2013年5月10日金曜日

ADE651

偽爆発物探知機ADE651販売詐欺があった。
 英ロンドンの中央刑事裁判所は、イラクやケニア、エジプトなどに偽の
爆発物探知機を販売した詐欺の罪で、56歳の男に有罪判決を下した。

James McCormick
・男性 57才 英国在住
・ロンドン裁判所による判決 禁錮10年
・爆発物や薬物などを探知できるとする装置「ADE651」を製造・販売。
・装置には、爆発物などを探知できる部品はなかった。
・納入先は、グルジア、ルーマニア、ニジェール、UAE、ケニア警察、香港
 の刑務所当局、エジプト軍、タイ国境警備当局等。
 イラク 2008-2010年 6000個を4000万ドル以上販売。
・複数施設の爆弾テロ探知に使用し、計38人が死亡

ダウンジングで詐欺商売のようだ。
ADE651の操作方法の動画をみれば探知はダウンジングに似ている。
ベトナム戦争の地雷探知で実績があったと言われるダウンジング。
金属を探知する要領で、地雷を見つけたようだが、現在は金属が少ない
爆発物が多く、使い物にならなかったか。
ダウンジングの原理は研究が進まず、科学的根拠の資料を知らない。
科学的根拠もないまま、軍や警備局が採用した理由も不明。
納入時に操作説明をするはずだが、担当者は信じたのだろうか。
占い(?)で、爆発物探知では、死亡者も増加すると思う。

ムンバイ同時テロ
モスクワ地下鉄自爆テロ犯判明か
米機テロ未遂犯 終身刑判決
BOSTON He was friendly


ADE 651 Advanced Detection Equipment (explosives, drugs, etc)


ADE651 BBC REPORT January 2012


James McCormick given 10-year jail sentence for selling fake bomb detectors


---爆発物探知機かたる「死の詐欺」、禁錮10年---
2013年5月3日19時47分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20130503-OYT1T00589.htm

 【ロンドン=林路郎】英中央刑事裁判所は2日、「ゴルフボール探知機」として売られている遊具約7000個を「爆発物探知機」と詐称して世界中に売りさばき、推定約5000万ポンド(約76億円)を不当に得たとして詐欺罪に問われた元セールスマン、ジェームズ・マコーミック被告(57)に禁錮10年の実刑判決を言い渡した。
 検察によると、同被告は米国から1台13ポンドで機器を購入。2007年ごろから豪華パンフレットやネット上で「遠距離からでも、水中や地下からでも(爆発物を)探知できる」などと虚偽の宣伝をし、仕入れ値の数百~数千倍の価格で売りさばいた。このうち、イラク政府は6000台以上を購入。2010年に警備に使った複数の施設で爆弾テロが相次ぎ、計38人が死亡するなど、「死の詐欺」ともいうべき所業だった。このほかパキスタンやレバノンなどにも売られたという。


---偽の爆弾探知機取引で英国人に有罪判決、イラクに6000個販売---
2013年 04月 24日 15:58 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/oddlyEnoughNews/idJPTYE93N03V20130424

 [ロンドン 23日 ロイター] 英ロンドンの中央刑事裁判所は23日、イラクやケニア、エジプトなどに偽の爆発物探知機を販売した詐欺の罪で、56歳の男に有罪判決を下した。
 ジェームズ・マコーミック被告は、爆発物や薬物などを探知できるとする装置「ADE651」を製造・販売。しかしこの装置には、爆発物などを探知できる部品は使用されていなかったという。
 被告はADE651の納入先として、ケニア警察、香港の刑務所当局、エジプト軍、タイ国境警備当局などを挙げた。イラクには2008─2010年に6000個を4000万ドル(約40億円)以上で販売したという。英警察当局者は、イラクではこの装置が多くの検問所で使用されたと述べた。
 英通信社プレス・アソシエーション(PA)によると、検察官はADE651が、ゴルフボール発見に使われる装置に基づいて製造されたと指摘。同装置は米国で20ドル以下で入手可能だという。
 被告は顧客からの苦情はなかったとしている。量刑は5月に言い渡される。


---Maker of fake bomb detector gets 10 years in prison
By Antonia Mortensen and Laura Smith-Spark, CNN
May 2, 2013 -- Updated 1402 GMT (2202 HKT)
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/05/02/world/europe/uk-fake-bomb-detector/index.html

London (CNN) -- The maker of a fake bomb detector that investigators say put lives at risk was sentenced Thursday to 10 years in prison by a London court.

James McCormick, 57, marketed his ADE 651 units to government agencies and private companies around the world, including in Iraq, with sales exceeding $50 million by his own admission.

However, independent tests showed the device has no better than a random chance of finding a golf ball, much less a bomb.

British police say the device -- the ADE standing for "Advanced Detection Equipment" -- is really a novelty golf-ball finder with the label removed.

Judge Richard Hone at the Old Bailey court said he was taking the rare step of passing the maximum possible sentence because of McCormick's "cavalier disregard for the potentially fatal consequences of his fraudulent activity."

McCormick was convicted last month on three counts of fraud.

He was sentenced to 10 years on each of the counts, to run concurrently. Half of the 10-year term must be served before he's eligible for release on parole, the judge said.

While specific cases of death or injury as a result of the use of the devices can't be proved, their sale was a "callous confidence trick," the judge said.

"The jury found that you knew the devices did not work, yet the soldiers in Iraq and elsewhere believed in them, in part due to your powers of salesmanship and in part the extravagant and fraudulent claims made in your promotional material.

"After a six-week trial, I am wholly satisfied that your fraudulent conduct in selling so many useless devices for simply enormous profit promoted a false sense of security and in all probability materially contributed to causing death and injury to innocent individuals."

Explaining his decision to hand McCormick the maximum possible sentence, the judge focused on the scale of the fraud and its potentially deadly consequences.

McCormick was the driving force and sole director of his company, ATSC, and with a small number of employees sold well over 7,000 devices to the Iraqi government and other international agencies for between $2,500 and $30,000 per unit, the judge said.

One invoice showed total sales in excess of $38 million to Iraq over a period of nearly three years, he added.

Police investigators believe it cost McCormick less than $60 to make each device.

In some places, the fake detectors remain in use and are a continuing danger to life, Hone said.

"Soldiers, police forces, border customs officers, hotel security staff and many other users trusted their lives to the overpriced devices sold by you, which were no more than plastic components with a disconnected antenna with a capability of detecting explosives no better than random chance," he said.

"Your profits were obscene, funding grand houses, a greedy and extravagant lifestyle and even a yacht."

McCormick also has shown no remorse for his actions, the judge said.

He made millions from the sale of the devices and used the proceeds to fund a luxurious lifestyle.

Ahead of the sentencing, a defense lawyer for McCormick told the court that there was no evidence that vehicles carrying bombs passed through checkpoints where his devices were in use.

McCormick was not responsible for any attacks, his lawyer said, and any number of devices could not protect the people of Iraq.

Superintendent Nigel Rock, of Avon and Somerset Police, told reporters outside the court that the next step for investigators would be to ensure that all the proceeds from McCormick's criminal activities are seized.

Rock described him as a shameless con-man who had personally pocketed millions of dollars from his scam.

But it wasn't just a good sales line that allowed McCormick, over a 10-year period, to become wealthy from a fraudulent device.

An Iraqi general has been jailed for procuring the ADE 651 through "unauthorized" channels. British police believe that McCormick paid off officials to buy the ADE 651 in bulk.


---Fake bomb detector seller James McCormick jailed---
2 May 2013 Last updated at 12:29 GMT
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-22380368

Fraudster James McCormick has been jailed for 10 years for selling fake bomb detectors.

McCormick, 57, of Langport, Somerset perpetrated a "callous confidence trick", said the Old Bailey judge.

He is thought to have made L50m from sales of more than 7,000 of the fake devices to countries, including Iraq.

The fraud "promoted a false sense of security" and contributed to death and injury, the judge said. He also described the profit as "outrageous".

Police earlier said the ADE-651 devices, modelled on a novelty golf ball finder, are still in use at some checkpoints.

Sentencing McCormick, Judge Richard Hone said: "You are the driving force and sole director behind [the fraud]."

He added: "The device was useless, the profit outrageous, and your culpability as a fraudster has to be considered to be of the highest order."

One invoice showed sales of L38m over three years to Iraq, the judge said.

The bogus devices were also sold in other countries, including Georgia, Romania, Niger, Thailand and Saudi Arabia.
Truck bombs

Prosecuting QC Richard Whittam said the justice and foreign affairs ministries in Baghdad were hit by truck bombs - which drove through the checkpoints where the useless devices were operated.

The prosecution said the "inescapable conclusion" was that Iraqis died because of their use.

Defence QC Jonathan Laidlaw said other devices had also been used at checkpoints and there was no proof that his client's had cost lives.

"We would need real evidence that a bomb detonated in the green zone (of Baghdad) had failed to be detected by the ADE, to meet a criminal standard of proof," he said.

Detective Superintendent Nigel Rock, of Avon and Somerset Police, said that soldiers, police, border guards, and hotel security staff had all trusted the devices.

Reiterating the judge's comments from inside court, Mr Rock said: "McCormick's profits were obscene, and fed his greedy and extravagant lifestyle.

"And finally, and perhaps most importantly, he has shown no shame, he has shown no remorse, and he carried on with complete cavalier disregard for the consequences of his con-trick."

He said the next stage was to ensure that the "extravagant lifestyle is taken away" from McCormick, saying Iraqi authorities will now be "pursuing compensation through the civil court process in this country".

During the trial, the court was told the detectors, which cost up to $40,000 (L27,000) each, were completely ineffectual and lacked any grounding in science.

McCormick bought novelty "golf ball detectors" which were little more than radio aerials from the US for less than $20 each, before selling them as bomb detectors for $5,000 each.

He then made a more advanced-looking version which he was to sell for for tens of thousands of dollars each. Police say the only genuine part of the kit - and the most expensive - was the carrying case.

McCormick had claimed the devices could bypass "all forms of concealment", detecting drugs and people, as well as explosives, the court had heard.

He said in court that he "never had any negative results from customers".

BBC Two's Newsnight programme conducted an investigation into the devices sold by McCormick's company, resulting in a UK government ban on their sale in Iraq and Afghanistan in January 2010.

A whistleblower told the programme he had confronted McCormick, saying he did not want to be any part of the business if the devices did not work.

McCormick is said to have responded: "It does exactly what it's designed to. It makes money."

How the device was meant to work:

    1. A small amount of the substance the user wished to detect - such as explosives - was put in a Kilner jar along with a sticker that was intended to absorb the "vapours" of the substance
    2. The sticker was then placed on a credit-card sized card, which was read by a card reader and inserted into the device
    3. The user would then hold the device, which had no working electronics, and the swivelling antenna was meant to indicate the location of the sought substance

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