2013年8月30日金曜日

米中 国連通信システム侵入

米中は、国連の通信システムへ侵入したようだ。
 NSAがNYの国連本部などでも盗聴活動を行っていたと伝えた。
 NSAは2012年の夏に国連のビデオ会議システムに侵入し、暗号の解読に
成功。解読件数は3週間以内で12件から458件に増えた。

NSA
・NYの国連本部職員が使用していた内部用ビデオ会議システムの暗号を
 解読し、会議を諜報。
・Apalachee
 2012年9月引越し先EUオフィスの諜報活動コードネーム
・Magothy
 ワシントンのEU大使館の諜報活動コードネーム
・Special Collection Service
 80以上の大使館や領事館の諜報活動のコードネーム。

NSAは、盗聴方式と盗聴場所を組合わせて、コードネームをつけている
ようだ。
公開された資料によると、EU関係の諜報活動が多い。
Fax、盗聴器、ネットワーク等を媒体として盗聴したようだ。

NSAは、2012年夏にビデオ会議システムYAYの暗号解読に成功し、監視を
続けていると中国が侵入したことを確認したとのこと。
中国の侵入とした判断はどうやったのだろうか。詳細は不明。

NSA 通話盗聴300件未満、20カ国以上でテロ阻止
米NSA EU代表部、大使館盗聴か
米国 秘密裁判所令状更新
XKeyScore
NSA Programs Cover 75% of US Traffic


English News Today - Leak of Nations: Secret NSA docs show wiretapping of UN


---NSA、国連の会議を盗聴か--独誌報道---
Charles Cooper (CNET News) 翻訳校正: 編集部 2013/08/26 14:32
http://japan.cnet.com/news/society/35036384/

 いまさら驚くことではないが、米国家安全保障局(NSA)は2012年、国連職員が使用していた内部用ビデオ会議システムの暗号を解読することで、会議の内容をひそかに調査していたという。独誌Der Spiegelが現地時間8月25日に報じた。
 新たに公表された情報は、NSAの元契約職員であるEdward Snowden氏がリークした文書を基にしている。Snowden氏は英紙The Guardianに対して、それまで秘密にされてきたNSAによる監視プログラムの詳細について膨大な資料を提供している。Der Spiegelの記事によると、暗号の解読が行われたのは2012年夏だという。スパイ同士が情報を奪い合っている今日の世界で、さらにもう1つの重大な事実が明らかになった。これらの文書には、中国も同時期に国連の通信システムへの侵入を試みており、それをNSAがつかんでいたという内容が詳しく記されているというのだ。
 折しも、この数日前にはNSAの分析官らが元交際相手の電子メールを時折読んでいたという別の事実が発覚している。


---米NSAが国連本部も盗聴、ビデオ会議の暗号解読=独誌---
2013年 08月 26日 11:02 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE97P02420130826

 [ベルリン 25日 ロイター] - ドイツの週刊誌シュピーゲルは25日、米国家安全保障局(NSA)がニューヨークの国連本部などでも盗聴活動を行っていたと伝えた。
 同誌によると、NSAは2012年の夏に国連のビデオ会議システムに侵入し、暗号の解読に成功。解読件数は3週間以内で12件から458件に増えた。
 同誌は米中央情報局(CIA)の元職員、エドワード・スノーデン容疑者が入手した機密情報として、米国が組織的に他国や国際機関などにスパイ活動を行っていたと報道。対象には欧州連合(EU)や国際原子力機関(IAEA)も含まれるという。
 シュピーゲルによると、NSAはEUのニューヨーク拠点でも盗聴を行い、EUの活動計画やサーバーなどの情報を入手。このほか複数の国で80以上の大使館や領事館を対象に、「特別収集活動」と称する盗聴プログラムを行っているという。同誌はこのプログラムが「テロリストの阻止とはほとんど関連がない」としている。


---NSA reportedly bugged UN offices, hacked into video conferencing feeds---
By Adi Robertson on August 25, 2013 12:11 pm
http://www.theverge.com/2013/8/25/4656798/nsa-reportedly-bugged-un-offices-hacked-into-video-conferencing-feeds

The NSA bugged offices in the UN's New York headquarters as part of a comprehensive surveillance program, says Der Spiegel. According to files leaked by Edward Snowden, the agency has bugged more than 80 embassies and consulates under a program called the "Special Collection Service." The program is "intensive and well organized and has little or nothing to do with warding off terrorists." In New York, that included tapping into video conference calls, which the NSA managed to do in the summer of 2012. "The data traffic gives us internal video teleconferences of the United Nations (yay!)," reads one document, which also says that the number of communications that were decoded rose from 12 to 458 in three weeks.

Der Spiegel also reports that besides the UN's headquarters, the European Union and International Atomic Energy Agency were bugged - Snowden's documents allegedly include IT infrastructure and server information from the EU's New York delegation. Previous documents have already pointed towards a wide-ranging effort to surveil the EU across several countries, prompting European backlash against the US.

It was already suspected that the NSA had routinely bugged UN offices for decades before 2012. In his expose The Shadow Factory, journalist James Bamford reported that the agency spied heavily on UN officials in the lead-up to the war in Iraq, looking for ways to sway them into supporting the invasion. "From the first day I entered my office they said, ‘Beware, your office is bugged, your residence is bugged, and it is a tradition that the member states who have the technical capacity to bug will do it without any hesitation,'" said former UN Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali. In 2004, UK member of parliament Claire Short revealed that she had seen transcripts of confidential conversations involving Kofi Annan - who led the UN during the Iraq war - and implicated British spies in the bugging effort. The recent firestorm of anti-NSA and anti-GCHQ sentiment, however, could put more force behind these latest allegations.


---New NSA documents: U.S. intelligence heard from the United Nations headquarters---
Sunday, 25.08.2013 - 08:00
http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=auto&tl=en&js=n&prev=_t&hl=en&ie=UTF-8&u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.spiegel.de%2Fpolitik%2Fausland%2Fnsa-hoerte-zentrale-der-vereinte-nationen-in-new-york-ab-a-918421.html

New documents prove to SPIEGEL information: Even the United Nations headquarters in New York was tapped by the U.S. NSA, although an agreement prohibiting just that. Even the U.S. Consulate in Frankfurt served as a listening post.

Hamburg - The U.S. Secret NSA has not only the European Union bugged, but also the headquarters of the United Nations. This is evident from the NSA secret documents, the DER SPIEGEL has analyzed.

Thus, it is the NSA succeeded in the summer of 2012 to penetrate the internal video conference system of the international community and to crack the encryption. This was for "a dramatic improvement of the data from video teleconferencing and the ability to decrypt this traffic" taken care of, according to a secret NSA document. "The traffic gives us the internal video teleconferencing the UN (yay!)." Within three weeks, the number of decrypted communications had risen from 12 to 458th

In one case, the NSA had also caught the Chinese intelligence in it, also a spy. Then, the NSA intercepted, which had previously listened to the Chinese. The espionage actions are illegal, in valid today agreements with the UN, the United States has pledged not to take covert action.

From the internal documents also indicate that the NSA has spied the EU even after the move to the new embassy premises in September 2012. Among the documents that the whistleblower Edward Snowden has copies of the NSA's computers to maps of the EU embassy located on 3rd Avenue in New York, concerning the location of the offices, but also the IT infrastructure and the server. The new EU building was the U.S. intelligence codenamed "Apalachee". The EU embassy in Washington was known internally as "Magothy".

Foreign Office: "no own knowledge"

In three ways, the NSA attacked by its own account, the European branches: each bug as well as by copying the hard drives in New York and infiltrating the computer network in Washington. Here, the NSA took advantage that the computer of the EU embassies about a so-called Virtual Private Network (VPN) are interconnected. "If we lose access to a page where we can get him back immediately when we come through the VPN to the other side" for components in NSA technicians in an internal presentation. "We have used several times when we were at, Magothy 'kicked out."

The Federal Foreign Office in Berlin claims to own any information about a possible spying by the United Nations and embassies by the U.S. NSA. "We do not own findings," a spokesman said on Sunday.

According to internal documents, the NSA also maintains more than 80 embassies and consulates worldwide own monitoring program, which is internally called "Special Collection Service" and is often operated without the knowledge of the host country. A corresponding to the NSA listening post accordingly in Frankfurt, a further entertained in Vienna.

The existence of the eavesdropping devices in embassies and consulates should be kept secret at all costs, according to the material. If they were known, would "relations with the host country causing serious damage," said one NSA document.

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