2013年9月24日火曜日

US can seize The Piaget Building

イラン系ビルが差し押さえになった。
 ニューヨーク連邦地裁は、米政府の制裁対象となっているイランの国営
銀行に賃貸料収入を不正に送金したとして、イランの慈善団体などが所有
するマンハッタンの36階建て高層ビルの差し押さえを認める決定を出した。

The Piaget Building
・650 Fifth Ave. NY
・パーレビイラン国王が運営するNPOが建設。
 1979年パーレビ国王はエジプトに亡命。その後、イラン革命。
 現在は慈善団体Aravi Foundationが60%、Assa Corp.が40%保有。
・1999-2007年の賃貸料収入は3900万ドル。
・1989年時の評価価格は、8300万ドル。

マンハッタン地区米連邦検察官
・送金はイランへの経済制裁を科した国内法などに違反。
 IEEPA(The International Emergency Economic Powers Act)と米資金
 洗浄法違反。
・Assa Co.を通じ、賃貸料収入をイラン国営のMelli Bankに送金。
 Melli BankはAssa Co.を所有。

Aravi Foundation
・2012年 150万ドル以上を寄付。
 寄付先 Hartford Seminary、Harvard University、
     the Muslim Women 's Institute

米司法省は、経済制裁違反で、ビルを差し押さえした。
通常、罰金刑が多かったが、送金額が大きかったために差し押さえか。

米国は、イラン、スーダン、キューバ、ミャンマーに関連する口座へ
送金したとして、罰金を受けた金融機関が昨年は多かった。
ミャンマーに関して、昨年は、日本と米国では制裁内容が異なった。
最近、ミャンマーへの経済制裁の内容が変更となった。

反米派のイラン。
核開発、ホルムズ海峡封鎖で、話題となったが、経済制裁のため、国民が
イラン政府に反発のようだ。
大国の二極化を求めても資本主義による財政問題で、一部の問題のみ対立。
そこそこ飯が食べられれば、二極化は防げるか。

英バークレイズ 和解金支払いへ
HSBCと北陸銀行が犯罪支援か
資金洗浄・制裁違反の罰金 HSBC、Stanchart、MUFG
ODA白書2012イラン ホルムズ海峡封鎖か


---NYの摩天楼差し押さえ イランへの送金理由に---
2013.9.18 16:26
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/130918/mds13091816280003-n1.htm

 ニューヨーク連邦地裁は17日までに、米政府の制裁対象となっているイランの国営銀行に賃貸料収入を不正に送金したとして、イランの慈善団体などが所有するマンハッタンの36階建て高層ビルの差し押さえを認める決定を出した。
 ロイター通信などによると、ビルはニューヨーク・マンハッタンの目抜き通り、5番街にあり、1999~2007年の賃貸料収入は3900万ドル(約39億円)に上る。
 送金はイランへの経済制裁を科した国内法などに違反するとして、米司法当局が地裁に差し押さえを申し立てていた。
 申し立てによると、ビルは慈善団体「アラビ財団」などが所有。フロント企業を通じ、賃貸料収入をイラン国営のメリ銀行に送金したとされる。(共同)


---「イラン保有」のNY一等地のビル、米政府が差し押さえへ---
2013.09.18 Wed posted at 09:56 JST
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/35037323.html

 ニューヨーク(CNNMoney) 米ニューヨークのマンハッタン中心部にある36階建ての高層ビルが、密かにイラン政府によって保有・運営されているとして、米政府が差し押さえの手続きを進めている。マンハッタン地区米連邦検察官が17日に明らかにした。
 問題のビルはニューヨークの5番街にあり、ロックフェラーセンターに隣接。多数の企業がテナントとして入居している。1970年代に当時のイラン国王が運営する非営利組織(NPO)が建設したもので、現在はその流れをくむNPOのアラビ・ファンデーションが60%を、アッサ・コーポレーションという企業が残る40%を保有している。
 検察側は、アラビ、アッサとも実態はイラン国営銀行の隠れみのにすぎないと主張。共同経営者を通じて賃貸収入がイランに送金されていると指摘してきた。
 連邦裁判所もこのほど、ビル所有者がマネーロンダリング(資金洗浄)対策法や対イラン制裁に違反していると認定、この物件の差し押さえを認める判決を言い渡した。
 これに対してアラビ・ファンデーションは、判決を不服として控訴する意向を表明している。
 検察によると、この物件を差し押さえて売り出した場合、テロ対策に関連した差し押さえとしては過去最大の規模になるという。差し押さえで得た収入は、イランが関与したテロ事件の犠牲者遺族への補償に充てると説明している。


---Report: US to Seize Iran-Owned New York Skyscraper---
September 18, 2013 - 12:44
http://www.tasnimnews.com/english/Home/Single/143468

TEHRAN (Tasnim) - The United States is set seize control of a midtown Manhattan skyscraper prosecutors claim is secretly owned by Iran, the US justice department said, though the ruling is to be appealed.
printPrint

The US justice department claimed that the seizure and sale of the 36-storey building, in the heart of New York City on Fifth Avenue, would be the largest-ever (so called) "terrorism-related forfeiture."

A federal judge ruled in favour of the government's suit this week, saying The Piaget Building's owners had violated Iran sanctions and money laundering laws,  a report by AFP said.

Manhattan Federal Prosecutor Preet Bharara said the decision upholds the justice department claims the owner of the building "was (and is) a front for Bank Melli, and thus a front for the Government of Iran", the report said.

Prosecutors allege the building's owners, the Alavi Foundation and Assa Corporation, transferred rental income and other funds to Iran's state-owned Bank Melli.

Alavi also ran a charitable organisation for Iran and managed the building for the Iranian government, the statement said.


---Judge rules US can seize New York building tied to Iran---
September 17, 2013 8:52PM ET
http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2013/9/17/judge-rule-us-canseizenewyorkbuildingtiedtoiran.html

A 36-story tower, owned by an Iranian bank and shell company, funneled money to Tehran, a New York judge determines

A judge has ordered the forfeiture of a 36-story office tower in midtown Manhattan, because revenue from it was secretly funneled to a state-owned Iranian bank, U.S. Department of Justice announced Tuesday.

The building is co-owned by Alavi Foundation, a nonprofit charitable organization that supports Islamic culture in the U.S., and Assa Co., which the U.S. government says is a front company for the Iranian-owned Bank Melli.

U.S. Southern District Judge of New York Katherine Forrest agreed with the government's claim that monetary transfers by Assa Co. to Iran's Bank Melli violated money laundering statutes.

The Iranian government has been designated by the U.S. as a sponsor of international terrorism, an allegation it has repeatedly denied.

"There is substantial, un-contradicted evidence that Assa is owned and controlled by Bank Melli, and that Bank Melli is wholly owned and controlled by Iran," Judge Forrest said.

Manhattan U.S. Attorney Preet Bharara said in a statement that the judge’s ruling “paves the way for the largest-ever terrorism-related forfeiture, and provides a means of compensating victims of Iranian-sponsored terrorism.”

The Alavi Foundation said it was "obviously disappointed" with the judge's ruling. It said it disagreed with the court's analysis of the facts and the law and intended to appeal once a final judgment is entered.

"The Foundation was ready for trial and is disappointed that it did not have the opportunity to rebut the Government evidence before a jury," it said in an emailed statement.

The judge, in her opinion, recounted the history of the Fifth Avenue building, saying it was built in the 1970s on property acquired by a nonprofit corporation formed in New York by then Iranian leader Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, who was overthrown in 1979. She said it was valued at $83 million in 1989, when a partnership called the 650 Fifth Avenue Co. was formed, with Assa contributing $44 million in a deal the government maintained was designed to avoid U.S. taxes.


---Judge finds owners of Iran-linked tower violate U.S. laws---
By Bernard Vaughan
NEW YORK | Wed Sep 11, 2013 7:34pm EDT
http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/09/11/us-usa-iran-skyscraper-idUSBRE98A1C520130911

(Reuters) - A federal judge ruled on Wednesday that the owners of a New York City skyscraper at the center of a long-running dispute violated U.S. laws against doing business with Iran.

The ruling, which is likely to be appealed, could result in the building, 650 Fifth Avenue, being seized by the U.S. government.

The ruling came just days before two parallel trials were to begin in federal court in New York in which the Justice Department and private plaintiffs were seeking to take control of the building.

"I understand the monkey wrench I'm throwing into things," U.S. District Judge Katherine Forrest said in a telephone conference with lawyers on Wednesday.

Forrest, granting a request by U.S. prosecutors to decide the case ahead of trial, said there was "no triable issue of fact."

Forrest found that the majority owner of the building, the Alavi Foundation, knew that two minority owners were fronts for Iran's Bank Melli, in violation of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act and U.S. money laundering laws.

Enacted in 1977, IEEPA empowers the president to deal with threats related to national emergencies. In 1995, President Bill Clinton issued an executive order banning the supply of most services from the United States to Iran.

Lawyers for the Alavi Foundation and the minority owners, Assa Corp and Assa Co Ltd, did not immediately respond to request for comment on Wednesday. A spokesman for Alavi declined to comment.

The 36-story, 382,500 square-foot building stands at the corner of Fifth Avenue and West 52nd Street, a short stroll from Rockefeller Center and St. Patrick's Cathedral. Tenants include fashion brand Juicy Couture, Citi Global Markets and chocolatier Godiva.

According to the U.S. government's lawsuit, the building was constructed in the 1970s by a foundation set up by the Shah of Iran. That foundation was eventually succeeded by the Alavi Foundation after the Iranian revolution. In 1989, Alavi and Bank Melli used the two Assa entities to disguise Bank Melli's involvement, the government said in its lawsuit.

Alavi and Assa provided services to Iran, such as transferring rental income to Bank Melli, in violation of IEEPA, according to the lawsuit. The building generated close to $39 million in rental income from 1999 through 2007, according to the lawsuit.

In court documents, Alavi's lawyers have argued that the building has not been controlled by Iran since 1995, when U.S. sanctions took effect.

Alavi is a non-profit organization that promotes Islamic culture and the Persian language. It donated more than $1.5 million in 2012 to recipients including Hartford Seminary, Harvard University and the Muslim Women's Institute for Research and Development, according to a website for 650 Fifth Avenue.

Private plaintiffs, victims of attacks that they contend were aided by Iran, filed their own lawsuit seeking to seize related assets.

Wednesday's ruling does not include seven properties that are in Alavi's name only, which the private plaintiffs will seek to seize in a non-jury trial, Forrest said.

The Manhattan U.S. Attorney's Office declined to comment.

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