2013年10月9日水曜日

US Raids Strike Terror Targets

米国が対テロ同時攻撃を行った。
 米国防総省は、リビアとソマリアで対テロ軍事作戦を実行したことを
明らかにした。

Libya
・Delta ForceがCIAと共同作戦。
・トリポリでAbu Anas al Libi 男性49才を拘束。
・Abu Anas al Libi 男性49才。
 最重要指名手配 テロリスト

Somalia
・Navy Seals Team Sixがアルシャバーブの拠点を急襲した。
・攻撃はアルシャバーブの指導者Ikrimaが標的。
 Ikrima ソマリア生まれ 国籍ケニア。
 1998年 駐ナイロビ米国大使館爆破事件関与。
 2002年 モンバサのホテル爆破事件と航空機撃墜未遂事件関与の工作員
     との関係者。
 Team Sixは抵抗され、一人を殺害、身元を確認する前に撤退。
・ソマリア政府は急襲を承知していた。

Al-Shabaab
・国連は、木炭売買で2500万ドル/年が財源と推定。
・ケニアのWestgate Mall攻撃で、少なくとも67人を殺害。

リビアでのデルタフォースによる急襲は、目標の動向を把握しており、
目標の確保に成功した。
ソマリアのシールズによる急襲は、拠点だったためか、目標を確保
できず撤退のようだ。
ソマリア政府への打診で、拠点攻撃失敗かどうかは不明。

Al-Shabaabの財源は2500万ドル/年とのこと。
露や中国、北朝鮮から新品の武器を十分に購入可能。
貧困と言われたソマリアでも、高額の武器が購入できそう。
一部は貧困ではなくて、軍事優先と言うことか。

アル・シャバブ ヒップホップで勧誘
TEAM SIX
Team Six Shooter
UK White Widwow


Terror Raids US targets Al Shabaab, Al Qaeda leaders in Somalia, Libya|NewsDay


US Navy Seals: Raids In Somalia And Libya Al Qaeda Abu Anas Al Libi and Al Shabab Mukhtar Abu Zubeyr


---ソマリアの米軍作戦、標的は武装勢力のケニア人幹部か---
2013.10.07 Mon posted at 11:42 JST
http://www.cnn.co.jp/usa/35038125.html

 ワシントン(CNN) 米軍特殊部隊が5日未明にソマリア南部で実行した急襲作戦の標的は、国際テロ組織アルカイダ系イスラム武装勢力「シャバブ」で外国人戦闘員の司令官を務めるイクリマ幹部だったとみられる。米政権高官が6日、CNNに語った。
 同高官によると、イクリマ幹部はソマリア生まれのケニア人。1998年にケニアの首都ナイロビで発生した米大使館爆破事件や02年に同国モンバサで起きたホテル爆破事件、航空機撃墜未遂事件に関与したアルカイダ工作員2人とつながりがあった人物だという。工作員2人はすでに死亡している。
 米当局者がCNNに語ったところによると、5日の急襲作戦を主導したのは11年にアルカイダの指導者オサマ・ビンラディン容疑者を殺害した米海軍特殊部隊シールズ・チーム6だった。
 チームはシャバブの主要拠点となっているソマリア南部の港町バラウェにボートで上陸し、シャバブ幹部らが集まる民家に突入。想定外の激しい銃撃戦となったため、標的の人物が死亡したかどうかを確認する前に撤退したとされる。
 シャバブ側はこの銃撃戦でメンバー少なくとも1人が死亡したと発表したが、死者の身元は明らかでない。米軍チームに死傷者は出なかった。
 この数時間後、リビアでは米陸軍特殊部隊のデルタフォースが対テロ作戦を実行し、アルカイダのアブ・アナス・リビ幹部を拘束した。


---米軍がリビアでアルカイダ幹部拘束、ソマリアでも作戦展開---
2013年 10月 7日 06:29 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/topNews/idJPTYE99500X20131006

 [ワシントン 5日 ロイター] - 米軍は5日、リビアとソマリアで同時作戦を行い、1998年にケニアとタンザニアで起きた米大使館爆破事件に関与した罪で起訴された国際武装組織アルカイダ幹部、アナス・アルリビー被告(49)をリビアで拘束した。
 アルリビー被告は、計224人が死亡した大使館爆破事件に関与したとして、身柄のないまま米国で起訴されていた。米政府は、同被告の拘束につながる情報に500万ドル(約4億8700万円)の懸賞金をかけていた。
 一方、ソマリア南部バラウェでは、ケニアの首都ナイロビで先月起きたショッピングモール襲撃事件に絡み、犯行声明を出したイスラム過激派組織アルシャバーブの拠点で作戦が行われたが、容疑者の拘束などには至らなかったという。


---米が対テロ同時作戦実行 リビア・ソマリア---
2013年10月7日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2013100702000120.html

 【ワシントン=竹内洋一】米国防総省は五日、リビアとソマリアで対テロ軍事作戦を実行したことを明らかにした。リビアでは、一九九八年にケニアとタンザニアで発生した米大使館爆破事件への関与を疑われる国際テロ組織アルカイダ幹部アナス・リビー被告(49)を拘束。ソマリアでは、九月にケニアのショッピングモールを襲撃したイスラム過激派組織アルシャバーブの拠点を急襲した。
 米メディアによると米軍は五日、中央情報局(CIA)との共同作戦で、リビアの首都トリポリでリビー被告を拘束した。国防総省は声明で「対テロ作戦の結果、米軍が国外の安全な場所で被告を拘束している」と確認した。
 同被告は爆破事件に関与したとして、拘束されないまま二〇〇〇年にニューヨークの連邦裁判所で起訴されていた。米当局は、同被告に五百万ドル(約四億九千万円)の懸賞金をかけて追跡してきた。拘束は、一一年のアルカイダ指導者ビンラディン容疑者殺害などに続く米軍の対テロ作戦の成果となった。
 リビア作戦の数時間前、米海軍特殊部隊SEALS(シールズ)は、ケニア・ナイロビのショッピングモール襲撃事件にからみ、ソマリア南部にあるアルシャバーブの拠点を襲撃した。国防総省当局者によると、攻撃はアルシャバーブの指導者を標的に行われ、米軍は組織の数人を殺害したが、身元を確認する前に撤退した。
 ニューヨーク・タイムズ紙によると、シールズはインド洋から首都モガディシオ南の港町近くに上陸し、未明に攻撃を開始。激しい銃撃戦になった。
 同紙は二つの作戦がほぼ同時に行われたのは「偶然」とする米当局者の説明を伝えながらも、一方の作戦を先行させた場合に他方の標的が逃亡する懸念から作戦が同時に行われた可能性を指摘した。
<米大使館爆破事件> 1998年8月7日、ケニアの首都ナイロビとタンザニアのダルエスサラームの両米大使館で同時爆破テロが発生。米司法当局の調べでは224人が死亡、5000人以上が負傷したとされる。米国は国際テロ組織アルカイダが関与したと断定し、容疑者の行方を追っていた。


---U.S. official: Raid's target was Al-Shabaab foreign fighter commander---
By Barbara Starr, CNN Pentagon Correspondent
October 7, 2013 -- Updated 0053 GMT (0853 HKT)
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/10/05/world/africa/somalia-us-shabaab-raid/

Washington (CNN) -- A pre-dawn raid by elite U.S. forces in southern Somalia, in the heart of territory controlled by the al Qaeda subsidiary Al-Shabaab, targeted an Al-Shabaab commander connected to one of the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings, a senior Obama administration official said Sunday.

The suspected foreign fighter commander is Ikrima, a Kenyan of Somali origin about whom little is known. The official said Ikrima is associated with two now-deceased al Qaeda operatives who played roles in the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi, Kenya, and the 2002 attacks on a hotel and airline in Mombasa, also in Kenya.

U.S. Navy SEAL members traveled by sea to reach the coastal villa frequented by tolp Al-Shabaab commanders, storming the house early Saturday. Until Sunday, no U.S. official disclosed the target of the raid.

The SEALs' mission didn't go as planned, however. The U.S. commandos encountered heavy fire and had to withdraw, not knowing whether their target was dead or alive.

Al-Shabaab is the U.S.-designated terrorist group that claimed responsibility for last month's siege on a Kenyan shopping mall that killed 67 people.

Residents of the port city of Barawe said the home belonged to Al-Shabaab leader Mukhtar Abu Zubayr, also known as Ahmed Abdi Godane. An Al-Shabaab spokesman had said Godane was the target of the attack.

The group said one of its fighters was killed in the attack. No SEAL members were killed or hurt, a U.S. official said.

It was one of two raids carried out by elite U.S. forces in Africa on Saturday against targets connected to the 1998 embassy bombing in Nairobi. The other was an operation in Tripoli, Libya, by the U.S. Army Delta Force against Abu Anas al Libi, indicted in the United States for helping to plan the Nairobi embassy attack.

Delta Force members captured al Libi, who will eventually be taken to New York to face federal charges.

U.S. forces strike in Libya, Somalia, capture al Qaeda operative

'Most wanted terrorist' al Libi nabbed in native Libya

Witness accounts

Residents of the port city of Barawe said about a dozen "foreign forces" went from a nearby warship to a smaller, faster boat before jumping onto the Somali mainland. Before long, the sounds of heavy gunfire and several large explosions echoed across the city, locals said.

After coming under fire, the U.S. forces -- members of the Navy special forces unit known as SEAL Team Six, the same unit that killed Osama bin Laden in 2011 -- made a "prudent decision" to pull back, a senior U.S. official said.

Barawe "is a main center, if not the center" for Al-Shabaab, said Matt Bryden, the former head of the U.N. Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea.

"It's a big source of revenue for them. It allows for trade," said Bryden, now the director of a Kenya-based think tank, Sahan Research. They "fully control the town" and hold large exercises on the beach, including target practice and even sack races.

Once a tourist destination, the city is now an important port for charcoal, a common fuel in Somalia, Bryden said. That makes it a revenue source for the jihadists, with the charcoal trade bringing in as much as $25 million a year to Al-Shabaab, the United Nations estimated in July.

Al-Shabaab's growing menace

Al-Shabaab, designated a terrorist organization by the United States, has a relationship with al Qaeda that goes back several years. Last year, the two groups effectively merged, said CNN national security analyst Peter Bergen.

Bergen: How Al-Shabaab picks its targets

Al-Shabaab hopes to turn Somalia into a fundamentalist Islamic state but has launched attacks in other countries as well.

In 2010, Al-Shabaab claimed responsibility for two suicide bombings carried out in Kampala, Uganda, amid crowds of soccer fans watching televised screenings of the World Cup final. The bombings left 74 people dead.

The group said at the time the attacks were retaliation for Ugandan participation in the African Union Mission in Somalia, known as AMISOM. One AMISOM goal is to support Somali government forces in cracking down on Al-Shabaab.

Al-Shabaab has also mounted many smaller attacks against targets in Kenya, hurling hand grenades into nightclubs, restaurants and schools. The group has also kidnapped tourists and aid workers.

Its attack on the Westgate mall in Kenya on September 21 killed at least 67 people.

Al-Shabaab said the attack was retaliation for Kenya's involvement in the African Union effort against the group.

In recent months, Al-Shabaab's haven in south-central Somalia has been been increasingly squeezed as Kenyan forces fight the group from the south and African Union forces come down from Mogadishu, the Somali capital.



---US Navy Seals 'targeted senior al-Shabaab commander' in Somalia raid---
By Jon Swaine in New York and David Blair
11:11PM BST 05 Oct 2013
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/somalia/10358587/US-Navy-Seals-targeted-senior-al-Shabaab-commander-in-Somalia-raid.html

A team of US Navy Seals reportedly carried out the strike in Somalia on Saturday against al-Shabaab, the radical Islamist group behind last month’s shopping centre massacre in Kenya.

 They are said to have attacked a senior al-Shabaab commander's seaside villa in the southern town of Baraawe, where Ahmed Abdi Godane, the group's leader, has stayed in the past.

The Seals, the special operations force that killed Osama Bin Laden in 2011, were said by The New York Times to have approached from the sea before engaging in an hour-long battle.

“The attack was carried out by the American forces and the Somali government was pre-informed,” a Somali official told the newspaper. Referring to the Nairobi mall where at least 67 people were killed last month, a US official said: “It was prompted by the Westgate attack”.

The mission's success was not immediately clear. The Seals were initially reported to have captured a senior al-Shabaab leader yet were later said to believe he had been killed in the fight.

A US official told the newspaper the Seals were forced to withdraw before the target's death could be confirmed. Helicopters arrived at one point to provide air support, witnesses said.


---U.S. Raids in Libya and Somalia Strike Terror Targets---
By DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK, NICHOLAS KULISH and ERIC SCHMITT
Published: October 5, 2013
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/06/world/africa/Al-Qaeda-Suspect-Wanted-in-US-Said-to-Be-Taken-in-Libya.html?_r=0

CAIRO - American commandos carried out raids on Saturday in two far-flung African countries in a powerful flex of military muscle aimed at capturing fugitive terrorist suspects. American troops assisted by F.B.I. and C.I.A. agents seized a suspected leader of Al Qaeda on the streets of Tripoli, Libya, while Navy SEALs raided the seaside villa of a militant leader in a predawn firefight on the coast of Somalia.

 In Tripoli, American forces captured a Libyan militant who had been indicted in 2000 for his role in the 1998 bombings of the United States embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The militant, born Nazih Abdul-Hamed al-Ruqai and known by his nom de guerre, Abu Anas al-Liby, had a $5 million bounty on his head; his capture at dawn ended a 15-year manhunt.

In Somalia, the Navy SEAL team emerged before sunrise from the Indian Ocean and exchanged gunfire with militants at the home of a senior leader of the Shabab, the Somali militant group. The raid was planned more than a week ago, officials said, after a massacre by the Shabab at a Nairobi shopping mall that killed more than 60 people two weeks ago.

The SEAL team was forced to withdraw before it could confirm that it had killed the Shabab leader, a senior American security official said. Officials declined to identify the target.

Officials said the timing of the two raids was coincidental. But occurring on the same day, they underscored the rise of northern Africa as a haven for international terrorists. Libya has collapsed into the control of a patchwork of militias since the ouster of the Qaddafi government in 2011. Somalia, the birthplace of the Shabab, has lacked an effective central government for more than two decades.

With President Obama locked in a standoff with Congressional Republicans and his leadership criticized for a policy reversal in Syria, the raids could fuel accusations among his critics that the administration was eager for a showy foreign policy victory.

Abu Anas, the Libyan Qaeda leader, was considered a major prize, and officials said he was alive in United States custody. While the details about his capture were sketchy, an American official said Saturday night that he appeared to have been taken peacefully and that he was “no longer in Libya.”

His capture was the latest blow to what remains of the original Qaeda organization after a 12-year American campaign to capture or kill its leadership, including the killing two years ago of its founder, Osama bin Laden, in Pakistan.

Despite his presence in Libya, Abu Anas was not believed to have played any role in the 2012 attack on the United States diplomatic mission in Benghazi, Libya, senior officials briefed on that investigation have said, but he may have sought to build networks connecting what remains of the Qaeda organization to like-minded militants in Libya.

His brother, Nabih, told The Associated Press that just after dawn prayers, three vehicles full of armed men had approached Abu Anas’s home and surrounded him as he parked his car. The men smashed his window, seized his gun and sped away with him, the brother said.

A senior American official said the Libyan government had been apprised of the operation and provided assistance, but it was unclear in what capacity. An assistant to the prime minister of the Libyan transitional government said the government had been unaware of any operation or of Abu Anas’s capture. Asked if American forces had ever conducted raids inside Libya or collaborated with Libyan forces, Mehmoud Abu Bahia, assistant to the defense minister, replied, “Absolutely not.”

Disclosure of the raid is likely to inflame anxieties among many Libyans about their national sovereignty, putting a new strain on the transitional government’s fragile authority. Many Libyan Islamists already accuse their interim prime Minister, Ali Zeidan, who previously lived in Geneva as part of the exiled opposition to Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi, of collaborating too closely with the West.

Abu Anas, 49, was born in Tripoli and joined Bin Laden’s organization as early as the early 1990s, when it was based in Sudan. He later moved to Britain, where he was granted political asylum as a Libyan dissident. United States prosecutors in New York charged him in a 2000 indictment with helping to conduct “visual and photographic surveillance” of the United States Embassy in Nairobi in 1993 and again in 1995. Prosecutors said in the indictment that Abu Anas had discussed with another senior Qaeda figure the idea of attacking an American target in retaliation for the United States peacekeeping operation in Somalia.

After the 1998 bombing, the British police raided his apartment and found an 18-chapter terrorist training manual. Written in Arabic and titled “Military Studies in the Jihad Against the Tyrants,” it included advice on car bombing, torture, sabotage and disguise.

Since the overthrow of Colonel Qaddafi, Tripoli has slid steadily into lawlessness, with no strong central government or police presence. It has become a safe haven for militants seeking to avoid detection elsewhere, and United States government officials, speaking on condition of anonymity to discuss confidential information, have acknowledged in recent months that Abu Anas and other wanted terrorists had been seen moving freely around the capital.

The operation to capture Abu Anas was several weeks in the making, a United States official said, and President Obama was regularly briefed as the suspect was tracked in Tripoli. Mr. Obama had to approve the capture. He had often promised there would be “no boots on the ground” in Libya when the United States intervened there in March 2011, so the decision to send in Special Operations forces was a risky one.

 American officials said they would want to question Abu Anas for several weeks. But they did not dispute that New York, where an indictment is pending against him, was most likely his ultimate destination. Mr. Obama has been loath to add to the prisoner count at the American military facility at Guantanamo Bay, and there is precedent for delivering those suspected of terrorism to New York if they are under indictment there.

The operation will do nothing to quell the continuing questions about the events in Benghazi 13 months ago that led to the deaths of four Americans. But officials say the operation was a product of the decision after Benghazi to bolster the counterterrorism effort in Libya, especially as Tripoli became a safe haven for Qaeda leadership.

The capture of Abu Anas also coincided with a fierce gunfight that killed 15 Libyan soldiers at a checkpoint in a neighborhood southeast of Tripoli, near the traditional home of Abu Anas’s clan.

A spokesman for the Libyan Army general staff, Col. Ali Sheikhi, said five cars full of armed men in masks pulled up at the army checkpoint at 6:15 a.m. and opened fire at point-blank range. It was not clear if the assault at the checkpoint was related to the capture of Abu Anas or his removal from Libya.

The raid in Somalia was the most significant raid by American troops in that lawless country since commandos killed Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan, a Qaeda mastermind, near the same coastal town four years ago. The town, Baraawe, a small port south of Mogadishu, is known as a gathering place for the Shabab’s foreign fighters.

Witnesses described a firefight lasting over an hour, with helicopters called in for air support. A senior Somali government official who spoke on the condition of anonymity said, “The attack was carried out by the American forces, and the Somali government was pre-informed about the attack.”

A spokesman for the Shabab said that one of their fighters had been killed in an exchange of gunfire but that the group had beaten back the assault. American officials initially reported that they had seized the Shabab leader, but later backed off that account.

A United States official said that no Americans had been killed or wounded and that the Americans “disengaged after inflicting some Shabab casualties.”

“We are not in a position to identify those casualties,” the official said.

The F.B.I. sent dozens of agents to Nairobi after the siege of the Westgate shopping mall to help the Kenyan authorities with the investigation. United States officials fear that the Shabab could attempt a similar attack on American soil, perhaps employing Somali-American recruits.

A witness in Baraawe said the house was known as a place where senior foreign commanders stayed. He could not say whether they were there when the attack began, but he said 12 well-trained Shabab fighters scheduled for a mission abroad were staying there at the time of the assault.

It was not clear what role if any the target of the American assault had played in the attack on the Nairobi mall.One United States official said it was still unclear whether any Americans had been involved in the Westgate siege, though several Kenyan officials said they now believed that there had been as few as four attackers - far fewer than the 10 to 15 the government had previously reported.

A spokesman for the Kenyan military said Saturday that it had identified four of the attackers from surveillance footage as Abu Baara al-Sudani, Omar Nabhan, Khattab al-Kene and a man known only as Umayr.

The spokesman, Maj. Emmanuel Chirchir, said none of the militants had escaped the mall. “They’re all dead,” he said.

The footage, broadcast on Kenyan television on Friday night, showed four attackers moving about the mall with cool nonchalance.

At least one of the four men, Mr. Nabhan, was Kenyan, officials said, and believed to be a younger relative of Saleh Ali Saleh Nabhan, the Qaeda operative killed four years ago near Baraawe, the site of Saturday’s raid.

The elder Mr. Nabhan was a suspect in the bombing of an Israeli hotel on the Kenyan coast in 2002 and the attacks on the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998.

Matt Bryden, a former head of the United Nations Monitoring Group on Somalia and Eritrea, said the tactics used in the Westgate attack were similar to those used by the Shabab in a number of operations in Somalia this year. But he also said that local help had been needed to pull off an attack on that scale, and that several of the men identified as taking part in the attack had been connected to the group’s Kenyan affiliate, known as Al Hijra.

“We should certainly expect Al Hijra and Al Shabab to try again,” Mr. Bryden said. “And we should expect them to have the capacity to do so.”

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