2014年3月24日月曜日

リビア反政府勢力 宣戦布告と批判

リビア反政府勢力は北朝鮮タンカーへの攻撃は宣戦布告と批判した。
 米国防総省は、北朝鮮国旗を掲げた石油タンカーがリビア反政府勢力
の掌握する同国東部シドラ港から原油を積み出した事件で、米海軍特殊
部隊「シールズ(SEALS)」の作戦がキプロス南東沖で行われ、タンカーを
制圧したと発表した。
 タンカーは近くリビアの港に戻る。

国防総省
・北朝鮮船籍タンカー"Morning Glory"は、KCNA所有、エジプト系の会社が運航。
・タンカーに3600万ドル相当の原油を積込み。
・作戦はリビア、キプロス両政府の要請を受け、オバマ大統領が承認。
・Seals部隊は、米海軍のミサイル駆逐艦「ルーズベルト」から出動し、
 ヘリコプターの支援を受けて作戦を実行。死傷者はなし。
・3人のリビア人実行犯を拘束。AK-47二丁が見つかったが、無抵抗。
 Ibrahim Jathranが率いる民兵の一員。
 Ibrahim Jathranは、リビア東部の自治権を主張。
・タンカーは、港に帰港。原油は政府に返却される予定。

原油の闇市場へ行くのか。
不明タンカーのためかKCNAは、所有を破棄したようだ。
原油を貯蓄し、船舶へ積込可能な設備を保有する地区を反政府勢力が
制圧していると原油も密輸(?)が可能になる。

独裁者カダフィが死亡し、駐在米国大使館を破壊した勢力が原油を密輸
している。リビア政府は、米国の支援を継続のようだ。

北朝鮮は、タンカーを売って、原油が欲しかったのか、外貨を手に入れ
たかったのかは不明。タンカーの鉄くず代は安価なのだろうか。

リビア油田利権
北朝鮮外交官 偽札数十億円換金
IRS Scandal
Statoil Report
Benghazi Facility
NAVY Fraud and Bribery
クリミア独立か
装備品修理部品押収 北朝鮮大使館員が関与か


---北の国旗のタンカー、リビア出港…米部隊が制圧---
2014年3月18日07時53分  読売新聞
http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/world/news/20140317-OYT1T00874.htm

 【ワシントン=今井隆】米国防総省は17日、北朝鮮国旗を掲げた石油タンカーがリビア反政府勢力の掌握する同国東部シドラ港から原油を積み出した事件で、米海軍特殊部隊「シールズ(SEALS)」の作戦が16日にキプロス南東沖で行われ、タンカーを制圧したと発表した。
 タンカーは近くリビアの港に戻る。
 国防総省によると、作戦はリビア、キプロス両政府の要請を受け、オバマ大統領が承認した。部隊は、米海軍のミサイル駆逐艦「ルーズベルト」から出動し、ヘリコプターの支援を受けて作戦を実行。死傷者はなかった。タンカーは、武装したリビア人3人が乗っ取ったものだったという。


---原油積み込みの北朝鮮タンカー、リビア政府が爆撃警告---
2014年 03月 10日 10:18 JST
http://jp.reuters.com/article/worldNews/idJPTYEA2901A20140310

[トリポリ/ベンガジ 9日 ロイター] -リビアの反政府勢力が掌握する東部シドラ港に北朝鮮国旗を掲げた石油タンカーが入港し、原油を積み込んだことが分かり、リビア政府はタンカーが出港すれば、爆撃も辞さない構えを示している。
 アルワサト紙によると、タンカーは8日入港し、3600万ドル(約37億円)相当の原油を積み込んだ。政府当局者は9日、海軍や政府系の民兵組織がタンカーの出港を阻止するため、現場に艦船を派遣したと明らかにした。
 一方、反政府勢力はタンカーへの攻撃は「宣戦布告」だとして、政府側の対応を批判した。元兵士らから成る反政府勢力は、東部の3港を占拠している。


---Navy SEALs seize tanker in illegal sale of Libyan oil---
By Laura King
March 17, 2014, 3:52 p.m.
http://www.latimes.com/world/middleeast/la-fg-libya-seizure-20140318,0,118484.story#axzz2wHNBJz97

The tanker had left port in defiance of Libya's government, which warned rebels against the illegal sale of $36 million in crude.

CAIRO - Did a charismatic Libyan rebel chieftain with big ambitions overreach?

Trying to put a $36-million cargo of crude oil on the black market was an extraordinarily bold move by Ibrahim Jathran, a militia commander whose fighters played a role in the NATO-backed rebellion three years ago against longtime dictator Moammar Kadafi.

In the early hours Monday, Jathran lost his gamble when U.S. Navy SEALs seized control of the tanker Morning Glory, which sailed a week ago from an oil port in eastern Libya. Jathran's forces had captured the terminal more than six months earlier as part of a broader bid for greater regional independence - and a bigger share of oil revenue.

The U.S. raid, staged at sea about 15 miles south of the Cypriot coast, came at the behest of the governments of Libya and Cyprus, the Pentagon said in a statement. President Obama personally approved the operation.

"No one was hurt tonight when U.S. forces … boarded and took control of the commercial tanker Morning Glory," the statement said. The SEAL team, backed by helicopters, launched the overnight raid in international waters from the guided-missile destroyer Roosevelt, U.S. military officials said.

The team of SEALs that boarded the ship was "unopposed" and no shots were fired during the operation, said two military officers briefed on the details. They requested anonymity because they were not authorized to comment publicly. Three Libyans were taken into custody and will be turned over to Libyan authorities, they said.

"They did not resist," one of the military officers said of the Libyans, though two AK-47s were found.

The officials refused to say how the SEALs got aboard the tanker or how many commandos were involved, but one said the figure was between 10 and 50.

After securing the tanker, the SEALs were replaced by 25 sailors from the nearby guided-missile destroyer Stout, who are assisting the tanker's 21-member crew in taking the vessel back to a Libyan port, a voyage expected to take three to four days.

The episode marked the latest chaotic turn of events for Libya, which has been beset by turmoil in the post-Kadafi era. A weak central government has been struggling to maintain some semblance of control, while armed groups, some of them tribally based, have surged in the power vacuum, some loosely allying themselves with the government and others challenging it.

Jathran's militia is among the most high-profile in Libya. He set up what was intended to be a de facto government in the country's oil-rich east. But the rebel blockade of key ports and the seizure of oil installations have reduced crude output to a trickle, causing more hardship in an already-impoverished region as revenue from the capital, Tripoli, also dried up.

Adding to the sense of crisis, a car bomb exploded Monday outside a military academy in the eastern city of Benghazi, killing at least seven newly minted officers and guests after a graduation ceremony. Military installations and personnel have become a prime target around Benghazi, scene of a notorious attack 18 months ago on a U.S. diplomatic compound, in which American Ambassador J. Christopher Stevens was killed.

The North Korean-flagged tanker's departure from the port of Es Sider came in defiance of ineffectual threats from Libya's beleaguered prime minister, Ali Zeidan. After repeatedly declaring that he would deploy armed forces to prevent the vessel from setting sail, Zeidan was ousted by lawmakers hours after it left port last week.

His defense minister, Abdullah Thinni, stepped in as his interim replacement. Zeidan, who fled the country, said the parliamentary move against him was invalid.

Libya's leadership may now face a backlash for seeking U.S. help in dealing with the oil theft. A furor erupted in October when American commandos slipped into Tripoli and seized a senior Al Qaeda member known as Abu Anas al Liby. At the time, the Libyan government publicly demanded an explanation and called the capture a "kidnapping."

But with Libya's vast oil reserves virtually its only national asset, and with those riches tied up in a web of international financial obligations, the government had little choice. The official news agency LANA reported the tanker raid simply by citing the Pentagon statement, without any immediate comment from Libyan officials as to what they knew and when.

A few hours before the SEALs operation was announced, Libya's justice minister made comments that seemed aimed at preparing the public for the news. The minister, Salah Merghani, told journalists in Benghazi that the tanker's journey was being closely monitored and that the U.S. and the European Union were "clear in their stance" that the rebels' attempted oil sale went against international law.

The tanker was being returned to Libya, the Pentagon said, presumably to a port under the control of government forces. North Korea said the vessel bore its flag in error and said it had no connection with its owners, thought to be in Egypt or one of the Persian Gulf states.


---US navy Seals take over oil tanker seized by Libyan rebels---
Chris Stephen in Tripoli
theguardian.com, Monday 17 March 2014 11.30 GMT   
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/mar/17/navy-seals-oil-tanker-morning-glory-libyan-rebels

Pentagon says the Morning Glory, loaded with L12m cargo of crude oil, will be handed to Libyan government control

American navy Seals have seized a North Korea-flagged tanker that had been loaded with crude oil at a rebel-held port in eastern Libya, the Pentagon said on Monday.

The operation to take control of the Morning Glory took place a week after Libya failed to prevent the tanker from leaving the rebel-controlled eastern port of Es Sider loaded with an estimated $20m (L12m) cargo, in a crisis that has brought the country to the brink of civil war.

"The Morning Glory is carrying a cargo of oil owned by the Libyan government's national oil company," said John Kirby, a Pentagon spokesman. "The ship and its cargo were illicitly obtained from the Libyan port of Es Sider."

There were no casualties in the operation, which took place in international waters off the coast of Cyprus late on Sunday night. The raid was authorised by the US president, Barack Obama, after receiving a request for assistance from Tripoli. The Seals boarded the 21,000-tonne tanker using helicopters and fast boats from a warship, the USS Roosevelt.

The Pentagon said a US navy crew was piloting the tanker towards an unnamed Libyan port where it will be handed to government control.

In Libya, US ambassador Deborah Jones, who described the rebel actions last week as "theft from the Libyan people", tweeted: "Yes we can" in reaction to the operation on Monday. "Glad we were able to respond positively to Libya's request for help in preventing illegal sale of its oil on stateless ship," she wrote.

Meanwhile, two Israelis and a Senegalese national were briefly detained in Cyprus on suspicion of negotiating to buy crude from the tanker, it was reported on Monday.

The three people were detained in the coastal city of Larnaca on Saturday, but a local court declined to issue arrest warrants as authorities in Cyprus had no evidence that the alleged offence was committed within its territorial waters.

Local media said the three flew to Larnaca on a private jet late on Friday, hired a boat from the marina and went out to the tanker to negotiate with the crew. Police monitored their movements and the boat was intercepted once they were back in Cypriot waters. The trio flew to Tel Aviv on Sunday night.

The US raid took place amid growing fears that Libya is headed towards breakup, with rebel forces in the eastern province of Cyrenaica declaring last week their intention to sell oil independently.

Rebel leaders have been blockading eastern oil ports since last summer, calling for autonomy for Cyrenaica and a greater share of Libya's oil wealth.

Last week, a Libyan gunboat failed to prevent the Morning Glory leaving Es Sider with at least 234,000 barrels of crude.

The ship was operated by an Egyptian-based company that was allowed temporarily to use the North Korean flag under a contract with Pyongyang, the North Korean state news agency, KCNA, reported on Wednesday.

Pyongyang had "cancelled and deleted" the ship's North Korean registry, as it violated its law "on the registry of ships and the contract that prohibited it from transporting contraband cargo".

"As such, the ship had nothing to do" with North Korea, which "has no responsibility whatsoever as regards the ship," according to KCNA.

The ship's escape prompted Libya's congress to fire its prime minister, Ali Zeidan, who fled to Germany last week claiming that his life was in danger.

Government militias ordered to take the oil ports by force clashed last week with a Libyan army unit near the coastal town of Sirte, and rebel forces have since taken up positions blocking approaches to the ports.

Washington's action is seen as a signal of US support for Libya's elected authorities, and comes after rebels declared their intention to load oil into a second tanker expected to dock at the blockaded port of Tobruk.

Three years after its Arab spring revolution, which overthrew Muammar Gaddafi, Libya suffers from militia violence and an ailing economy, with the government struggling to maintain control over much of the country.

On Monday morning, a car bomb ripped through a graduation parade at a military academy in Benghazi, capital of Cyrenaica, killing at least 14 people.

The bomb struck as the cadets paraded at the base before their families, pulverising the vehicle and scattering wreckage and body parts across the compound and nearby highway.

"There are body parts everywhere," said one witness. "The explosion happened at rush hour, there were lots of people passing by." Benghazi's joint operations room said city hospitals had received 14 dead and 12 wounded.

There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the bombing and it is unclear whether the attack was connected to the oil dispute, but it came amid daily killings of security officials in the city and periodic battles between the army and radical militias.

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