2013年8月8日木曜日

Vatican Gay Conspiracy No

ローマ法王は、ゲイ陰謀説を否定した。
 ローマ法王庁(バチカン)の財政管理組織「宗教事業協会」(通称バチカン
銀行)は、概要などを掲載したホームページを公開した。同行を介した資金
洗浄疑惑が絶えないことから、運営の透明性を高めて信頼回復を図る狙い。

バチカン銀行HP
Vatican: the Holy See English
IOR > Media
・2012年 預かり総資産が63億ユーロ。
     純利益が8660万ユーロ。
     カトリックの関係団体や聖職者らの顧客数が1万8900口座。
     従業員数が、114名。
・2012年 バランスシートも、10月に掲載される予定。

ローマ法王庁
・伊検察に逮捕されたNunzio Scarano容疑者の資産を凍結。
 容疑者はスイスからイタリアに現金2000万ユーロを不正に移動した疑い。
 バチカン銀行の口座を使った資金洗浄疑惑も浮上。
・資金洗浄の疑いのある事例が6件あった。
 バチカン銀行の幹部2人が辞職、伊検察が別の資金洗浄疑惑で2人を捜査中、
 事実上の更迭。
・未成年者に対する性的虐待や買春、児童ポルノ所持を明確な犯罪。
 罰則は最大12年の禁錮。
・機密漏洩に対する罰則強化。

カソリック聖職者の40%以上が同性愛者との説、告白した人もいるが、告白
していない同性愛者もバチカンには存在するとのこと。
同性愛者によるネットワークが存在し、ロビー活動を行っていることは、
認めたが、Vatileaksの陰謀説に対して、法王は否定したようだ。

なぜ女性の聖職者を認めないのかは不明なまま。

Vatileaks
Vatileaks Guilty
バチカン 穏健な改革へ
米国 結婚防衛法は異人種間結婚禁止法か


Pope Francis on Gay Catholics Who Am I to Judge


---バチカン銀行、HPで信頼回復へ 資金洗浄疑惑などの指摘に---
2013年8月1日 05時42分
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2013080101000703.html

 【ローマ共同】ローマ法王庁(バチカン)の財政管理組織「宗教事業協会」(通称バチカン銀行)は7月31日、同行の概要などを掲載したホームページを公開した。同行を介したマネーロンダリング(資金洗浄)疑惑が絶えないことから、運営の透明性を高めて信頼回復を図る狙い。
 ホームページには、2012年の預かり総資産が63億ユーロ(約8200億円)で純利益が8660万ユーロ、カトリックの関係団体や聖職者らの顧客数が1万8900などとする情報が掲載された。12年のバランスシートも、ことし10月に掲載される予定。


---ローマ法王、同性愛に理解…女性登用は認めず---
2013年7月30日09時02分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20130729-OYT1T01354.htm

 【ローマ=青木佐知子】ロイター通信などによると、ローマ法王フランシスコは29日、「もし同性愛者が神の道を求め、善意を持っているのなら、私は裁きを下す立場にない」と述べ、カトリック信者の中に同性愛者が存在する現実に理解を示した。
 ブラジル訪問後、イタリアに向かう専用機内で行った記者会見で述べた。法王は「彼らは(性的傾向のために)社会から取り残されるべきではなく、受け入れられなければならない」と語った。
 一方、カトリック教会における女性の役割については、「制限することはできない」としつつ、女性聖職者の登用については「扉は閉ざされている」とし、認めない方針を示した。


---バチカン:セックスと金---
23.07.2013, 19:41
http://japanese.ruvr.ru/2013_07_23/118419566/

 バチカンの同性愛疑惑は、前ローマ法王ベネディクト16世が3人の枢機卿に命じて準備させた機密文書の流出により強まった。3人の枢機卿によると、バチカンは、セックスと金の2つの不幸に苦しんでいるという。
 文書には、神学生と合唱団員の間での男の売春に関する情報のほか、小さなホテル、サウナ、同性愛者たちが集まるクラブなどの地図も含まれていた。それらの場所は、バチカンで重要なポストについている人物たちが利用していたという。
 これらの関係のもつれは、あらゆる階層を管理下に置く「恐喝システム」を生み出した。これは、金融機関からオフショア機関となったバチカン銀行まで、不法な形で様々な機関を手玉に取ったロビイストのことだ。バチカン銀行がマフィアの資金洗浄、詐欺行為、汚職、脱税などに利用されていたことが明らかとなった。
 報告書がベネディクト16世の退位にどのような影響を及ぼしたかは今のところ明らかではない。だがフランシスコ・ローマ法 王は、「貧しい人たちのための教会にしたい」と何度も語っている。L'Espressoは、フランシスコ法王の任務は、バチカン銀行をはじめとした優雅な生活や富の根絶になるとの見方を表した。


---法王庁改革に本腰 資金洗浄疑惑のバチカン銀行にメス、聖職者の性的虐待も厳罰化---
2013.7.14 21:47
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130714/erp13071421510006-n1.htm

 【ベルリン=宮下日出男】ローマ法王フランシスコが法王庁(バチカン)改革に本腰を入れはじめたようだ。不透明な運営が問題視される財政管理組織「宗教事業協会」(通称バチカン銀行)にメスを入れ、聖職者による性的児童虐待も厳罰化する。ともにカトリック教会の信頼を損なった大きな要因で、改革への期待が強かっただけに、その成果が注目される。
 法王庁は12日、伊検察当局に6月下旬に逮捕されたバチカン財務管理局の経理担当者、ヌンツィオ・スカラノ容疑者(61)の資産を凍結したと発表した。容疑者はスイスからイタリアに現金2000万ユーロ(約26億円)を不正に運ぼうとした疑いがあり、バチカン銀行の口座を使ったマネーロンダリング(資金洗浄)疑惑も浮上している。
 逮捕を受け、法王庁は資産凍結だけでなく、独自調査に乗り出す考えだ。法王庁は5月に公表した年次報告書で初めて資金洗浄の疑いのある事例が6件あったと指摘した。調査はこれに関連したもので、法王庁は調査対象者が「広がる可能性もある」としている。
 法王は6月下旬、バチカン銀行の運営を調べる調査委員会も設置した。外部の法学者が加わり、必要な書類などを集める権限が付与された。今月10日の初会合には法王も参加し、委員を激励した。最近ではバチカン銀行の幹部2人が辞職したが、伊検察が別の資金洗浄疑惑で2人を捜査中とされており、事実上の更迭ともみられている。
 一方、法王庁は11日、刑法の改正を発表した。あいまいだった未成年者に対する性的虐待や買春、児童ポルノ所持を明確に犯罪と位置づけ、罰則は最大12年の禁錮とした。改正では前法王時代の内部文書流出事件を受け、機密漏洩に対する罰則強化なども図った。9月から施行され、バチカン内の市民や聖職者ら約5千人に適用される。
 バチカンは1990年に国連の児童権利条約を批准したが、条約に合わせた法整備は遅れが指摘されていた。法改正について性的虐待の被害者団体は「微修正に過ぎない」との見方を示す一方、児童の権利保護団体は「法王庁は大きな後れを取り戻そうとしている」とも評した。


---Pope Francis: gay priests in the Vatican? Yes. A gay conspiracy? No---
Andrew Brown, Kate Connolly in Berlin and Lizzy Davies in Rome
The Guardian, Wednesday 31 July 2013   
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jul/31/pope-francis-vatican-gay-priests-conspiracy

Pontiff reopens most urgent issue of his reign on flight from Rio and prioritises tackling attitudes to homosexuality

It was on the return flight from Rio aboard the papal plane known to Vatican-watchers as Shepherd One that Pope Francis reopened the most urgent issue of his reign. Relaxing in the glow of adulation from a tour of Brazil that had culminated in the celebration of mass with three million pilgrims on Copacabana beach, the pontiff wandered to the back of the papal plane, where he spoke freely to an astonished press corps about the vexed question of the Vatican and homosexuality.

He first dispensed with his predecessors' distaste for the very word "gay". "Who am I to judge," he said, "if someone is gay and he searches for the Lord with goodwill?" Gay people should not be marginalised from society, he said, before tackling head-on the rumoured, much-discussed existence of a powerful "gay lobby" in the Vatican. If such a thing existed, it was not the most important form of corruption: "The problem is not having this orientation. We must be brothers. The problem is lobbying by this orientation, or lobbies of greedy people, political lobbies, Masonic lobbies, so many lobbies. This is the worse problem."

To understand the significance of homosexuality to the Vatican, one needs to know that a large minority of Catholic priests are thought to be gay and these priests know all too well the catechism's teaching that "homosexual acts are intrinsically disordered". Add this to the Vatican tradition of discrediting an enemy by accusing him of being gay, and the result is a sizeable number of closeted men in positions of authority with deep and potentially damaging secrets. By making same-sex acts a sin, the church moved homosexuality from being a simple matter of sexual orientation into the realm of conspiracy and politics.

The problem is compounded by a document drawn up by Pope Benedict XVI when he was Cardinal Ratzinger, which appears to mandate a life in the closet for the gay priest. Although it condemns homosexuality as an attraction towards "an intrinsic moral evil", men who have managed three years of celibacy are assumed to have no "deep-rooted" homosexual orientation. In such an atmosphere, it's no wonder that the phrase "gay lobby" has become so powerful and that almost everyone is suspected of membership.

A recent and high-profile target of suspicion was the pope's new personal representative at the troubled Vatican Bank, Monsignor Battista Ricca, who was accused of living openly with his male lover when he was a Vatican diplomat in Uruguay at the turn of the century. The pope, on the flight from Rio, said the allegations had been found to be groundless and anyway only concerned a sin, which God might forgive, and not a crime. This was not only an assertion of his authority over the backbiters within the Vatican but also marked an attempt to deal with gay people realistically, as people.

These two strategies are closely linked in his struggle to reform the church, and tame the Vatican's bureaucracy, known as the Curia.

The English theologian James Alison, himself openly gay, reckons more than 40% of the Catholic clergy today are gay, but that very few are comfortable or honest about it. Other experienced observers concur with this estimate, though few inside the church will speak on the record.

"The notion of a gay lobby is complicated," said Alison. "There are so many uses of the term." Inside the Vatican, the term typically refers to all people outside who claim being gay is normal. The second use, said Alison, was as shorthand for delusional thinking, such as "When people say things like: 'This so-called scientific teaching is merely the result of a powerful gay lobby.'" This shows, said Alison, that the biggest and most successful gay lobby in the Vatican is the closeted one.

The veteran Vatican correspondent John L Allen of the National Catholic Reporter believes the Italianised term "lobby gay" has a different nuance to the English phrase. "When you say 'gay lobby' to the typical English-speaker, what they're going to think of is … an interest group advancing an agenda.

"That really is not what Italians mean by the term 'lobby gay'. What they mean is this clandestine network of people in the Vatican who have skeletons in their closets who are looking out for one another, and as far as Italians are concerned those skeletons don't even have anything to do with sex in some cases.

"If the question is 'Are there gays in the Vatican?', yes, of course there are. But if the question is 'Is there some kind of organised network of gays in the Vatican who are protecting one other and advancing their own interests', all I can tell you is that in 15 years of covering the place I've never seen any particular evidence of that."

According to Alison, even the notion of a closeted gay lobby turns out to be complicated. "It's a honeycomb of closets. Not everyone knows everybody else. Everybody knows somebody who knows someone else. So there is a …game of blackmail going on.

"The people with the strongest motivation to keep the current system are those people who - maybe for the best of motives - opted to 'sacrifice' that part of themselves for what they thought was the glory of God. They found themselves constantly having to re-enact that sacrifice for other people, as though the annihilation of who one is was actually what Our Lord meant. Their sacrifice has been not only in vain, but has been a monumental act of self-destruction. This destruction is independent of whether the person has or has not got partners."

Another perspective is supplied by the German theologian David Berger, who for 20 years was part of the closeted traditionalist scene in Germany (Alison notes wryly that the smallest possible Catholic society would be a gathering of straight traditionalist priests). Berger was denounced and sacked from his teaching job when he came out in 2010 and now edits a gay magazine. "In Rome I experienced that these [gay] networks exist but they're not about power grabbing. Nepotism exists in the Vatican anyway, based on friendships. The main aim of these circles is simply to gain access to sex in an uncomplicated way. There is also a lot of paid sex but much unpaid sex as well. There's no gay conspiracy in the Vatican."

Berger has large files of letters from priests, largely from German-speaking countries, in which the writers have told him graphic and often tortured stories about their experiences of being gay and in the priesthood. One priest was so distraught by the attempts to blackmail him as well as his sense of guilt that he covered himself in petrol in front of the other priest with whom he was in a relationship and set himself alight. He died, whilst the surviving priest lives with a huge psychological burden.

Some observers identify an older generation of gay priests as being less conflicted. One highly placed English Catholic said: "I have known quite a few gay clergy of that generation, who accepted the church's teaching on homosexuality without having to fight any self-hatred. They did not see their homosexuality as being at the very core of their identity. They happened to be gay. But what is at the centre of their being is that they can love, and it just happens that some of their most profound experiences of love were of other men."

This adjustment to a celibate life - where sex is entirely unimportant and uninteresting when compared with love that seems to need no sexual expression - does certainly still exist, and was acknowledged by everyone the Guardian talked to. But it is hard in the modern age. "Rome is one of the last places on earth where 'don't ask don't tell' actually means that," said Alison. "It is a traditional monosexual culture, in the same way that the British army would have been in 1890. Women and indeed sex are simply irrelevant. It didn't matter what you did so long as you weren't caught and caused no scandal.

"It's a remarkable cultural survival of a pre-modern world. But the people inhabiting it are modern people. So you get cognitive dissonance. There are various ways of surviving. You can live a double life, with all the pain that will lead to. You can choose to shut down your emotional life and become career-minded."

It will be a test of his reign whether Pope Francis can negotiate this politically charged issue, one consequence of which is that accusations of homosexuality remain one of the commonest and most effective forms of attack.

Sometimes this is entirely deranged. A traditionalist blogger has denounced the archbishop of Vienna, Cardinal Christoph Schonborn, as "a homosexual" because he had said something sympathetic about his own gay clergy.

Similarly, a letter denouncing by name a number of prominent German and Austrian Catholic clergy, inside and outside the Vatican, was circulated to all German-speaking bishops last year and to the media including the Guardian. The men are widely regarded to be moving in gay networks. Some are accused of complicity in the manoeuvrings around the Vatileaks scandal last year, when Pope Benedict's butler was convicted of passing on detailed and confidential information to journalists. It seems likely that this letter formed part of a dossier presented to Pope Benedict in February by three cardinals charged with investigating the Vatileaks affair.

As his remarks on the plane imply, an opening towards honesty in Catholic attitudes to homosexuality and gay people must form a part of what Francis was elected by the cardinals to do: reform the Vatican. It is a huge task.


---On Gay Priests, Pope Francis Asks, ‘Who Am I to Judge?’---
By RACHEL DONADIO
Published: July 29, 2013
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/30/world/europe/pope-francis-gay-priests.html?pagewanted=all

ROME - For generations, homosexuality has largely been a taboo topic for the Vatican, ignored altogether or treated as “an intrinsic moral evil,” in the words of the previous pope.

In that context, brief remarks by Pope Francis suggesting that he would not judge priests for their sexual orientation, made aboard the papal airplane on the way back from his first foreign trip, to Brazil, resonated through the church. Never veering from church doctrine opposing homosexuality, Francis did strike a more compassionate tone than that of his predecessors, some of whom had largely avoided even saying the more colloquial “gay.”

“If someone is gay and he searches for the Lord and has good will, who am I to judge?” Francis told reporters, speaking in Italian but using the English word “gay.”

Francis’s words could not have been more different from those of Benedict XVI, who in 2005 wrote that homosexuality was “a strong tendency ordered toward an intrinsic moral evil,” and an “objective disorder.” The church document said men with “deep-seated homosexual tendencies” should not become priests.

Vatican experts were quick to point out that Francis was not suggesting that the priests or anyone else should act on their homosexual tendencies, which the church considers a sin. But the fact that he made such comments - and used the word “gay” - was nevertheless revolutionary, and likely to generate significant discussion in local dioceses, where bishops are divided over whether to accept priests who are gay but celibate.

“It’s not a great opening in terms of contents, but the fact that he talked about it that way is a great novelty,” said Paolo Rodari, a Vatican expert at the Italian daily La Repubblica. Francis would probably agree with Benedict’s writings on homosexuality, he added, “but it doesn’t interest him.”

“It interests him to say that the problem in the end isn’t if someone has this tendency, the important thing is to live in the light of God,” Mr. Rodari said. “Said by a pope, it’s enormous.”

Francis also told reporters that while Pope John Paul II had definitively closed the door to female priests, he sought a “theology of women” and a greater role for them in Catholic life, news reports said.

The pope’s comments on homosexuals and women in the church were yet another sign of the different directions from which Benedict and Francis approach doctrine. While Benedict, the shy theologian, focused more on ethics and advocated a purer church, even if it might end up being smaller, Francis was elected for his belief that the Catholic Church must engage in dialogue with the world - even with those it disagrees with - if it wants to stay vibrant and relevant.

“At a certain point, tone becomes substance if it’s seen as revitalizing the prospects of the church,” said John L. Allen, Jr., a Vatican expert at The National Catholic Reporter.

In Benedict’s more subdued 2007 visit to Brazil, where Evangelical churches are making rapid inroads in the Catholic majority, he delivered speeches to bishops about how to respond to postmodern society.

In contrast, Francis spoke on the beach, engaged with the masses and was greeted like a rock star by followers entranced by his approachable style and homespun folksy adages. (“You can always add more water to the beans,” he said at one point.)

More than a million people gathered for an open-air Mass on Copacabana Beach on Sunday. At one event, bishops danced on stage to upbeat music. The spectacle was clearly aimed at competing with Evangelical churches that have a more “pop” style.

“We can see the figure of Peter so near to us,” said Milena Rocha, 20, a Brazilian student who slept on the beach Saturday night along with thousands of others in a vigil before the pope’s final Mass on Sunday, comparing Francis to St. Peter.

She said that the vigil, in which many camped on the sands on pieces of cardboard, showed the energy that Francis was bringing to the church in Brazil, which has more Catholics than any other country, an estimated 123 million.

Despite missteps by organizers, including one that compromised security, the visit unfolded peacefully, giving many people a chance to glimpse or even embrace Francis.

“This pope keeps renewing the church,” said Claudia Brandao, 30, a housewife who traveled from Angola with her 9-month-old daughter.

In 2007, “Benedict came and played the standard classical nocturne that he was famous for, and his devotees loved it. Francis came and played the guitar in his very accessible style and the crowds went wild,” said Mr. Allen, who traveled to Brazil for both trips.

Before he resigned in February, Benedict’s papacy had been marked by scandals - a sexual abuse scandal, a leaks scandal and trouble with the secretive Vatican Bank. Francis, with his style of radical simplicity and his direct manner, has shifted things. “He’s completely changed the narrative about the church,” Mr. Allen said. “In five months, now the dominant Catholic story is ‘Charismatic Pope Takes World by Storm.’ ”

During his papal trips, John Paul II loved to walk to the back of the plane and chat with reporters, while Benedict only responded to a handful of preselected questions. Francis, on the overnight flight back to Rome from Rio de Janeiro, spoke freely to reporters for 80 minutes about everything from the Vatican Bank troubles to his decision not to live in the Apostolic Palace but rather in a Vatican residence.

Francis did not dodge a single question, even thanking the person who prompted his comments on homosexuality, asking about Italian news reports of a “gay lobby” inside the Vatican, with clerics blackmailing one another with information about sexual missteps.

“So much is written about the gay lobby. I have yet to find on a Vatican identity card the word ‘gay,’ ” Francis said, chuckling. “They say there are some gay people here. I think that when we encounter a gay person, we must make the distinction between the fact of a person being gay and the fact of a lobby, because lobbies are not good.”

An article in the Italian weekly L’Espresso this month alleged that one of the advisers that Francis had appointed to look into the Vatican Bank, Msgr. Battista Ricca, had been accused of having gay trysts when he was a Vatican diplomat in Uruguay. The pope told reporters that nothing in the documentation he had seen substantiated the reports.

He added that such a lobby would be an issue, but that he did not have anything against gay people and that their sins should be forgiven like those of all Catholics. Francis said that homosexuals should be treated with dignity, and that no one should be subjected to blackmail or pressure because of sexual orientation.

“The problem isn’t having this orientation. The problem is making a lobby,” he said.

In recent years, both Benedict and Francis have tried to make changes at the Vatican Bank so that it meets international anti-money-laundering norms that are a condition for using the euro.

Asked about the bank, Francis said, “Some say that it’s better to have a bank, others that it would be better to have a fund, still others say to close it.”

Asked what was in the black briefcase that he was seen carrying onto the plane by himself en route to Brazil, Francis said he had a razor, a breviary and a book about St. Teresa. “It’s normal to carry a bag,” he said, according to news reports. “I’m a bit surprised that the image of the bag made its way around the world. Anyway, it wasn’t the suitcase with the codes for the nuclear bomb.”

Simon Romero and Taylor Barnes contributed reporting from Rio de Janeiro.

This article has been revised to reflect the following correction:

Correction: July 29, 2013

An earlier version of this article gave an incorrect date for Pope Benedict XVI’s trip to Brazil. His visit to Latin America, including Brazil, was in 2007, not 2006.

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