2013年7月15日月曜日

パ調査委 軍と政府の無能と怠慢が原因

パ政府の独調委が、ウサマの逃亡生活の報告書を首相に提出したようだ。
 国際テロ組織アルカイダのウサマ・ビンラディン容疑者が2011年5月、
潜伏先のパキスタンで米軍特殊部隊に暗殺された問題で、パキスタン政府
の独立調査委員会が、「潜伏を許したのは軍と政府の無能と怠慢が原因」
との報告書をまとめていたことがわかった。

Abbottabad Commission Report
Pakistan's Bin Laden Dossier Abbottabad Commission report
・調査委員会は2011年6月に設置され今年1月、最終報告書を首相に提出。
 政府は未公表。
・報告書は全336ページ。
 200人以上の目撃者や一般人、軍関係者、ビンラディンの未亡人らの
 聴取を含む。
・暗殺作戦は「主権侵害で米大統領が許可した殺人だ」。
・ISIの「無能、非効率ぶり」を批判。
・ISI等がビンラディンと「共謀」して潜伏を幇助の可能性。
・米軍急襲時は、米軍に宝石箱や遺書を入れた財布を取られた。
・ビンラディンはアボタバードの邸宅で、子供や孫数十人とともに6年間
 生活。
 庭仕事をする時には住民の目や衛星カメラを避けるため、カウボーイ
 ハットを着用。
 テレビの衛星アンテナや電話回線は設置せず、ネットもなかった。

報告書はなぜかウルドゥー語ではなく、英語で記述されている。
英国の植民地から独立したが、イギリス連邦に加盟。
米CIAとISIの中が良い理由に納得した。

調査委は、報告書に独立国家の指針を示すが、軍と政府は従来の関係
を維持したようだ。
公文書に「無能(incompetence)」を記述するとのことだから、かなり
ご立腹か。

ビンラディンは、家族とともに逃亡し、質素な生活とのこと。
質素な生活で、周囲からは、"Miskeen Baba"との愛称もあったようだ。
逃亡は、転々と移動することが多いが、6年も定住できたのか。

米CIAとNGOの関係は不明なまま。
いくつかの報道しかない見当たらない。

Black Hawk Down in Abbottabad
Obama Bin Ladin Dead
Team Six Shooter
パキスタン NGO射殺
SC Pakistan Foreign Staff Out


EXCLUSIVE: The raid that killed Bin Laden


EXCLUSIVE: Was Pakistan complicit in Bin Laden case?


---ビンラディン容疑者巡り報告書、潜伏生活の全容明らかに---
2013.07.10 Wed posted at 11:11 JST
http://www.cnn.co.jp/world/35034487.html

 イスタンブール(CNN) 国際テロ組織アルカイダの指導者オサマ・ビンラディン容疑者がパキスタンでどのような逃亡生活を送っていたかを調べた報告書の内容を、同国のメディアが一斉に伝えた。報告書は、パキスタン当局が同容疑者の潜入や米特殊部隊による殺害を阻止できなかったとして、厳しい批判を展開している。
 報告書は337ページの長さで、執筆者には同国の元外交官や元最高裁判事、軍や警察の元幹部らが名を連ねている。
 ビンラディン容疑者は最後の潜伏先となったパキスタン北部アボタバードの邸宅で、子どもや孫数十人とともに6年間暮らした。庭仕事をする時には住民の目や衛星カメラを避けるため、カウボーイハットをかぶっていたという。
 潜伏先を見破られないようテレビの衛星アンテナや電話回線は設置せず、インターネットに接続することもなかった。子どもたちは近所の子と遊ぶことを許されず、塀に囲まれた敷地内でほとんどの時間を過ごした。ビンラディン容疑者は子どもたちに宗教を説いたり、庭に連れ出したりした。畑で良い野菜を育てた子どもにほうびを与えることもあった。


---ビンラディン容疑者暗殺:軍と政府批判…パキスタン調査委---
毎日新聞 2013年07月09日 20時54分(最終更新 07月09日 21時43分)
http://mainichi.jp/select/news/20130710k0000m030066000c.html

 【ニューデリー杉尾直哉】国際テロ組織アルカイダのウサマ・ビンラディン容疑者が2011年5月、潜伏先のパキスタンで米軍特殊部隊に暗殺された問題で、パキスタン政府の独立調査委員会が、「潜伏を許したのは軍と政府の無能と怠慢が原因」との報告書をまとめていたことがわかった。暗殺作戦は「主権侵害で米大統領が許可した殺人だ」と厳しく批判した。中東の衛星放送アルジャジーラが8日、ウェブサイトに掲載した。
 調査委員会は11年6月に設置され今年1月、最終報告書をアシュラフ首相(当時)に提出したが、政府は公表していなかった。
 報告書は軍情報機関ISIの「無能、非効率ぶり」を批判し、ISIなどがビンラディン容疑者と「共謀」して潜伏を助けた可能性も排除していない。
 報告書によると、ビンラディン容疑者は、アルカイダが実行した01年米同時多発テロを受けた米軍の進攻が続いていたアフガニスタンから、02年にパキスタンに逃れ、05年8月に北部アボタバードの民家に住み着いた。一時は妻子や孫ら家族16人を合わせ27人で生活し、敷地内を散歩するときは、偵察衛星などに感知されないようにカウボーイハットをかぶっていた。
 米軍急襲時は、米軍に宝石箱や遺書を入れた財布を取られたという。


---「目に余る無能」ビンラディン殺害で政府や軍を酷評 パキスタン調査委---
2013.7.9 19:47
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130709/asi13070908160000-n1.htm

 【ニューデリー=岩田智雄】国際テロ組織アルカーイダの最高指導者ウサマ・ビンラーディン容疑者が2011年にパキスタンで米軍に殺害された事件について、パキスタンの独立調査委員会がまとめた報告書の内容が明らかになった。同容疑者の潜伏と米軍の作戦を許したことについて、「パキスタン政府や軍の目に余る無能ぶりが全体の失態につながった」と非難している。
 中東の衛星テレビ局アルジャジーラが8日、報じた。報告書は、同容疑者が殺害されるまでパキスタン国内に潜伏していたことを「統治構造のあらゆるレベルでの日常的な無能が許した」と酷評した。
 同容疑者は01年12月、アフガニスタンのトラボラで米軍が行った掃討作戦を逃れ、翌年半ばにパキスタンに入った。イスラム武装勢力が根城にする部族地域に数カ月滞在し、北部スワトに移動。03年はじめ、米中枢同時テロの主犯格ハリド・シェイク・モハメド被告と面会した。その後、北部ハリプールで2年間過ごし、05年にイスラマバード近郊のアボタバードに移り、11年5月、米軍に殺害されたという。
 報告書は、パキスタン当局による同容疑者の捜査は05年までに打ち切られたとし、米国による同容疑者の追跡を当局が知らなかったことを「政治と軍、情報機関の指導部に共通する慢性的な職務怠慢にほかならない」と指弾した。米軍の作戦中、レーダーは通常の態勢をとっていて、国防戦略の大幅な見直しがなければ、今後も同様の事態が起きるだろうと警告、指導者らに謝罪を求めた。
 報告書で委員会は「報告書は無視されるか公表されない恐れがある」とし、政府に発表を求めた。パキスタンでは同放送のサイトの閲覧ができなくなった。


---パキスタン調査委「当局は無能」、ビンラディン殺害の報告書で---
2013年 07月 9日 14:45 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE96804I20130709

[イスラマバード 8日 ロイター] - 国際武装組織アルカイダの元指導者ウサマ・ビンラディン容疑者の殺害をめぐるパキスタンの報告書が流出し、その中で同国の情報当局や治安当局が「無能」だったと批判されていることが明らかになった。
 パキスタン政府は、2011年に米特殊部隊がビンラディン容疑者を殺害した直後、裁判官らで構成される委員会に報告書の作成を委託。委員会は容疑者の親族や当局者ら201人からの聞き取り調査を行い、同容疑者のパキスタン入国や国内での移動、殺害をめぐる状況などをまとめた。カタールを拠点とするテレビ局アルジャジーラが8日に内容を明らかにした。当局による公開はまだ行われていない。
 報告書によると、ある時はビンラディン容疑者の乗った車がスピード違反で警察に止められたが、側近が問題を解決して拘束を逃れたことがあった。また空からの監視で発見されるのを避けるため、容疑者はカウボーイハットをかぶって潜伏していた邸宅内を移動していたことなども、容疑者の妻の話で明らかになった。
 報告書はまた、米国の殺害作戦実行は「違法的だった」とし、「米国は犯罪集団のように行動した」と批判。パキスタン当局についても、自国での米中央情報局(CIA)の活動を察知できなかったと非難した。
 同委員会によると、ビンラディン容疑者は2002年にパキスタンに入り、北部ハリプールなどで生活した後、05年に北部アボタバードに移った。また、妻たちは、容疑者の所持品や衣類が非常に少なかったと話したという。
 ビンラディン容疑者は2011年5月2日、潜伏先のアボタバードで殺害された。パキスタン側はこの殺害作戦について知らされておらず、同国と米国の外交関係が悪化する原因となった。


---Leaked Bin Laden report reveals Pakistan failures---
9 July 2013 Last updated at 06:56 GMT
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-23235847

Incompetence and negligence allowed Osama Bin Laden to live in Pakistan undetected for almost a decade, a leaked government report suggests.

A version of the report leaked to al-Jazeera says the killing of Bin Laden by US forces was a "criminal act of murder" ordered by the US president.

It also reveals details of the al-Qaeda leader's whereabouts and day-to-day life after fleeing Afghanistan in 2001.

Bin Laden was killed by US forces in north-west Pakistan in May 2011.

US suspicions about Bin Laden's location had previously been dismissed by Pakistan. However, his discovery in a compound in Abbottabad and subsequent killing in a US Navy Seal operation put a strain on US-Pakistan relations.
'Humiliation'

Shortly after the raid, the Pakistan parliament called for an independent enquiry - the Abbottabad Commission - to establish whether the failures of the government were due to incompetence or colluding with al-Qaeda.

It was also commissioned to investigate the Pakistani intelligence services' failure to detect CIA activity on its soil in the run-up to the raid "that culminated in the avoidable humiliation of the people of Pakistan".

In its findings, the report described the lack of intelligence as "government implosion syndrome".

The leaked documents fiercely criticised the Pakistani government and military, describing "culpable negligence and incompetence at almost all levels of government".

While the commission said it found nothing to support allegations of complicity, it said it could not rule out "the possibility of some degree of connivance inside or outside the government".

The report also voiced harsh criticism of the Navy Seal raid on Abbottabad, describing it as an "American act of war" and Pakistan's "greatest humiliation" since East Pakistan seceded in 1971.

It quotes officials as saying that Pakistan air force jets were scrambled to shoot down the US helicopters, but too late.

The 336-page document was the result of interviews with more than 200 witnesses, including senior civilian and military officials, as well as with Bin Laden's three widows prior to their deportation to Saudi Arabia.

The report has been in the hands of the government for more than six months, the BBC's Richard Galpin says, but it had been kept under wraps.
Cowboy hat

In the version leaked to al-Jazeera, the daily life of Bin Laden after fleeing the US-led invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 is documented.

He was reported to have arrived in Pakistan in the spring or summer of 2002, staying in parts of South Waziristan, Bajaur, Peshawar, Swat and Haripur before settling in Abbottabad in 2005.

The wife of one of Bin Laden's aides, Maryam, was quoted saying police in Swat even stopped the al-Qaeda leader's vehicle for speeding in 2002 or 2003 - but failed to recognise him.

Referring to Bin Laden and his entourage, the report said: "They kept a very low profile and lived extremely frugally. They never exposed themselves to public view."

Testimony from his widows said he wore a cowboy hat whilst moving around the compound to avoid detection.

However, over a period of six years the unusual nature of the compound failed to draw the attention of the intelligence services, the report goes on.

"How the entire neighbourhood, local officials, police and security and intelligence officials all missed the size, the strange shape, the barbed wire, the lack of cars and visitors etc over a period of nearly six years beggars belief."

Commenting on the leak, the head of the commission, Javed Iqbal, told Pakistani Dunya TV that it was "based on assumptions" and did not include even one out of more than 100 recommendations the commission had made in its findings.


---Leaked Pakistan report reveals Osama bin Laden's life in hiding---
By JohnThomas Didymus
Jul 9, 2013
http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/354009

After US Navy SEALs killed Osama bin Laden on May 1, 2011 at a house in Abbottabad, the government set up a commission to establish the facts about the circumstances that led to the raid and how he lived in the country for almost a decade undetected.

The commission put together a 336-page document from interviews with 200 witnesses, including senior government and military officials, as well as bin Laden's three widows who were later deported to Saudi Arabia.

Part of the purpose of the inquiry was to ascertain whether Osama bin Laden's presence in Pakistan was kept secret with the connivance of senior officials.

A version of the report leaked to Al-Jazeera argues that the incompetence and negligence of local government agencies were the main factors in bin Laden's ability to live undetected in Pakistan for almost a decade.

According to the testimony of Lt-Gen Ahmed Shuja Pasha, who was Director-General of Pakistan's premier Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency, bin Laden continued planning "al-Qaeda's future operations" during the years he lived in Pakistan although he cut off personal contact with al-Qaeda operatives after the capture of Khalid Sheikh Mohammad in 2003.
The Pakistani Army Board of Inquiry was of the opinion that bin Laden was able to avoid detection for "due to the phased construction and occupation of the compound, the extremely low profile that was maintained, including very low technical signatures that might have indicated the presence of a High Value Target (HVT) [and] the clever selection of the OBL compound in an area few might suspect an HVT would choose to reside in."

Although the commission found no evidence that senior civilian and military officials colluded to keep bin Laden's presence in Pakistan secret, it said that "the possibility of some degree of connivance inside or outside the government" could not be ruled out.

The report criticized the government harshly, referring to "culpable negligence and incompetence at almost all levels of government," and concluded that lack of intelligence about Osama bin Laden was a symptom of what it described graphically as "government implosion syndrome."

The report said: "How the entire neighborhood, local officials, police and security and intelligence officials all missed the size, the strange shape, the barbed wire, the lack of cars and visitors etc. over a period of nearly six years beggars belief."

A section of the report concluded: "Either OBL was extremely fortunate to not run into anyone [c]ommitted to doing his job honestly, or there was a complete collapse of local governance."

Osama bin Laden's secret life

The Abottabad Commission's report was also able to give an impression of bin Laden's life and movements in the nine years he lived secretly in Pakistan. The report relied on information gathered largely from his wives and the wife of one of his guards, Maryam.

He is believed to have entered northwest Pakistan from Afghanistan early in 2002 after escaping US forces in the Battle of Tora Bora.

Maryam, the wife of Ibrahim al-Kuwaiti, one of the two brothers who served as guards and couriers to bin Laden during the nine years he lived in Pakistan, told investigators that she first met bin Laden, whom she described as a tall "clean shaven Arab," in mid-2002 in Peshawar, in northwest Pakistan.

Osama bin Laden lived in the Swat District, near the Pakistan-Afghan border for eight months, with the family of the al-Kuwaiti brothers, Ibrahim and Abrar, recruited by Khalid Sheikh Muhammad, one of the alleged chief plotters in the 9/11 attacks.

The Swat group included Maryam and her husband Ibrahim; Abrar and his new wife Bushra, a woman from Kohat; bin Laden and his third wife, 29-year-old Yemeni, Amal Ahmad Abdul Fattah al-Sada with an infant daughter; two unidentified men, one a driver and the other a man who wore a police uniform during the trip to Swat from Peshawar.

According to Maryam, the "tall Arab" kept to himself most of the time while he lived with Ibrahim's family in Swat. His wife Amal became pregnant at the time.

Osama bin Laden' car was stopped for Speeding

Although the family lived in relative isolation, Maryam recounts an incident while they were visiting a bazaar with bin Laden in the car. A traffic policeman stopped the car for speeding. According to Maryam, Ibrahim quickly "settled the matter" with the policeman, who for a small bribe unknowingly allowed the world's most wanted man to escape arrest.

In March 2003, Khalid Sheikh Mohammad was arrested by the CIA and the Pakistan ISI in Rawalpindi barely a month after he visited Osama bin Ladin in Swat with his family. The incident forced Bin Laden, who received the news on Al Jazeera, to leave Swat for an unknown destination.

Life in Haripur

Three months later, Maryam and Bushra were reunited with bin Laden and his wife Amal, at a two-storey house with three bedrooms in the Naseem outskirts of Haripur, a town about 35 km south of Abbottabad. They lived in the house with bin Laden, bin Laden's second Saudi wife Siham Sabar, also known as "Sharifa," her son Khalid bin Laden and two daughters: Sumayya and Mariam, both adults in their early 20s.

They lived in the house for almost two years during which the men watched Al Jazeera regularly. They never used phones in the house. The al-Kuwaiti brothers would travel to Peshawar about 150 km away or to Rawalpindi a distance of 65km to make calls from Public Call Offices (PCOs).

Amal gave birth to a child at a local clinic during the time. According to the report, Abrar and his wife Bushra handled all interactions with the hospital staff claiming that Amal was deaf and dumb.

In July 2004, the brothers Abrar and Ibrahim purchased a piece of land in Abbottabad, an army garrison town about 85km north of Islamabad, under the false names "Muhammad Arshad" and "Tariq Khan" respectively.

They began construction of a two-storey building with high walls on the land in August 2004 and completed it in 2005.
'Miskeen Baba'

The group moved to the house in August 2005, with Abrar and Ibrahim moving their families before bin Laden and his family followed. They told local authorities they had relocated from the tribal areas to escape a family feud, a story which they used as excuse for the high walls surrounding the property.

The house came to be known to the locals as "Waziristan House" or simply "The Big House."

The brothers took care of all supplies while bin Laden's son Khalid took care of maintenance. Only Abrar and Ibrahim left the house regularly, often joining the local community for prayers at the local mosque. The rest of the family lived with little contact with the local community.

During the period, bin Laden never left the compound. His family lived a frugal and secluded life with bin Laden owning only three pairs of Pakistani traditional outfits for summer and three for winter. He also owned a black jacket, two sweaters and a "cowboy hat" which he wore when he was out in the compound to avoid detection from above. He reportedly suffered several ailments, including kidney and possibly heart problems, but there is no evidence that a doctor ever visited him.

The families of Abrar and Ibrahim, however, had more freedom, although their children as well as bin Laden's did not go to school. All the children in the compound were home-schooled.

Osama bin Laden's family was kept separate from Abrar and Ibrahim's family with only very little social interaction.

Maryam recounted an incident in which Rahma, her nine-year-old daughter, asked her father why the "uncle who lives" upstairs never goes to the bazaar. Ibrahim told the girl it was because the man was too poor to buy anything at the bazaar. The little girl immediately nicknamed bin Laden "Miskeen Baba" meaning "Poor Uncle."

Once, Rahma accidentally met "Miskeen Baba" in the bin Laden section of the house while taking lessons with Summayya (one of bin Laden's daughters). The incident led to her being banned from the bin Laden family's section of the house.

But soon after, while watching Al Jazeera, the quick-witted girl recognized a photo of "Miskeen Baba" on the network.

Shaken, Ibrahim banned all the women of his household from watching TV. The incident led to complete isolation of the bin Laden family from the al-Kuwaitis.

Maryam claimed she lived with the "tall Arab" for nine years without realizing that he was Osama bin Laden.

The last person to join the family before the US Navy Seal raid was Khairriyyah Abar, Osama bin Ladin's 61-year-old first wife. She arrived three months before the May 1 raid in which bin Laden was killed.

0 コメント: