2013年5月24日金曜日

イラン 諜報員死刑執行

イランは、二人の諜報員に対して死刑執行した。
 イランの検察当局は、イスラエルの対外特務機関モサドと米CIAに情報
を提供していたスパイだとして、2人を絞首刑にしたことを明らかにした。

イラン検察当局
・Mohammad Heidari 男性 2013年絞首刑
 金銭を受取る見返りにモサドに機密情報を提供。
・Kourosh Ahmadi 男性 2013年絞首刑
 米CIAに情報を流した。
・Majid Jamali Fashi 2012年絞首刑
 イランの科学者を殺害。
 イスラエルより、12万ドルの対価で核科学者Massoud Ali-Mohammadiを殺害。
・Amir Hekmati 男性 2012年死刑判決 再審理中。
 米国籍の元海兵隊員、親戚に会うために渡航中に拘束。
 CIAのために諜報活動。

モサドと米CIAに情報提供したからとイランは絞首刑を執行した。
諜報活動の場合は、多くの国では、終身刑判決が多く、死刑は厳しい。
モサドと米CIAが関係し、死刑にするほどの情報を提供とは、Stuxnet感染
への情報か。

NATO本部があるブリュッセルでは、軍事情報からEUの経済情報の収集が
盛んになり、露、中国、イラン、ブルガリア等が集合しているようだ。

Stuxnet,Duga,Flameは官製か
イラン核科学者暗殺者 TVインタビュー


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fKj0aM1caEk


---露・中・イラン…スパイが暗躍する欧州の小国---
2013年5月20日08時45分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20130520-OYT1T00185.htm

 欧州の小国ベルギーの首都ブリュッセルで、ロシアや中国、イランなどのスパイが暗躍している。
 経済のグローバル化が進む中、欧州連合(EU)が本部を置くブリュッセルが欧州経済情報の集まる拠点として重要さを増したためとみられる。
 スパイ活動を監視するベルギー政府の情報機関「国家保安局」のアラン・ビナンツ長官は本紙の取材に、スパイの活動規模が「冷戦最盛期に匹敵する数百人規模に戻った」と明らかにした。冷戦時代と異なるのは、中露などの情報員の狙いの比重が、北大西洋条約機構(NATO・本部ブリュッセル)の軍事情報からEUの経済情報に移った点だという。長官は「EUの経済、金融に関する政策決定は、世界の国々の国益に影響するようになった」と指摘した。


---イラン、「スパイ」2人を絞首刑 CIAなどに情報提供と---
2013年5月19日 18時39分
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2013051901001551.html

 【テヘラン共同】イランの検察当局は19日、イスラエルの対外特務機関モサドと米中央情報局(CIA)に情報を提供していたスパイだとして、2人を絞首刑にしたことを明らかにした。イランのメディアが伝えた。
 検察当局によると、モハンマド・ヘイダリ死刑囚は金銭を受け取る見返りにモサドに機密情報を提供したとしており、クローシュ・アハマディ死刑囚はCIAに情報を流したとしている。2人の国籍は不明だが、名前などからイラン人の可能性がある。
 国際人権団体アムネスティ・インターナショナルは、2012年の世界の死刑に関する報告書で、イランは中国に次いで死刑執行が多い国としている。


---Mich. family fights for man's release from Iran prison---
Elisha Anderson, Detroit Free Press 12:33 p.m. EDT May 20, 2013
http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/05/20/michigan-family-iran-prison-release/2326377/

Hekmati received a death sentence in January 2012, but two months later, Iran's high court ordered a retrial.

FLINT, Mich. -- Behnaz Hekmati remembers the call she got from her son saying he was planning to return to home from his trip to Iran.

Nearly two years later, the Flint mother is still waiting for his return.

Amir Hekmati, a 29-year-old U.S. veteran, has been locked up since August 2011, accused of being a CIA spy - a claim which his family and the U.S. government repeatedly have denied.

"This disaster changed our life," his mother said.

His family said Hekmati went to Iran to visit his two grandmothers who live there and was taken by force during the third, and final, week of his visit. He appeared on video about four months later in Iranian custody, and since then, his family has been working to secure his release.

On Wednesday, his older sister, Sarah Hekmati, 32, returned from Washington, D.C. - her fourth visit there - after meeting with officials, including the ambassador of Switzerland to Iran, Livia Leu Agosti, who is representing U.S. interests in Iran.

Sarah Hekmati said she was told during the trip that Iranian authorities may revisit her brother's case, which makes her optimistic.

"I feel hopeful," she said. "On the U.S. end, we have members of the State Department, U.S. government officials and a lot of bipartisan support."

Dealing with the ordeal

The situation has taken its toll - emotionally and financially - on the family.

"I really, really miss him," Behnaz Hekmati told the Free Press from her home in Flint earlier this month. "I don't know how long we can take this."

She hasn't seen her son in almost a year since her last trip to visit him in prison in Iran, but he is on her mind constantly.

Amir Hekmati's framed picture sits on an end table next to the couch in the home where he grew up. It's the same couch where Hekmati signed papers to join the U.S. Marines, his mother said.

"He said, 'Mom, I'm going to go to see the whole world,' " she recalled. "Then suddenly ... 9/11 happened."

Her son, who served as a rifleman and informal interpreter, was deployed to Iraq for six months in 2004. Hekmati, who speaks Arabic and Farsi in addition to English, had a business translating for people when he got out of the military, his family said.

He had planned to study economics at the University of Michigan when he returned from Iran, the family said. Instead of going to Ann Arbor, he has spent about 21 months behind bars, 16 of them in solitary confinement, his family said.

His conditions since have changed and in March, family members received letters from Hekmati for the first time.

He wrote that he loves and misses them, wants to come home to see them, and told his father, Ali Hekmati, who is on leave from his microbiology professor job at Mott Community College in Flint and undergoing chemotherapy for brain cancer, to take good care of his health.

Amir Hekmati was incarcerated at the time his father was diagnosed with cancer.

His family allowed the news media into the hospital last September and word of his father's illness made it back to Amir Hekmati through the families of other prisoners, his parents said.

"It's been very hard for us for us," Ali Hekmati said. "I miss him dearly."

Working on his case

His family, who has maintained Hekmati was in Iran legally and did nothing wrong, has worked through Iranian government channels, written letters to Iran's leaders, met with elected officials in the U.S. and hired an attorney in Iran.

Hekmati received a death sentence in January 2012, but two months later, Iran's high court ordered a retrial.

"My son was not a spy," his father said.

The State Department have called the charges "categorically false," and previously said that Hekmati endured a "closed-door trial with little regard for fairness and transparency."

State Department spokesman Patrick Ventrell said during a news media briefing last month that officials are "determined to secure his release and remain deeply concerned about his well-being in Iranian custody." He said they've been working continuously to secure Hekmati's release, but didn't discuss specifics.

Dawud Walid, the executive director for the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) Michigan Chapter in Southfield, said he told the Iranian government that he is willing to go to Iran and bring Hekmati home if they want to turn him over to his custody. He said he wants due process for Hekmati.

"All that I request from the Iranian government is that Amir is given a fair, transparent trial with legal council that he chooses for himself, so that he can face the charges presented against him," he said. "If they can't provide that, or if they don't feel the need to do that, then we ask them to show mercy and let Mr. Hekmati go."

His family, who said he was always there for them willing to help with anything, wants him released as soon as possible.

"We miss him," Ali Hekmati said. "We need him. He needs us."

The early years

Ali and Behnaz Hekmati came to the U.S. from Iran in 1979 and brought their children up with knowledge of parts of Iran, including the food, culture and people.

Amir Hekmati, who was born in Flagstaff, Ariz., and moved to Flint in 1991, had never been to Iran before and wanted to go see the country he heard so much about and be with family still there, his mother recalled, even though she worried about him going.

"Instead of holding him with a warm greeting, you put him in a jail," she said. "It is not fair, he didn't do anything."

She has been to see him three times and said her son, who enjoys working out and likes playing soccer and hockey, didn't have much muscle because of lack of exercise. He lost weight and was being kept in solitary confinement during her visits.

His prison conditions changed after a hunger strike. Hekmati passed out from hunger and was moved into a cell with others, family members said. A judge granted permission for his uncle in Iran to visit once a month, Hekmati is allowed to exercise one hour per day and he also has been permitted to write letters to family members.

"At one point in time … nobody heard from Amir for months and he was not allowed visitors," Walid said.

It's hard to know what to make of the changes because it's hard to read the Iranian government, he said.

During her visit in D.C., Sarah Hekmati gave the Swiss ambassador to Iran books, letters and personal items to take back to Iran in hopes of getting them to her brother.

"I gave him some pictures my kids have drawn for him," she said.

Meanwhile, his mother spells out her dreams for him: come home, go back to school, get married and have children.

"It will happen," her husband assured her. "It will happen."


---Iran claims it hanged CIA, Mossad spies--
By CNN Staff
May 20, 2013 -- Updated 1036 GMT (1836 HKT)
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/05/19/world/meast/iran-hangings/

(CNN) -- Two men who the Iranian government said worked as spies for Israel and the United States were hanged Sunday morning, according to Iranian state news outlet Press TV.

The men were identified as Mohammad Heidari and Kourosh Ahmadi. Press TV said Heidari provided classified information to Mossad, the Israeli intelligence agency, and Ahmadi had been convicted of providing the CIA with intelligence.

There were no details on when the men were arrested or when they were tried. The hangings occurred at dawn, the report said.

Israeli officials didn't comment on the report.

The U.S. State Department acknowledged seeing the reports but had no comment. The CIA didn't immediately respond to CNN's request for comment.

The advocacy group Human Rights Activists News Agency, based in Iran, estimated in 2012 that there were 488 hangings in the prior 12 months. About 12% of those were public executions, the group said, according to a State Department report.

One person hanged in 2012 was Majid Jamali Fashi, who was convicted of killing an Iranian scientist. Iran said Israel paid him $120,000 to kill elementary-particle physicist Massoud Ali-Mohammadi.

Iran also has blamed the United States and the United Kingdom for attacks against nuclear scientists.

Iran's enrichment of uranium has been one of the most contentious issues in nuclear talks between Iran and the so-called P5+1 countries -- the United States, France, Britain, China, Russia and Germany. Iran has denied that it aims to build a nuclear bomb, claiming its nuclear program is for energy and medical use.

Iran also holds a former U.S. Marine, Amir Hekmati, who was detained in August 2011 while visiting his grandmother. Iranian authorities accused him of spying for the CIA, a charge his family and the Obama administration deny.

Originally he was sentenced to death during a closed-door trial, but that conviction was overturned, and the Arizona native awaits a new trial.

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