2013年12月24日火曜日

Mandela AKA David Mobsari

マンデラ元大統領とモサドが関係しているかもしれない。
 死去した南アフリカのマンデラ元大統領が1962年にエチオピアでイス
ラエルの対外特務機関モサドから軍事訓練を受けていた。モサドの工作員
がイスラエル外務省などに報告し保管されていた文書から明らかになった。

Mossad
・偽名David Mobsari(英領ローデシア生)で柔道や破壊工作、武器使用の
 訓練を受け、モサド側も訓練時は気づいていなかった。
・イスラエルの地下活動に興味を示し、モサドは親イスラエルになるよう
 試みた。
・逮捕の報道の写真を見て、訓練した人物がマンデラ氏であることが分
 かった。
・イスラエルやユダヤ人の問題について詳しく、「知識人」と評価。
・社会主義の世界観を示し、共産主義に傾倒している印象を持った。

報告書の写真を見るととても似ているが、それ以外の証拠が見当たらず、
マンデラ財団関係者は証人や個人的証拠が無いとして否定している。

移民が多く各地で差別されていた白人のユダヤ人は、南アフリカでは、
反アパルトヘイト運動のリーダとして展開とのこと。
報道によると、マンデラは、テロリスト集団から訓練を受けたテロリス
トとなる。
モサドからは、体術や武器操作、破壊工作戦略はエチオピアで訓練を
受けたようだ。
白人の優遇を捨て、反アパルトヘイト運動を支持したユダヤ人。
通商条約締結以降、名誉白人の優遇を容認し、他国の経済制裁を利用
し、当時の政府を支援した日本政府。周囲を見ながら態度を変えてい
った自民党与党。ダイアモンド、レアメタルを含む鉱物が主要輸入品。
モサドが、反アパルトヘイト運動に参加したマンデラを神格化し、
モサド職員を鼓舞か。

ハマス幹部暗殺事件 モサド協力者逮捕
Jail Suicide of Australian
Mandela Memorial Service


Mandela and Mossad: Letter reveals South African leader had ties to the Mossad


---マンデラ氏、モサドから軍事訓練か イスラエル紙報道---
2013年12月21日11時56分
http://www.asahi.com/articles/ASF0TKY201312210045.html?ref=com_top6

【カイロ=山尾有紀恵】20日付のイスラエル紙ハアレツは、今月5日に死去した南アフリカのネルソン・マンデラ元大統領が、1962年にエチオピアでイスラエルの対外情報機関モサドの工作員から軍事訓練を受けていたと報じた。
 報道によると、同年10月に在エチオピアのモサド工作員がイスラエル外務省に送った機密文書に、「ローデシア(旧英領)出身のデービッド・モブサリ」に対し、柔道や破壊工作、武器使用の訓練を施したと書かれていた。イスラエルの地下活動に興味を示し、モサドは親イスラエルになるよう試みたという。実はモブサリ氏は身元を偽ったマンデラ氏で、マンデラ氏の逮捕時の写真などから本当の身元が判明したという。
 反アパルトヘイト(人種隔離)闘争を率いていたマンデラ氏は当時、アフリカ民族会議(ANC)の軍事部門「民族のやり」を結成して武力闘争を行い、アフリカ諸国などからの支援を模索していたという。マンデラ氏は訓練を受けた約2カ月後に逮捕され、反逆罪で27年半の獄中生活を送った。イスラエルはアパルトヘイトの時代、武器供与などで南アの白人政権に協力していた。

---マンデラ氏をモサドが訓練 イスラエル紙---
2013.12.20 22:28
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/131220/mds13122022290001-n1.htm

 イスラエル紙ハーレツは20日、5日に死去した南アフリカのマンデラ元大統領が1962年にエチオピアでイスラエルの対外特務機関モサドから軍事訓練を受けていたと報じた。モサドの工作員がイスラエル外務省などに報告し保管されていた文書から明らかになった。
 マンデラ氏は偽名で破壊工作などの訓練を受け、モサド側も訓練時はマンデラ氏だと気づいていなかった。その後、マンデラ氏は逮捕された。モサド側は報道された写真を見て、訓練した人物がマンデラ氏であることが分かったという。
 モサド側は、マンデラ氏についてイスラエルやユダヤ人の問題について詳しく、「知識人」と評価。社会主義の世界観を示し、共産主義に傾倒している印象を持ったと報告している。(エルサレム 共同)


---Top-secret letter: Mandela 'received weapons training from Mossad' in Ethiopia---
Tel Aviv : Israel | Dec 21, 2013 at 9:54 AM PST
By saleh1966
http://www.allvoices.com/contributed-news/16205818-top-secret-letter-mandela-received-weapons-training-from-mossad-in-ethiopia

Former South African President, Nelson Mandela, allegedly took part in a weaponry and sabotage training by Israel's Mossad says secret document revealed by the Israeli newspaper Haaretz.

According to the document, Mossad operatives had instructed Mandela, who was member of a group of anti-apartheid activists who fled to Ethiopia in 1962, to use weapons, to master sabotage techniques as he was also encouraged to "develop Zionist sympathies".

In January 1962, Mandela secretly and illegally left South Africa and visited various African countries, including Ethiopia, Algeria, Egypt and Ghana to meet with the leaders of African countries, also to garner financial and military support for the armed wing of the underground African National Congress, Haaretz said.

The classified letter sent from the Mossad to the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem on October 11, 1962 described the training of a man named David Mobsari, whom the agent later came to believe was Mandela.

Haaretz quoted the letter as saying: "As you may recall, three months ago we discussed the case of a trainee who arrived at the Israeli embassy in Ethiopia by the name of David Mobsari. He came from Rhodesia. The aforementioned received training from the Ethiopian Israeli embassy staff, almost certainly Mossad agents in judo, sabotage and weaponry."

It went on: "He greeted our men with "Shalom", he was familiar with the problems of Jewry and of Israel and gave the impression of being an intellectual. The staff tried to make him into a Zionist."

"It now emerges from photographs that have been published in the press about the arrest in South Africa of the 'Black Pimpernel', that the trainee from Rhodesia used an alias, and the two men are one and the same," the letter reads.

The "Black Pimpernel" was a term used by the South African press to refer to Mandela.

The newspaper claimed that the letter was accidentally found, several years ago, by David Fachler. Fachler was researching documents in Israel State Archives about South Africa for a Masters thesis on relations between South Africa and Israel, at the Hebrew University’s Institute for Contemporary Jewry.

Fachler, who was born in Israel and grew up there, received his Masters of Law degree in South Africa, told Haaretz: " If the fact that Israel helped Mandela had been discovered in South Africa, it could have endangered the Jewish community there.”

It is worth mentioning that Mandela had good relationship with the former Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and Algerian President Ahmed Ben Bella. However, both of them were openly supporting the African National Congress, as well as all movements fighting colonialism in Africa. South African Jews were among the leaders of the white anti-apartheid movement.


---Nelson Mandela Foundation Denies Israel Training Claim---
By Forward Staff
Published December 21, 2013.
http://forward.com/articles/189726/nelson-mandela-foundation-denies-israel-training-c/

Insists No Evidence Freedom Icon Interacted With Mossad

The Nelson Mandela Foundation has denied an explosive report that the South African freedom icon received training from Israeli agents in the early 1960s.

“(The foundation) has not located any evidence in Nelson Mandela’s private archive…that he interacted with an Israeli operative during his tour of African countries in that year,” the group said in a statement to the South African Press Association.

Haaretz first reported last week that top secret Israeli files suggest that Mandela was trained by Mossad agents during a stop in Ethiopia in 1962, as he began efforts to launch the armed struggle against the white-led apartheid regime in South Africa.

It said Mandela, who died on Dec. 5, apparently underwent weapons training by Mossad agents in Ethiopia in 1962 without the Israeli secret service knowing his true identity. They attributed their report to “an intriguing secret letter lodged in the Israeli state archives”.

The letter supposedly said Mandela was instructed in the use of weapons and sabotage techniques and was encouraged to develop Zionist sympathies.

Any contact between Mandela and Israeli agents would have been controversial in South Africa, where Mandela’s African National Congress forged a close alliance with the Palestinians and regularly slammed Israel for propping up the white government.

The foundation emphatically denies any such contact between Mandela and Israeli agents occured.

“In 1962 Mandela received military training from Algerian freedom fighters in Morocco and from the Ethiopian Riot Battalion at Kolfe outside Addis Ababa, before returning to South Africa in July 1962.

“In 2009 the Nelson Mandela Foundation’s senior researcher travelled to Ethiopia and interviewed the surviving men who assisted in Mandela’s training and no evidence emerged of an Israeli connection,” read the statement.


---Mandela received Mossad weapons training---
By JTA December 20, 2013, 5:52 pm
http://www.timesofisrael.com/mandela-received-mossad-weapons-training/

Late South African icon met with Israeli agents in Ethiopia in 1962 under the alias David Mobsari, Israeli document shows

Nelson Mandela received training from Israel’s Mossad in the 1960s, an Israeli government document has revealed.

Mandela, the former South African president and anti-apartheid leader who died earlier this month, was trained by Mossad agents in weaponry and sabotage in 1962, according to a report in Haaretz that was based on a document in the Israel State Archives labeled “Top Secret.”

The document, a letter sent from the Mossad to the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem, said Mossad operatives also attempted to encourage Zionist sympathies in Mandela, Haaretz reported.

Mandela led the struggle against apartheid in his country from the 1950s. He was arrested, tried and released a number of times before going underground in the early 1960s. In January 1962, he left South Africa and visited various African countries, including Ethiopia, Algeria, Egypt and Ghana.

Mandela met with the Israelis in Ethiopia, where he arrived under the alias David Mobsari.

The letter noted that Mandela “showed an interest in the methods of the Haganah and other Israeli underground movements” and that “he greeted our men with ‘Shalom,’ was familiar with the problems of Jewry and of Israel, and gave the impression of being an intellectual. The staff tried to make him into a Zionist,” the Mossad operative wrote.

“In conversations with him, he expressed socialist worldviews and at times created the impression that he leaned toward communism,” the letter continued, noting that the man who called himself David Mobsari was indeed Mandela.

This letter was discovered several years ago by David Fachler, 43, a resident of Alon Shvut, who was researching documents about South Africa for a master’s thesis.


---Nelson Mandela 'received weapons training from Mossad agents in 1962'---
Harriet Sherwood in Jerusalem
theguardian.com, Friday 20 December 2013 16.33 GMT   
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/20/nelson-mandela-weapons-training-mossad-agents

Secret letter lodged in Israeli state archives reveals South African icon underwent training under an assumed identity

Nelson Mandela apparently underwent weapons training by Mossad agents in Ethiopia in 1962 without the Israeli secret service knowing his true identity, according to an intriguing secret letter lodged in the Israeli state archives.

The missive, revealed by the Israeli paper Haaretz two weeks after the death of the iconic South African leader, said Mandela was instructed in the use of weapons and sabotage techniques, and was encouraged to develop Zionist sympathies.

Mandela visited other African countries in 1962 in order to drum up support for the African National Congress's fight against the apartheid regime in South Africa. While in Ethiopia, he sought help from the Israeli embassy, using a pseudonym, according to the letter - classified top secret - which was sent to officials in Israel in October 1962. Its subject line was the "Black Pimpernel", a term used by the South African press to refer to Mandela.

Haaretz quoted the letter as saying: "As you may recall, three months ago we discussed the case of a trainee who arrived at the [Israeli] embassy in Ethiopia by the name of David Mobsari who came from Rhodesia. The aforementioned received training from the Ethiopians [a codename for Mossad agents, according to Haaretz] in judo, sabotage and weaponry."

It added that the man had shown interest in the methods of the Haganah, a Jewish paramilitary organisation that fought against the British rulers and the Arab population of Palestine in the 1930s and 40s, and other Israeli underground movements.

It went on: "He greeted our men with 'Shalom', was familiar with the problems of Jewry and of Israel, and gave the impression of being an intellectual. The staff tried to make him into a Zionist. In conversations with him, he expressed socialist world views and at times created the impression that he leaned toward communism.

"It now emerges from photographs that have been published in the press about the arrest in South Africa of the 'Black Pimpernel' that the trainee from Rhodesia used an alias, and the two men are one and the same."

According to Haaretz, a later handwritten annotation to the letter confirmed the Black Pimpernel was Mandela. The newspaper said the letter was kept in the state archives, and was discovered a few years ago by a student researching a thesis on relations between Israel and South Africa.

The Israel foreign ministry website refers to a document which confirms a meeting between Mandela and an Israeli official in Ethiopia in 1962, but makes no explicit reference to the Mossad, or any kind of training.

An entry dated 9 December 2013 says: "The Israel State Archives holds a document (not released for publication) showing that Mandela (under an assumed identity) met with an unofficial Israel representative in Ethiopia as early as 1962 … The Israeli representative was not aware of Mandela's true identity. Instead the two discussed Israel's problems in the Middle East, with Mandela displaying wide-ranging interest in the subject. Only after his arrest in 1962, on his return to South Africa, did Israel learn the truth."


---Nelson Mandela Received Training From Israeli Agents, Secret Documents Say---
By Ofer Aderet and David Fachler
Published December 19, 2013.
http://forward.com/articles/189626/nelson-mandela-received-training-from-israeli-agen/?p=all

Mossad Tried To Encourage Sympathy for Zionism

(Haaretz) - Nelson Mandela, the former South African leader who died earlier this month, was trained in weaponry and sabotage by Mossad operatives in 1962, a few months before he was arrested in South Africa. During his training, Mandela expressed interest in the methods of the Haganah pre-state underground and was viewed by the Mossad as leaning toward communism.

These revelations are from a document in the Israel State Archives labeled “Top Secret.” The existence of the document is revealed here for the first time.

It also emerges that the Mossad operatives attempted to encourage Zionist sympathies in Mandela.

Mandela, the father of the new South Africa and a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, led the struggle against apartheid in his country from the 1950s. He was arrested, tried and released a number of times before going underground in the early 1960s. In January 1962, he secretly and illegally fled South Africa and visited various African countries, including Ethiopia, Algeria, Egypt and Ghana. His goal was to meet with the leaders of African countries and garner financial and military support for the armed wing of the underground African National Congress.

A letter sent from the Mossad to the Foreign Ministry in Jerusalem reveals that Mandela underwent military training by Mossad operatives in Ethiopia during this period. These operatives were unaware of Mandela’s true identity. The letter, classified top secret, was dated October 11, 1962 - about two months after Mandela was arrested in South Africa, shortly after his return to the country.

The Mossad sent the letter three recipients: the head of the Africa Desk in the Foreign Ministry, Netanel Lorch, who went on to become the third Knesset secretary; Maj. Gen. Aharon Remez, head of the ministry’s department of international cooperation and the first Israel Air Force Commander-in-Chief; and Shmuel Dibon, Israel’s ambassador to Addis Ababa between 1962 and 1966 and former head of the Middle East desk at the ministry.

The subject line of the letter was “the Black Pimpernel,” in English, the term the South African media was already using for Mandela. It was based on the Scarlet Pimpernel, the nom de guerre of the hero of Baroness Emma Orczy’s early 20th century novel, who saved French noblemen from the guillotine during the French Revolution.

“As you may recall, three months ago we discussed the case of a trainee who arrived at the [Israeli] embassy in Ethiopia by the name of David Mobsari who came from Rhodesia,” the letter said. “The aforementioned received training from the Ethiopians [Israeli embassy staff, almost certainly Mossad agents] in judo, sabotage and weaponry.” The phrase “the Ethiopians” was apparently a code name for Mossad operatives working in Ethiopia.

The letter also noted that the subject in question “showed an interest in the methods of the Haganah and other Israeli underground movements. “It added that “he greeted our men with ‘Shalom’, was familiar with the problems of Jewry and of Israel, and gave the impression of being an intellectual. The staff tried to make him into a Zionist,” the Mossad operative wrote.

“In conversations with him, he expressed socialist worldviews and at times created the impression that he leaned toward communism,” the letter continued, noting that the man who called himself David Mobsari was the same man who had recently been arrested in South Africa.

“It now emerges from photographs that have been published in the press about the arrest in South Africa of the ‘Black Pimpernel’ that the trainee from Rhodesia used an alias, and the two men are one and the same.”

A handwritten annotation on the letter refers to another letter sent about two weeks later, on October 24, 1962. The annotation noted that the “Black Pimpernel” was Nelson Mandela, followed by a short review that quoted from an article about Mandela in Haaretz.

This letter was kept for decades in the Israel State Archives and was never revealed to the public. It was discovered there a few years ago by David Fachler, 43, a resident of Alon Shvut, who was researching documents about South Africa for a Masters thesis on relations between South Africa and Israel at the Hebrew University’s Institute for Contemporary Jewry.

Born in Israel, Fachler grew up and received his Masters of Law degree in South Africa. “If the fact that Israel helped Mandela had been discovered in South Africa, it could have endangered the Jewish community there,” Fachler told Haaretz.

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