2014年1月8日水曜日

武器輸出で技術漏洩か

武器輸出が技術漏洩の可能性があるとのこと。

トルコ次期主力戦車Altayのパワーパック共同開発交渉
・トルコ首相が来日した際、交渉予定。
・MHIとトルコの会社で合弁事業として、パワーパック共同開発計画。
・Altayを第三国に輸出示唆。

韓国
・韓国政府の許可なしにミャンマー軍部へ砲弾の製造技術や設備を譲渡。
・対外貿易法・防衛事業法違反の罪で軍需企業社長を逮捕、起訴。
 60代の同社社員2人を在宅起訴。
・2010年9月 ミャンマーの国防産業所やアジア・メタルと、105ミリ曲射
 砲用高性能爆弾等6種類の砲弾製造設備・技術の輸出契約を760億ウォン
 で締結。うち500ポンドの投下弾や子弾などは大量破壊兵器に当たる。
 前受金等324億ウォンを受け取った。
・2006年 大宇インターナショナル社員が1600億ウォン規模の105ミリ砲
 弾設備を輸出で起訴された際、推進剤納品業者の社長として事件に関与、
 1000万ウォンの罰金刑。

トルコ
・SCOとNATOの両方に加盟。
・シリアの反政府組織に武器提供。
・MDシステムを中国から購入、欧米から警告を受ける。

報道によれば、トルコが10式戦車のパワーパックに興味を示したため、
カボチャが、トルコとの共同開発を提案とのこと。

トルコは、親日派でも、地勢を見渡せば、イスラム過激派とイスラム教
宗派争いに巻き込まれている。シリアやエジプト等の内戦がすぐに終了
するとも思えず、事態が悪化すれば、批判が大きいシリアやイスラエル
等への侵略の道具となる可能性が高い。
欧米のような武器商人を見ると、自身の販売した武器により、自国の
兵士が犠牲者になることもある。
韓国のASIA METAL対外貿易法・防衛事業法違反が良い例だろう。
経済優先で、想像しないのだろうか。
中国のように、複製しても開き直る場合もある。

米国の一部の人は、「トルコはテロ国家」と大統領候補指名争いの選挙
演説で表現した人がいた。批判により、候補を撤退した。
トルコ政府の方針は、独自路線との表現もあるが、八方美人の見方もある。

GOP Negative Campain
米国 シリア対策
国連 小型武器会議
レバノン 反シリア派デモシリア政府軍劣勢 大量破壊兵器投入へ
Turkey Membership SCO
Benghazi Facility


Milli Tank Altay Arazi ve Atis Testleri - Altay Acceptance Tests (Mobility,Firing)


---ミャンマーへ砲弾技術提供、58歳社長を逮捕---
2014/01/06 10:01
柳井(リュ・ジョン)記者
http://www.chosunonline.com/site/data/html_dir/2014/01/06/2014010600880.html

北へ流出の可能性も
 ソウル中央地検ハイテク犯罪捜査1部(キム・ヨンムン部長)は5日、韓国政府の許可なしにミャンマー軍部へ砲弾の製造技術や設備を渡したとして、対外貿易法・防衛事業法違反の罪で軍需企業社長(58)を逮捕、起訴し、60代の同社社員2人を在宅起訴したと発表した。
 検察によると、同社長は2010年9月、ミャンマーの国防産業所や軍のダミー会社「アジア・メタル」と、105ミリ曲射砲用高性能爆弾など6種類の砲弾製造設備・技術の輸出契約を760億ウォン(現在のレートで約75億円、以下同じ)で締結。これまでに前受金などとして324億ウォン(約32億円)を受け取ったという。
 検察の関係者は「ミャンマー国防産業所に所属するA将軍とアジア・メタルは北朝鮮との武器取引歴があり、米国の制裁を受けている。砲弾の製造に関する技術が北朝鮮に流出する恐れは常にある」と話している。6種類の砲弾のうち、500ポンドの投下弾や子弾などは大量破壊兵器に当たるという。ミャンマー国防産業所は現在、現地に設置した設備で105ミリ砲弾の試験生産を行っていると把握された。
 同社長は06年、大手商社の大宇インターナショナルの社員らが1600億ウォン(約159億円)規模の105ミリ砲弾設備を輸出した罪で起訴された際、推進剤納品業者の社長として事件に関与し、1000万ウォン(約100万円)の罰金刑に処された。同社長は検察で、事実関係をほぼ認める一方で「輸出許可が必要とは知らなかった」と主張したという。


---砲弾技術をミャンマーに渡す 韓国企業、北朝鮮へ流出の恐れも---
2014.1.5 20:02
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/140105/kor14010520040002-n1.htm

 韓国検察は5日、政府の許可なしにミャンマーへ砲弾製造設備や技術を渡したとして、対外貿易法違反罪などで韓国の貿易会社社長(58)を逮捕、起訴し、同社関係者2人を在宅起訴したと発表した。韓国メディアが伝えた。
 検察によると、契約相手のミャンマーの軍関係機関幹部や軍のダミー会社「アジアメタル」には、北朝鮮との取引を理由に米当局が制裁を科している。検察当局者は、渡った技術が北朝鮮に流出する恐れが「常にある」と指摘している。
 貿易会社社長らは、2010年から昨年末にかけ、対戦車砲弾など6種類の砲弾の製造設備と材料、設計図などをミャンマー側に渡したとして起訴された。資材は自動車部品などと偽って輸出していた。(共同)


---Defense and commerce to mark Turkish PM’s Asia visit---
January/06/2014
http://www.hurriyetdailynews.com/defense-and-commerce-to-mark-turkish-pms-asia-visit.aspx?pageID=238&nID=60592&NewsCatID=344

Economic partnership potential and defense industry alliances will be on the table during the Turkish PM’s week long official trip to Japan, Singapore and Malaysia, which started yesterday

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has embarked on a six-day visit to Japan, Singapore and Malaysia, where the focus will be on strengthening commercial ties with East Asian countries.

The prime minister flew to Japan from Istanbul yesterday, kicking of his first official oversea visit of the New Year, accompanied by a number of prominent government officials and bureaucrats, including recently seated Cabinet members.

Deputy Prime Minister Bulent Arinc, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu, Defense Minister Ismet Yilmaz, Energy Minister Taner Yildiz, as well as new Cabinet appointees Economy Minister Nihat Zeybekci and Transportation Minister Lutfi Akan are among government officials who will be escorting Erdogan throughout his visit, which is planned to end on Jan. 11.

As part of the program planned to gather Japanese and Turkish parties to potentially establish new alliances, Erdogan will meet Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe tomorrow, around two months after being together in Istanbul to celebrate the inauguration of the rail tunnel link Marmaray.

The leaders are expected to exchange opinions on a number of regional and global issues concerning individual states and bilateral relationship.

Following meeting with Abe, the Turkish prime minister is planned to deliver a speech at a conference organized by Japanese daily Nikkei and attend a Turkish-Japanese C-level manager’s forum.

He will also visit the center where Turkey’s national satellite TURKSAT 4A was manufactured and will be accepted by Japanese Emperor Akihito.

The development of an engine and transmission system for Turkey’s main battle tank, the Altay, by Japanese firm Mitsubishi Heavy Industries is also likely to be discussed during the visit.

Nikkei had reported Turkish Defense Minister Yilmaz as saying Turkey would like to see its next generation of combat tanks powered by the Japanese firm.

Turkey is developing the Altay main battle tank with South Korea and has been saying it is looking for a reliable engine for the program.

Trade ties’ enhancement

Japan and Turkey are also expected to strike a deal to establish an Istanbul-based science university, where Japanese engineers will share their nuclear power-related experience and knowledge.

In October, the two countries signed a $22 billion deal in May for the construction of a nuclear plant with a total capacity of 4,800 megawatts, by a Japanese-French alliance of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and French firm Areva.

The prime minister will depart for Singapore, one of the few Asian pacific countries Turkey had a record trade surplus with on Jan. 9, and will meet with the president of the country, Tony Tan Keng Yam, and Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong there.

Erdogan is also scheduled to pay a visit to Singapore’s container port, which is the second largest of the world.

For the final stop of his visit, Erodgan will visit Malaysia, continuing his top level meetings with the state head.

Along with Turkish and Malaysian businessmen who will seek new alliances, Erdogan will participate at a joint business forum.


---Sales of tank engines demonstrate Tokyo eager to drop pacifist stance---
Global Times | 2013-12-10 19:58:01
By Yan Shenghe
http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/831310.shtml#.UsoUcEpOrp4

Japan has planned a development project involving defense technology cooperation with Turkey, marking another milestone for bilateral ties. The project included a joint venture between Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd and a Turkish corporation to produce engines for tanks.

Tokyo is gradually abandoning the pacifist policy it has followed since WWII. This can be clearly seen in the Abe administration's violations of the "three principles" on arms exports that were drawn up in 1967.

In the past, even the export of helmets was questioned, as they were regarded as tools of war. And Japanese police once conducted investigations into companies that exported small remote-control helicopters to China, since they contended that such crop-dusting helicopters were likely to be transformed for military use.

Nonetheless, today the Japanese government is urging corporations to set up joint ventures with their Turkish counterparts and manufacture engines for use in tanks.

Despite the country's advanced economic development and powerful comprehensive national strength, including the sectors of science and technology as well as its manufacturing industry, Tokyo has been restrained by Washington in its diplomacy. There have been voices in Japan demanding independent diplomacy.

Although technically, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces are not a real army, their equipment and fighting capacity rank among the first throughout the world. While the Japanese talk about and exaggerate the "China threat" theory on various occasions, in private they mock Beijing's weak air and naval power as being unable to rival their own forces.

Boasting of its enormous military potential, Japan needs to find sufficient excuses to break free of its pacifist past, and thereby turn its military potential into military might.

The Abe administration's recent discussion with Turkey on defense technology cooperation came at a very subtle moment, demonstrating that Japan's goals are not that simple.

In early May, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe made his last stop in Turkey's capital city Ankara during his trip to three Middle East nations. A Japanese source revealed that it was because Turkey showed interest in the advanced transmissions used in engines in Japan's Type 10 Battle Tanks that Abe initiated the bilateral collaboration in developing tank engines.

However, the prime minister did not make promises to his Turkish counterpart immediately, since he understood that Japan was unlikely to launch military technology cooperation with other states due to the restraints of the "three principles" on arms exports.

The administration of former prime minister Yoshihiko Noda relaxed the "three principles" in 2011, allowing for exports that were limited to use in peacekeeping operations and international cooperation or in cases of international joint development and production.

Selling the engine technology for tanks will help neither world peace nor Japan's own security, and therefore should be prohibited even after the "three principles" were loosened to a certain degree.

The sales will, nevertheless, generate incredibly huge benefits for Tokyo.

Weapons exports would be conducive to boosting Japan's manufacturing industry, and consequently stimulating economic growth.

What's more, the Japanese Ministry of Defense has decided to reduce the number of tanks from the current 740 to 300, making it necessary to seek tank technology exports with the purpose of maintaining the development of its military industry.

Japan might consider totally casting away the "three principles" via these actions.

As a member state of the NATO, Turkey has recently been warned repeatedly by the US and some European countries about its decision to purchase a missile defense system with a Chinese firm.

Tokyo's choice of Turkey as the first step to break free from the bondage of the arms export-related principles at such a critical moment may cause the White House to respond with gratitude. This prompted Abe to fly to Ankara for the second time in October to finalize the deal.

Cooperation between Japan and Turkey in developing engines for tanks is just the beginning and more countries will become targets of Tokyo as arms export destinations.

Japan's "three principles" on arms export will one day cease to exist in both name and substance, and pacifism will become an even greater rarity in Japan.

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