2013年9月18日水曜日

米格差最大

米国の経済格差が最大のようだ。
 貧富の格差が拡大する米国で、上位1%の最富裕層の収入が2012年には
国民全体の19%を超し、大恐慌前年の1928年以来最大の割合となったこと
が判明した。上位10%の収入は全体の48.2%を占めた。

米UCB(UC Berkeley)校などの分析
Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Updated with 2012 preliminary estimates)
・投資による利得に課税する資本利得税の増税を前に、最富裕層が駆込み
 で株式などを売却したことが一因。
・2012年は最富裕層の収入が20%増加したのに対し、国民の99%は収入が1%
 しか増えず、格差が一層鮮明になった。

新自由主義や富裕層税優遇制度を戦費に当てようとしたが、米国の財政は
よくならなかった。政権が変わり、富裕層に対して、税優遇措置を止め、
所得税や資本利得税(キャピタルゲイン税?)を増税。
富裕層は増税前に、投資を回収したようだ。

UCBの資料をみれば、上位1%のみ大きく増加し、上位1%を超え上位10%までは、
緩やかに増加。上位0.01%は、キャピタルゲインによる収入の比率が高い。
株式は数億円投資していれば、失敗しても取り戻せるとの説もあり、金融
賭博で勝ち続けることを証明しているようだ。
バラエティ番組で、金融関係の人が、海外から投資が増えれば、株式市場に
活気があふれると言うのをよく聞くが、結局、米富裕層のおこぼれが欲しい
と言っているように聞こえる。テレビに出てまで賭博を進める必要がある
のだろうか。

米国変革 新自由主義から社会主義へ
貧困率 15.7%
米国 人種間経済格差
米国 貧困層増加
Occupy DP and Tea Party
Death to Capitalism


---1%の最富裕層が国民収入の19% 米の格差、歴史的水準に---
2013.9.12 13:51
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130912/amr13091213550008-n1.htm

 貧富の格差が拡大する米国で、上位1%の最富裕層の収入が2012年、国民全体の19%を超し、大恐慌前年の1928年以来最大の割合となったことが11日までに判明した。上位10%の収入は全体の48・2%を占めた。AP通信が米カリフォルニア大バークリー校などの分析として報じた。
 投資による利得に課税する資本利得税の増税を前に、最富裕層が駆け込みで株式などを売却したことが一因。12年は最富裕層の収入が20%増加したのに対し、国民の99%は収入が1%しか増えず、格差が一層鮮明になった。
 同年に上位1%を占めた最富裕層の年収は39万4千ドル(約3900万円)超で、上位10%の富裕層は年収11万4千ドル超。
 最富裕層は、07年から09年までの金融危機と株価下落の直撃を受け、収入が約36%減少したが、09年6月以降は景気回復の恩恵をほぼ独占的に享受し、収入増加分の約95%を手にした。(共同)


---米、最富裕層が国民収入の19% 格差、歴史的水準に---
2013年9月12日 11時56分
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/s/article/2013091201000943.html

 【ニューヨーク共同】貧富の格差が拡大する米国で、上位1%の最富裕層の収入が2012年には国民全体の19%を超し、大恐慌前年の1928年以来最大の割合となったことが11日までに判明した。上位10%の収入は全体の48・2%を占めた。AP通信が米カリフォルニア大バークリー校などの分析として報じた。
 投資による利得に課税する資本利得税の増税を前に、最富裕層が駆け込みで株式などを売却したことが一因。12年は最富裕層の収入が20%増加したのに対し、国民の99%は収入が1%しか増えず、格差が一層鮮明になった。


---The Rich Get Richer Through the Recovery---
September 10, 2013, 3:25 pm 395 Comments   
By ANNIE LOWREY
http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/the-rich-get-richer-through-the-recovery/?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=0

The top 10 percent of earners took more than half of the country’s total income in 2012, the highest level recorded since the government began collecting the relevant data a century ago, according to an updated study by the prominent economists Emmanuel Saez and Thomas Piketty.

The top 1 percent took more than one-fifth of the income earned by Americans, one of the highest levels on record since 1913, when the government instituted an income tax.

The figures underscore that even after the recession the country remains in a new Gilded Age, with income as concentrated as it was in the years that preceded the Depression of the 1930s, if not more so.

High stock prices, rising home values and surging corporate profits have buoyed the recovery-era incomes of the most affluent Americans, with the incomes of the rest still weighed down by high unemployment and stagnant wages for many blue- and white-collar workers.

“These results suggest the Great Recession has only depressed top income shares temporarily and will not undo any of the dramatic increase in top income shares that has taken place since the 1970s,” Mr. Saez, an economist at the University of California, Berkeley, wrote in his analysis of the data.

The income share of the top 1 percent of earners in 2012 returned to the same level as before both the Great Recession and the Great Depression: just above 20 percent, jumping to about 22.5 percent in 2012 from 19.7 percent in 2011.

That increase is probably in part due to one-time factors. Congress made a last-minute deal to avoid the expiration of all of the Bush-era tax cuts in January. That deal included a number of tax increases on wealthy Americans, including bumping up levies on investment income. Seeing the tax changes coming, many companies gave large dividends and investors cashed out.

But the economists noted that the trends looked the same for income figures including and excluding realized capital gains - implying that the temporary tax moves were not the only reason the top 1 percent did so well relative to everyone else in 2012.

More generally, richer households have disproportionately benefited from the boom in the stock market during the recovery, with the Dow Jones industrial average more than doubling in value since it bottomed out early in 2009. About half of households hold stock, directly or through vehicles like pension accounts. But the richest 10 percent of households own about 90 percent of the stock, expanding both their net worth and their incomes when they cash out or receive dividends.

The economy remains depressed for most wage-earning families. With sustained, relatively high rates of unemployment, businesses are under no pressure to raise their employees’ incomes because both workers and employers know that many people without jobs would be willing to work for less. The share of Americans working or looking for work is at its lowest in 35 years.

There is a glimmer of good news for the 99 percent in the report, though. Mr. Piketty and Mr. Saez show that the incomes of that group stagnated between 2009 and 2011. In 2012, they started growing again - if only by about 1 percent. But the total income of the top 1 percent surged nearly 20 percent that year. The incomes of the very richest, the 0.01 percent, shot up more than 32 percent.

The new data shows that the top 1 percent of earners experienced a sharp drop in income during the recession, of about 36 percent, and a nearly equal rebound during the recovery of roughly 31 percent. The incomes of the other 99 percent plunged nearly 12 percent in the recession and have barely grown - a 0.4 percent uptick - since then. Thus, the 1 percent has captured about 95 percent of the income gains since the recession ended.

Mr. Saez and Mr. Piketty have argued that the concentration of income among top earners is unlikely to reverse without stark changes in the economy or in tax policy. Increases that Congress negotiated in January are not likely to have a major effect, Mr. Saez wrote, saying they “are not negligible, but they are modest.”

Mr. Saez and Mr. Piketty, of the Paris School of Economics, plan to update their data again in January, after more complete statistics become available.

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