the best hope for an improved quality of life of many thousands of children in Africa and elsewhere.


---Organised crime worth $90b a year in East Asia---
Created on April 16, 2013 at 20:54
Tribune Online Report Australia
http://dhakatribune.com/australia/2013/apr/16/organised-crime-worth-90b-year-east-asia

The top money-makers for criminal groups are the trade in counterfeit goods ($24.4b), illegal wood products ($17b), heroin ($16.3b) and methamphetamines ($15b)

 AFP, Sydney

Organised crime gangs dealing in fake goods, drugs, human trafficking, and the illicit wildlife trade earn nearly $90b annually in East Asia and the Pacific, a UN report showed Tuesday.

"Transnational Organised Crime in East Asia and the Pacific: A Threat Assessment" is the most comprehensive study ever undertaken of the subject, the UN Office on Drugs and Crime said.

It estimates that the top money-makers for criminal groups are the trade in counterfeit goods ($24.4b), illegal wood products ($17b), heroin ($16.3b) and methamphetamines ($15b).

Fake medicines ($5b), the black market trade in used electronics components to avoid legitimate recycling ($3.75b) and the illegal wildlife trade ($2.5b) also rank highly.

Migrant smuggling and the trafficking of women and girls for prostitution or general labour also earn crime bosses hundreds of ms of dollars each year.

UNODC deputy executive director Sandeep Chawla said the report opened the window on "the mechanics of illicit trade: the how, where, when, who and why of selected contraband markets affecting this region".

"It looks at how criminal enterprises have developed alongside legitimate commerce and taken advantage of distribution and logistics chains," he said at the launch in Sydney.

Chawla highlighted the growing problem of heroin. Consumption is rising across the region - estimated at 65 m tons in 2011 - with Chinese the main users and Myanmar the key producer.

"Myanmar is the principal source of opiates in Southeast Asia. Doing something about tackling opiates in Myanmar is a very important thing for the region," said Chawla.

"Clearly that is something that more attention can be given to with the change in government that's happening in the country at the moment.

Jeremy Douglas, the UNODC regional representative for Southeast Asia and the Pacific, said many of the organised criminal activities could have serious global health implications.

"Between one-third to 90% of anti-malarial drugs tested in Southeast Asia are fraudulent," he said, with China and India the main culprits in production.

"They do not contain what they say they do. Sub-standard drugs have two serious public health consequences: One: people get sicker or die; Two: drug-resistant strains can develop and cause a global health threat."

With rapid economic growth leading to a proliferation of criminal networks, he said the threat was now so great that it has the ability to "destabilise societies around the globe".

"Illicit profits from crimes in East Asia and the Pacific can buy property and companies and corrupt anywhere," he said.

"We need to talk about this, and organise a coordinated response now. It takes a network to defeat a network."

The trade in counterfeit goods is the most lucrative activity, despite being considered a "soft" form of crime, with China the worst culprit.

According to the World Customs Organisation, 75% of all fake products seized worldwide from 2008 to 2010 were from East Asia, primarily China, with the industry accounting for some two percent of world trade.

"The key players in counterfeit markets are brokers and logisticians who connect supply and demand," the report said.

2013年5月26日日曜日

中国政府 国家を否定か

中国の粉ミルク買占が拡大している。
 蘭や独で乳児用粉ミルクが大量に買い占められて中国に持ち出され、
両国は品不足から販売制限を始めた。中国では「食の安全」への不安から
外国製粉ミルクの需要が高まっており、主要供給元だった豪州、ニュージ
ーランド、香港が輸出などを制限したため、買い占めの動きが欧州に飛び
火したようだ。「中国のすさまじい消費力」を見せつけられ、乳児食品
メーカーは増産を急いでいる。


・今年2月ごろから各地で中国系の人々による粉ミルクの大量の買い占めが
 横行。
・アムステルダムのスーパー
 「大勢でやって来て店の粉ミルクを買いあさり、もっとないかと欲し
  がる」。
・中国人客らは、蘭で約10ユーロの粉ミルク1パックが中国では50、60
 ユーロで売れるため、蘭で安く仕入れて中国では高値で転売する商売が
 繁盛。

中国では、1700万人以上/年に新生児が誕生。
豪州の会社は、古い粉ミルク精製工場でも増産し、三年で二倍の収益を
見込む。
6人の乳幼児が死亡し、30万人の乳幼児が腎臓障害になったメラミンミルク
の影響で、粉ミルクを輸入することになった。
さらに、発がん性物質を含んだミルクや水銀混入、カビ混入、大腸菌混入
のミルクの問題が発生。
農薬一杯の草や抗生物質満載の飼料を食べる乳牛が、乳幼児には良くない
と言われ、輸入粉ミルクの需要が増加。
最近では、輸入粉ミルクでも粉ミルクは中国製で、ラベルを偽造し販売し
たものも見つかっている。

多くの国では、中央政府は、国民を守ることを基本としているが、中国
政府は、赤ちゃんを含む国民を守らないとのこと。
私利私欲が横行し、国家が問われる状況。

中国で作り出せないニセ食品はない
偽ヘパリン混入は意図的
FDA 中国製品はゴミと警告
中国地震リポート 偽報道多発
中国製品の安全性 胡錦濤自ら証明か
中国 メラミンで世界制覇
メラミンミルク禍
メラミンミルク、毒入りギョーザ
見栄で毒ギョーザ配布か
毒ギョーザ事件幕引きか
Japan Rapid Weight Loss Diet Pills


---中国が粉ミルク買い占め オランダなど欧州に飛び火---
2013.5.10 21:14
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130510/chn13051021160005-n1.htm

 オランダやドイツで乳児用粉ミルクが大量に買い占められて中国に持ち出され、両国は品不足から販売制限を始めた。中国では「食の安全」への不安から外国製粉ミルクの需要が高まっており、主要供給元だったオーストラリア、ニュージーランド、香港が輸出などを制限したため、買い占めの動きが欧州に飛び火したようだ。「中国のすさまじい消費力」を見せつけられ、乳児食品メーカーは増産を急いでいる。
 オランダでは今年2月ごろから各地で中国系の人々による粉ミルクの大量の買い占めが横行するようになった。アムステルダムのスーパーの店長は「大勢でやって来て店の粉ミルクを買いあさり、もっとないかと欲しがる」と話す。中国人客らは、オランダで約10ユーロ(約1300円)の粉ミルク1パックが中国では50、60ユーロで売れると話しており、オランダで安く仕入れて中国では高値で転売する商売が繁盛しているようだ。(共同)


---White gold rush - Milk formula exports to China---
ABC Rural
By Sarina Locke
Updated Mon May 20, 2013 4:18pm AEST
http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-05-20/infant-milk-booms/4700790

Infant formula is in such hot demand in China that smugglers have been arrested with tins of the stuff under their arms.

Baby formula is the only growth sector for food manufacturing in Australia, with start-up companies already building processing plants.

Any slip up could damage a country's reputation.

And the lack of a Free Trade Agreement with China is seriously holding back Australia's "white gold rush"

Each valuable child deserves "Yummy Gold"

Every year, more than 17 million babies are born in China.

There's a growing middle class, and as the mothers return to work, they want the best for their one child that money can buy.

Once upon a time, the Chinese upper classes used to employ wet nurses. These days the milk comes from a tin, called Australian Yummy, Gold Roo, or Joey's infant formula and can cost up to $70 a tin, $50 more than in Australia.

It's the only area of food manufacturing that is not on life support.

In the Central Victorian town of Tatura, 400 people have good employment prospects, turning liquid milk into infant powder.

In vast stainless steel silos, liquid milk is converted to milk powder. By adding vitamins, minerals, blended vegetable oils and extra protein, it becomes bulk infant formula.

Hamish Reid is business manager of nutritionals at Tatura.

"Our infant formula plants are running pretty much 24/7 with very little down time."

Tatura was bought by Bega Cheese last year, as part of the newly listed company's expansion.

Bega has invested nearly $11 million this financial year in Tatura - expecting nutritional milk formula business to grow faster than all other divisions.

The plant contract dries for the milk formula giants like Mead Johnson, but Tatura will take back some of that production. Hamish Reid.

"We've recently announced to the market that we've secured capacity back from Mead Johnson. Gives us access to an additional 5,000 tonnes

"Our nutritional business is growing - at about 20 per cent," (compared to the other commodities which are fairly stable..)

Aggressive charge

But new companies are making inquiries everyday and one has invested.

The old Bonlac milk factory in the Gippsland region, south east Victoria has been bought by a Chinese Australian businessman. It's set to open next month.

Graham Coall as the general manager of Funton Holdings is "the person who realises the client's dream."

He says the owner of the plant Dajiang Li came to Australia from Xian province.

"He originated from a poor family, and his mother always made sure he and his brothers always had milk; he was always extremely healthy and he says this is his chance to do the same."

It's an $80 million investment with a plan to produce roughly $120 million worth of infant milk formula year within the three years, which is considerably more than Australia's overall output.

"It's quite an aggressive development program. We are the new people on the block.

"Our ambition is to meet Tatura then exceed them, using the advantage of new technologies.

Murray Goulburn, Tatura; their equipment is ageing. We have the advantage of coming on with 2013 equipment and we expect an uplift in quality and throughput."

Chinese still scared to buy local formula

In 2008, Chinese agents were caught adding the industrial chemical melamine to boost protein and profits; it killed six babies, and hospitalised 300,000 with painful kidney stones.

Any threat of contamination in Australian milk formula would damage the image.

"We are a clean green company in all respects. And we are canning our own material in our own cans in Australia. There will be no opportunity for the material to be adulterated or broken down in China.

"We can guarantee they get our product," says Graham Coall.

Knowing your market

The value of selling to the Chinese, pure Australian product is the key to this next business which has been going four years. Based in southeast Melbourne, Milk Powder Solutions blends nutrients with powdered milk into tins marked with kangaroos, joeys, koalas and maps of a grass covered Australia.

Everyone here is fluent in Chinese, but even so - owner of the business Simon Hansford says it hasn't been easy complying with stricter and stricter Chinese health regulations.

"We're quite unique, we buy from the dairies in Australia and New Zealand, mix them in a blender to the Chinese specifications and put them in tins."

"It's been a difficult four years, to establish continuity in supply and staffing, and ever changing regulations in China.

Extra testing will cost the company $40,000 per container, of a total load worth $300,000.
Mr Hansford expects to double the size of the business for the next three years in a row.

Retired Gippsland dairy farmer invests in infant milk

In a market this optimistic, even old dairy farmers are buying in. Allan Marshall has just sold his cows in the Gippsland to slaughter, and is pinning the future on milk formula to China. His cute label Al's Farm has a farmer in overalls with a pitchfork, and pure Gippsland ingredients.

The first shipment worth $300,000 will leave for China next week.

"It will be about two years from the first time we mentioned it.

And they've been tough bargainers, "In China, they like things fairly cheap."

China imports quadruple

Dairy Australia predicts strong growth in infant milk powder exports, says Charlie McEhlone, group manager, trade and industry strategy with Dairy Australia.

"In China 17 million babies born every year, and in the first quarter of 2012, China imported more dairy products than for the entire year of 2007.

"So in 5 years, they've had enormous amount of growth, in demand for particularly for imported dairy.

Last year, Australia earned $20 million from infant milk powder sales to China. It's expected to surpass $24 million this year. But to keep this growth in perspective, Australia is at a large disadvantage compared to New Zealand, which enjoys a free trade agreement.

Charlie McEhlone:

"With New Zealand's exports to China, as a result of that free trade agreement, they're facing at the border tariffs, at the moment of half that Australia faces. It's on a sliding scale going down to zero.

"Whole milk powder, the major imported product of dairy, they're controlling about 98 per cent of that market, so they're controlling with that tariff advantage."

Dairy Australia holds up infant milk formula as an example of the value adding needed to improve prices on a bulk commodity … but the reality is some dairy farmers are still struggling with high costs of production.

Back at Tatura in Central Victoria - the rural supplies store Dean Lombardozzi says the booming demand for infant milk formula is not flowing through to the farmers.

"The Mood of dairy farmers are still keeping their money in their pockets, until they see light at the end of the tunnel.

"There's rumours of better milk prices next year. Haven't had rain in six months, they're still struggling on."


---China food scandals: Will the government act against own companies?---
William Gamble | 20/05/2013 12:31 PM
http://www.moneylife.in/article/china-food-scandals-will-the-government-act-against-own-companies/32783.html

 Continuing food scandals in China do bring up a question, perhaps far more disturbing. If the government cannot protect babies or its people, how much protection do investors or markets get?

Regulations are usual supposed to protect ordinary citizens. There are regulations for food, professions, workers, products, banking, and most important, regulations for markets. But regulations are tricky things. Too many, and an economy gets bound in red tape. Too few and people start to get hurt. But it is not just the regulations themselves. They do not exist in a vacuum. They are part of a larger infrastructure. Without other laws, good courts, executive enforcement and information, regulations may not work at all. When regulations don’t work, they affect markets-often around the world. 

The Chinese have a problem with milk, actually infant formula. In 2008 Chinese companies were found to be mixing melamine into the formula. Melamine or more precisely melamine formaldehyde is an organic chemical commonly used in plastics, adhesives, countertops, dishware, and laminates. The Chinese companies had a profit motive. By mixing melamine into the milk powder or infant formula, they were able to make the product appear to have higher protein content. Sadly, it had another effect. It killed six babies and afflicted another 300,000 with kidney problems.   

The affect on the Chinese was dramatic. To this day, a food safety issue will create a firestorm of abuse on the internet. There were several prosecutions and two executions. The director of the regulator in charge of assuring food safety, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ), was forced to resign. Chinese leaders vowed to enforce the law and prevent any subsequent lapse in standards. But there was a problem.

Two of the companies involved in the scandal, Sanlu and Mengniu, are at least partially state-owned. It is always difficult for the state to enforce rules on itself. The issue became apparent when it was revealed that the companies involved in the scandal just recycled the milk rather than destroying it as they had been ordered by the central government.

They simply flouted the law, because with the conflicts went corruption, so the problems continued. In April of 2011 Mengniu, the country’s largest dairy company, and Changfu, a smaller company, sold products that had excessive levels of flavacin M1, a substance that can cause liver cancer. Later that year in December, other milk products produced by Mengniu made 251 students sick and a batch of their cream was pulled from shelves when it was found to contain “alarming levels” of bacteria. Last June, another dairy, Yili, the largest by revenue and supposedly privately owned, sold baby formula contaminated by mercury. As recently as December 2012, five months ago, Mengniu had to destroy some of its products, because they contained aflatoxin, which can also cause liver damage.

With the possibility of severe health problems for any baby drinking Chinese made formula, it is hardly surprising that Chinese parents are buying foreign brands. To fill the need they have turned to purchasing products from New Zealand, the world’s largest milk exporter. New Zealand alone produces 60% of the world’s supply of milk powder. New Zealand dairy farmers were able to profit enormously from the lax regulation in China, until they were hit by a drought, the worst in 30 years.

With their main source of infant formula restricted, Chinese parents and importers became more creative. The regulatory problems in China began to affect markets across the world. First it was Hong Kong where people attempting to travel to China with more than the two container limit are subject to arrest. This is difficult to enforce since smuggled cans can fetch premiums of between $35 and $50.

 With such a price differential, exports from Europe became profitable. Major retailers in Germany, Britain and the Netherlands began to ration purchases. As shortages mounted, local parents scrambled to find milk powder and began to stockpile the product. Even with the $80 shipping cost and import restrictions, the demand continued.

The irony is that several large western companies that manufacture baby formula, like Abbott and Pfizer, also manufacture and sell their products in China. The companies maintain that their Chinese produced products are made to the exact same standards as their formula sold in the US or Europe. But the Chinese have reason to distrust even the western brands produced locally. In fact they distrust anything packaged in China. They are right to do so.

According to a recent report on Chinese television, most of the imported milk powder is fake. According to the reporters from CCTV, a search of several large supermarkets discovered that the majority of milk powder sold was labelled as imported. There are about 100 well-known foreign brands in the world. Of these, only 20 are sold in China. However, the supermarkets all sold over 100 products with foreign names and that many of the labels were falsified.

The CCTV report is no doubt biased. As many western companies in China know, there is always the possibility of brand slander. Luxury brands including Hermes, Hugo Boss and Tommy Hilfiger Chanel, Armani, Christian Dior, Zara and Burberry have been attacked as sub-standard. Coke, Heinz, Procter & Gamble General Mills, Lipton teas, Colgate-Palmolive all have been accused of selling adulterated products.

If regulation doesn’t work, the government can always try a publicity stunt. The Chinese Diary Industry Association recently commissioned a third party testing organization to conduct what it stated was an unbiased test of 25 brands of milk powder sold in Beijing. They tested 13 domestic brands, three foreign brands produced in China and nine imported brands. Predictably, everything produced in China passed with flying colours.

But all the publicity in the world doesn’t help much when people continue to get sick from eating food in China. Recent problems include water-injected meat, fake beef and mutton made from rat and small mammal meat, excessive levels of hormones and antiviral drugs in chicken meat and thousands of dead pigs dumped in the river. These issues were followed by the usual admonition for “Local governments at all levels should strengthen their organization and leadership, to severely crack down on fake beef and mutton and other illegal and criminal activities.”

But any law or enforcing any law is doomed to fail in any system where information is suppressed and the government tries to regulate itself. The continuing food scandals do bring up another question, perhaps far more disturbing. If the government cannot protect babies, how much protection do investors or markets get?

(William Gamble is president of Emerging Market Strategies. An international lawyer and economist, he developed his theories beginning with his first hand experience and business dealings in the Russia starting in 1993. Mr Gamble holds two graduate law degrees. He was educated at Institute D'Etudes Politique, Trinity College, University of Miami School of Law, and University of Virginia Darden Graduate School of Business Administration. He was a member of the bar in three states, over four different federal courts and has spoken four languages.)

2013年5月25日土曜日

Turkey Membership SCO

トルコがSCOに加盟した。
イスラム教徒が多いことや人権問題のために、EU(NATOには正式加盟)に
加盟できず、SCOに正式加盟したとのこと。
ウィグルでトルコ系移民が虐殺されても中国や露等との経済交流を優先。
NATOとSCOの両方に加盟したが、シリア内戦では、NATOと協力している。
経済のために、SCO加盟しても、SCOは相手にしていないのかもしれない。

経済発展に寄与と原発を設立しても、結局、SCOに流れる武器を増産した
ら、NATOや米国の要請を受けて、トルコの原発を停止するのだろうか。
トルコが、イランのように核兵器開発を進め、SCO加盟国に提供した場合
経済封鎖するだけか。

Israeli Jets Air Strike in Syria
トルコ原発合意 想定外発表か


---Turkey Sees Future in Asia With Joining SOC---
Dorian Jones
May 06, 2013
http://www.voanews.com/content/turkey-sees-future-in-asia-with-joining-soc/1655773.html

ISTANBUL - Frustrated in its attempt to join the European Union, NATO-member Turkey last week signed up as a partner with the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), the security bloc dominated by China and Russia that includes the Central Asian states. But, Ankara still has major differences with China and Russia that need to be ironed out.

Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu described the signing of the SCO cooperation agreement as an historic day for his country, saying Turkey is the first NATO state to establish such a relationship with the SCO.  "If we look from a Cold War perspective," he said, "these may seem like mutually exclusive institutions. However, the Cold War has ended. Turkey won’t be a slave of the Cold War logic."

The United States has questioned whether Turkey can become a member of a security organization besides NATO, like the SCO. But the Turkish foreign minister argues such dual membership is possible now that Moscow and Beijing are no longer considered enemies by NATO.

Semih Idiz, a diplomatic columnist for the Turkish newspaper Taraf, says Ankara is attracted by the SCO because it shares cultural values with several SCO member states.

"Some members are of Turkish origin and one member, Tajikistan, is of Farsi origin, but nevertheless it is Islamic predominantly," said Idiz. "And the fact there are shared cultural values in these groups tends to let people believe that this is a kind of Islamic entity or Turkish Islamic entity."

China, Russia and four Central Asian nations - Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan - formed the SCO in 2001 as a regional security bloc to fight threats posed by radical Islam and drug trafficking from neighboring Afghanistan.

Sinan Ulgen, a visiting scholar at the global research group Carnegie Europe, says Ankara’s signing of the cooperation agreement with the SCO is meant to send a message to the European Union.

"They were meant to be read as a warning to EU members that continue to condone obstructionist policies in relation to EU member accession prospects," said Ulgen. "And the second reason is that Turkey wants to demonstrate that [it has] now become not only a regional power, but also a global actor."

Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan has called the delay in Turkey joining the EU "unforgivable" and has accused Brussels of not being a fair or genuine negotiating partner.

Diplomatic columnist Idiz says there are also limitations to how close Turkey's relationship with the SCO can become due to its major differences with two key SCO members - Russia and China.

"There are differing interests between Turkey and the key members of SCO, Russia for one. Syria [and Turkey] are diametrically opposed and are accusing each other very silently diplomatically," he said. "Also China, who only two years ago was being accused of perpetrating genocide against Uighur Turks in the Xinjiang province [of China], for example. But they can agree on trade, and I think that will  be the driving force here."

Ankara has said it will continue to develop its relationship with the SCO. How that relationship develops could depend on whether or not its bid to join the EU finds new momentum.

Still, observers say that even if Turkey's dreams of EU membership are shattered, it will likely attract new suitors besides the SCO, given its rapidly growing economy.


--- Turkey's membership strengthens SCO---
29 April 2013
http://www.turkishweekly.net/news/149680/turkey-39-s-membership-strengthens-sco.html

SG of SCO stated that the SCO family grew with addition of Turkey.

BISHKEK (AA) - Secretary General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Dmitri Mezentsev has stated that "dialogue partners" status given to Turkey would make the organization more influential.

Security Council Secretaries of SCO member states gathered in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek on Monday.

Security Council Secretaries of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, China and Russia attended the 8th meeting of Secretaries of Security Councils of SCO member states together with Secretary General of SCO Dmitri Mezentsev and President of the Regional Counter-Terrorism Structure (RCTS) of SCO Zhang Xinfeng.

Mezentsev reminded that Turkey was given the status of "dialogue partners" in Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Mezentsev stated that Turkey would make the organization more influential and said,"The SCO family grew with the addition of Turkey. Turkey will be able to play a major role in the organization with its international experience."

Busurmankul Tabaldiyev, Secretary of Security Council of Kyrgyzstan, delivered a speech at the opening and indicated that one of the major issues of the SCO was security.

"New problems could arise following the withdrawal of international coalition forces from Afghanistan in 2014," Tabaldiyev said.

Tabaldiyev said that they were informed of mercenaries joining Taliban's forces in northwestern Afghanistan near the Tajikistan border and emphasized the situation as a threat to SCO states.