2014年1月31日金曜日

F35 技術問題報告

F35の技術問題が報告された。
 米国防大手ロッキード・マーティンが開発を進める最新鋭ステルス戦闘
機F35について、米国防総省がソフトウェアや整備などの面で問題がある
とする報告書をまとめたことが、明らかになった。

Gilmore’s Report2014
・国防総省マイケル・ギルモア運用試験・評価局長
・Block2Bソフトウェア性能 受け入れがたいほど低い。
・試験完了までに13カ月ほどの遅れが出る可能性がある。

相変わらず開発が進まないBlock2Bソフトウェア。
中距離空対空ミサイル、GPS誘導爆弾、レーザー誘導爆弾等の兵装運用が
できず、米海兵隊や英海軍が配備しようとしているF-35Bは当分先。
F-35Bは、飛べる様になったが、兵器が使えず、実戦配備は相当先だろう。

Mozaffar Khazaee
・Pratt & Whitney元技術者 男性 59才
 1991年イランより米国に帰化。
・イラン行き(目的地テヘラン)の航空に乗る際、税関で、3社の軍事機密
 を持ち出そうとしたため逮捕。
 資料は、イラン ハマダン市へ11月送付。
・軍事機密
 技術説明書、仕様書、特許資料等。
 F35 JSFのエンジンプログラム技術仕様書や設計図面、ブロック図等の
 内部機能関係の書類。
 F119 ターボエンジン(F22搭載済)資料含む。
 F35エンジンユニットは、United Technologyが製造。

中露のスパイが情報収集と言う報道をよく見るが、イランも情報収集をする
ようだ。
以前は、電子防御システムの情報が盗難にあったが、今度は、エンジン関係。
エンジンを複製しても、他の部分がないと航空機としての性能を得られない。
やっぱり闇市場での資料売買が目的か。

F35 設計情報流出
F-35B First Flight
F35 飛行性能下方修正へ
機体組立ライン強化
日本向けF35A 価格1.5倍


Mozaffar Khazaee Charged With Trying to Send Iran Fighter Documents


---米国防総省幹部がF35の技術問題を報告、配備さらに遅延も---
2014年 01月 24日 15:25 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idJPTYEA0N04C20140124

 [ワシントン 23日 ロイター] -米国防大手ロッキード・マーティンが開発を進める最新鋭ステルス戦闘機F35について、米国防総省がソフトウェアや整備などの面で問題があるとする報告書をまとめたことが、ロイターの取材で23日明らかになった。
 ロイターが入手した国防総省のマイケル・ギルモア運用試験・評価局長による報告書では、F35の技術的問題について詳細に批判しており、中でもブロック2Bと呼ばれるソフトウェアの性能について「受け入れがたいほど」低いと酷評している。報告書は今週、議会に提出される見込み。
 報告書は、ソフトウェアの試験完了までに13カ月ほどの遅れが出る可能性があると指摘している。これに伴い、海兵隊が来年中頃に予定しているF35の配備にも遅れが出る可能性が浮上した。ギルモア局長はこれまでもF35に対し、一貫して批判的な立場を表明していた。
 一方、クリス・ボグダン空軍中尉はロイターに対し、「F35の基本設計は堅固であり、テストの結果も我々の信頼を裏付けている」と述べ、ギルモア局長の報告書は空軍や製造元が問題に取り組んできたことを十分に評価していないと指摘した。
 F35は米海・空軍および海兵隊と、英国やトルコなど開発に携わった8カ国のほか、日本とイスラエルにも配備が予定されている。2001年に始まった開発計画は当初予算を70%も超え、開発期間も大幅に遅れている。


---不祥事相次ぐ米核ミサイル部隊、問題点の全面調査指示 米長官---
2014.1.24 13:57
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/140124/amr14012414000009-n1.htm

 ヘーゲル米国防長官は23日、核ミサイル部隊で技能審査の際のカンニングや薬物所持など不祥事が相次いでいるとして、ジェームズ空軍長官ら軍幹部に核部門の問題点を全面的に調査するよう指示した。国防総省が同日発表した。
 不祥事がさらに拡大すれば、米軍の核兵器の安全管理に対する信頼を失いかねないと判断した。ヘーゲル氏自ら核部隊の責任者らの面接に乗り出し、2カ月以内に行動計画を策定する方針だ。
 核ミサイル部隊をめぐっては今月15日、定期技能審査でカンニングがあったとして空軍が34人について核ミサイルに関連する業務への従事資格を剥奪する処分を発表。ほかに薬物所持の疑いで3人が捜査対象となったほか、昨年10月には少将が飲酒によるトラブルで免職処分になるなど不祥事が後を絶たない。(共同)


---核担当の将校、薬物所持か 米空軍、不祥事相次ぐ---
2014.1.10 21:00
http://sankei.jp.msn.com/world/news/140110/amr14011021020009-n1.htm

 米空軍で核弾頭搭載の大陸間弾道ミサイル(ICBM)運用を担う将校2人が、違法薬物所持の疑いで取り調べを受けていることが10日、分かった。AP通信などが報じた。
 将校はモンタナ州の基地に所属。空軍幹部によると、ミサイルの運用担当は脚光を浴びず、仕事に嫌気が差す兵士も多いという。
 ヘーゲル国防長官は9日、隣接するワイオミング州の核ミサイル基地を訪れ「君たちは世の中に意味があることをしている」と激励した。
 核ミサイル部門では不祥事が相次ぎ、昨年10月には少将が飲酒によるトラブルで免職処分になった。(共同)


---Engineer accused of trying to send F-35 fighter jet papers to Iran---
By W.J. Hennigan
January 22, 2014, 5:39 p.m.
http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-f35-stolen-documents-20140123,0,5881076.story#axzz2rIZApfld

Mozaffar Khazaee, a former engineer with military jet engine maker Pratt & Whitney, is arrested before he could board a plane headed for Iran.

Customs agents in Long Beach were shocked after opening boxes labeled "House Hold Goods" bound for Iran and finding thousands of documents outlining secret information on the military's $392-billion fighter jet program.

The treasure trove of technical manuals, specification sheets and other proprietary material was being sent by Mozaffar Khazaee, a former engineer with military jet engine maker Pratt & Whitney, to the city of Hamadan in northwest Iran, authorities said.

A federal grand jury indicted Khazaee, 59, Tuesday on two counts of interstate transportation of stolen property. He faces a maximum of 10 years in prison and a fine of up to $250,000 on each count.

The criminal case casts a pall over foreign-born workers handling sensitive government information, experts said. But they noted that some of the more notorious cases have involved U.S. citizens such as Edward Snowden, the analyst who leaked National Security Agency secrets.

In an affidavit summarizing the evidence against Khazaee, a special agent from the Department of Homeland Security said the government uncovered 44 boxes of material that contained technical data on military engines and the largest weapons program in history: the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter.

"The documents contained language regarding the technical specifications of the JSF engine program, as well as diagrams, blueprints and other documentation relating to the inner workings of the jet's engine," the affidavit by special agent Breanne Chavez said.

"Several of the documents also bore markings indicating that they were the property of at least three defense contractors," it said. The companies are only identified as A, B and C.

Matthew C. Bates, spokesman at Pratt & Whitney, confirmed his company is part of the investigation, prompted by the seizure Nov. 26.

Khazaee worked at Pratt & Whitney for about two years, he said, and was let go last August "as a part of a company-wide reduction in force."

According to the affidavit, Khazaee became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1991 and held on to his Iranian citizenship as well. The government alleged that he sent the documents from his former home in Connecticut by truck to Long Beach to be shipped to his brother-in-law in Iran.

Khazaee was arrested Jan. 10 in New Jersey at Newark Liberty International Airport before he was able to board a connecting flight to Frankfurt, Germany. His final destination was Tehran.

Travel records and databases show that Khazaee traveled to Iran five times in the last seven years, the affidavit said.

The government did not speculate on what Khazaee intended to do with the technical information on the F-35 or any other program, including the after-burning F119 turbofan engine, developed by Pratt & Whitney. That engine powers the F-22 stealth fighter.

But John Pike, director of GlobalSecurity.org, a website for military policy, said the information was unlikely to be of much use to the Iranian Air Force, which has a fleet of F-14 Tomcats and F-5 Tigers. Those planes were acquired by the country before its revolution against the Shah in 1979.

"I don't think they would be able to do very much with supersonic cruise engines," Pike said. "At this point, we're talking about technology that's 40 years ahead."

The F-35 program is centered around one basic fighter plane design for joint use by the Air Force, Navy and Marines. The Pentagon's long-term vision is to replace today's aging fighter fleets with 2,457 F-35s starting in 2015 at a cost of $392 billion.

The plane is being built by Lockheed Martin Corp. in Fort Worth, Texas, but there are hundreds of companies such as Pratt & Whitney supplying the program. The unit of United Technologies Co. makes the jet engines for the F-35 in Middletown, Conn.

As an engineer, Khazaee had access to documents that included data restricted for distribution by the Arms Export Control Act, the affidavit said.

It is rare for foreign nationals to have access to such information, said Annalisa Weigel, a senior lecturer at MIT and a member of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, an engineering society.

But when foreigners - such as Khazaee - become naturalized U.S. citizens, they achieve the ability to gain far more access to security-sensitive programs, she said.

Weigel worried that incidents such as Khazaee's indictment could reverberate through the community of foreign-born engineers, who already are barred from many aspects of the aerospace industry.

"There are many, too many, barriers to entry for foreign-born engineers," she said. "There is a backlog of good students who are eager to enter the workforce but can't because of current policies."

Lani Azahari, 31, an aviation engineer originally from Malaysia, for instance, has been trying to get a job in the aerospace industry since 2009. But she has been unable to break into the business because she is not a U.S. citizen and therefore cannot obtain a security clearance needed in many aerospace facilities.

Azahari said it is disheartening to see the allegations against Khazaee because the criminal charges could turn people against foreign engineers.

"It's not representative of the bulk of us who want to serve the country," she said.

Khazaee is being detained in New Jersey, awaiting his transfer to Connecticut to face the charges. He has yet to be arraigned in the case.


---Former defense contractor indicted in stolen F-35 documents case---
Jan. 21, 2014 - 06:00AM
By Aaron Mehta Staff writer
http://www.marinecorpstimes.com/article/20140121/NEWS06/301210018/Former-defense-contractor-indicted-stolen-F-35-documents-case

WASHINGTON - A federal grand jury indicted a former Connecticut man who attempted to ship boxes of stolen information on the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter to Iran.

Mozaffar Khazaee is charged with two counts of interstate transportation of stolen property. The 59-year-old former resident of Bridgeport, Conn., faces a maximum of 10 years in prison and a fine of up to $250,000 for each count.

Khazaee was arrested Jan. 9 at Newark International Airport in New Jersey as he prepared to board the first leg of a flight to Iran. A naturalized American citizen since 1991, the Iranian-born Khazaee was identified in media reports as a former employee of Pratt & Whitney, the engine manufacturer for the F-35.

According to a US government affidavit, federal agents began investigating Khazaee in November when he attempted to send a shipment from Connecticut to the Iranian city of Hamadan. When agents inspected the shipment, they found “numerous boxes of documents consisting of sensitive technical manuals, specification sheets, and other proprietary material for the F-35.

Overall, the shipment included thousands of pages of documents, including diagrams and blueprints of the high-tech fighter jet’s engine. Some of the information was marked as being ITAR- and export-controlled information.

Those documents came from three companies, according to the affidavit; although the government identifies them only as companies A, B and C, a spokesman for Pratt confirmed they are one of the firms involved.

No arraignment date has been set and the indictment does not indicate the end of the investigation into Khazaee’s actions.

A Department of Justice press release notes that the case is “being investigated by Homeland Security Investigations in New Haven and Los Angeles, the New Haven Division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Defense Criminal Investigative Service in New Haven, the U.S. Customs and Border Protection Service in Los Angeles, the U.S. Air Force’s Office of Special Investigations in Los Angeles and Boston, and the Department of Commerce’s Boston Office of Export Enforcement.”

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