2013年11月6日水曜日

NSA OPs Keep Allies Safe

米NSAの盗聴情報が拡大した。
スペインと伊でNSAによる電話の盗聴が発覚。

スペイン
・2012年12月10-2013年1月8日 6050万回線を盗聴。
 Boundlessと呼ばれるソフトウェアでモニタ。
 電話機の固有番号、電話番号、発着信位置、SIMカード、通話時間。
・NSAスペイン支部、CIAスペイン支部が実施の可能性。


米英の情報機関が、伊国内の光ファイバーケーブルから電話や電子メール
の情報を収集。

外交関係に関するウィーン条約 1 2
第27条1
・受入国は、使節団の通信の自由と保護が必要。
・使節団が無線送信機を設置し、使用する場合は、受入国の同意が必要。
第27条2
・使節団の任務に関する全ての通信は、不可侵。

使節団の通信は、受入国だろうが第三国だろうが、通信は不可侵とされて
おり、米英が行っている盗聴は、ウィーン条約違反だろう。

米国は、911テロ以降、USA Patriot Act(愛国者法)により、テロを野放し
するよりは治安機関による監視を優先した。米議員の「監視により安全を
確保」説もあるが、効果は不明だが、テロ活動はなくならない。
GoogleやYahooのデータセンタから通信傍受してもテロはあった。

日本でもNSAの盗聴は、電気通信事業法や不正アクセス行為の禁止等に関す
る法律に違反のはずだが、米軍三沢基地(姉沼通信所?)、駐日米国大使館
等から収集した全情報をニュージーランドに転送し解析(エシュロン)と
の説もある。
日本国内や中国、北朝鮮等の対象国の区別をせず、米軍事情報として取扱
い、日本の法律を適用外にした可能性がある。
電磁波系は三沢基地、海底ケーブル系は大使館の管轄か。
国外から見れば、日本国内で、米NSAによる違法な盗聴はないと見えるか
もしれない。

NSA 通話盗聴300件未満、20カ国以上でテロ阻止
PRISM data-collection program
GCHQ Espionage
米NSA EU代表部、大使館盗聴か
米国 秘密裁判所令状更新
仏国防省 治安情報傍受は合法的
SIMカードに脆弱性 7億5000万台に影響
米国 秘密裁判所令状更新
NSA Programs Cover 75% of US Traffic
XKeyScore
XKeyScore 日本の監視
Lenovo Computer Refuse
NSA Crack Smartphone Privacy Codes
NSA 盗聴分析
NSA 仏独メキシコ監視


Obama promises changes after latest NSA snooping disclosure


---米NSA:日本を重点監視対象に 米紙報道---
毎日新聞 2013年11月05日 10時15分(最終更新 11月05日 13時11分)
http://mainichi.jp/select/news/20131105k0000e030146000c.html

 【ワシントン西田進一郎】米紙ニューヨーク・タイムズは4日までに、米中央情報局(CIA)元職員のスノーデン容疑者から入手した米国家安全保障局(NSA)の内部文書を掲載し、NSAが経済、外交、科学技術の分野で日本を重点監視対象国としていた、と報じた。
 2007年の内部文書によると、米国にとって最優先の利益に関わる分野として、「テロ」「国土安全保障」「大量破壊兵器、化学・生物兵器、放射性物質・核の計画と拡散」など16分野を掲載、敵国と同様に友好国の日本も日常的に監視されていたことが明らかになった。
 日本は「経済の安定・影響」分野で、中国、イラク、ブラジルとともに重点監視国として名前が挙げられている。経済の安定や財政の脆弱(ぜいじゃく)性がアメリカの戦略的利益に影響を与えるためとしている。
 「新興の戦略的科学技術」分野では、ステルス、IT、ナノテクノロジーなどを例示、中露独仏、韓国、インド、イスラエル、シンガポール、スウェーデンの9カ国とともに日本を監視。「外交政策」では「米国の外交的優位を保障するため」に中露独仏、イラン、サウジアラビア、北朝鮮など17カ国と国連に加えて、日本がリストに入っていた。
 ニューヨーク・タイムズ紙によれば、NSAの主な海外活動拠点として、英国、オーストラリア、日本、韓国の米軍基地や在外公館が使われている。ただ、活動内容など詳細には触れていない。


---情報暴露のスノーデン容疑者、ロシアで就職---
2013.11.01 Fri posted at 11:28 JST
http://www.cnn.co.jp/tech/35039313.html?tag=cbox;tech

 モスクワ(CNN) 米国家安全保障局(NSA)の情報収集活動を暴露してロシアに亡命した米国人エドワード・スノーデン容疑者(30)が、ロシアで就職することになった。弁護士が31日に明らかにした。
 RIAノーボスチ通信などによると、スノーデン容疑者は1日から、ロシアの大手ウェブサイトのメンテナンスを担当する。弁護士は安全上の理由から、勤務先の社名は明らかにしていない。
 スノーデン容疑者は、米政府のIT業務委託先に勤務していた当時、NSAが国内外で行っていた電話やインターネット監視活動に関する情報を収集し、メディアを通じて暴露した。
 米国での訴追を見越して5月に香港に逃れ、6月23日にモスクワ入りして5週間あまり空港で足止めされた後、ロシアへの1年間の亡命が認められた。
 米当局はスパイなどの容疑で同容疑者を訴追している。


---通信は監視されていない…盗聴疑惑で国連報道官---
2013年10月31日18時03分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20131031-OYT1T00387.htm

 【ニューヨーク=加藤賢治】国連報道官は30日、記者会見で、米国家安全保障局(NSA)による盗聴疑惑に関し、「国連の通信は監視されていないし、これからも監視されないだろう」と述べた。
 ドイツ誌シュピーゲルは今年8月、元米中央情報局(CIA)職員エドワード・スノーデン容疑者が持ち出した機密資料を基に、NSAが2012年夏に国連本部でのテレビ会議の暗号を解除、盗聴していたと報じていた。
 報道官は、この報道を受けて国連側が真偽を米国当局に確認し、盗聴が行われていないとの確証を得たと説明した。ただ、過去に国連に対する盗聴が行われていたかどうかについて、報道官は明言を避けた。


---NSAがGoogleおよびYahoo!のデータセンターから通信傍受、米紙が報道---
2013/10/31
鈴木 英子=ニューズフロント
http://itpro.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/NEWS/20131031/515126/?top_tl2

 米国家安全保障局(NSA)は米Googleと米Yahoo!が世界に設置しているデータセンターの通信を盗聴していると、米Washington Postが現地時間2013年10月30日に報じた。NSAの情報収集問題を告発した元米中央情報局(CIA)職員のEdward Snowden氏から入手した極秘文書と、政府当局者への取材で得た情報から分かったとしている。
 Washington Postによると、NSAはデータセンター間の通信回線に侵入し、数億人におよぶユーザーのアカウントから思うままに情報を収集していた。その多くは米国人ユーザーだという。
 2013年1月9日付けの極秘文書では、NSAが毎日Yahoo!およびGoogleのネットワークから得た数百万件の記録を、米リーランド州フォートミードにあるNSA本部のデータウエアハウスに送信していることを示し、「過去30日間に担当者は1億8128万466件の記録を処理および返信した」と報告している。記録には電子メールの送受信者名や日付などのメタデータのほか、テキスト、音声、ビデオといったコンテンツも含まれる。
 今回報じられた情報収集活動は「MUSCULAR」と呼ばれるプロジェクトで、英政府通信本部(GCHQ)と共同で行われている。NSAとGCHQは、データセンター間をつなぐ光ファイバーケーブル経由でやりとりされるデータフロー全体をコピーしているという。


---同盟国首脳への通信傍受、米事実上認める---
2013年10月30日14時55分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20131030-OYT1T00352.htm

 【ワシントン=山口香子】米情報機関を統括するクラッパー国家情報長官は29日、米下院情報特別委員会の公聴会で証言した。
 長官は、「国家指導者の意図を探るのは、情報機関の基本だ」と述べ、米国家安全保障局(NSA)が同盟国の首脳を対象に通信傍受などの情報収集活動を行ってきたことを事実上認めた。
 クラッパー長官の発言は、NSAがドイツのメルケル首相の携帯電話を盗聴した疑惑が報じられたことなどを受けてのものとみられるが、対象となる首脳の名前など情報収集活動の詳細には言及しなかった。一方で、クラッパー長官は、欧州も含めた同盟国による米指導者へのスパイ行為も「もちろんある」と語った。
 一方、NSAのキース・アレクサンダー長官は同公聴会で、NSAがフランスやスペインで大量の電話通信データを蓄積したとの報道について、「完全に誤りだ」と全面否定した。長官は、「欧州市民から集めたものではない。北大西洋条約機構(NATO)加盟国と我々が、安全保障と軍事作戦のために収集した。(テロ関連の)通信情報は、同盟国と共有している」と説明した。


---1カ月で1248億件=日本も「関心国」-米盗聴---
2013/10/28-22:08
http://www.jiji.com/jc/c?g=pol_30&k=2013102800934

 【ジュネーブ時事】盗聴問題で揺れる米国家安全保障局(NSA)が2012年12月から約1カ月間で、全世界で1248億件の電話を盗聴していた疑いが浮上している。イタリア主要紙が28日、暴露サイトの情報として一斉に伝えた。NSAが標的とした疑いのある国には、メルケル首相に対する盗聴が明らかになったドイツと「同程度」として、日本も含まれていた。
 伊紙コリエラ・デラ・セラによると、暴露サイト「クリプトム」が明らかにした盗聴期間は12年12月10日~13年1月8日。NSAは通話相手やその電話番号、通話時間などのデータを把握した。
 国別の盗聴件数は、アフガニスタン220億件、パキスタン128億件、イラン17億件。同盟国ではドイツ3億6000万件、フランス7000万件、イタリア4600万件など。


---NSA infiltrates links to Yahoo, Google data centers worldwide, Snowden documents say---
By Barton Gellman and Ashkan Soltani, Updated: Thursday, October 31, 6:50 AM
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/nsa-infiltrates-links-to-yahoo-google-data-centers-worldwide-snowden-documents-say/2013/10/30/e51d661e-4166-11e3-8b74-d89d714ca4dd_story.html

The National Security Agency has secretly broken into the main communications links that connect Yahoo and Google data centers around the world, according to documents obtained from former NSA contractor Edward Snowden and interviews with knowledgeable officials.

By tapping those links, the agency has positioned itself to collect at will from hundreds of millions of user accounts, many of them belonging to Americans. The NSA does not keep everything it collects, but it keeps a lot.



According to a top-secret accounting dated Jan. 9, 2013, the NSA’s acquisitions directorate sends millions of records every day from internal Yahoo and Google networks to data warehouses at the agency’s headquarters at Fort Meade, Md. In the preceding 30 days, the report said, field collectors had processed and sent back 181,280,466 new records - including “metadata,” which would indicate who sent or received e-mails and when, as well as content such as text, audio and video.

The NSA’s principal tool to exploit the data links is a project called MUSCULAR, operated jointly with the agency’s British counterpart, the Government Communications Headquarters . From undisclosed interception points, the NSA and the GCHQ are copying entire data flows across fiber-optic cables that carry information among the data centers of the Silicon Valley giants.

The infiltration is especially striking because the NSA, under a separate program known as PRISM, has front-door access to Google and Yahoo user accounts through a court-approved process.

The MUSCULAR project appears to be an unusually aggressive use of NSA tradecraft against flagship American companies. The agency is built for high-tech spying, with a wide range of digital tools, but it has not been known to use them routinely against U.S. companies.

In a statement, the NSA said it is “focused on discovering and developing intelligence about valid foreign intelligence targets only.”

“NSA applies Attorney General-approved processes to protect the privacy of U.S. persons - minimizing the likelihood of their information in our targeting, collection, processing, exploitation, retention, and dissemination,” it said.

In a statement, Google’s chief legal officer, David Drummond, said the company has “long been concerned about the possibility of this kind of snooping” and has not provided the government with access to its systems.

“We are outraged at the lengths to which the government seems to have gone to intercept data from our private fiber networks, and it underscores the need for urgent reform,” he said.

A Yahoo spokeswoman said, “We have strict controls in place to protect the security of our data centers, and we have not given access to our data centers to the NSA or to any other government agency.”

Under PRISM, the NSA gathers huge volumes of online communications records by legally compelling U.S. technology companies, including Yahoo and Google, to turn over any data that match court-approved search terms. That program, which was first disclosed by The Washington Post and the Guardian newspaper in Britain, is authorized under Section 702 of the FISA Amendments Act and overseen by the Foreign -Intelligence Surveillance Court (FISC).

Intercepting communications overseas has clear advantages for the NSA, with looser restrictions and less oversight. NSA documents about the effort refer directly to “full take,” “bulk access” and “high volume” operations on Yahoo and Google networks. Such large-scale collection of Internet content would be illegal in the United States, but the operations take place overseas, where the NSA is allowed to presume that anyone using a foreign data link is a foreigner.

Outside U.S. territory, statutory restrictions on surveillance seldom apply and the FISC has no jurisdiction. Senate Intelligence Committee Chairman Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) has acknowledged that Congress conducts little oversight of intelligence-gathering under the presidential authority of Executive Order 12333 , which defines the basic powers and responsibilities of the intelligence agencies.



John Schindler, a former NSA chief analyst and frequent defender who teaches at the Naval War College, said it is obvious why the agency would prefer to avoid restrictions where it can.

“Look, NSA has platoons of lawyers, and their entire job is figuring out how to stay within the law and maximize collection by exploiting every loophole,” he said. “It’s fair to say the rules are less restrictive under Executive Order 12333 than they are under FISA,” the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act.

In a statement, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence denied that it was using executive authority to “get around the limitations” imposed by FISA.

The operation to infiltrate data links exploits a fundamental weakness in systems architecture. To guard against data loss and system slowdowns, Google and Yahoo maintain fortresslike data centers across four continents and connect them with thousands of miles of fiber-optic cable. Data move seamlessly around these globe-spanning “cloud” networks, which represent billions of dollars of investment.

For the data centers to operate effectively, they synchronize large volumes of information about account holders. Yahoo’s internal network, for example, sometimes transmits entire e-mail archives - years of messages and attachments - from one data center to another.

Tapping the Google and Yahoo clouds allows the NSA to intercept communications in real time and to take “a retrospective look at target activity,” according to one internal NSA document.

To obtain free access to data- center traffic, the NSA had to circumvent gold-standard security measures. Google “goes to great lengths to protect the data and intellectual property in these centers,” according to one of the company’s blog posts, with tightly audited access controls, heat-sensitive cameras, round-the-clock guards and biometric verification of identities.

Google and Yahoo also pay for premium data links, designed to be faster, more reliable and more secure. In recent years, both of them are said to have bought
or leased thousands of miles of fiber-optic cables for their own exclusive use. They had reason to think, insiders said, that their private, internal networks were safe from prying eyes.

In an NSA presentation slide on “Google Cloud Exploitation,” however, a sketch shows where the “Public Internet” meets the internal “Google Cloud” where their data reside. In hand-printed letters, the drawing notes that encryption is “added and removed here!” The artist adds a smiley face, a cheeky celebration of victory over Google security.

Two engineers with close ties to Google exploded in profanity when they saw the drawing. “I hope you publish this,” one of them said.

For the MUSCULAR project, the GCHQ directs all intake into a “buffer” that can hold three to five days of traffic before recycling storage space. From the buffer, custom-built NSA tools unpack and decode the special data formats that the two companies use inside their clouds. Then the data are sent through a series of filters to “select” information the NSA wants and “defeat” what it does not.

PowerPoint slides about the Google cloud, for example, show that the NSA tries to filter out all data from the company’s “Web crawler,” which indexes Internet pages.

According to the briefing documents, prepared by participants in the MUSCULAR project, collection from inside Yahoo and Google has produced important intelligence leads against hostile foreign governments that are specified in the documents.

Last month, long before The Post approached Google to discuss the penetration of its cloud, Eric Grosse, vice president for security engineering, said the company is rushing to encrypt the links between its data centers. “It’s an arms race,” he said then. “We see these government agencies as among the most skilled players in this game.”

Yahoo has not announced plans to encrypt its data-center links.

Because digital communications and cloud storage do not usually adhere to national boundaries, MUSCULAR and a previously disclosed NSA operation to collect Internet address books have amassed content and metadata on a previously unknown scale from U.S. citizens and residents. Those operations have gone undebated in public or in Congress because their existence was classified.

The Google and Yahoo operations call attention to an asymmetry in U.S. surveillance law. Although Congress has lifted some restrictions on NSA domestic surveillance on grounds that purely foreign communications sometimes pass over U.S. switches and cables, it has not added restrictions overseas, where American communications or data stores now cross over foreign switches.

“Thirty-five years ago, different countries had their own telecommunications infrastructure, so the division between foreign and domestic collection was clear,” Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), a member of the intelligence panel, said in an interview. “Today there’s a global communications infrastructure, so there’s a greater risk of collecting on Americans when the NSA collects overseas.”

It is not clear how much data from Americans is collected and how much of that is retained. One weekly report on MUSCULAR says the British operators of the site allow the NSA to contribute 100,000 “selectors,” or search terms. That is more than twice the number in use in the PRISM program, but even 100,000 cannot easily account for the millions of records that are said to be sent to Fort Meade each day.

In 2011, when the FISC learned that the NSA was using similar methods to collect and analyze data streams - on a much smaller scale - from cables on U.S. territory, Judge John D. Bates ruled that the program was illegal under FISA and inconsistent with the requirements of the Fourth Amendment.


---Spain warns US of breakdown in trust after new NSA revelations---
Paul Hamilos in Madrid
theguardian.com, Monday 28 October 2013 18.22 GMT   
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/28/spain-warns-us-ambassador-breakdown-trust-nsa

White House struggles to contain diplomatic crisis after claim that NSA harvested 60m Spanish calls

The Spanish government has warned of a potential breakdown of trust with the US following reports that the National Security Agency monitored more than 60m phone calls in Spain in the space of one month.

As the White House struggled to contain a growing diplomatic crisis with its allies across the world, Madrid summoned the US ambassador to Spain to demand an explanation of the extent of US spying. The NSA is alleged to have intercepted 60.5m phone calls in Spain between 10 December 2012 and 8 January 2013.

In the latest revelations from the documents leaked by US whistleblower Edward Snowden, El Mundo newspaper published an NSA graphic, entitled "Spain - last 30 days", showing the daily flow of phone calls within Spain. On one day alone - 11 December 2012 - the NSA reportedly monitored more than 3.5m phone calls.

The outcry comes days after it emerged that the NSA spied on the phone calls of scores of allies, including the personal phone of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel.

It appears that the content of the calls was not monitored but the NSA recorded the serial and phone numbers of the handsets used, the locations, sim cards and the duration of the calls. Emails and other social media were also monitored in what human rights groups have called an extraordinary invasion of people's privacy. El Mundo said software called Boundless Informant was used to process the information.

Following the meeting between the US ambassador, James Costos, and Spanish government ministers, the foreign ministry released a statement, saying: "Spain has relayed to the United States the importance of preserving a climate of trust … and its interest in understanding the full reach of practices that, if true, would be considered inappropriate and unacceptable between allies".

Costos said Washington acknowledged "that some of our closest allies have raised concerns about the recent series of unauthorised disclosures of classified information". However, he defended the NSA, saying it had not only played a critical role in protecting the US, but had "also played an instrumental role in our co-ordination with our allies and in protecting their interests, as well."

At a press conference in Warsaw, during an official visit to Poland, the Spanish foreign minister, Jose Manuel Garcia Margallo, said that if the monitoring of tens of millions of phone calls was confirmed, it could "lead to a breakdown in the traditional trust" between the two countries.

Margallo, who was kept informed on the showdown with the US ambassador in Madrid, warned that the NSA could have broken Spain's privacy laws, which prohibit the conservation of data in relation to electronic communications. It remains unclear whether the telephone of the prime minister, Mariano Rajoy, or other members of the Spanish government, were tapped.

There is a growing feeling in Spain that the government has not done enough to protect its own citizens. Since 2001, when the then Spanish prime minister, Jose Maria Aznar, opted to join the Iraq war, ignoring great public opposition, Spain has enjoyed warm relations with the US, albeit as a very junior partner. Aznar and former president George Bush met on numerous occasions and it is widely understood that they agreed to share intelligence. The US has CIA and NSA offices in Madrid and many believe that there would be little surprise within the Spanish intelligence community at the extent of US spying.

Amnesty International called on the Spanish government on Monday to "reflect on its total failure to protect its own citizens' privacy". The head of Amnesty in Spain, Esteban Beltran, accused the government of only reacting when the full extent of US spying was revealed in the press: "It's not a question of legislation - because there are laws that protect the individual's right to privacy - it is question of the government failing in its duties in what can only be called a massive and arbitrary invasion of the rights of all those who live in Spain."

Amnesty called on the government to ensure that all surveillance had a "legitimate objective, and was carried out with the proper judicial supervision".

In a sign that the Spanish government is less troubled than its counterparts in Paris and Berlin, Rajoy last week rejected a move to get the EU's 28 member states to sign a "no-spy" deal. "We'll see once we have more information if we decide to join with what France and Germany have done," he said in Brussels on Friday. "But these aren't decisions which correspond to the European Union. They are questions related to national security and are the exclusive responsibility of member states. France and Germany have decided to do one thing and the rest of us may decide to do the same, or something else," he said.

But the latest revelations have forced Madrid to take a stronger public line against Washington, which is under intense pressure to reveal the extent to which US President Barack Obama was aware of the extent of surveillance operations targeting the leaders of allied countries.

The latest developments came as an EU parliamentary delegation began a visit Washington to discuss the scale of US spying on its allies. Claude Moraes, the British Labour MP who is leading the delegation, said the Snowden documents suggested that "the type of surveillance that is taking place by intelligence services is completely disproportionate in the important fight against terrorism and for security". The allegations resulting from Snowden's leaks need to be investigated, he said.

He said the MEPs hoped to meet with NSA director General Keith Alexander and said "emphasis has to be put on ensuring that there is a strong legal framework in place in the EU which not only protects EU citizens' fundamental right to privacy but also ensures that member states and third countries, including the US, respect this right, too".

In September, the European parliament's civil liberties committee launched a Moraes-led public inquiry into the surveillance of EU citizens revealed by Snowden. But Moraes complained that no EU member states had agreed to have their intelligence agencies appear at the public hearings. "It is absolutely necessary that EU governments respond to these requests so that we can establish facts and ensure that European citizens are fully informed," he said.

The White House has not commented on the reports in El Mundo.


---Europe mulls sanctions against US amid stream of NSA revelations---
By Associated Press, Published: October 28
http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/spanish-newspaper-says-us-has-monitored-60-million-calls-in-spain-in-a-month/2013/10/28/68a7168c-3fbf-11e3-b028-de922d7a3f47_story.html

BERLIN - The United States could lose access to an important law enforcement tool used to track terrorist money flows, German officials said Monday, as Europe weighed a response to allegations that the Americans spied on their closest European allies.

In Washington, Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein called for a “total review” of all U.S. intelligence programs in response to the allegations - activity the California Democrat said she wasn’t told about.

Feinstein said that while her committee was informed of the National Security Agency’s collection of phone records under a secret court order, it “was not satisfactorily informed” that “certain surveillance activities have been in effect for more than a decade” - including eavesdropping on German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s own cellphone.

She said President Barack Obama was also not told that Merkel’s communications were being collected since 2002.

“With respect to NSA collection of intelligence on leaders of U.S. allies_including France, Spain, Mexico and Germany_let me state unequivocally: I am totally opposed,” Feinstein said in a statement Monday.

“Unless the United States is engaged in hostilities against a country or there is an emergency need for this type of surveillance, I do not believe the United States should be collecting phone calls or emails of friendly presidents and prime ministers,” Feinstein said. “The president should be required to approve any collection of this sort.”

Spain became the latest U.S. ally to demand answers after a Spanish newspaper reported that the NSA monitored more than 60 million phone calls in that country during one month alone. The report Monday in the daily El Mundo came on the heels of allegations of massive NSA spying in France and Germany.

With European leaders dissatisfied with the U.S. response so far, officials have been casting about for a way to pressure Washington to provide details of past surveillance and assurances that the practice will be curbed. The challenge is to send a strong message to Washington against wholesale spying on European citizens and institutions without further damage to the overall trans-Atlantic relationship.

As possible leverage, German authorities cited last week’s non-binding resolution by the European Parliament to suspend a post-9/11 agreement allowing the Americans access to bank transfer data to track the flow of terrorist money.

German Justice Minister Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger said Monday she believed the Americans were using the information to gather economic intelligence apart from terrorism and that the deal, popularly known as the SWIFT agreement, should be suspended. That would represent a sharp rebuke to the United States from some of its closest partners.

 “It really isn’t enough to be outraged,” she told rbb-Inforadio. “This would be a signal that something can happen and make clear to the Americans that the (EU’s) policy is changing.”

Suspending the agreement, officially known as the Terrorist Finance Tracking Program, would require approval by an overwhelming majority of the 28 European Union countries. The agreement allows access to funds transferred through the private, Belgium-based Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, which handles the movement of money between banks worldwide.

Asked Monday if the NSA intelligence gathering had been used not only to protect national security but American economic interests as well, White House spokesman Jay Carney said: “We do not use our intelligence capabilities for that purpose. We use it for security purposes.”

Still, he acknowledged the tensions with allies over the eavesdropping disclosures and said the White House was “working to allay those concerns,” though he refused to discuss any specific reports or provide details of internal White House discussions.

The German justice minister’s comments follow days of vocal indignation in Berlin after German news weekly Der Spiegel reported the NSA had kept tabs on Merkel’s phone calls since as early as 2002, three years before she became chancellor.

Merkel said Friday that she was open to the idea of suspending the SWIFT agreement, saying she “needed to look at this again more closely” and weigh “what we will lose for the security of our citizens and what we don’t.”

Germany and other European governments have made clear they don’t favor suspending the U.S.-EU trade talks which began last summer because both sides stand to gain so much through the proposed deal, especially against competition from China and other emerging markets.

Still, the Europeans have said they will insist that the trade agreement includes stronger rules for protecting data as a result of the NSA allegations. Data protection laws in Europe are generally stronger than in the United States.

“It’s obvious to us that we have to and will bring our European convictions regarding data protection, and protection of privacy and business information, into these negotiations,” Merkel’s spokesman Steffen Seibert told reporters in Berlin on Monday.

The European Parliament’s foreign affairs committee chairman, Elmar Brok, told reporters that failure to resolve the differences over data protection could threaten the trade talks. Brok, a member of Merkel’s party who was in Washington to discuss the spy allegations, said the challenge was to strike a balance between security and personal freedom.

“We are fighting for the rights of our citizens,” he said.

The steady drumbeat of reports stemming from documents provided to various media by NSA leaker Edward Snowden has created a sense of urgency among European governments that, at the very least, they need to be seen in the eyes of their citizens to be doing something to stop the spying.

At the same time, European leaders are anxious to avoid lasting damage in relations with their major ally. So far the issue has not hurt Obama politically within the United States because Republicans have blamed Snowden rather than the White House for the flap.

In the latest allegation, the Spanish newspaper El Mundo published a document it said showed the NSA had eavesdropped on more than 60 million phone calls in Spain between Dec. 10, 2012 and Jan. 8, 2013. The U.S. ambassador to Spain was summoned to the Foreign Ministry for an explanation.

Still, Florentino Portero, a political analyst at Madrid’s Open University, said Spain’s response to the allegations wasn’t as strong as it could have been because of the country’s ties with the U.S., especially intelligence sharing.

“The Spanish government doesn’t want to create a crisis with the United States based on these leaks,” he told The Associated Press.

Madrid is wary of endangering the U.S. military presence in Spain at two bases, Portero said. The U.S. is boosting its presence there as part of a missile defense system, and both Spanish and American officials have stressed that this will give Spain an economic boost as it struggles with unemployment of 26 percent following years of recession.

But Heather Conley, Europe director for Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies, said that for Germany, at least, the situation appeared to have reached tipping point and for now other European countries were willing to follow Berlin’s lead.

German intelligence officials are to travel to Washington this week and expect something tangible to bring home, she said.

“If they leave empty-handed, we’ve got a big problem,” Conley said.


---Spain Summons American Ambassador on New Reports of N.S.A. Spying---
By RAPHAEL MINDER
Published: October 28, 2013
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/29/world/europe/spain-calls-in-us-ambassador-in-spying-scandal.html?_r=0

MADRID - The Spanish government on Monday summoned the American ambassador to address allegations that the National Security Agency had recently collected data on 60 million telephone calls in Spain.

 Adding to a spying scandal that includes Brazil, France, Germany and Mexico, the government’s move came after two Spanish newspapers reported Monday that the agency had gathered data on phone numbers and locations but had not monitored the contents of the calls.

After his meeting with Spanish officials, the ambassador, James Costos, issued a statement in which he acknowledged Spain’s worries about the surveillance programs and said, “Ultimately, the United States needs to balance the important role that these programs play in protecting our national security and protecting the security of our allies with legitimate privacy concerns.”

Mr. Costos did not discuss the details of the spying claims, nor did the Spanish government after the meeting, which lasted less than an hour. Instead, Inigo Mendez de Vigo, a Spanish secretary of state, referred in a separate statement to the need to maintain “a necessary balance” between security and privacy concerns. Spain, he added, is calling on Washington to clarify “the reach of measures that, if proven to be true, are improper and unacceptable between partners and friendly countries.”

The two Spanish newspapers, El Mundo and El Pais, based their reporting on documents viewed by Glenn Greenwald, an American journalist, that were provided by Edward J. Snowden, the former N.S.A. contractor who has been at the center of the spying scandal.

The newspapers said the data covered information relating to about 60 million Spanish phone calls and was collected between December and early January.

The spying scandal, which has strained relations between Washington and some of its most important allies, has recently focused on whether the N.S.A. targeted the cellphone of the German chancellor, Angela Merkel. The Spanish government has so far declined to discuss whether it has evidence that Washington spied on Spanish government officials.

“Spying activities aren’t proper among partner countries and allies,” Mariano Rajoy, Spain’s prime minister, said at a news conference last week in Brussels, where he was attending a meeting of European Union leaders.

Last year, Spain agreed to extend an American lease of military facilities on its territory, including the Rota naval base, where the United States is planning to station Aegis antimissile vessels as part of the European defense shield of NATO.


---Report claims NSA monitored 60 million phone calls in Spain---
Published October 28, 2013
FoxNews.com
http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2013/10/28/report-claims-nsa-monitored-60-million-phone-calls-in-spain/

The National Security Agency monitored 60 million phone calls made in Spain over the course of a single month last year, according to a report published by a Spanish newspaper Sunday evening.

El Mundo, citing information in documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden, reported that the NSA collected data on the phone calls, which were made in December 2012. Spain is the third different Western European country in less than a week to have a major news publication report on NSA surveillance of phone calls in that country.  Earlier this week, officials in France and Germany demanded explanations from the U.S. after reports detailed NSA surveillance of phone calls, most notably that of German Chancellor Angela Merkel, which Der Spiegel reported dated back to 2002.

According to the Associated Press, Interior Minister Hans-Peter Friedrich was quoted Sunday as telling newspaper Bild am Sonntag he wants "complete information on all accusations" and that "if the Americans intercepted cellphones in Germany, they broke German law on German soil." He added wiretapping is a crime and "those responsible must be held accountable."

Bild am Sonntag also reported that a "high-ranking" NSA official had told them that President Barack Obama not only knew of the NSA surveillance on Merkel's phone, but ordered it to continue. However, White House officials told the Wall Street Journal that the program used to spy on Merkel's phone was brought to an end this summer after an internal review ordered by the administration revealed its existence.

Officials told the Journal that the internal review revealed that the NSA had monitored approximately 35 world leaders. The German newspaper Frankfuter Allgemeine Zeitung reported that when Merkel called Obama last week to alternately complain -- and get an explanation -- about the NSA surveillance, the president assured her he wasn’t aware of the campaign regarding her, and would have halted it, had he known.

NSA officials told the Journal that it would have been impractical to brief Obama on every one of the operations the agency was carrying out.

"[Surveillance] decisions are made at NSA," one official told the Journal. "The president doesn't sign off on this stuff." The official added that particular policy was under review.

National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said Sunday, "The President has directed us to review our surveillance capabilities, including when it comes to our closest foreign partners and allies ... the United States is reviewing the way that we gather intelligence to ensure that we properly account for the security concerns of our citizens and allies and the privacy concerns that all people share." She declined to reveal details of the review or the internal discussions that led to it.


---Rogers to European allies: NSA keeps you 'safe'---
October 27th, 2013 04:53 PM ET
Posted by CNN's Jason Seher
http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2013/10/27/rogers-to-european-allies-nsa-keeps-you-safe/

Washington (CNN) - The House Intelligence chief emphatically told CNN's Candy Crowley on Sunday that the NSA's foreign intelligence gathering operations keep allies "safe."

Rep. Mike Rogers, R-Michigan, said on CNN's "State of the Union" that the vision being presented to the American public of a nation spying on its closest allies does not jibe with reality. According to Rogers, the U.S. counterterror operation abroad "keeps the French safe."

"If the French citizens knew exactly what that was about, they would be applauding and popping champagne corks," Rogers said. "This whole notion that we're going to go after each other on what is really legitimate protection of nation-state interest, I think is disingenuous."

Rogers faulted the media for misrepresenting the information given to them by National Security Agency leaker Edward Snowden, claiming that overseas news outlets such as Der Spiegel in Germany and Le Monde in France are guilty of "smash and grab" reporting.

"This was about a counterterrorism program that had nothing to do with French citizens," Rogers said, referring to the Le Monde report that the United States listened in on 70 million phone calls between its citizens. "That is 100 percent wrong."

Dismissing much of the public fervor over the most recent reports regarding the NSA's intelligence collection of information United States allies, Rogers asserted foreign governments should worry about their own surveillance outfits - both their effectiveness and lack of oversight.

"I think they need to have a better oversight structure in Europe," Rogers said. "I think they would be enlightened to find out what their intelligence services may or may not be doing."

Citing the built-in barriers to conducting intelligence operations, including court orders for phone collection and congressional review of surveillance efforts, Rogers attempted to turn the tables on the country's European counterparts, intimating that most would be shocked by the extent of their countries' intelligence gathering.

"You have a big group of people sitting at the table deciding if what we should do is right or wrong," Rogers said. "They don't have that in some of our European capitals."

Earlier on the program, CNN Chief National Security Correspondent Jim Sciutto said Germany's public denouncement of the NSA's spying goes "beyond public posturing," something seemingly confirmed in an interview the country's interior minister gave the newspaper Bild am Sonntag.

Hans-Peter Friedrich told Bild am Sonntag he wants "complete information" regarding the allegations that the NSA monitored German Chancellor Angela Merkel's cell phone After the paper reported that President Barack Obama discussed the operation with NSA chief Gen. Keith Alexander.

Adding that the United States "broke German law on German soil" if Americans did intercept calls as multiple reports allege, Friedrich echoed Merkel to the German paper, saying "'the confidence in our ally USA is shaken."

An NSA spokeswoman denied the report and said the President has never "discussed alleged operations involving Chancellor Merkel."

Ahead of a German delegation of intelligence officials visit to Washington this week, the Obama administration admitted to some overreach in its intelligence gathering. The president's homeland security adviser, Lisa Monaco, wrote in USA Today on Friday that the President instructed the NSA to review all its "surveillance capabilities," including its overseas initiatives.

"We want to ensure we are collecting information because we need it and not just because we can," Monaco wrote.

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