2013年12月6日金曜日

US Airlines Give China Flight Plans

米民間航空会社は中国へ飛行計画を提出するようだ。
なぜか、米国務省が民間航空会社の飛行計画提出に関して説明。
本来ならば、米運輸省(DOT)が判断し、要請すると思うが、しなかった。

米国を含め、いくつかの国の分析によると、「中国の防空識別圏設定は、
国内向けの発表で、直ちに領空として拡大するものではない」としてい
る。当初、日米は、「中国へ撤回を求める」としていたが、会談の発表
では、「黙認しない」としていた。日本政府も「撤回」も消えたようだ。

日米の軍用機が複数回に渡って、中国が設定した防空識別圏を飛行した。
中国機が緊急発進した、飛行を識別したと言う発表はあっても、映像も
ない。

以前のレーダは、鳥も航空機も同じ機影と言われたが、(アクティブ・)
フェイズドアレイレーダの採用で、形らしきものが見えるとの報道があっ
たと思う。
複製を繰返して、近代化した中国の装備品。
さすがに、警戒官製レーダや防空レーダの複製は作れなかったか。

露偵察機 韓国防空識別圏に侵入
中国 コピー兵器の実力
AVIC 米軍事産業進出へ
中国 覇権主義継続
日中尖閣ホットライン
防空識別圏 無人機確認
中国防空識別圏


中国の防空識別圏 日米「黙認しない」方針を確認(13/12/04)


防空識別圏 中国は日米に譲歩しない姿勢改めて示す(13/12/04)


---中国の防空圏認めず 首相と米副大統領一致---
2013年12月4日 朝刊
http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/politics/news/CK2013120402000114.html?ref=rank

 安倍晋三首相は三日、バイデン米副大統領と首相官邸で会談し中国が沖縄県・尖閣諸島を含む東シナ海に設定した防空識別圏を容認しない方針で一致した。環太平洋連携協定(TPP)では、年内妥結に向けて、日米が懸案解決で協力することを確認した。
 中国の防空識別圏設定に関し、首相は会談後の記者会見で「中国の力による一方的な現状変更の試みを黙認せず、日米同盟に基づき、引き続き、緊密に連携して対応していくことを確認した」と述べた。
 バイデン氏は「米国は、東シナ海における現状を一方的に変えようとする中国の試みを深く懸念している」と指摘。四日からの中国訪問で、習近平国家主席らに、こうした懸念を伝え、日中の不測の事態を避けるため、緊急時に連絡を取り合う危機管理メカニズムの必要性を提起する考えを示した。
 TPPでは、首相が会談で「交渉の最終局面では各国の困難な課題に政治的な解決を図る必要がある」と発言。オバマ米大統領と連携して懸案を解決し、年内妥結の道筋をつける考えを示した。米軍普天間(ふてんま)飛行場(沖縄県宜野湾(ぎのわん)市)の名護市辺野古(へのこ)沖への移設をめぐっては、早期実現に向けて、沖縄の基地負担軽減促進を確認した。


---Taiwan says civilian aircraft "intercepted" by Japan---
December 2, 2013 12:46
http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/kyodo-news-international/131202/taiwan-says-civilian-aircraft-intercepted-japan-0

 Taiwanese civilian planes testing a new air route have been "intercepted" several times by Japan's Air Self-Defense Force, the island's Civil Aeronautics Administration said Monday, with a lawmaker clarifying that "interception" is a military term meaning the Japanese fighter was dispatched to "learn about the situation," Taiwan's Central News Agency reported.

The incidents occurred when Japanese defense aircraft "monitored" Taiwanese planes in an area where the air zones of Taiwan and Japan overlap, according to the CAA.

CAA Director General Jean Shen told a legislative committee that Taiwanese aircraft were intercepted 15 times between July and August 2009 after Taiwan resumed direct flights to China.

The island's Ministry of Transportation and Communications earlier said relevant flight plans had been presented to Japan but later corrected the information, saying no notifications had been made.

Taiwan was testing an air route from its capital Taipei to northeastern China and had to fly through the overlapping area, Shen explained at the hearing of the Legislature's Foreign Affairs and National Defense Committee on China's recent demarcation of its own Air Defense Identification Zone over the East China Sea.

According to Shen, there may have been a lack of communication between Japan's ASDF and the Civil Aviation Bureau when new cross-strait flight routes were opened in 2009, and that Taiwan last lodged a complaint with Japan late last year.

She said the incidents were concerning.

Hong Mei-yun, director of the CAA's air traffic services division, however, said at the hearing that the ASDF did not "intercept" Taiwanese civilian aircraft but rather scrambled, trying to better understand the situation without realizing how close the fighters had come to the Taiwanese planes.

He emphasized that "interception" is a commonly used military term, and that the ASDF still scrambles when Taiwanese planes enter the area of Japan's air defense identification zone that overlaps with the zone operated by Taiwan.

He stressed, however, that such incidents do not occur as frequently as they did in 2009.

During an interception, two-way communications must be established with the use of weapons against civilian aircraft strictly prohibited.

The guidelines of interception set forth by the International Civil Aviation Organization stipulate that any interception of a civil aircraft must be limited to "determining the identity of the aircraft unless it is necessary to return the aircraft to its planned track, direct it beyond the boundaries of national airspace, guide it away from a prohibited, restricted or danger area, or instruct it to effect a landing at a designated aerodrome."

==Kyodo


---U.S. airlines give China flight plans for defense zone---
By Marina Lopes and Antoni Slodkowski
NEW YORK/TOKYO Sun Dec 1, 2013 5:00am EST
http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/12/01/us-japan-china-idUSBRE9AT02K20131201

(Reuters) - U.S. airlines United, American and Delta, have notified Chinese authorities of flight plans when traveling through an air defense zone Beijing has declared over the East China Sea, following U.S. government advice.

The zone has raised tensions, particularly with Japan and South Korea, and is likely to dominate the agenda of a visit to Asia this week of U.S. Vice President Joe Biden. He will travel to Japan, China, and South Korea and try to ease tensions, senior American officials said.

However, China's declaration of the zone also represents a historic challenge by the emerging world power to the United States, which has dominated the region for decades.

China published co-ordinates for the zone last weekend. The area, about two-thirds the size of the United Kingdom, covers most of the East China Sea and the skies over a group of uninhabited islands at the center of a bitter territorial dispute between Beijing and Tokyo.

Beijing wants all foreign aircraft passing through the zone, including passenger planes, to identify themselves to Chinese authorities.

On Friday, the United States said it expected U.S. carriers to operate in line with so-called notices to airmen issued by foreign countries, although it added that the decision did "not indicate U.S. government acceptance of China's requirements.

A spokesman for Delta Airlines said it had been complying with the Chinese requests for flight plans for the past week. American and United said separately that they were complying, but did not say for how long they had been doing so.

Airline industry officials said the U.S. government generally expected U.S. carriers operating internationally to comply with notices issued by foreign countries.

In contrast, Japanese carriers ANA Holdings and Japan Airlines have flown through the zone without informing China, under an agreement with the Tokyo government. Neither airline has experienced problems.

The airlines said they were sticking with the policy even after Washington's advice to its carriers.

Any sign that the United States was even tacitly giving a nod to China's air defense zone would disturb Tokyo, which is hoping for a display of solidarity when Biden visits Japan starting on Monday.

"We will have in-depth talks about it," Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was quoted as saying by Japan's Kyodo news agency. "Japan and the United States will address it in close co-ordination with each other."

However, he also insisted that the United States had not advised its airlines to comply with Chinese demands for prior notice before their planes enter the new air defense zone.

"We have confirmed through diplomatic channels that the U.S. government didn't request commercial carriers to submit flight plans," he was quoted as saying in the Kyodo report.

And Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera insisted the allies were working in lockstep.

"I believe the U.S. government is taking the same stance as the Japanese government," he said in an interview with public broadcaster NHK.

Separately, Japan's foreign affairs ministry said it had raised China's declaration of the air defense zone with the International Civil Aviation Organization, the international aviation regulatory body and an agency of the United Nations.

It wasn't immediately clear what Japan wanted the agency to do, since it can make no more than non-binding recommendations. But Japan's action puts the issue before a global and multi-lateral body.

Since the zone came into force there has been no impact on the safe operation of international civilian flights, China's Foreign Ministry said on Thursday. Still, China "hoped" airlines would co-operate, the ministry said.

The United States, Japan and South Korea have defied the Chinese move by flying military aircraft, including giant U.S. B-52 bombers, through the zone without informing Beijing.

A U.S. official said China's action appeared to be a unilateral attempt to change the status quo in the East China Sea, which could "increase the risk of miscalculation, confrontation and accidents".

"We urge the Chinese to exercise caution and restraint, and we are consulting with Japan and other affected parties throughout the region," the official said.

China scrambled jets on Friday after two U.S. spy planes and 10 Japanese aircraft, including F-15 fighters, entered the zone, China's state news agency Xinhua said. The jets were scrambled for effective monitoring, it quoted air force spokesman Shen Jinke as saying.

The Chinese patrol mission, conducted on Thursday, was "a defensive measure and in line with international common practices," Shen said, according to Xinhua.

"China's air force is on high alert and will take measures to deal with diverse air threats to firmly protect the security of the country's airspace," he said.

However, Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun said it was "incorrect" to suggest China would shoot down aircraft which entered the zone without first identifying themselves.

U.S. flights were "routinely" transiting the zone, U.S. officials said on Friday.

"These flights are consistent with long standing and well known U.S. freedom of navigation policies," Pentagon spokesman Colonel Steve Warren said. "I can confirm that the U.S. has and will continue to operate in the area as normal."

A U.S. defense official said routine operations included reconnaissance and surveillance flights.

STRAINED TIES

Underlining concern in Seoul over China's move, a defense spokesman said officials were reviewing the country's existing air defense zone, but there was no set plan on whether or not to expand it. It already overlaps with China's new zone in a block 20 km by 115 km, the spokesman said.

Ties between China and Japan have been strained for months by the dispute over the islands, called the Diaoyu by China and the Senkaku by Japan.

Mutual mistrust over military intentions and what China feels is Japan's lack of contrition over its brutal occupation of parts of China before and during World War Two have added to tension.

Although Washington takes no position on the sovereignty of the islands, it recognizes Tokyo's administrative control and says the U.S.-Japan security pact applies to them.

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